Portlaw

Last updated

Portlaw
Port Lách
Town
Main street of Portlaw - geograph.org.uk - 1487470.jpg
Main street of Portlaw
Ireland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Portlaw
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°17′20″N7°18′53″W / 52.288921°N 7.3146200°W / 52.288921; -7.3146200
Country Ireland
Province Munster
County Waterford
Elevation
40 m (130 ft)
Population
 (2016) [1]
1,742
Time zone UTC+0 (WET)
  Summer (DST) UTC-1 (IST (WEST))
Irish Grid Reference S468154

Portlaw (Irish : Port Cládach or Port Lách) [2] is a town in County Waterford, Ireland. It is also a parish in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Waterford and Lismore. It is situated approximately 19 km west-north-west of Waterford City, where the Clodiagh meets the Suir.

Contents

History

Establishment and development

Portlaw was established by the Malcomson family in the early 19th century (being heavily influenced by Robert Owen's New Lanark) with David Malcomson playing a key role in establishing the cotton spinning and weaving industry that was present. [3] It represents one of a few cases in which a model village was established in the southern regions of Ireland, as they were more commonly found in the North.[ citation needed ]

During the 19th century, Portlaw was home to the most successful attempt at creating a cotton industry in Ireland and created just over one and a half thousand jobs for the local residents, which naturally allowed the village to evolve in a positive manner over time. [3] This development is linked to the fact that the Malcolmson's were a Quaker family. The concept of enhancing the one's personal development and creating an environment in which one could live a healthy lifestyle was at the core of the creation of the village, as the Malcolmsons founded a number of social institutions in which their residents could grow as individuals and spend their free time. [3]

In the mid-nineteenth century, the Malcomsons of Portlaw became associated with the Richardsons of Bessbrook, who were also Quakers. The marriage of James N. Richardson III (Bessbrook) and Sarah Sophia (Portlaw) created an alliance between the two of the richest families in Ireland, with potential evidence of Portlaw being found in Bessbrook in the form of curved felt roofs on some of the housing dwellings similar to the ones featured in Portlaw. [4]

Portlaw was developed in two stages, one that commenced in the mid-1820s and the second that began in the 1850s. [5] The first development stage saw the building of houses that had some uniformity and planning depending on the area of the village they were built; however the first village development was slowly demolished in order to make way for the second village development, which had a more consistent and uniformed pattern of building. The second development adopted a plan type that had come to fruition during the Renaissance in Europe, called the "Polyvium". [5]

This planning type involved building triangular blocks linked to a central open space. This central open space (also known as the Square) housed different types of institutions including a post office and a school facility. [5]

Social history

During the 19th century, the Malcomsons established stores in the village that sold clothes and groceries amongst other basic needs, while other establishments such as bakeries were also present. [3] The implementation of a different payday per factory department ensured that every day had the potential to be a shopping day. This meant that there was a need for workers in these social establishments as there was business spread across the week, rather than having one or two days where there was a mass appeal for goods and services. [3]

One of the more heavily encouraged aspects of social life within the community at Portlaw was the concept of temperance. Temperance was encouraged through the use of preachers from England speaking to the workers, and the establishment of the Portlaw tontine club in 1838, which punished its members financially if the rules of the society were broken. [3]

David Malcomson in particular was committed to ensuring that education was present in Portlaw, as it had not been a factor that was present in his own childhood, and this commitment continued after his death as he pledged funds for different schools.[ citation needed ]

Later decline

The cotton industry was central to the local economy and lasted half a decade when it became bankrupt in 1876. The workforce in the factory comprised different genders and ages, with females aged thirteen and over claiming the majority from 1835 to 1874. [3] The slow failure of the cotton industry in Portlaw ultimately began three years prior to declaring bankruptcy, as cotton prices all over the world began to decline. Although the industry in Portlaw was able to survive the problems and challenges faced by the American civil war in the 1860s, it was unable to cope with this decline in the industry, which inevitably led to the decline of Portlaw as an century industrial village. A tanning facility was opened in 1935, which was in the ruins of the original 19th century cotton mill. [5]

This, however, had a negative effect on the surrounding areas as the refuse from the tannery was pumped into the mill pond, which saw waste flowing over the level of the surrounding grounds. The industrial area of Portlaw was sold in 1995, however over time the amenities and structures in the area were not put to any use, meaning that they subsequently deteriorated. [5]

In 2021, the original home of the Malcomson family, Mayfield House (now derelict and uninhabitable), was put on the market for just under €800,000. [10]

Amenities

The town has grocery shops, a pharmacy, a library, pubs, a cafe, fast food takeaways, a heritage centre, a primary school, a pre-school crèche and Roman Catholic and Church of Ireland churches.

