Postal codes in the Czech Republic are called PSČ (PSČ, stands for Czech : Poštovní směrovací číslo, pronounced [ˈpoʃtovɲiː ˈsmɲɛrovatsiː ˈtʃiːslo] - postal routing number). The acronym is commonly pronounced as a word ( [ˈpəsətʃə] ), rather than separate letters ( [ˈpɛː.ɛs.tʃɛː] ). The system was introduced in former Czechoslovakia in 1973 and has remained unchanged. The postal code consists of five digits, usually written with a space in the form XXX XX. The first digit indicates a region (i.e. regions of Czechoslovakia as of the time when PSČ system went in use, hence some differences from current administrative divisions):
1 - the capital of the Czech Republic, Prague (second digit represents one of 10 Prague districts, so e.g. 160 00 is the main post office in Prague 6 - Dejvice).
2 - central Bohemia (272 01 Kladno, 280 01 Kolín). Numbers 200 00 - 249 99 are reserved for internal needs of the postal system itself and are not assigned to any region. The Prague central distribution post office uses 225 00.
3 - western and southern Bohemia (301 00 - 326 00 Plzeň, 360 01 Karlovy Vary, 370 01 České Budějovice)
4 - northern Bohemia (400 01 Ústí nad Labem, 460 01 Liberec)
5 - eastern Bohemia and western Moravia (500 01 Hradec Králové, 530 01 Pardubice, 541 01 Trutnov, 586 01 Jihlava)
6 - southern Moravia (600 00 - 659 99 Brno, 690 01 Břeclav)
7 - eastern and northern Moravia (779 00 Olomouc, 760 01 Zlín, 700 01 - 729 99 Ostrava)
8,9,0 are assigned to Slovakia.
Addresses with large mail traffic can get their own postal code.
When writing the address, the postal code is put in front of the town name; when typed or printed, 1 space separates the leading 3 digits from the trailing 2 digits, and 2 spaces separate the postal code from the town name, e.g.:
Na Příkopě 28
115 03 Praha 1
On postal items being sent from abroad it is recommended to prepend the postal code with the ISO 3166-1 two-letter code of the country and a dash:
Na Příkopě 28
CZ-115 03 Praha 1
On envelopes and postcards there are usually five rectangular boxes below the address field for the postal code digits.
Bohemia is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic. In a broader meaning, Bohemia sometimes refers to the entire Czech territory, including Moravia and Czech Silesia, especially in a historical context, such as the Lands of the Bohemian Crown ruled by Bohemian kings.
Prague is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 13th largest city in the European Union and the historical capital of Bohemia. Situated on the Vltava river, Prague is home to about 1.3 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of 2.7 million. The city has a temperate oceanic climate, with relatively warm summers and chilly winters.
A postal code is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail.
ISO 3166-2:CZ is the entry for Czechia in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
ISO 3166-2:TR is the entry for Turkey in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
Prague has a local-government structure of two or three tiers, depending on the area of town. At the top is the Magistrate of the Capital City of Prague, which is responsible for public transport; waste collection; municipal police; firefighting; ambulance services; cultural activities; care of historical sites; the Prague Zoo; and other activities of citywide significance.
Na příkopě, informally also Na Příkopě, Na Příkopech or Příkopy, is a street in the center of Prague, Czech Republic, connecting Wenceslas Square with the Republic Square.
Czech Post is the state owned postal company of the Czech Republic. With its headquarters in Prague, the corporation has around 31,000 employees. Czech Post primary serves the Czech Republic but also delivers to other countries.
The coat of arms of the Czech Republic displays the three historical regions—the Czech lands—which make up the nation. The current coat of arms, which was adopted in 1992, was designed by Czech heraldist Jiří Louda.
The Czech Republic's official formal and short names at the United Nations are Česká republika and Česko in Czech, and the Czech Republic and Czechia in English. All these names derive from the name of the Czechs, the West Slavic ethnic group native to the Czech lands. Czechia, the official English short name specified by the Czech government, is used by many international organisations and attested as early as 1841. However, most English speakers use [the] Czech Republic in all contexts. Other languages generally have greater official use of a short form analogous to Česko or Czechia although forms equivalent to "Czech Republic" are not uncommon.
Praha hlavní nádraží is the largest railway station in Prague, Czech Republic.
In 1960, Czechoslovakia was re-divided into districts often without regard to traditional division and local relationships. In the area of the Czech Republic, there were 75 districts; a 76th Jeseník District was split in the 1990s from Šumperk District. Three consisted only of statutory cities Brno, Ostrava and Plzeň which gained the status of districts only in 1971; the capital city of Prague had a special status, but ten districts of Prague (obvody) were in some ways equivalent to okres.
The First Czechoslovak Republic, often colloquially referred to as the First Republic, was the first Czechoslovak state that existed from 1918 to 1938, dominated by ethnic Czechs and Slovaks, the country was commonly called Czechoslovakia, a compound of Czech and Slovak; which gradually became the most widely used name for its successor states. It was composed of former territories of Austria-Hungary, inheriting different systems of administration from the formerly Austrian and Hungarian territories.
The history of the Jews in the Czech Republic connects to the history of the Jews in Bohemia, in today's Czech Republic. They are predominantly Ashkenazi Jews, and the current Jewish population is only a fraction of the pre-Holocaust Jewish population. As of 2005, there were approximately 4,000 Jews living in the Czech Republic. There is evidence that Jews have lived in Moravia and Bohemia since as early as the 10th century.
ISO 3166-2:RS is the entry for Serbia in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Czech Republic:
The 1940–41 Národní liga was the second season of the Národní liga, the first tier of league football in the Nazi Germany-annexed Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia which had been part of Czechoslovakia until March 1939.
Postal codes in Slovakia use the old system of Czechoslovakia.
Josef Ježek was a Czech General of Gendarmerie, Politician and the Minister of the Interior in the government of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia during the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia.