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Populated place in Ukraine (Ukrainian : Населений пункт) is structural element of human settling system, a stationary settlement, territorially integral compact area of population concentration basic and important feature of which is permanent human habitation. Populated places in Ukraine are systematized into two major categories: urban and rural. Urban populated places can be either cities or urban settlements, while rural populated places can be either villages or rural settlements. According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census there are 1,344 urban populated places and 28,621 rural populated places in Ukraine.
All populated places are governed by their municipality (usually a council or a territorial state administration), may it be a village, a city or any settlement. A municipality may consist of one or several populated places and is either a constituent part of a raion (city of district significance, settlement council, or rural council) or separated from its surrounding raion becoming the equivalent of a raion (city of regional significance). Certain city municipalities may be constituents of an oblast (province) or the whole Ukraine such as Kyiv or Sevastopol. Kyiv and Sevastopol are the only populated places that also have local state administrations.
Beside regular populated places in Ukraine that are part of administrative division and population census, there are several additional categories for populated places that are used for other purposes. Among such categories are mountainous populated places, historic populated places, and others.
Cities compose a unique subcategory of populated places in Ukraine. This subcategory is divided into several classes depending on level of administration in Ukraine.
Cities most often serve as administrative centers of regions or districts. Cities are administrated by city councils, while selected cities may have State Regional Administration. Unlike other populated places in Ukraine, a city always has its own council. City status a settlement receives on a decision of the Supreme Council of Ukraine - Verkhovna Rada.
Cities that have population of less than 50,000 are considered to be small cities and fall under a special state program in development of small cities.According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census there are 454 cities in Ukraine, among which two with special status (Kyiv and Sevastopol), 178 of regional significance and 274 of district significance.
Urban settlement is a Soviet invented term for a populated place with some degree of urbanization or in proximity to an urbanized area. In the Constitution of Ukraine urban settlement is mentioned simply as selysche (a settlement), which also adds another ambiguity to the administrative territorial system of Ukraine. The term selysche is also used to some smaller populated places which often part of silrada (a rural council), while can be found within other administrative territorial subdivisions. Those settlements implicitly known as rural settlements, while often presented simply as settlements giving impression of an urban settlement.
Urban settlements sometimes may serve as administrative centers of districts. Unlike cities, urban-type settlements do not necessarily have an associated settlement council. While some are governed by local settlement councils, others are administered from the district or city level of governance. According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census there are 890 urban settlements in Ukraine and only 783 settlement councils.
Rural populated places (Ukrainian : сільські населені пункти) or rural localities can refer to two different types of inhabited places: villages and rural settlements. Rural populated places in Ukraine are very underdeveloped and often lack basic types of infrastructure: transportation, utilities and others.
Village as a term became systematic for a conventional rural populated place and most numerous out of all terms used for populated places in a country. It is administrated by silrada (a rural council) and is the lowest level and most common form of territorial administration at that level. A rural council may be composed of a single village or group of villages. According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census there are 27,190 villages in Ukraine that organized into 10,278 rural (village) councils.
The term selysche (settlement) has a double meaning in the administrative-territorial system of Ukraine. It may be used either for urban-type settlements or for some smaller populated places which often part of silrada (a rural council), while can be found within other administrative territorial subdivisions. Those settlements are implicitly known as rural settlements while often presented simply as settlements which might give the impression of an urban settlement.
Most often rural settlements are constituent parts of adjacent village, urban settlement or city, while on some occasions may be administrated by their own rural council. Unlike villages, a rural settlement may be part of a city or another settlement council. According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census there are 1,266 rural settlements in Ukraine.
In 1995 there was created a special category for mountainous populated places in Ukraine. Mountainous status is received by populated places located in mountainous area, have inadequately developed sphere of employment and social services as well as a limited transportation access (low development density of infrastructure or infrastructure is weak).
Among historic types of populated places in Ukraine are places like khutir, prysilok, zymivnyk, mistechko, sloboda, horod. Collective and/or soviet farms used to be based either on an individual settlement (village) or include several neighboring rural settlements (villages, khutirs, slobodas).
Russia is divided into several types and levels of subdivisions.
Ukraine is divided into several levels of territorial entities. On the first level there are 27 regions:
Krasnoperekopsk is a town of regional significance that was, following the 2014 annexation of Crimea, incorporated into Russia's Republic of Crimea, though the territory is recognised by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine within the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. It also serves as the administrative center of Krasnoperekopsk Raion, although it is not a part of the raion (district). Population: 26,268 .
Dzhankoi or Jankoy is a town of regional significance in the north of the Crimea. It also serves as administrative center of Dzhankoi Raion although it is not a part of the raion (district). Population: 38,622 .
Yalta City Municipality, officially "the territory governed by the Yalta city council", also known as Greater Yalta is one of the 25 regions of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, a territory recognized by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine and incorporated by Russia as the Republic of Crimea.
Saky or Saki is a town of regional significance in the Crimean peninsula, currently subject to a territorial dispute between the Russian Federation and Ukraine. Although it is the administrative centre of the Saky Raion, it does not belong to the raion (district), serving instead as the center and the only locality of Saky municipality. Population: 25,146 .
Administrative divisions development in Ukraine reviews the history of changes in the administrative divisions of Ukraine, in chronological order.
An urban district or urban raion is an administrative division of certain cities in Ukraine. An urban district is subordinate to the city administration.
City of regional significance was a city municipality that was designated as a separate district within its region. In Crimea, these cities were referred to as cities of republican significance, while in regular oblasts those municipalities were referred to as cities of oblast significance. The designation of regional significance was created with the introduction of oblasts in 1932 and abolished in 2020 following a new administrative reform that reshaped raions.
Kamianets-Podilskyi Raion is one of the 20 administrative raions of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast in western Ukraine. Its administrative center is located in the city of Kamianets-Podilskyi. Its population was 75,506 in the 2001 Ukrainian Census and 63,302 (2020 est.)
Zaporizhzhia Raion is one of the 5 raions (districts) of Zaporizhzhia Oblast in southern Ukraine. The administrative center of the raion is located in the city of Zaporizhzhia. Population: 56,364 (2020 est.) According to the 2001 census, its population was 54,804.
Danylivka is a rural settlement in the Yalta Municipality of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, a territory recognized by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine and annexed by Russia as the Republic of Crimea.
Kuibysheve is a rural settlement in the Yalta Municipality of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, a territory recognized by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine and annexed by Russia as the Republic of Crimea.
Sevastopol is a city on the Black Sea, located in the southwest of the Crimean Peninsula—a territory disputed between Russia and Ukraine as a result of the 2014 Crimean crisis. It has been under the de facto Russian control since March 2014, when it was incorporated into Russia as one of its federal subjects, with a status of a federal city. Being a disputed territory, Sevastopol has two sets of laws governing how its administrative and municipal divisions are set up. Under both Ukrainian and Russian laws, the city is administratively divided into four districts.
A rural council or officially, village council, often shortened to is a local government area as well as one of the lowest forms of administrative division of Ukraine that is associated with rural populated places in Ukraine. These populated places can refer to either villages or [rural] settlements.
A city of district significance is a special category of city municipalities within each of the rural raions (districts) of Ukraine's first-level of administrative divisions. These cities are subordinate to the raion authorities and derive their powers from them. The KOATUU national classification system refers to them as the third-level of the country's administrative divisions. As of 2015 there are 276 cities of district significance in Ukraine.
The Chornobyl Raion was one of 26 administrative raions (districts) of Kyiv Oblast in northern Ukraine. After the Chernobyl disaster, the majority of the raion was contaminated, and many of its populated places were included into the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, which is an officially designated exclusion area around the site of the disaster.
An amalgamated hromada or amalgamated territorial community, also known as a united territorial community, is a basic unit of administrative division in Ukraine. First created in 2015, amalgamated hromadas are formed through the voluntary merger of preexisting hromadas, a form of third-level administrative unit including cities, villages, urban-type settlements, and rural settlements, to form a new enlarged administrative unit. According to December 2019 draft constitutional changes submitted to parliament by President Volodymyr Zelensky amalgamated hromadas are planned to replace the Raions of Ukraine as a second-level administrative unit. On 6 March 2020 Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal stated that 1,045 amalgamated hromadas had been established and that 350 more had to be created. The amalgamated hromadas have already taken over most tasks of the raions.
A rural municipality is a classification of municipality found in several countries.
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