Portage County, Ohio

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Portage County
Portage County courthouse.jpg
Portage County Courthouse
Seal of Portage County Ohio.svg
Map of Ohio highlighting Portage County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Ohio in United States.svg
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°10′N81°12′W / 41.17°N 81.2°W / 41.17; -81.2
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Ohio.svg  Ohio
FoundedJune 7, 1808
Named for the portage between the Cuyahoga and Tuscarawas Rivers
Seat Ravenna
Largest city Kent
Area
  Total504 sq mi (1,310 km2)
  Land487 sq mi (1,260 km2)
  Water17 sq mi (40 km2)  3.3%
Population
 (2020)
  Total161,791
  Density320/sq mi (120/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 13th, 14th
Website www.co.portage.oh.us

Portage County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 161,791. [1] Located in Northeast Ohio, Portage County is part of the Akron Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland–Akron–Canton Combined Statistical Area. Its county seat is Ravenna and its largest city is Kent. [2]

Contents

The county, named for the portage between the Cuyahoga and Tuscarawas Rivers, was created in 1807 and formally organized in 1808. [3] [4] In addition to the cities of Kent and Ravenna, Portage County also includes the cities of Aurora and Streetsboro, along with five villages, 18 civil townships, and several unincorporated places within those townships. Additionally, the county includes parts of the city of Tallmadge, and part of the village of Mogadore, both of which are mostly in neighboring Summit County.

History

The name "Portage" comes from an old Indian path called "Portage Path", which ran between the Cuyahoga and Tuscarawas rivers, where travelers portaged their canoes. The location of the trail today is within the boundaries of neighboring Summit County. [5] [6]

After the discovery of the New World, the land that became Portage County was originally part of the French colony of Canada (New France), which was ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed the Province of Quebec. In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory, then was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795.

The first European settler in what is now Portage County was Abraham Honey in 1798 in the area now known as Mantua Township, followed by Asa Hall in what is now Atwater Township in April 1799. In June 1799, Benjamin Tappan, Jr. arrived and founded Ravenna, David Daniels came to what is now Palmyra Township, and Ebenezer Sheldon settled in what is now Aurora. [7] A family group of Huguenot refugees also eventually migrated to Portage County by 1804. [8]

1826 map of Portage County with 30 townships Portage County 1826.jpg
1826 map of Portage County with 30 townships

When first settled, the area that presently constitutes Portage County was part of the original Jefferson County, which had been organized in 1797. In 1800, the area was made part of Trumbull County, which followed the boundaries of the Connecticut Western Reserve. In 1802, all of what is now Portage County was organized under the name of Franklin Township with other townships being formed later. On February 10, 1807 the Ohio state legislature passed the act to create Portage County from Trumbull County and it took effect June 7, 1807. Portage County remained attached to Trumbull County until June 8, 1808, when the first elections were held. Initially, the county included a large area of the Western Reserve that encompassed most of present-day Summit County, all of Medina and Huron counties, and parts of Lorain and Ashland counties. There were six organized townships in 1808: Franklin, Deerfield, Aurora, Hiram, Springfield, and Hudson with new townships organized later, reaching a maximum of 30. The present-day boundaries of Portage County were established in 1840 following the 1812 creation of Medina County, a slight boundary adjustment in 1827 with Cuyahoga County, and finally the creation of Summit County in 1840, which took 10 townships from Portage County along with 3 townships from Medina County and two from Stark County. [6]

Geography

Gazebo at Towner's Woods Park in Franklin Township, part of the county park system Towners Woods gazebo.jpg
Gazebo at Towner's Woods Park in Franklin Township, part of the county park system

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 504 square miles (1,310 km2), of which 487 square miles (1,260 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (3.3%) is water. [9]

West Branch State Park is a very large state park in central Portage County, consisting of a large green surrounding the Michael J. Kirwan Dam and Reservoir. There are a number of smaller state and local parks.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1810 2,995
1820 10,095237.1%
1830 18,82686.5%
1840 22,96522.0%
1850 24,4196.3%
1860 24,208−0.9%
1870 24,5841.6%
1880 27,50011.9%
1890 27,8681.3%
1900 29,2464.9%
1910 30,3073.6%
1920 36,36920.0%
1930 42,68217.4%
1940 46,6609.3%
1950 63,98437.1%
1960 91,79843.5%
1970 125,86837.1%
1980 135,8567.9%
1990 142,5855.0%
2000 152,0616.6%
2010 161,4196.2%
2020 161,7910.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]
1790-1960 [11] 1900-1990 [12]
1990-2000 [13] 2020 [14]

