Poulaphouca

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Poulaphouca / Pollaphuca
Poulaphouca Falls & Bridge.JPG
Poulaphouca / Pollaphuca bridge
Island of Ireland relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Location in Ireland
Location County Wicklow
Coordinates 53°8′N6°31′W / 53.133°N 6.517°W / 53.133; -6.517
Type Reservoir
Native namePholl an Phúca  (Irish)
Primary outflows River Liffey
Basin  countries Ireland
Pollaphuca dam Poulaphouca Dam.JPG
Pollaphuca dam

Coordinates: 53°07′01″N6°35′14″W / 53.11694°N 6.58722°W / 53.11694; -6.58722 Poulaphouca, officially Pollaphuca (Irish : Poll an Phúca, meaning 'the Púca 's hole'), [1] [2] is the name of a waterfall and bridge on the River Liffey between County Wicklow and County Kildare. It is primarily known for its hydroelectric generating station and the associated artificial lake, known as Poulaphouca Reservoir, Poulaphouca Lake, or Blessington Lakes. The once-famous Poulaphouca Waterfall has little water running over it any longer because of the hydroelectric project.

Contents

Poulaphouca waterfall and bridge

A waterfall immediately west of the bridge, renowned as a beauty spot from at least the 18th century, was lost with the construction of the Poulaphouca Reservoir. The waterfall, marked as 'Poolapooka - a remarkable cataract' on Noble & Keenan's map of 1752, [3] is depicted and described in the Post-Chaise Companion of 1786, when Ballymore parish was still within Dublin:

Poll-A-Phuca or the Daemon's Hole, being a grand waterfall formed from the head of the Liffey, that rises from the Wicklow Mountains, and here divides the counties of Wicklow and Dublin. It belongs to the Earl of Milltown; where his lordship has displayed great taste and judgement in forming and improving the several walks leading to this beautiful waterfall [4]

Both Pollaphuca Bridge and a second bridge, crossing a dry gorge 150m to the southwest, were designed by Alexander Nimmo in Gothic style and built between 1822 and 1827 for a total cost of £4,704. Poulaphouca Bridge replaced Horsepass Bridge to the northeast, now under Poulaphouca Reservoir. [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] Wright's Guide to the County of Wicklow describes the bridge and waterfall in 1827:

The celebrated fall of the River Liffey, called Pol-a-Phuca or the Daemon's Hole, is about one mile from the village of Ballymore Eustace. In rainy seasons, when the river is much swollen, the fall is calculated at 150 feet in height. This is to be understood as combining the altitudes of the three stages constituting the cascade. The chasm through which the water rushes is only forty feet wide, lined on each side with perpendicular masses of Greywacke rock. The centre fall is an extraordinary and terrific object. Here the whole body of water composing the stream of the Liffey, rushes down with the utmost impetuosity into a circular basin of stone, worn perfectly smooth, the form of which imparts to the water a rotatory motion...across this chasm a bridge has been thrown, to continue the new line of road to New Ross, the span of the arch is 65 feet, the altitude of the chord above the upper fall is 47, and the height of the keystone of the arch above the river's bed 150 feet; from the battlements there is a direct perpendicular view into the whirlpool just now described, and which gives name to the waterfall. This beautiful object and bold conception, the bridge of Pol-a-Phuca, is built from the design of Alexander Nimmo, Esq.' [11]

Rail connection

A four-and-a-half-mile extension of the Dublin and Blessington Steam Tramway terminated at Poulaphouca. It was built by the Blessington and Poulaphouca Steam Tramway and opened on 1 May 1895. Service ended in 1932. [12] [13] The ticket office survives as a private residence immediately northeast of the bridge on the N81 road.

References in media

See also

Related Research Articles

County Wicklow County in Ireland

County Wicklow is a county in Ireland. The last of the traditional 32 counties, having been formed as late as 1606, it is part of the Eastern and Midland Region and the province of Leinster. It is bordered by the Irish Sea to the east and the counties of Wexford to the south, Carlow to the southwest, Kildare to the west, and South Dublin and Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown to the north.

River Liffey River in Dublin in Ireland

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Blessington Town in County Wicklow, Ireland

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The Dublin and Blessington Steam Tramway (DBST), later the Blessington and Poulaphouca Steam Tramway, operated steam-powered trams between Terenure in Dublin and Blessington in Co. Wicklow from 1888 until 1932.

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References

  1. Placenames Database of Ireland
  2. "Ordnance Survey Ireland - Online map viewer". Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
  3. Noble J. & Keenan J. 1752. Map of county Kildare. D.Pomarede, Dublin.
  4. Wilson, William 1786. The Post-Chaise Companion: Or Traveller's Direction Through Ireland. Dublin. pp. 263-265.
  5. Wright, G. N. 1822. Guide to the County of Wicklow. Dublin pp. 152-153: The 1822 'Guide' describes construction of the bridge as about to commence. The completed bridge is described in the 1827 'Guide'.
  6. Wright, G.N. 1827. A Guide to the County of Wicklow. Dublin. pp. 162-164.
  7. Ruddock, Ted 2008. Arch Bridges and Their Builders 1735-1835. p. 198.
  8. "Pollaphuca Bridge, BRITONSTOWN, County Wicklow". National Inventory of Architectural Heritage. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. "Dry Bridge, BLAKESTOWN LOWER, WICKLOW - Buildings of Ireland".
  11. Wright, G. N. 1827. A Guide to the County of Wicklow. Dublin. pp. 162-164.
  12. The Dublin & Blessington Steam Tramway
  13. Ticket to hide, 12 June 2005, The Times . Retrieved on 25-07-06.