Portola Redwoods State Park

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Portola Redwoods State Park
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Ferns in Portola Redwoods State Park
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Location San Mateo County, California, USA
Nearest city La Honda, California, USA
Coordinates 37°15′35″N122°12′00″W / 37.25972°N 122.20000°W / 37.25972; -122.20000 Coordinates: 37°15′35″N122°12′00″W / 37.25972°N 122.20000°W / 37.25972; -122.20000
Area2,800 acres (11 km2)
Established1945
Governing body California Department of Parks and Recreation

Portola Redwoods State Park is a 2800-acre (1133 ha) state park in Northern California situated in San Mateo County. [1] The parks' primary watercourses - Peters Creek, Pescadero Creek and their associated tributaries -converge at Portola Redwoods State Park. Tip Toe Falls is a small waterfall along Fall Creek, a tributary of Pescadero Creek.

Contents

The indigenous Quiroste people, affiliated with the broader constellation of Ramaytush Ohlone communities based in the San Francisco Peninsula, [2] were among the original inhabitants of Portola Redwoods State Park, where they obtained various species of fish, such as coho salmon and steelhead trout, along the waterways that wend along the region, and harvested asphaltum from Tar Creek. In addition, the Quiroste maintained trading networks with tribes further inland and exchanged a variety of coastal products, including beads cultivated from Olivella sea shells as a means of barter. [3]

In 1769, the Portola expedition entailed an overland journey from the Pacific coastline of San Mateo County to San Francisco Bay, presaging the advent of European-American settlement and colonization in the area. During the nineteenth-century California Gold Rush, the copious redwood groves were harvested for industrial purposes, such as mining and other construction enterprises. It was not until the 1860s, however, that the park was settled by Danish immigrant and lumberjack Christian Iverson, [4] whose surname is commemorated by the titular Iverson trail today. [5]

By 1924, about 1600 acres - about half of the park's contemporary size - was bequeathed to the Masonic Lodge, whose Shriners subsequently sold the land to the State of California, and Portola Redwoods State Park officially opened under the auspices of the California Department of Parks and Recreation in 1945. Owing to the fundraising efforts of such environmental organizations as Save the Redwoods League, the park was later enlarged to its current dimensions. [6]

Relatively remote and secluded, the park offers various recreational opportunities for visitors, including a repertoire of hiking trails ranging in length and difficulty. For instance, the 1.2 mile (1.93 km) roundtrip Old Tree Trail confers access to the eponymous redwood tree, renowned for its longevity (estimated at around 1200 years) and height of over 300 feet (91 m). [7] In addition, the longer Peters Creek Loop offers backpackers and hikers willing to traverse 11.9 miles (19.15 km) roundtrip the opportunity to witness some of the oldest and tallest redwoods in the San Francisco Bay Area. [8]


Portola Redwoods State Park contains approximately 18 miles of hiking trails in the 2,800-acre park, a small car-camping campground of about 50 campsites, four group campsites, and 6 trail sites at Slate Creek Trail Camp. Portola Redwoods State Park is also home to the site of Page shingle Mill, for which Page Mill Road is named.

Name

The name of the state park was suggested by Aubrey Drury at a Park Commission meeting and was adopted on motion of Commissioner Leo Carrillo, a descendant of members of the Portolá expedition. [9]

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Ohlone Native American people of the Northern California coast

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Yelamu

The Yelamu were a tribelet of Ohlone people from the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California. The term Yelamu, or "the western people" was used by east bay Ohlone to describe the Ohlone people living on the San Francisco Peninsula. A more correct identification is Ramaytush, according to an account by J.P. Harrington made in 1921 by a Chochenyo Ohlone who identified the peninsula as "ramai". Ramaytush was also the language spoken by them.

Montara State Beach

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San Andreas Lake lake in California, United States

San Andreas Lake is a reservoir adjacent to the San Francisco Peninsula cities of Millbrae and San Bruno in San Mateo County, California. It is situated directly on the San Andreas Fault, which is named after the valley it is in.

San Mateo Creek (San Francisco Bay Area) stream in California, United States of America

San Mateo Creek is a perennial stream whose watershed includes Crystal Springs Reservoir, for which it is the only natural outlet after passing Crystal Springs Dam.

Pescadero Creek river in the United States of America

Pescadero Creek is a major stream in Santa Cruz and San Mateo counties in California. At 26.6 miles (42.8 km), it is the longest stream in San Mateo County and flows all year from springs in the Santa Cruz Mountains. Its source is at 1,880 feet (570 m) above sea level on the western edge of Castle Rock State Park, with additional headwaters in Portola Redwoods State Park, and its course traverses Pescadero Creek County Park and San Mateo County Memorial Park before entering Pescadero Marsh Natural Preserve at Pescadero State Beach and thence to the Pacific Ocean 14.4 miles (23 km) south of Half Moon Bay.

Peters Creek (California) river in the United States of America

Peters Creek is a 7.3-mile-long (11.7 km) stream in San Mateo County, California, and is a tributary of Pescadero Creek. It flows southwestwards through a small canyon to join Pescadero Creek in Portola Redwoods State Park, near La Honda.

Iverson Creek is a small river in San Mateo County, California and is a tributary of Pescadero Creek. It flows about 0.6 miles (1 km) from its source on Butano Ridge in Pescadero Creek County Park to its mouth in Portola Redwoods State Park.

Memorial Park (San Mateo County, California) park in San Mateo County, California

San Mateo County's Memorial Park is located in Loma Mar and is operated by the San Mateo County Department of Parks. The park encompasses 673 acres (2.72 km2), and includes old-growth redwood trees, eight miles (13 km) of hiking trails, camping areas, picnic facilities, a visitor center, a camp store, a creek swimming area, and campfire programs. Pescadero Creek, which provides winter habitat for steelhead trout, runs through the park. Bloomquist, Hoffman, McCormick, and Peterson Creeks join Pescadero Creek within the park boundaries.

Pacific Skyline Council

One of the six Boy Scouts of America councils that serves the San Francisco Bay area, the Pacific Skyline Council was founded in 1940 as the Stanford Area Council (#031). In 1994, the Stanford Area Council merged with the San Mateo County Council (#020) to form the current council which serves youth in San Mateo County and northern Santa Clara county.

Phleger Estate

The Phleger Estate is a park in San Mateo County, California. The park is located outside the town of Woodside and adjacent to Huddart County Park. The park was acquired in 1991 by the Peninsula Open Space Trust (POST) for $25 million and is now part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area (GGNRA).

The Ramaytush language is one of the eight Ohlone languages, historically spoken by the Ramaytush people, indigenous people of California. Historically, the Ramaytush inhabited the San Francisco Peninsula between San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean in the area which is now San Francisco and San Mateo Counties. Ramaytush is a dialect or language within the Ohlone branch of the Utian family. The term Ramaytush was first applied to them during the 1970s.

San Mateo County's Pescadero Creek Park is located near Loma Mar and is operated by the San Mateo County Department of Parks. The park complex of 8,020 acres (32.5 km2) also includes the neighboring Memorial, Sam McDonald and Heritage Grove parks. The park borders Portola Redwoods State Park with seamless trails, and connects to Big Basin Redwoods State Park via a trail easement across private lands.

Sam McDonald County Park

San Mateo County's Sam McDonald Park is located between La Honda and Loma Mar and is operated by the San Mateo County Department of Parks. The park is 867 acres (3.51 km2) of redwood forest, mixed woods and open meadows. Trails climb up to a ridgeline with views across the Pescadero Creek valley, Butano Ridge, and the Pacific Ocean. The park includes Heritage Grove and borders Pescadero Creek County Park through which it connects to Memorial County Park, Portola Redwoods State Park, and Big Basin Redwoods State Park. Horseback riding is popular here, and many use Jack Brook Horse Camp.

References

  1. "Portola Redwoods SP". CA State Parks. Retrieved 2020-09-28.
  2. "Ramaytush Ohlone". Ramaytush Ohlone. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  3. "Cultural History". CA State Parks. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  4. "Cultural History". CA State Parks. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  5. "Trails and Hiking". CA State Parks. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  6. "Cultural History". CA State Parks. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  7. "Trails and Hiking". CA State Parks. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  8. "Trails and Hiking". CA State Parks. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  9. Gudde, Erwin G. (1998). California place names : the origin and etymology of current geographical names (4th ed., rev. and enl. ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. p.  299. ISBN   0520213165.