Poule d'Essai des Pouliches

Last updated
Poule d'Essai des Pouliches
(French 1,000 Guineas)
Group 1 race
Location Longchamp Racecourse
Paris, France
Inaugurated1883
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Website france-galop.com
Race information
Distance1,600 metres (1 mile) [1]
SurfaceTurf
TrackRight-handed
QualificationThree-year-old fillies [1]
Weight57 kg [1]
Purse€450,000 (2017)
1st: €257,130
[1]
Poule d'Essai des Pouliches
2020
Owner Haras Du Logis Saint Germain.svg Owner Miss Alfiya Shaykhutdinova.svg Owner Mr Antoine Gilibert.svg
Dream And DoSpeak Of The DevilMageva

The Poule d'Essai des Pouliches is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred fillies. It is run over a distance of 1,600 metres (about 1 mile) at Longchamp in May.

Contents

It is France's equivalent of the 1,000 Guineas, a famous race in England.

History

Origins

The Poule d'Essai, an event for three-year-old colts and fillies, was established in France in 1840. It was inspired by two races in England, the 2000 Guineas (for colts and fillies) and the 1,000 Guineas (for fillies only).

The race was initially staged at the Champ de Mars. Its first running was over one full circuit of the track (about 2,000 metres). It was cut to a three-quarter lap (1,500 metres) in 1841. It was cancelled due to insufficient entries in 1843 and 1844.

The Poule d'Essai was transferred to Longchamp in 1857. It was extended to 1,600 metres in 1867. [2] It was abandoned because of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. It continued to be run until 1882. [3]

Modern version

The modern Poule d'Essai des Pouliches was created in 1883, when the Poule d'Essai was divided into two separate races. [4] The "Pouliches" was restricted to fillies, and the Poule d'Essai des Poulains was reserved for colts.

The events were cancelled throughout World War I, with no runnings from 1915 to 1918. There were two 1,800-metre replacement races at Chantilly in 1917. [5] The version for fillies was called the Critérium d'Essai des Pouliches. [6]

The "Pouliches" and "Poulains" were not run in the spring of 1940, but a substitute combining both races took place at Auteuil in October. Titled the Prix d'Essai, it was won by the colt Djebel. [7]

The Poule d'Essai des Pouliches was held at Le Tremblay in 1943, [8] and Maisons-Laffitte in 1944 and 1945. [9]

The present race grading system was introduced in 1971, and the event was given Group 1 status. It was switched from Longchamp's middle course (moyenne piste) to the main course (grande piste) in 1987.

The leading horses from the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches sometimes go on to compete in the Prix de Diane. Twenty-six fillies have won both races. The most recent was Avenir Certain in 2014.

Records

Leading jockey (8 wins):

Leading trainer (7 wins):

Leading owner (8 wins):