2000 census

As of the census [15] of 2000, there were 152,061 people, 56,449 households, and 39,175 families living in the county. The population density was 309 people per square mile (119/km2). There were 60,096 housing units at an average density of 122 per square mile (47/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.40% White, 3.18% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. 0.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.5% were of German, 11.0% Irish, 9.9% Italian, 9.7% English, 9.7% American and 5.2% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.1% spoke English and 1.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 56,449 households, out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.60% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.70% under the age of 18, 14.30% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,347, and the median income for a family was $52,820. Males had a median income of $37,434 versus $26,232 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,428. About 5.90% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 5.70% of those age 65 or over.

Using the Gini coefficient to measure household inequality, Portage County received a .43 in 2012. [16] In 2013 16.1% of the population, or 25,196 people, were poor or impoverished. The county saw an increase in its poor population, as this can be compared to a 9.3% poverty rate (13,395 people) in 1999. [17]

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 161,419 people, 62,222 households, and 40,757 families living in the county. [18] The population density was 331.2 inhabitants per square mile (127.9/km2). There were 67,472 housing units at an average density of 138.4 per square mile (53.4/km2). [19] The racial makeup of the county was 92.3% white, 4.1% black or African American, 1.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.3% of the population. [18] In terms of ancestry, 30.7% were German, 17.1% were Irish, 11.5% were English, 11.0% were Italian, 6.6% were Polish, and 5.7% were American. [20]

Of the 62,222 households, 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.5% were non-families, and 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 37.4 years. [18]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,447 and the median income for a family was $65,306. Males had a median income of $46,014 versus $34,250 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,097. About 8.1% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over. [21]

Politics

Results from the 2020 Presidential Election in Kent, the county's largest city. Kent2020.svg
Results from the 2020 Presidential Election in Kent, the county's largest city.

Following a trend seen throughout large parts of Ohio, in 2016 Donald Trump won Portage County by 9.87 points, becoming the first Republican in almost three decades to win the county, the last time being George H. W. Bush in 1988.

United States presidential election results for Portage County, Ohio [22]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 45,99055.39%35,66142.95%1,3711.65%
2016 39,97152.07%32,39742.20%4,3945.72%
2012 35,24246.14%39,45351.65%1,6892.21%
2008 34,82244.41%41,85653.39%1,7242.20%
2004 35,58346.42%40,67553.07%3890.51%
2000 28,27144.95%31,44649.99%3,1825.06%
1996 18,93932.52%29,44150.55%9,85816.93%
1992 18,44729.69%26,32542.37%17,36327.94%
1988 26,33450.18%25,60748.79%5391.03%
1984 29,53657.14%21,71942.02%4320.84%
1980 22,82947.37%20,57042.69%4,7919.94%
1976 17,92740.91%24,41755.72%1,4803.38%
1972 23,29451.76%20,76946.15%9392.09%
1968 15,06441.27%16,34844.78%5,09313.95%
1964 10,84231.75%23,30868.25%00.00%
1960 19,63451.45%18,52848.55%00.00%
1956 18,94359.07%13,12840.93%00.00%
1952 17,16855.88%13,55344.12%00.00%
1948 11,62148.67%11,98750.21%2681.12%
1944 12,28449.50%12,53350.50%00.00%
1940 11,77748.14%12,68751.86%00.00%
1936 8,03535.77%13,79861.43%6302.80%
1932 9,58647.98%9,66248.36%7333.67%
1928 12,08671.31%4,75628.06%1060.63%
1924 8,58362.43%2,99421.78%2,17215.80%
1920 8,23158.99%5,40538.74%3172.27%
1916 3,14240.90%4,26955.56%2723.54%
1912 1,16215.73%2,85538.65%3,37045.62%
1908 4,12951.16%3,62544.91%3173.93%
1904 4,71262.49%2,48632.97%3434.55%
1900 4,31152.68%3,65144.61%2222.71%
1896 4,07350.01%3,99549.05%760.93%
1892 3,31048.83%2,95343.57%5157.60%
1888 3,88052.36%3,26043.99%2703.64%
1884 3,93152.11%3,27343.39%3394.49%
1880 3,99054.97%3,14743.35%1221.68%
1876 3,71254.92%3,00644.47%410.61%
1872 3,47858.03%2,43840.68%771.28%
1868 3,60460.41%2,36239.59%00.00%
1864 3,47564.40%1,92135.60%00.00%
1860 3,06559.34%1,97038.14%1302.52%
1856 2,98358.94%2,07240.94%60.12%

Education

The county is served by multiple public school districts, private schools, and public libraries, and is home to two institutions of higher education.

Libraries

Kent Free Library in Kent Kent Free Library 1.jpg
Kent Free Library in Kent

The Portage County Library Consortium is a library consortium consisting of Kent Free Library in Kent, Reed Memorial Library in Ravenna, and the five branches of the Portage County Library District, which are located in Aurora, Garrettsville, Randolph, Streetsboro, and Windham. The consortium allows patrons of any member library to use their library card at another consortium location or request materials housed at another library. Through the SearchOhio database, the consortium is connected to OhioLINK, which provides local access to the State Library of Ohio and dozens of university and college libraries across the state. [23] [24]

The county is also home to the Kent State University Libraries in Kent, an academic library system with a collection of over 2.5 million volumes. The KSU system, one of three members of the Association of Research Libraries in Ohio, includes the 12-story main library and individual libraries for architecture, fashion, performing arts, and maps, on the main campus in Kent. It also includes individual libraries at each of the university's seven regional campuses in Northeast Ohio. [25]

Public school districts

Portage County is home to eleven public school districts. [26]

DistrictLocationCommunities served
Aurora City School DistrictAuroraAurora, small part of Reminderville
Crestwood Local School DistrictMantuaMantua, Mantua Township, Hiram, most of Hiram Township, most of Shalersville Township
James A Garfield Local School DistrictGarrettsvilleGarrettsville, Nelson Township, Freedom Township, part of Hiram Township, small part of Charlestown Township
Field Local School DistrictBrimfieldMost of Brimfield and Suffield Townships, parts of Tallmadge and Kent annexed from Brimfield
Kent City School District KentSugar Bush Knolls, most of Kent and Franklin Township, small portion of Streetsboro
Ravenna School District RavennaRavenna, Ravenna Township, small portion of Shalersville Township
Rootstown Local School District RootstownRootstown Township and small portion of Brimfield Township
Southeast Local School DistrictPalmyraEdinburg Township, Palmyra Township, Paris Township, most of Charlestown Township, most of Deerfield Township
Streetsboro City School DistrictStreetsboromost of Streetsboro
Waterloo Local School DistrictAtwaterAtwater Township, Randolph Township, small portion of Deerfield Township
Windham Exempted Village School District WindhamWindham, Windham Township
Map of school districts in Portage County with township and municipal boundaries superimposed as of 2022. Portage County School Districts 2022.svg
Map of school districts in Portage County with township and municipal boundaries superimposed as of 2022.

In addition, there are parts of five neighboring districts which serve portions of Portage County residents. [26]

DistrictLocationCommunities served in Portage County
Lake Local School DistrictUniontownsmall part of Suffield Township
Mogadore Local School DistrictMogadoreMogadore, small part of Suffield Township
Springfield Local School District Springfield small part of Suffield Township
Stow-Munroe Falls City School District Stowsmall part of Franklin Township
Tallmadge City School DistrictTallmadgesmall part of Tallmadge in Portage County
West Branch Local School DistrictBeloitsmall part of Deerfield Township

Portage County also has two public schools that serve students from multiple districts:

Private schools

Higher education

Portage County is home to three institutions of higher learning:

Culture

Theater

Museums

Media

Communities

Map of Portage County municipal and township labels Portage County labeled.png
Map of Portage County municipal and township labels

Portage County is arranged as a 4x5 grid of 20 rectangles: 18 unincorporated townships containing 9 cities and villages; and two incorporated townships which are fully occupied by one city each.

Under Ohio law, there are two types of incorporated municipal jurisdictions: cities and villages, and any territory within a county that is not part of an incorporated municipality (city or village), is part of a township. Townships have limited local government and services.

Camp James A. Garfield, formerly known as the Ravenna Training and Logistics Site and commonly known as the Ravenna Arsenal, occupies much of the land in Charlestown, Paris, and Windham Townships, as well as a small part of Freedom Township.

Cities

Villages

Townships

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

Notes

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    33. "The Portager" . Retrieved April 29, 2022.
    34. "About Us" . Retrieved April 29, 2022.
    35. "Weekly Villager" . Retrieved April 29, 2022.

    Coordinates: 41°10′N81°12′W / 41.17°N 81.20°W / 41.17; -81.20