May 2014 view of Postojna from a nearby hill
|Traditional region||Inner Carniola|
|Statistical region||Littoral–Inner Carniola|
|• Total||33.3 km2 (12.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||556.4 m (1,825.5 ft)|
|• Density||290/km2 (750/sq mi)|
Postojna (pronounced [pɔˈstoːi̯na] ( listen ); German : Adelsberg, Italian : Postumia) is a town in the traditional region of Inner Carniola, 35 kilometers (22 mi) from Trieste, in southwestern Slovenia. It is the seat of the Municipality of Postojna.
The area is known to have been populated since the paleolithic era due to the discovery of a cave settlement near the town of Postojna called Betal Rock Shelter (Betalov spodmol). The town lies on the Pivka River. Written sources first mention the settlement in the 13th century and in 1432 it became a borough. It was proclaimed a town in 1909.
From the late Middle Ages, it was part of the Duchy of Carniola and hence of the Habsburg Monarchy. It was under Italian rule between 1918 and 1943 (nominally to 1947) and was part of the province of Trieste as Postumia.
At Postojna there is a mass grave associated with the Second World War. The Pine Shaft Mass Grave (Slovene : Grobišče Brezno v borovcih) is southeast of Postojna, between Little Trebevnik Hill (Mali Trebevnik) and Big Trebevnik Hill (Veliki Trebevnik). It is a steep sinkhole that contains the remains of unidentified victims.
|Climate data for Postojna|
|Average high °C (°F)||2|
|Average low °C (°F)||−5|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||110|
One of Slovenia's major tourist attractions, Postojna Cave, is located near the town.
The parish church in the town is dedicated to Saint Stephen and belongs to the Koper Diocese. Within the urban area of Postojna, the church dedicated to the Prophet Daniel in the hamlet of Zalog and the chapel dedicated to Saint Lazarus at the town cemetery also belong to this parish.
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