|Group 1 race|
|Location|| Longchamp Racecourse |
|Race type||Flat / Thoroughbred|
|Distance||1,600 metres (1 mile)|
|Dream And Do||Speak Of The Devil||Mageva|
|Teppal||Coeur De Beaute||Wind Chimes|
|Precieuse||Sea Of Grace||Heuristique|
|Ervedya||Irish Rookie||Mexican Gold|
|Golden Lilac||Glorious Sight||Wild Wind|
|Zarkava||Goldikova||Halfway To Heaven|
|Tie Black||Impressionnante||Price Tag|
|Torrestrella||Grey Lilas||Miss Mambo|
|Musical Chimes||Maiden Tower||Etoile Montante|
|Zenda||Firth Of Lorne||Sophisticat|
|Rose Gypsy||Banks Hill||Lethals Lady|
|Zalaiyka||Cortona||La Nuit Rose|
|Always Loyal||Seebe||Red Camellia|
|Ta Rib||Shake The Yoke||Sagar Pride|
The Poule d'Essai des Pouliches is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred fillies. It is run over a distance of 1,600 metres (about 1 mile) at Longchamp in May.
It is France's equivalent of the 1,000 Guineas, a famous race in England.
The Poule d'Essai, an event for three-year-old colts and fillies, was established in France in 1840. It was inspired by two races in England, the 2000 Guineas (for colts and fillies) and the 1,000 Guineas (for fillies only).
The race was initially staged at the Champ de Mars. Its first running was over one full circuit of the track (about 2,000 metres). It was cut to a three-quarter lap (1,500 metres) in 1841. It was cancelled due to insufficient entries in 1843 and 1844.
The Poule d'Essai was transferred to Longchamp in 1857. It was extended to 1,600 metres in 1867. It was abandoned because of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. It continued to be run until 1882.
The modern Poule d'Essai des Pouliches was created in 1883, when the Poule d'Essai was divided into two separate races.The "Pouliches" was restricted to fillies, and the Poule d'Essai des Poulains was reserved for colts.
The events were cancelled throughout World War I, with no runnings from 1915 to 1918. There were two 1,800-metre replacement races at Chantilly in 1917. The version for fillies was called the Critérium d'Essai des Pouliches.
The "Pouliches" and "Poulains" were not run in the spring of 1940, but a substitute combining both races took place at Auteuil in October. Titled the Prix d'Essai, it was won by the colt Djebel.
The Poule d'Essai des Pouliches was held at Le Tremblay in 1943,and Maisons-Laffitte in 1944 and 1945.
The present race grading system was introduced in 1971, and the event was given Group 1 status. It was switched from Longchamp's middle course (moyenne piste) to the main course (grande piste) in 1987.
The leading horses from the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches sometimes go on to compete in the Prix de Diane. Twenty-six fillies have won both races. The most recent was Avenir Certain in 2014.
Leading jockey (8 wins):
Leading trainer (7 wins):
Leading owner (8 wins):
|1970||Pampered Miss||Maurice Philipperon||John Cunnington Jr.||Nelson Bunker Hunt||1:40.60|
|1971||Bold Fascinator||Bill Williamson||John Fellows||Wendell Rosso||1:39.70|
|1972||Mata Hari||Jean Cruguet||Angel Penna||Countess Batthyany||1:44.70|
|1973||Allez France||Yves Saint-Martin||Albert Klimscha||Daniel Wildenstein||1:44.60|
|1974||Dumka||Alain Lequeux||Jacques de Chevigny||C. Bauer||1:47.50|
|1975||Ivanjica||Freddy Head||Alec Head||Jacques Wertheimer||1:38.40|
|1976||Riverqueen||Freddy Head||Christian Datessen||Ghislaine Head||1:38.60|
|1977||Madelia||Yves Saint-Martin||Angel Penna||Daniel Wildenstein||1:39.90|
|1978||Dancing Maid||Freddy Head||Alec Head||Jacques Wertheimer||1:45.30|
|1979||Three Troikas||Freddy Head||Criquette Head||Ghislaine Head||1:46.00|
|1980||Aryenne||Maurice Philipperon||John Fellows||D. G. Volkert||1:43.60|
