Poughkeepsie (town), New York

Last updated
Poughkeepsie
Town of Poughkeepsie montage.png
Seal of the Town of Poughkeepsie, New York.png
Seal
Dutchess County New York incorporated areas Town of Poughkeepsie highlighted.svg
Location of the town of Poughkeepsie, New York
Coordinates: 41°40′16″N73°54′25″W / 41.67111°N 73.90694°W / 41.67111; -73.90694 Coordinates: 41°40′16″N73°54′25″W / 41.67111°N 73.90694°W / 41.67111; -73.90694
Country United States
State New York
County Dutchess
Government
  Type Town Council
   Town Supervisor John Jay Baisley (R)
   Town Council
Area
  Total31.2 sq mi (80.7 km2)
  Land28.5 sq mi (73.9 km2)
  Water2.6 sq mi (6.8 km2)
Elevation
230 ft (70 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total43,341
  Density1,520/sq mi (586.9/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
12601-12604
Area code(s) 845
FIPS code 36-59652
GNIS feature ID0979393
Website www.townofpoughkeepsie.com

Poughkeepsie ( /pəˈkɪpsi,p-/ [1] ), officially the Town of Poughkeepsie, is a town in Dutchess County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 43,341. [2] The name is derived from the native term Uppuqui (oo-POO-kee) meaning "lodge-covered", plus ipis meaning "little water", plus ing meaning "place", all of which translates to "the reed-covered lodge by the little water place", or Uppuqui-ipis-ing. This later evolved into Apokeepsing, then into Poughkeepsing, and finally Poughkeepsie. [3]

Contents

The area includes a large IBM campus noted for its ongoing development and manufacturing of IBM mainframes.

History

The town was first settled around 1780 and was part of the Schuyler Patent of 1788. The town of Poughkeepsie was established in 1788 as part of a general organization of towns in the county. In 1854, part of the western section of the town, already an independent village, became the city of Poughkeepsie. At least two National Historic Landmarks are located in the town: the Vassar College Observatory and the Main Building of Vassar College.

Education

Vassar College, Dutchess Community College, and Marist College are located in the town of Poughkeepsie.

Our Lady of Lourdes High School is a private, co-educational, Catholic high school located at a former IBM site on Boardman Road.

Poughkeepsie Day School is an independent, co-educational, day school for students from pre-kindergarten (3 years) through grade 12, located at another former IBM site on Boardman Road.

Oakwood Friends School is a private, co-educational middle school and high school located near the western end of State Route 113 (Spackenkill Road).

Spackenkill High School is a co-educational public high school located on Spackenkill Road and has been named a Blue Ribbon School by the U.S Department of Education, which is part of the Spackenkill Union Free School District among Orville A. Todd Middle School, Hagan and Nassau Elementary. Their school mascot is the Spackenkill Spartan. Due to its proximity to the IBM plant nearby, many of the students are direct descendants of "IBMers".

There are several school districts in the immediate area, such as Poughkeepsie city; the town itself has Arlington's, Spackenkill's, and parts of Wappinger's and Hyde Park's districts. The first Arlington High School was in Poughkeepsie before being moved to the more rural Lagrangeville.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.2 square miles (80.7 km2), of which 28.5 square miles (73.9 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.8 km2), or 8.44%, is water. [2]

The Hudson River, which marks the boundary of Ulster County, forms the majority of the western border of the town. The city of Poughkeepsie occupies the remainder of the town's western border. The town is bordered by Hyde Park to the north, Pleasant Valley to the northeast, LaGrange to the east, and Wappinger to the southeast.

U.S. Route 9, U.S. Route 44 and State Route 55 pass through the town.

Government and emergency services

Government

The town of Poughkeepsie operates under a council–manager form of government. The Town Supervisor is the chief administrative officer of the town and village, selected to carry out the directives of the council. The Deputy Supervisor monitors the town's fiscal condition and enforces its ordinances and laws. The Town Supervisor is also involved in the discussion of all matters coming before council yet has no final vote. The Town Board is the legislative body consisting of the Town Supervisor and five council members. The Town Supervisor serves as the presiding officer of the council. The council functions to set policy, approve the annual budget and enact local laws, resolutions and ordinances. The Town Supervisor and Town Clerk are elected officials, as are the Town Council members from the six wards of the town.

Fire

Three fire departments cover the town of Poughkeepsie: the Arlington Fire District covers most of the town, from the southern end to the LaGrange line, from the city line north, the Fairview Fire Department covers a small 4-mile (6 km) section in the northern section of the town near Saint Francis Hospital, and the New Hamburg Fire Department covers the south end. The fire districts operate a total of seven fire stations spread out over the town, as their district covers a very large area. The departments are capable of handling fires, rescues, extrications and natural disasters. The departments operate a varied fire apparatus fleet, along with basic life support and advanced life support emergency medical services (EMS) within the Arlington Fire District. Within the Fairview section, Mobile Life Support Services is contracted to handle advanced life support calls. All EMS transports in the New Hamburg Fire District are covered by Mobile Life Support Services through a contract with the town of Poughkeepsie.

Police

Police protection is provided by the Town of Poughkeepsie Police Department. When someone calls 911, the call is routed to the Dutchess 911 center in the town of Poughkeepsie, and they route it to the town police department's communications center, who then dispatch the closest unit(s) based on a GPS map.

Medical

The Mid-Hudson Regional Hospital of Westchester Medical Center is located in the town, and Vassar Brothers Medical Center is located a mile away in the city of Poughkeepsie.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1820 5,726
1830 7,22226.1%
1840 10,00638.5%
1850 13,94439.4%
1860 3,122−77.6%
1870 4,00928.4%
1880 4,62815.4%
1890 4,7823.3%
1900 6,82042.6%
1910 8,62626.5%
1920 10,51921.9%
1930 12,70720.8%
1940 14,49514.1%
1950 19,98437.9%
1960 32,16460.9%
1970 41,08727.7%
1980 39,549−3.7%
1990 40,1431.5%
2000 42,7776.6%
2010 43,3411.3%
Est. 201444,640 [4] 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [5]
St. Nicholas-on-the-Hudson Zion Memorial Chapel, New Hamburg, NY.jpg
St. Nicholas-on-the-Hudson

As of the census [6] of 2000, there were 42,777 people, 14,605 households, and 10,121 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,487.5 people per square mile (574.3/km²). There were 15,132 housing units at an average density of 526.2 per square mile (203.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 63.01% White, 38.07% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 5.13% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.62% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.27% of the population.

There were 14,605 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town, the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 16.9% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $55,327, and the median income for a family was $65,258. Males had a median income of $46,701 versus $31,005 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,589. About 3.3% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

New Hamburg Metro-North station New Hamburg train station.jpg
New Hamburg Metro-North station

Rail

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides regular service to Poughkeepsie city. Poughkeepsie also has commuter rail service via the Hudson Line (Metro-North).

Bus

Dutchess County Public Transit bus system provides service throughout the town.

Communities and locations in or near the town of Poughkeepsie

Houses in the Main Street Historic District Houses on Main Street, New Hamburg, NY.jpg
Houses in the Main Street Historic District

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. "Poughkeepsie". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved 2016-01-21.
  2. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2015. Relatively unknown to most, the name originated from an argument for the land in which the great Chief Pough proclaimed “Pough Keepsie”
  3. Town of Poughkeepsie website
  4. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  5. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. "Stone Quarry Clinton Point New York, Dutchess County, NY" . Retrieved 7 November 2013.