Port of Kobe

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Kobe at twilight Port of Kobe01s3780.jpg
Kobe at twilight

The Port of Kobe is a Japanese maritime port in Kobe, Hyōgo in the greater Osaka area, backgrounded by the Hanshin Industrial Region.

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Located at a foothill of the range of Mount Rokkō, flat lands are limited and constructions of artificial islands have carried out, to make Port Island, Rokkō Island, island of Kobe Airport to name some.

History

Port of Kobe from the sky 151229 Kobe Port Japan01bs.jpg
Port of Kobe from the sky

In the 10th century, Taira no Kiyomori renovated the then Ōwada no Tomari ( 大輪田泊 ) and moved to Fukuhara (福原), the short-lived capital neighbouring the port. Throughout medieval era, the port was known as Hyōgo no Tsu (兵庫津).

In 1858 the Treaty of Amity and Commerce opened the Hyōgo Port to foreigners.

After the World War II pillars were occupied by the Allied Forces, later by United States Forces Japan. (Last one returned in 1973.)

In the 1970s the port boasted it handled the most containers in the world. It was the world's busiest container port from 1973 to 1978. [1]

The 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake diminished much of the port city's prominence when it destroyed and halted much of the facilities and services there, causing approximately ten trillion yen or $102.5 billion in damage, 2.5% of Japan's GDP at the time. Most of the losses were uninsured, as only 3% of property in the Kobe area was covered by earthquake insurance, compared to 16% in Tokyo. Kobe was one of the world's busiest ports prior to the earthquake, but despite the repair and rebuilding, it has never regained its former status as Japan's principal shipping port. It remains Japan's fourth busiest container port. [2]

Facilities

Container Container.JPG
Container
Harborland - Meriken Park area with cruise ship Nautica seen in sight. Kobe Mosaic06s4s3200.jpg
Harborland - Meriken Park area with cruise ship Nautica seen in sight.

Amusement facility for public

Passenger services

Cruise port

Amsterdam Cruise Ship leaving Kobe. Amsterdam at Kobe03s3872.jpg
Amsterdam Cruise Ship leaving Kobe.

Kobe is also a home port for certain cruise ships. Cruise lines that call at the port are kinds like Holland America Line and Princess Cruise Line. In the summer of 2014 Princess expanded the market in Kobe when their ship Sun Princess sailed eight-day roundtrip Asia cruises from the port. These cruises on the Sun Princess are a part of Princess Cruises $11 billion contributions to the entire country of Japan, where the ship will also sail from Otaru, Hokkaido, as it is currently based in Yokohama, Tokyo.

Sister ports

See also

Related Research Articles

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Shin-Kobe Station Railway and metro station in Kobe, Japan

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Port Island

Port Island is an artificial island in Chuo-ku, Kobe, Japan. It was constructed between 1966 and 1981 at Port of Kobe, and officially opened with an exposition called "Portopia '81." It now houses a heliport, numerous hotels, a large convention center, the UCC Coffee Museum, Japan's 3rd IKEA store, and several parks.

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Rokkō Island

Rokkō Island is a man-made island in Higashinada-ku, Kobe, Japan. It is located in the southeast region at Port of Kobe. The island has a 3.4 km by 2 km rectangular shape, and covers 5.80 km² or 1,400 acres. The residential area of the island, featuring apartment buildings—many with views of the sea—and single family homes, is located in the center of the island. A green belt separates the residential area from industrial and port activities. The two international schools located on the island attract many foreign residents to the island.

Higashinada-ku, Kobe

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Hyōgo-ku, Kobe

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Rokkō Station Railway station in Kobe, Japan

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Nada Station Railway station in Kobe, Japan

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Okamoto Station (Hyōgo) Railway station in Kobe, Japan

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Mikage Station (Hanshin) Railway station in Kobe, Japan

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Meriken Park

Meriken Park is a waterfront park located in the port city of Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. The park features the Kobe Port Tower, Kobe Maritime Museum, and a memorial to victims of the Great Hanshin earthquake. The name of the park comes from the word "American," which was commonly translated as "Meriken" during the Meiji era. Meriken Park is also the location of the Hotel Okura Kobe and Kobe Meriken Park Oriental Hotel.

Sanyo Suma Station Railway station in Kobe, Japan

Sanyo Suma Station is a train station in Suma-ku, Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan.

Mikage Station (Hankyu) Railway station in Kobe, Japan

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Hanshinkan Modernism

Hanshinkan Modernism (阪神間モダニズム) identifies the modernist arts, culture, and lifestyle that developed from the region of Japan centered primarily on Hanshinkan, the ideally terrained area between the Rokkō Range and the sea from the 1900s through the 1930s, or the circumstances of that period.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Kobe, Japan.

References

  1. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 27, 2007. Retrieved October 26, 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. American Association of Port Authorities Archived 2008-12-21 at the Wayback Machine - "World Port Rankings 2006", retrieved April 15, 2008

Coordinates: 34°40′39″N135°13′37″E / 34.67750°N 135.22694°E / 34.67750; 135.22694