|1981||Ukraine Girl||Pat Eddery||Robert Collet||Meg Mullion||1:41.00|
|1982||River Lady||Lester Piggott||François Boutin||Robert Sangster||1:39.60|
|1983||L'Attrayante||Alain Badel||Olivier Douieb||Mrs Charles Thériot||1:42.50|
|1984||Masarika||Yves Saint-Martin||Alain de Royer-Dupré||Aga Khan IV||1:39.30|
|1985||Silvermine||Freddy Head||Criquette Head||Ghislaine Head||1:40.70|
|1986||Baiser Vole||Guy Guignard||Criquette Head||Robert Sangster||1:39.90|
|1987||Miesque||Freddy Head||François Boutin||Stavros Niarchos||1:38.10|
|1988||Ravinella||Gary W. Moore||Criquette Head||Ecurie Aland||1:38.30|
|1989||Pearl Bracelet||Alfred Gibert||Roger Wojtowiez||Ecurie Fustok||1:37.10|
|1990||Houseproud||Pat Eddery||André Fabre||Khalid Abdullah||1:38.50|
|1991||Danseuse du Soir||Dominique Boeuf||Élie Lellouche||Daniel Wildenstein||1:38.60|
|1992||Culture Vulture||Richard Quinn||Paul Cole||Chris Wright||1:37.00|
|1993||Madeleine's Dream||Cash Asmussen||François Boutin||Allen Paulson||1:36.40|
|1994||East of the Moon||Cash Asmussen||François Boutin||Stavros Niarchos||1:37.10|
|1995||Matiara||Freddy Head||Criquette Head||Ecurie Aland||1:42.40|
|1996||Ta Rib||Willie Carson||Ed Dunlop||Hamdan Al Maktoum||1:38.70|
|1997||Always Loyal||Freddy Head||Criquette Head||Maktoum Al Maktoum||1:40.20|
|1998||Zalaiyka||Gérald Mossé||Alain de Royer-Dupré||Aga Khan IV||1:35.70|
|1999||Valentine Waltz||Ray Cochrane||John Gosden||Kirby Maher Syndicate||1:36.00|
|2000||Bluemamba||Thierry Jarnet||Pascal Bary||Ecurie Skymarc Farm||1:40.20|
|2001||Rose Gypsy||Michael Kinane||Aidan O'Brien||Magnier / Tabor||1:36.70|
|2002||Zenda||Richard Hughes||John Gosden||Khalid Abdullah||1:37.00|
|2003||Musical Chimes||Christophe Soumillon||André Fabre||Maktoum Al Maktoum||1:36.00|
|2004||Torrestrella||Olivier Peslier||François Rohaut||Bernard Bargues||1:35.70|
|2005||Divine Proportions||Christophe Lemaire||Pascal Bary||Niarchos Family||1:38.50|
|2006||Tie Black [a]||Jean-Bernard Eyquem||François Rohaut||Javier Gispert||1:36.60|
|2007||Darjina||Christophe Soumillon||Alain de Royer-Dupré||Zahra Aga Khan||1:37.20|
|2008||Zarkava||Christophe Soumillon||Alain de Royer-Dupré||Aga Khan IV||1:35.20|
|2009||Elusive Wave||Christophe Lemaire||Jean-Claude Rouget||Martin Schwartz||1:36.87|
|2010||Special Duty [b]||Stéphane Pasquier||Criquette Head-Maarek||Khalid Abdullah||1:37.40|
|2011||Golden Lilac||Olivier Peslier||André Fabre||Gestüt Ammerland||1:39.31|
|2012||Beauty Parlour||Christophe Soumillon||Élie Lellouche||Ecurie Wildenstein||1:37.15|
|2013||Flotilla||Christophe Lemaire||Mikel Delzangles||Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Thani||1:34.77|
|2014||Avenir Certain||Gregory Benoist||Jean-Claude Rouget||Caro / Augustin-Normand||1:39.95|
|2015||Ervedya||Christophe Soumillon||Jean-Claude Rouget||Aga Khan IV||1:36.48|
|2016||La Cressonniere [a]||Cristian Demuro||Jean-Claude Rouget||Caro / Augustin-Normand||1:36.00|
|2017||Precieuse [a]||Olivier Peslier||Fabrice Chappet||Anne-Marie Hayes||1:37.69|
|2018||Teppal||Olivier Peslier||David Simcock||Mohammed Bin Khalifa Al Thani||1:37.97|
|2019||Castle Lady||Mickael Barzalona||Henri-Alex Pantall||Godolphin||1:40.91|
|2020||Dream And Do [d]||Maxime Guyon||Frederic Rossi||Haras du Logis Saint Germain||1:35.68|
a Price Tag finished first in 2006, but she was relegated to third place following a stewards' inquiry.
b Liliside was first in 2010, but she was placed sixth after a stewards' inquiry.
c The 2016 and 2017 races took place at Deauville while Longchamp was closed for redevelopment.
d The 2020 running took place at Deauville on 1 June as Longchamp was closed owing to the COVID-19 pandemic.
