Porto Seguro

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Porto Seguro
Vista area de Porto Seguro 01.jpg
BandeiraPortoSeguro.jpg
Flag
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Seal
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Location of Porto Seguro
Coordinates: 16°26′S39°05′W / 16.433°S 39.083°W / -16.433; -39.083 Coordinates: 16°26′S39°05′W / 16.433°S 39.083°W / -16.433; -39.083
Country Brazil
Region Nordeste
State Bahia
Founded30 June 1534
Government
  MayorClaudia Silva Santos Oliveira PSD [1]
Area
  Total2,287 km2 (883 sq mi)
Elevation
4 m (13 ft)
Population
 (2016)
  Total145,431
  Density64/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3
Postal code
45810-000
Website portosegurotur.com
Designated1968
Reference no.800

Porto Seguro (Portuguese pronunciation:  [ˈpoʁtu siˈɡuɾu] ) is a city located in the far south of Bahia, Brazil. The city has an estimated population of 145,431 (2015), covers 2,287 square kilometres (883 sq mi), and has a population density of 52.7 residents per square kilometer. The area that includes Porto Seguro and neighboring Santa Cruz Cabrália and Eunápolis holds a distinctive place in Brazilian history: in 1500 it was the first landing point of Portuguese navigators, principally Pedro Álvares Cabral. [2] The crime rate is considered high, as is the case in all Bahia State [3]

Contents

Geography

Porto Seguro
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weather to Travel [4]

Climate

The climate in Porto Seguro is warm, oppressive, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 19ºC lows (67°F) to 29C highs (84°F) and is rarely below 18ºC (65°F) or above 31ºC (88°F). The temperature in Porto Seguro varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.

Subdivisions

Porto Seguro is divided into five districts

Conservation

The municipality contains the 1,151 hectares (2,840 acres) Pau-Brasil Ecological Station, a fully protected conservation unit created in 1997 to protect a fragment of Atlantic Forest, and specifically to protect Brazil wood (Pau Brasil, Caesalpinia echinata). [5] It contains the 894 hectares (2,210 acres) Rio dos Frades Wildlife Refuge, created in 2007 to protect the mouth of the Frades River. [6] The municipality also contains part of the Corumbau Marine Extractive Reserve, a protected offshore fishing area of 89,597 hectares (221,400 acres). [7]

Economy

The city is now considered one of the most important destinations of Brazil, receiving tourists from Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, and Chile. The city and surrounding area have some luxury hotels and hundreds of smaller hotels, as well as an airport well connected with the major Brazilian cities. Apart from tourism, other important activities are agriculture (especially cashew and coconut), reforestation with eucalyptus trees, cattle, and trade and services.

The city offers one of the most famous Carnival parties in Bahia. “Electric Trios” (trucks carrying sound systems and live bands), dancing “blocos” and “cordões” (street dancing groups) drag thousands of tourists along the "Passarela do Álcool" Passageway (the traditional local avenue) and to beach bars.

Noted places

Beach in Porto Seguro Trancoso, Porto Seguro, Bahia Brazil.jpg
Beach in Porto Seguro

Historical Downtown Area The historical site in the Cidade Alta area is a National Heritage Monument put under government trust by federal decree since 1973. It was one of the first towns in Brazil and played an important role during the first years of European colonization. It includes three churches and around 40 buildings (among private residential houses and public institutions), restored by the state government for the 500th anniversary celebration of Brazilian discovery.

Monte Pascoal National Park Created in 1961 to preserve the place where Brazil was discovered by Portuguese warriors. It includes swamp areas, salt marshes, river marshes, and a coastline around the rocky, high, round hill, considered the first point of land to be seen by the Portuguese traveler Pedro Álvares Cabral’s crew. It extends over an area of 144.8 square kilometres (55.9 sq mi), including the Pataxó tribe’s indigenous protection land. Besides its historical importance, it also offers protection to one of the last stretches of Atlantic forest in the Northeastern area of Brazil. The area is aimed at preserving valuable woods such as Brazil wood, and still hosts many species of animals threatened by extinction, including the collared sloth and black bear.

Recife de Fora Sea Park It was the first city-owned park in Brazil. During low tide, visitors can view a wide range of coral reefs, fish, and many sea species.

Glória Hillock These are ruins of what many consider to be the São Francisco Church, where Ynaiá, an Indian woman who died for the love of a crewmember of Portuguese navigator Gonçalo Coelho's fleet, was buried. The São Francisco Church is said to be the first one built in Brazil in baroque style, probably in 1504, whose ruins date to 1730.

The Nossa Senhora da Penha Matrix Church Located on Pero de Campos Tourinho Square, in Cidade Alta, it was built at the end of the 18th century. It comprises a nave, a main chapel, a sacristy, and a bell tower.

Jaqueira Indigenous Protection Reservation A huge jackfruit tree trunk, tumbled down by nature itself, represents the return to one’s origins and acts as a historical and cultural reference to honor the ancestral fathers and mothers of Pataxó families who recently moved into this 8.27 square kilometres (3.19 sq mi) Indian protection area. Their huts, spread around original Atlantic Forest woods, retain the original formats, giving visitors the impression of being back 500 years in time to pre-Columbian Brazil.

The Discovery Outdoors Museum An outdoors, natural museum, whose “art galleries” are its beaches, valleys and natural trails and whose “collection” is a set of geographical formations and traditional villages, disposed as art works in permanent exhibition, engraved in ancient media, which are spread along the 130 square kilometres (50 sq mi) length of Bahia’s historical southern coastline.

Transport

Airway

Porto Seguro Airport was opened in 1982. Its passenger terminal was very simple and small; this building is now occupied by the Fire Department of the city. In 1997, the airport was reopened, having received a new passenger terminal, new aircraft parking lot, and extension of runway to operate large aircraft. In 2010 the airport had some major renovations preparing the city to host several of the International football teams who had a training camp in Porto Seguro for the World Cup 2014.

Related Research Articles

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Bay of All Saints bay

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Trancoso, Bahia District in Bahia, Brazil

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Corumbau Marine Extractive Reserve

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References

  1. pt:Porto Seguro
  2. "Bahia, Porto Seguro" (in Portuguese). Brasília, Brazil: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics). 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-12.
  3. http://www.correio24horas.com.br/detalhe/bahia/noticia/bahia-tem-maior-numero-de-homicidios-do-pais-diz-estudo/?cHash=42022a958b8fa2164a8f5f4070ff3c2c
  4. "Porto Seguro Climate and Weather Averages, Brazil". Weather to Travel. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  5. "Estação Ecológica do Pau Brasil", Ambiente Brasil (in Portuguese), retrieved 2016-05-28
  6. Castro, Márcia Salustiano de; Bonecker, Ana Cristina T. (May 2013), Elaboração de estudo de socioeconomia e áreas correlatas para atender as necessidades no Refúgio de Vida Silvestre do Rio dos Frades: Produto 2 (PDF), Rio de Janeiro/RJ, retrieved 2016-10-23
  7. RESEX Marinha do Corumbau (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-06-06

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