Winners since 1970

YearWinnerJockeyTrainerOwnerTime
1970Pampered Miss Maurice Philipperon John Cunnington Jr. Nelson Bunker Hunt 1:40.60
1971Bold Fascinator Bill Williamson John FellowsWendell Rosso1:39.70
1972Mata Hari Jean Cruguet Angel Penna Countess Batthyany1:44.70
1973 Allez France Yves Saint-Martin Albert Klimscha Daniel Wildenstein 1:44.60
1974Dumka Alain Lequeux Jacques de ChevignyC. Bauer1:47.50
1975 Ivanjica Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:38.40
1976 Riverqueen Freddy Head Christian Datessen Ghislaine Head 1:38.60
1977 Madelia Yves Saint-Martin Angel Penna Daniel Wildenstein 1:39.90
1978 Dancing Maid Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:45.30
1979 Three Troikas Freddy Head Criquette Head Ghislaine Head 1:46.00
1980Aryenne Maurice Philipperon John FellowsD. G. Volkert1:43.60
1981Ukraine Girl Pat Eddery Robert Collet Meg Mullion1:41.00
1982River Lady Lester Piggott François Boutin Robert Sangster 1:39.60
1983 L'Attrayante Alain BadelOlivier DouiebMrs Charles Thériot1:42.50
1984Masarika Yves Saint-Martin Alain de Royer-Dupré Aga Khan IV 1:39.30
1985Silvermine Freddy Head Criquette Head Ghislaine Head 1:40.70
1986Baiser VoleGuy Guignard Criquette Head Robert Sangster 1:39.90
1987 Miesque Freddy Head François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:38.10
1988 Ravinella Gary W. Moore Criquette Head Ecurie Aland1:38.30
1989Pearl BraceletAlfred GibertRoger WojtowiezEcurie Fustok1:37.10
1990Houseproud Pat Eddery André Fabre Khalid Abdullah 1:38.50
1991Danseuse du Soir Dominique Boeuf Élie Lellouche Daniel Wildenstein 1:38.60
1992 Culture Vulture Richard Quinn Paul Cole Chris Wright 1:37.00
1993Madeleine's Dream Cash Asmussen François Boutin Allen Paulson 1:36.40
1994 East of the Moon Cash Asmussen François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:37.10
1995Matiara Freddy Head Criquette Head Ecurie Aland1:42.40
1996 Ta Rib Willie Carson Ed Dunlop Hamdan Al Maktoum 1:38.70
1997Always Loyal Freddy Head Criquette Head Maktoum Al Maktoum 1:40.20
1998 Zalaiyka Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré Aga Khan IV 1:35.70
1999 Valentine Waltz Ray Cochrane John Gosden Kirby Maher Syndicate1:36.00
2000Bluemamba Thierry Jarnet Pascal Bary Ecurie Skymarc Farm 1:40.20
2001Rose Gypsy Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor 1:36.70
2002 Zenda Richard Hughes John Gosden Khalid Abdullah 1:37.00
2003Musical Chimes Christophe Soumillon André Fabre Maktoum Al Maktoum 1:36.00
2004Torrestrella Olivier Peslier François RohautBernard Bargues1:35.70
2005 Divine Proportions Christophe Lemaire Pascal Bary Niarchos Family 1:38.50
2006Tie Black [a] Jean-Bernard EyquemFrançois RohautJavier Gispert1:36.60
2007 Darjina Christophe Soumillon Alain de Royer-Dupré Zahra Aga Khan 1:37.20
2008 Zarkava Christophe Soumillon Alain de Royer-Dupré Aga Khan IV 1:35.20
2009 Elusive Wave Christophe Lemaire Jean-Claude Rouget Martin Schwartz 1:36.87
2010 Special Duty [b] Stéphane Pasquier Criquette Head-Maarek Khalid Abdullah 1:37.40
2011 Golden Lilac Olivier Peslier André Fabre Gestüt Ammerland1:39.31
2012Beauty Parlour Christophe Soumillon Élie Lellouche Ecurie Wildenstein 1:37.15
2013Flotilla Christophe Lemaire Mikel DelzanglesMohammed bin Khalifa Al Thani1:34.77
2014 Avenir Certain Gregory Benoist Jean-Claude Rouget Caro / Augustin-Normand1:39.95
2015 Ervedya Christophe Soumillon Jean-Claude Rouget Aga Khan IV 1:36.48
2016 La Cressonniere [a] Cristian Demuro Jean-Claude Rouget Caro / Augustin-Normand1:36.00
2017Precieuse [a] Olivier Peslier Fabrice ChappetAnne-Marie Hayes1:37.69
2018 Teppal Olivier Peslier David Simcock Mohammed Bin Khalifa Al Thani 1:37.97
2019 Castle Lady Mickael Barzalona Henri-Alex Pantall Godolphin 1:40.91
2020 Dream And Do [d] Maxime Guyon Frederic RossiHaras du Logis Saint Germain1:35.68

a Price Tag finished first in 2006, but she was relegated to third place following a stewards' inquiry.
b Liliside was first in 2010, but she was placed sixth after a stewards' inquiry.
c The 2016 and 2017 races took place at Deauville while Longchamp was closed for redevelopment.
d The 2020 running took place at Deauville on 1 June as Longchamp was closed owing to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Earlier winners

* The 1949 race was a dead-heat and has joint winners.

See also

Related Research Articles

The Poule d'Essai des Poulains is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts. It is run over a distance of 1,600 metres at Longchamp in May.

The Prix Vermeille is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbred fillies and mares aged three years or older. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 2,400 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in September.

The Prix de la Forêt is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbreds aged three years or older. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 1,400 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in early October.

The Prix Lupin was a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It was run at Longchamp over a distance of 2,100 metres, and it was scheduled to take place each year in May.

The Prix Greffulhe is a Group 2 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old horses. It is run over a distance of 2,000 metres at Saint-Cloud in May.

The Prix Noailles is a Group 3 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run over a distance of 2,100 metres at Longchamp in April.

The Prix Chloé is a Group 3 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred fillies. It is run at Chantilly over a distance of 1,800 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in late June or early July.

The Prix de la Grotte is a Group 3 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred fillies. It is run over a distance of 1,600 metres at Longchamp in April.

The Prix Daphnis is a Group 3 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbreds. It is run at Deauville over a distance of 1,600 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in August.

The Prix Omnium II is a Listed flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and geldings. It is run over a distance of 1,600 metres at Saint-Cloud in late March or early April.

Golden Lilac is an Irish-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse. She won her first six races including the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches and the Prix de Diane as a three-year-old in 2011. In May 2012, she defeated Cirrus des Aigles to win the Prix d'Ispahan.

