Posthuman (album)

Last updated
JK Flesh - Posthuman.jpg
Studio album by
Released7 May 2012
Recorded Avalanche Studios
  • 55:46(original release)
  • 87:11(Posthuman+)
Label 3BY3
Producer Justin Broadrick
JK Flesh chronology
Worship Is the Cleansing of the Imagination

Posthuman is the debut studio album by JK Flesh, a solo moniker of English musician Justin Broadrick, and was released on 7 May 2012 through 3BY3. [4] Though Broadrick had been creating music under the title of JK Flesh since the early 1990s, [5] Posthuman marked the first release of the project.

JK Flesh English musician

JK Flesh is a moniker of English musician Justin Broadrick employed for his solo work within electronic music. Broadrick's usage of the title spans back to his work in the 1990s with Kevin Martin in Techno Animal, but he first released a solo studio album as JK Flesh in 2012. Unlike Broadrick's most well-known projects, Godflesh and Jesu, his work as JK Flesh is electronic and lacks metal riffs. Over the years, the project has shifted into a more minimal and dub sound while retaining its industrial influences.

Justin Broadrick Record producer, musician, singer

Justin Karl Michael Broadrick is a British singer, songwriter, guitarist and drummer. He is best known as a founding member of the band Godflesh, one of the first bands to combine elements of extreme metal and industrial music. He was briefly in the English grindcore band Napalm Death when he was a teenager in the mid-1980s, writing and recording guitar for Side One of Napalm Death's debut album, Scum. Broadrick has also maintained a parallel career as a producer, producing records and remixes for groups such as Pantera, Isis, Mogwai and Hydra Head labelmates Pelican. Since 2012, he has been releasing hard techno music under the solo moniker JK Flesh. Broadrick has set up record labels such as HeadDirt, Avalanche Recordings, Post Mortem Productions, Lo Fibre and Heartache.


On 30 April 2012, the track "Knuckledragger" was released in advance of the album for streaming. [6]

Background and composition

In 2010, Broadrick revived the band he was most known for, Godflesh, and toured with it. In 2011, his secondary shoegaze project, Jesu, released its third album. During this period of activity, Broadrick was creating and compiling material for his first solo electronic album. Posthuman, released on 7 May 2012, came out of those efforts, and, due to preceding any new Godflesh material despite the group being reformed, drew attention for being Broadrick's first album in some time to display the brutal heaviness his early music was known for. [7]

Godflesh English industrial metal band

Godflesh are an English industrial metal band from Birmingham, England. The group formed in 1982 under the title Fall of Because but did not release any complete music until 1988 when Justin Broadrick and G. C. Green (bass) renamed the band and decided to use a drum machine for percussion. Melding heavy metal with industrial music and later with electronic music and dub, Godflesh's innovative sound is widely regarded as a foundational influence on other industrial metal and post-metal acts and as significant to both experimental metal and extreme metal.

Jesu (band) British post-metal band

Jesu is a British experimental band formed in 2003 by Justin Broadrick following the 2002 breakup of his band Godflesh. It is named after the last song on Hymns, the final album of Godflesh's initial run. Jesu's sound is heavily layered and textured, incorporating a diverse mix of influences. Broadrick himself has stated that "'s very loosely speaking pop/rock/metal/electronica ... I'm intentionally writing what I consider to be coherent "pop" songs".

<i>Ascension</i> (Jesu album) 2011 studio album by Jesu

Ascension is the third studio album by the British post-metal band Jesu. The album was released on 10 May 2011 through Caldo Verde Records. Ascension is the first full-length studio album released by Jesu since 2007's Conqueror. On 8 June 2011, Daymare Recordings released the album in Japan with a bonus disc containing four additional tracks unavailable on the original release. In August of 2018, the album was reissued on vinyl via American record label Robotic Empire featuring brand new mixes for each song by Justin Broadrick, as well as new mastering provided by John Golden of Golden Mastering.

Posthuman synthesizes two sounds that Broadrick had been known for: heavy, downtuned guitars paired with distorted vocals and electronic, dub- and hip hop-influenced beats. [8] Broadrick said Posthuman allowed him to "bridge the gap" that existed between Godflesh and Techno Animal, his electronic project with Kevin Martin. [9] On his employment of guitar for Posthuman, Broadrick said,

Dub is a genre of electronic music that grew out of reggae in the 1960s, and is commonly considered a subgenre, though it has developed to extend beyond the scope of reggae. The style consists predominantly of instrumental remixes of existing recordings and is achieved by significantly manipulating and reshaping the recordings, usually through the removal of vocals, emphasis of the rhythm section, the application of studio effects such as echo and reverb, and the occasional dubbing of vocal or instrumental snippets from the original version or other works. It was an early form of popular electronic music.

Hip hop subculture including music, dance and graffiti

Hip hop or hip-hop, is a culture and art movement that was created by African Americans, Latino Americans and Caribbean Americans in the Bronx, New York City. The origin of the name is often disputed. It is also argued as to whether hip hop started in the South or West Bronx. While the term hip hop is often used to refer exclusively to hip hop music, hip hop is characterized by nine elements, of which only four elements are considered essential to understand hip hop musically. The main elements of hip hop consist of four main pillars. Afrika Bambaataa of the hip hop collective Zulu Nation outlined the pillars of hip hop culture, coining the terms: "rapping", a rhythmic vocal rhyming style (orality); DJing, which is making music with record players and DJ mixers ; b-boying/b-girling/breakdancing (movement/dance); and graffiti. Other elements of hip hop subculture and arts movements beyond the main four are: hip hop culture and historical knowledge of the movement (intellectual/philosophical); beatboxing, a percussive vocal style; street entrepreneurship; hip hop language; and hip hop fashion and style, among others. The fifth element, although debated, is commonly considered either street knowledge, hip hop fashion, or beatboxing.