* The 1949 race was a dead-heat and has joint winners.
The Poule d'Essai des Poulains is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts. It is run over a distance of 1,600 metres at Longchamp in May.
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Golden Lilac is an Irish-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse. She won her first six races including the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches and the Prix de Diane as a three-year-old in 2011. In May 2012, she defeated Cirrus des Aigles to win the Prix d'Ispahan.
Coronation was a French racehorse. In a racing career which lasted from the spring of 1948 until October 1950, she ran thirteen times and won six races. As a two-year-old she was one of the best fillies of her generation in Europe, winning the Queen Mary Stakes in England and the Prix Robert Papin in France. In the following year she dead-heated for the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches, but was beaten in both the Oaks Stakes and the Irish Oaks. In October 1949 she established her reputation as one of the best fillies to race in Europe in the 20th century when she emphatically defeated a strong international field in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. Her subsequent racing career was disappointing and she was a complete failure as a broodmare.
Immortal Verse is an Irish-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. As a two-year-old she showed promise by winning on her debut and finishing second in the Prix d'Aumale. Her early form in 2011 was disappointing as she was beaten in her first two races and refused to enter the starting stalls in the 1000 Guineas. She then made rapid improvement, winning the Prix de Sandringham and the Coronation Stakes at Royal Ascot before defeating a strong international field in the Prix Jacques le Marois. She went on to finish third to Frankel in the Queen Elizabeth II Stakes but failed to reproduce her best form in two races as a four-year-old. After her retirement from racing she was sold at auction for 4.7 million guineas setting a European record price for a broodmare.
Gold Splash was an American-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She was one of the best two-year-old fillies of her generation in France when she won the Prix Marcel Boussac on her third appearance. In the following season she finished third in the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches before winning the Coronation Stakes at Royal Ascot. She raced in the United States as a four-year-old, winning the Osunitas Handicap before being retired. Gold Splash was not a success as a broodmare, producing only two minor winners.
Vorda is a French Thoroughbred racehorse and prospective broodmare. In a racing career which lasted from April 2013 until October 2014 she won four of her eleven races. After being bought cheaply as a yearling she was one of the best juvenile fillies in Europe in 2013. In France she won the Prix La Flèche and the Prix Robert Papin as well as finishing second in the Prix Morny before being sent to England to record her biggest victory in the Cheveley Park Stakes. She failed to win as a three-year-old but ran well in several major races before being retired at the end of the season.
Ervedya is a French Thoroughbred racehorse best known for her performances over 1600 metres. She showed top-class form as a juvenile in 2014 when she won her first three races including the Prix de Cabourg before finishing third in the Prix Morny and second in the Prix Marcel Boussac. In the following year she won the Prix Imprudence and then recorded Group One wins in the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches and the Coronation Stakes. Later that season she added another major victory when she took the Prix du Moulin. In 2016 she failed to win but ran prominently in several major races.
Imprudence was a French Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She showed very promising form as a two-year-old in 1949 when she won two races and finished second in the Prix de la Salamandre. She reached her peak in the first half of the following year when she won the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches and the 1000 Guineas before recording an emphatic victory in the Epsom Oaks. She made little impact when competing in the United States as a four-year-old. She had some success as a broodmare.
Zalaiyka was a French Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. After finishing fifth on her first appearance she won her two other races as a two-year-old including the Prix des Réservoirs. In the following year she took her winning run to four with victories in the Prix de la Grotte and the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches but was beaten in her two remaining starts and was retired at the end of the season. As a broodmare she had little success as a dam of winners.
Sagawara is a British-bred French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She showed promise as a juvenile in 2011 when she won a minor event on the second of her two starts. In the following spring she ran second on her seasonal debut in the Prix Vanteaux and then recorded her biggest success when he won the Prix Saint-Alary. For the rest of the year she was matched against top-class opposition but failed to win in four races and was retired from the track at the end of the year.
Dream And Do is an Irish-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse. She showed great promise as a two-year-old in 2019 when she won three of her four races including the Group 3 Prix Miesque. In the following year she ran second in the Prix de la Grotte before taking the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches.