Poronaysk

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Poronaysk

Поронайск
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Coat of arms
Location of Poronaysk
Poronaysk
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Poronaysk
Location of Poronaysk
Outline Map of Sakhalin Oblast.svg
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Poronaysk
Poronaysk (Sakhalin Oblast)
Coordinates: 49°13′N143°07′E / 49.217°N 143.117°E / 49.217; 143.117 Coordinates: 49°13′N143°07′E / 49.217°N 143.117°E / 49.217; 143.117
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakhalin Oblast [1]
Administrative district Poronaysky District [1]
Founded1869
Elevation
3 m (10 ft)
Population
  Total16,120
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
15,311 (−5%)
   Capital ofPoronaysky District [1]
  Urban okrugPoronaysky Urban Okrug [4]
   Capital ofPoronaysky Urban Okrug [4]
Time zone UTC+11 (MSK+8   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [5] )
Postal code(s) [6]
694240–694242 OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Dialing code(s) +7 42431 [7]
OKTMO ID64740000001
Website web.archive.org/web/20071208161219/http://www.poronajsk.ru/

Poronaysk (Russian : Порона́йск; Japanese : 敷香町Shikuka-chō; Ainu: Sistukari or Sisi Tukari [8] ) is a town and the administrative center of Poronaysky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the Poronay River 288 kilometers (179 mi) north of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Population: 16,120(2010 Census); [2] 17,954(2002 Census); [9] 25,971(1989 Census). [10]

Contents

History

It was founded in 1869 as a Russian outpost Tikhmenevsky near the Nivkh and Ainu settlements in the area.[ citation needed ] The Treaty of Portsmouth transferred it to Japanese control along with the rest of the southern half of the island of Sakhalin. It was renamed Shikuka (敷香町, Shikuka-chō), it is said to mean " Sisi Tukari (in front of the mountain) " otherwise " Siika (big river) " in Ainu language , remaining under Japanese control until the Soviet Army retook the whole of the island in 1945.

After the town had been granted to the Soviet Union, it was named Poronaysk in 1946, after the river on which it stands. The river's name is from Ainu poro nay, meaning "broad river," "big river," or "growing river." Various Japanese place name Horonai (幌内) share the same etymology with Poronaysk.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Poronaysk serves as the administrative center of Poronaysky District and is subordinated to it. [1] As a municipal division, the town of Poronaysk, one urban-type settlement, and eleven rural localities of Poronaysky District are incorporated as Poronaysky Urban Okrug. [4]

Economy

Poronaysk has a paper mill, as well as timber and fishing industries. Sakhalinskaya GRES power station is supplied with coal from an open cut mine close to the town.

Transportation

The town lies on the island's railway network, as well as on the main highway connecting Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk with Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky.

Climate

Poronaysk, owing to the cold Sea of Okhotsk surrounding the town, has a subarctic climate (Dfc) with short, mild and very foggy summers and very cold winters.

Climate data for Poronaysk (1908-2012)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)2.0
(35.6)
5.0
(41.0)
12.0
(53.6)
19.8
(67.6)
33.5
(92.3)
33.9
(93.0)
34.6
(94.3)
35.0
(95.0)
30.1
(86.2)
23.5
(74.3)
16.1
(61.0)
8.4
(47.1)
35.0
(95.0)
Average high °C (°F)−10.6
(12.9)
−8.1
(17.4)
−2.5
(27.5)
3.6
(38.5)
8.8
(47.8)
13.3
(55.9)
16.7
(62.1)
19.3
(66.7)
16.6
(61.9)
9.8
(49.6)
0.1
(32.2)
−8.0
(17.6)
4.9
(40.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)−15.9
(3.4)
−13.9
(7.0)
−7.2
(19.0)
0.1
(32.2)
4.7
(40.5)
9.5
(49.1)
13.6
(56.5)
15.7
(60.3)
12.1
(53.8)
5.2
(41.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
−12.9
(8.8)
0.6
(33.1)
Average low °C (°F)−21.2
(−6.2)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−12.7
(9.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.6
(34.9)
6.6
(43.9)
11.1
(52.0)
12.6
(54.7)
7.7
(45.9)
0.7
(33.3)
−9.0
(15.8)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−3.7
(25.3)
Record low °C (°F)−39.8
(−39.6)
−39.1
(−38.4)
−34.2
(−29.6)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−8.1
(17.4)
−2.5
(27.5)
0.3
(32.5)
1.3
(34.3)
−3.3
(26.1)
−13.2
(8.2)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−39.8
(−39.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)24.5
(0.96)
22.2
(0.87)
35.6
(1.40)
50.4
(1.98)
69.5
(2.74)
68.2
(2.69)
83.0
(3.27)
98.6
(3.88)
121.2
(4.77)
86.8
(3.42)
54.9
(2.16)
35.1
(1.38)
750
(29.52)
Source:

Sister city

Notable people

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #25-ZO
  2. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 Law #524
  5. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. Телефонные коды Сахалина - Dialing codes of Sakhalin (in Russian)
  8. Bronisław Piłsudski, Jan Michał Rozwadowski, Materials for the study of the Ainu language and folklore, Imperial academy of sciences (Spasowicz fund), 1912, p. 177.
  9. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. The Russian presence in Japan

Sources