Curraghmore House, sitting on the outskirts of the town, is a manor house surrounded by 40 ha of land. It has been opened to visitors by Henry Beresford, 9th Marquess of Waterford, and hosts annual tourist and charity events, such as the Bluebell Festival and All Together Now festival. [ citation needed ]

Transport

Suirway operate a bus route linking Portlaw to Waterford. [11] Until 1963, there was a railway station at Fiddown on the Waterford to Limerick railway line which was also known as Fiddown & Portlaw. [ citation needed ]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">County Kilkenny</span> County in Ireland

County Kilkenny is a county in Ireland. It is in the province of Leinster and is part of the South-East Region. It is named after the city of Kilkenny. Kilkenny County Council is the local authority for the county. As of the 2022 census the population of the county was just over 100,000. The county was based on the historic Gaelic kingdom of Ossory (Osraighe), which was coterminous with the Diocese of Ossory.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waterford</span> City in Munster, Ireland

Waterford is a city in County Waterford in the south-east of Ireland. It is located within the province of Munster. The city is situated at the head of Waterford Harbour. It is the oldest and the fifth most populous city in Ireland. It is the ninth most populous settlement on the island of Ireland. Waterford City and County Council is the local government authority for the city. According to the 2016 Census, 53,504 people live in the city, with a wider metropolitan population of 82,963.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cahir</span> Town in County Tipperary, Ireland

Cahir is a town in County Tipperary in Ireland. It is also a civil parish in the barony of Iffa and Offa West.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Model village</span> Type of mostly self-contained community

A model village is a type of mostly self-contained community, built from the late 18th century onwards by landowners and business magnates to house their workers. Although the villages are located close to the workplace, they are generally physically separated from them and often consist of relatively high-quality housing, with integrated community amenities and attractive physical environments. "Model" is used in the sense of an ideal to which other developments could aspire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bessbrook</span> Village in County Armagh, Northern Ireland

Bessbrook is a village in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. It lies about three miles (5 km) northwest of Newry and near the Newry bypass on the main A1 Belfast-Dublin road and Belfast-Dublin railway line. Today the village of Bessbrook straddles the three townlands of Maghernahely, Clogharevan and Maytown. Bessbrook is near Newry railway station. It had a population of 2,750 at the 2011 Census. The model village of Bessbrook, Co. Armagh is a visible memorial to the commercial endeavours of the Richardson family over a number of generations.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mountmellick</span> Town in County Laois, Ireland

Mountmellick or Mountmellic is a town in the north of County Laois, Ireland. It lies on the N80 national secondary road and the R422 and R423 regional roads.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dunmore East</span> Fishing village in County Waterford, Ireland

Dunmore East is a popular tourist and fishing village in County Waterford, Ireland. Situated on the west side of Waterford Harbour on Ireland's southeastern coast, it lies within the barony of Gaultier ; a reference to the influx of Viking and Norman settlers in the area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carrick-on-Suir</span> Town in County Tipperary, Ireland

Carrick-on-Suir is a town in County Tipperary, Ireland. It lies on both banks of the River Suir. The part on the north bank of the Suir lies in the civil parish of "Carrick", in the historical barony of Iffa and Offa East. The part on the south bank lies in the civil parish of Kilmolerin in the barony of Upperthird, County Waterford.

The Malcomson Family was an Irish Quaker family active in various businesses during the 19th century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mooncoin</span> Town in County Kilkenny, Ireland

Mooncoin is a census town in County Kilkenny, in Ireland. The population was 1,175 in 2016. Historically part of the Gaelic kingdom of Osraige, today it is in the far south of the county of Kilkenny, located in the valley of the River Suir. It is surrounded by the uplands of the Slievenamon and Comeragh Mountains, just 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of Waterford City along the N24 national primary road, and it is 48 kilometres (30 mi) south of Kilkenny.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Grubb</span> Irish engineer and telescope builder

Thomas Grubb was an Irish optician and founder of the Grubb Telescope Company.