Coronation was a French racehorse. In a racing career which lasted from the spring of 1948 until October 1950, she ran thirteen times and won six races. As a two-year-old she was one of the best fillies of her generation in Europe, winning the Queen Mary Stakes in England and the Prix Robert Papin in France. In the following year she dead-heated for the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches, but was beaten in both the Oaks Stakes and the Irish Oaks. In October 1949 she established her reputation as one of the best fillies to race in Europe in the 20th century when she emphatically defeated a strong international field in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. Her subsequent racing career was disappointing and she was a complete failure as a broodmare.

Immortal Verse is an Irish-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. As a two-year-old she showed promise by winning on her debut and finishing second in the Prix d'Aumale. Her early form in 2011 was disappointing as she was beaten in her first two races and refused to enter the starting stalls in the 1000 Guineas. She then made rapid improvement, winning the Prix de Sandringham and the Coronation Stakes at Royal Ascot before defeating a strong international field in the Prix Jacques le Marois. She went on to finish third to Frankel in the Queen Elizabeth II Stakes but failed to reproduce her best form in two races as a four-year-old. After her retirement from racing she was sold at auction for 4.7 million guineas setting a European record price for a broodmare.

Gold Splash was an American-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She was one of the best two-year-old fillies of her generation in France when she won the Prix Marcel Boussac on her third appearance. In the following season she finished third in the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches before winning the Coronation Stakes at Royal Ascot. She raced in the United States as a four-year-old, winning the Osunitas Handicap before being retired. Gold Splash was not a success as a broodmare, producing only two minor winners.

Vorda is a French Thoroughbred racehorse and prospective broodmare. In a racing career which lasted from April 2013 until October 2014 she won four of her eleven races. After being bought cheaply as a yearling she was one of the best juvenile fillies in Europe in 2013. In France she won the Prix La Flèche and the Prix Robert Papin as well as finishing second in the Prix Morny before being sent to England to record her biggest victory in the Cheveley Park Stakes. She failed to win as a three-year-old but ran well in several major races before being retired at the end of the season.

Ervedya French-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Ervedya is a French Thoroughbred racehorse best known for her performances over 1600 metres. She showed top-class form as a juvenile in 2014 when she won her first three races including the Prix de Cabourg before finishing third in the Prix Morny and second in the Prix Marcel Boussac. In the following year she won the Prix Imprudence and then recorded Group One wins in the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches and the Coronation Stakes. Later that season she added another major victory when she took the Prix du Moulin. In 2016 she failed to win but ran prominently in several major races.

Imprudence was a French Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She showed very promising form as a two-year-old in 1949 when she won two races and finished second in the Prix de la Salamandre. She reached her peak in the first half of the following year when she won the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches and the 1000 Guineas before recording an emphatic victory in the Epsom Oaks. She made little impact when competing in the United States as a four-year-old. She had some success as a broodmare.

Zalaiyka was a French Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. After finishing fifth on her first appearance she won her two other races as a two-year-old including the Prix des Réservoirs. In the following year she took her winning run to four with victories in the Prix de la Grotte and the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches but was beaten in her two remaining starts and was retired at the end of the season. As a broodmare she had little success as a dam of winners.

Sagawara is a British-bred French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She showed promise as a juvenile in 2011 when she won a minor event on the second of her two starts. In the following spring she ran second on her seasonal debut in the Prix Vanteaux and then recorded her biggest success when he won the Prix Saint-Alary. For the rest of the year she was matched against top-class opposition but failed to win in four races and was retired from the track at the end of the year.

Dream And Do Irish-bred racehorse

Dream And Do is an Irish-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse. She showed great promise as a two-year-old in 2019 when she won three of her four races including the Group 3 Prix Miesque. In the following year she ran second in the Prix de la Grotte before taking the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Poule d'Essai des Pouliches". The French Black Type.
  2. "1868 Poule d'Essai". Ruff's Guide to the Turf for 1869. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  3. "1882 Poule d'Essai". Le Figaro (in French). 24 April 1882. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  4. "1883 Poule d'Essai des Pouliches". Le Figaro (in French). 23 April 1883. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  5. "Courses à Chantilly". Le Gaulois (in French). 22 May 1917. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  6. "1917 Critérium d'Essai des Pouliches". Le Gaulois. 22 May 1917. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  7. "Djebel enlève le Prix d'Essai". Le Matin (in French). 28 October 1940. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  8. "Résultats de samedi, au Tremblay". Le Matin. 17 May 1943. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  9. "La journée des Poules d'Essai à Maisons-Laffitte". Le Matin (in French). 13 May 1944. Retrieved 28 April 2013.