Techno Animal is an industrial hip hop duo formed in 1990 in London, England by British composers and musicians Justin Broadrick and Kevin Martin. The name addresses the concept of a technological animal and is not a direct reference to the techno genre.

Broadrick later regretted the metal fusion on the record. In a 2018 interview he said "I submitted a lot of post-dubstep, techno, and peripheral sounds to the guy at the label and he was like, ‘God, this shit’s great! But imagine if you put some of your Godflesh guitar and vocals in there.’ In retrospect, I wish I just left the stuff minimal." He aimed to rectify this with the next release, Nothing Is Free . [10]

<i>Nothing Is Free</i> 2015 EP by JK Flesh

Nothing Is Free is the debut EP of JK Flesh, a pseudonym of English musician Justin Broadrick, and was self-released digitally by Avalanche Recordings on a pay what you want basis on 7 September 2015. It is Broadrick's third release under the JK Flesh title, following the debut studio album, Posthuman (2012), and a split album with Prurient, Worship Is the Cleansing of the Imagination (2012).

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
Drowned in Sound 7/10 [2]
Pitchfork 7.6/10 [7]
The Quietus Positive [3]
The Skinny Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg [11]
Spin 8/10 [12]

Posthuman received favorable reviews. Brian Howe of Pitchfork appreciated the album's brutality and weight, writing, "Posthuman might not fully win back the crowd that Broadrick alienated with dreamy Jesu, but you can't deny that at least he's back to trying to blacken your eyes rather than put stars in them." [7] Writing for The Quietus , Joe Kennedy praised the album's bleakness and surprisingly subtle employment of certain sounds. [3] Pieter J. Macmillan of Drowned in Sound wrote, "If you’ve got a gap in your record collection for a record with the bite and bile of Godflesh and the swing and swagger of dubstep then Posthuman is just the thing to fill it." [2] In a more lukewarm review, Ross Watson off The Skinny wrote, "Cold and detached, dark and demented, Posthuman is an unapologetically difficult listen. With its detached atmosphere and heavy basslines, it has its middle finger pointed firmly in the direction of the post-dubstep crowd, and will come as a welcome curio for fans of this most cultivated figure of underground music." [11]

<i>Pitchfork</i> (website) online music magazine

Pitchfork is an American online magazine launched in 1995 by Ryan Schreiber, based in Chicago, Illinois, and owned by Condé Nast. Being developed during Schreiber's tenure in a record store at the time, the magazine developed a reputation for its extensive focus on independent music, but has since expanded to a variety of coverage on both indie and popular music.

The Quietus is a British online music and pop culture magazine founded by John Doran and Luke Turner. The site is an editorially independent publication led by Doran with a group of freelance journalists and critics.

Drowned in Sound, sometimes abbreviated to DiS, is a UK-based music webzine financed by artist management company Silentway. Founded by editor Sean Adams, the site features reviews, news, interviews, and discussion forums.

Track listing

All music composed by Justin Broadrick.

2."Idle Hands"6:19
9."Walk Away"6:30
Total length:55:46


Adapted from the Posthuman liner notes. [14]

Release history

United Kingdom 20123BY3 CD, LP 3BY3009
Japan 2012Daymare Recordings 2xCD DYMC-163
United Kingdom 2015 Avalanche Recordings Music download

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Streetcleaner is the debut studio album by English industrial metal band Godflesh. It was released on 13 November 1989 through Earache Records and was reissued with a second disc of previously unreleased material on 21 June 2010. The album is widely acclaimed by critics and is often cited as a landmark release in industrial metal; though not the genre's first release, Streetcleaner helped define what industrial metal would become.

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Godflesh discography

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<i>Worship Is the Cleansing of the Imagination</i> 2012 studio album (split) by JK Flesh & Prurient

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<i>Exit Stance</i> 2017 EP by JK Flesh

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<i>New Horizon</i> (JK Flesh album) 2018 studio album by JK Flesh

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  1. 1 2 Burnett, Joseph. "Extreme Language: An Interview With Justin K. Broadrick". The Quietus . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 Macmillan, Pieter J. (April 27, 2012). "JK Flesh: Posthuman". Drowned in Sound . Retrieved August 7, 2015.
  3. 1 2 3 Kennedy, Joe. "JK Flesh - Posthuman". The Quietus . Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  4. "JK Flesh: Posthuman > Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved August 7, 2015.
  5. "An Interview With JK Flesh". The Brvtalist. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
  6. "LISTEN: JK Flesh - 'Knuckledragger'". The Quietus . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  7. 1 2 3 Howe, Brian (May 9, 2012). "JK Flesh: Posthuman". Pitchfork Media . Retrieved August 7, 2015.
  8. "Posthuman, the experimental metal artist's first electronic album, comes out this month". Resident Advisor . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  9. "Bleep Interviews JK Flesh". Bleep. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  10. Wiederhorn, Jon. "As JK Flesh, Godflesh's Justin Broadrick Finds Peace In Solitude and Techno". Bandcamp . Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  11. 1 2 Watson, Ross. "JK Flesh – Posthuman". The Skinny . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  12. Grow, Kory (May 3, 2012). "JK Flesh: Posthuman". Spin . Retrieved August 7, 2015.
  13. "JK Flesh - Posthuman+". Bandcamp . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  14. Posthuman (booklet). JK Flesh. London, United Kingdom: 3BY3. 2012.CS1 maint: others (link)