Events from the year 1825 in Ireland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Grubb Richardson</span>

John Grubb Richardson was an Irish linen merchant, industrialist and philanthropist who founded the model village of Bessbrook near Newry in 1845, in what is now Northern Ireland. Five years later he founded a major Atlantic steamship line that significantly improved conditions for immigrant passengers fleeing Ireland after the Great Famine. He also founded Richardson Fertilizer Limited that remained in business under its original name until 2002.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Derrymore House</span> Historic house in County Armagh

Derrymore House is a National Trust property in Bessbrook, County Armagh, Northern Ireland. The grounds are open to the public most of the year round and the drawing room or "Treaty Room" in the house itself on selected dates only. It is described by the National Trust as a "late 18th-century thatched house in gentrified vernacular style".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">River Clodiagh</span> River

The River Clodiagh is a small river which rises in Lough Coumduala in the Comeragh Mountains in north County Waterford. It flows through the villages of Rathgormack, Clonea-Power and Portlaw before joining the River Suir just outside Portlaw. The river is fed by a number of smaller tributaries including Hunts stream and Aughtnawilliam stream.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carrickbeg</span> Village in County Tipperary, Ireland

Carrickbeg is a village in County Tipperary, Ireland. Located on the border between counties Waterford and Tipperary, it comprises part of the town of Carrick-on-Suir that lies south of the River Suir. The area is in County Tipperary, but a minority of residents have an affinity for County Waterford, as well as it previously being a part of Waterford.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Richardson (Liberal politician)</span> Irish businessperson and politician

James Nicholson Richardson was an Irish Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1880 to 1885.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fiddown</span> Village in Leinster, Ireland

Fiddown is a small village in Kilkenny, Ireland. It is located in the south of the county just off the N24 road, 58 kilometres from Kilkenny city. The village is on the banks of the River Suir, near the border with County Waterford to which the village is connected via the Fiddown Bridge.

Tybroughney, statutory spelling Tibberaghny, is a civil parish in the barony of Iverk, County Kilkenny in Ireland. The parish comprises a single townland, also called Tibberaghny. It lies on the north bank of the River Suir facing County Waterford, while the Lingaun river separates it from County Tipperary to the west.

Isabel Grubb was an Irish historian, who studied the Quakers in Ireland. She became a major authority on the subject.

References

  1. "Sapmap Area: Settlements Portlaw". Census 2016. Central Statistics Office. 2016. Archived from the original on 14 February 2018. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  2. "Port Lách / Portlaw". logainm.ie. Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Hunt, Tom (2000). Portlaw, county Waterford, 1825-76: portrait of an industrial village and its cotton industry. Dublin: Irish Academic Press. ISBN   0-7165-2722-7. OCLC   44398397.
  4. Harrison, Richard S. (2008). The Richardsons of Bessbrook: Ulster Quakers in the linen industry (1845–1921). Dublin: Original Writing. ISBN   978-1-906018-83-2. OCLC   310154372.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 Miley, Garry (2003). Portlaw County Waterford: conservation plan. John Cronin, Mary Sleeman, Heritage Council. [Kilkenny, Ireland]: Heritage Council. ISBN   1-901137-50-3. OCLC   53147192.
  6. "Census for post 1821 figures". Archived from the original on 9 March 2005. Retrieved 1 August 2009.
  7. Irish population infosite Archived 7 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine , histpop.org; accessed 21 September 2014.
  8. Census information Archived 17 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine , nisranew.nisra.gov.uk; accessed 21 September 2014.
  9. Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J.M.; Clarkson, L. A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  10. "Portlaw's stately Malcolmson family home goes on market". Waterford News and Star. 13 January 2021. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  11. "SuirWay Commuter Travel". suirway.com. Retrieved 28 November 2022.

Coordinates: 52°17′N7°19′W / 52.283°N 7.317°W / 52.283; -7.317