|Powhatan Historic State Park|
Historic Powhatan courthouse
|Location||Lawrence County, Arkansas, United States|
|Area||9.1 acres (3.7 ha)|
|Elevation||292 ft (89 m)|
|Established||March 28, 1970|
|Governing body||Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism|
|Website||Powhatan Historic State Park|
Powhatan Historic State Park (formerly Powhatan Courthouse State Park) is a 9.1-acre (3.7 ha) Arkansas state park in Lawrence County, Arkansas in the United States. The park contains the 1888 Powhatan courthouse which served as the home of county government from 1869-1968. Today the structure displays items of cultural and historical significance and hosts the park's Visitor Center. The park includes four additional historical buildings and the Arkansas History Commission's Northeast Arkansas Regional Archives. A tour of the historic structures is available. Powhatan served as an important stop for traffic on the Black River until the installation of the Kansas City-Memphis Railwayline two miles north in 1883 significantly decreased the need for river transportation.
Lawrence County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,415. The county seat is Walnut Ridge. Lawrence County is Arkansas's second county, formed on January 15, 1815, and named for Captain James Lawrence who fought in the War of 1812. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.
Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
The community was the economic hub of Lawrence County before its first platting in 1849. Situated on the Black River, the community took advantage of river traffic both along the river and as a ferry point for crossing the river. The Military Road passed nearby in the 1830s, and the local economy flourished. The Civil War shut down commerce on the river, especially after the Union acquired Arkansas. Skirmishes throughout the region caused havoc for residents, but a slow recovery began to take place following the war. County government was relocated to Powhatan from Clover Bend, a decision greatly helping Powhatan recover.
The Southwest Trail was a 19th-century pioneer route that was the primary passageway for American settlers bound for Texas.
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The most studied and written about episode in U.S. history, the Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.
Clover Bend is an unincorporated community in Lawrence County, Arkansas, United States. It is the location of two historic sites listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places: the Clover Bend High School, on Arkansas Highway 228 (AR 228), and the Clover Bend Historic District, at the junction of AR 228 and Co. Rd. 1220.
Following the natural contours of the land, the Kansas City-Memphis Railway crossed the Black River two moles north of Powhatan through the town of Black Rock, ultimately causing the decline of commercial traffic to Powhatan. The Lawrence County judiciary chose to split in 1887, allowing court to be held in Walnut Ridge and Powhatan. US Route 63 (US 63) was rerouted to bypass Powhatan in the 1950s with the building of the new bridge spanning the Black River, and all county government moved to Walnut Ridge in 1968.
Black Rock is a town in Lawrence County, Arkansas, United States, along the Black River. The population was 717 at the 2000 census.
Walnut Ridge is a town in Lawrence County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 4,925 at the 2000 census. The city is the county seat of Lawrence County. Walnut Ridge lies immediately north of Hoxie. The two towns form a contiguous urban area with approximately 8,000 residents. Williams Baptist College is in College City, a formerly separate community that merged into Walnut Ridge in 2017.
U.S. Route 63 is a north-south U.S. highway that begins in Ruston, LA. In the US state of Arkansas the highway enters the state from Louisiana concurrent with US 167 in Junction City. The highway zigzags through the state serving the major cities of Pine Bluff, West Memphis and Jonesboro. The highway exits the state at Mammoth Spring traveling into Missouri.
Also known as the Powhatan Log House, this is a single-pen log structure with a gable roof, with a second pen added to the rear at a later date. Although its construction date is uncertain, it is believed to date to c. 1850, and to be the oldest extant example of residential architecture in Lawrence County.
The courthouse is set on a rise overlooking the Black River. It is a two-story brick building, set on a stone foundation. Brick pilasters rise two stories at its corners, and between its window bays. It square tower is decorated with heavily bracketed cornices at the top of each stage, and is topped by a pyramidal roof. It was built in 1888, and is one of the government buildings from that period remaining in northeastern Arkansas.
The jail, located a short walk from the courthouse, is a small single-story limestone and concrete structure with a hip roof that has a cupola-like raised central section to provide ventilation. The jail was built in 1873, and is the only structure in Powhatan to survive from the period of the first courthouse. The building was used as a cannery from 1935-1937 by the county's Home Demonstration Clubs (today's Home Extension Service), and has since been restored.
The schoolhouse is a single-story wood frame structure, with a side gable roof and a projecting front-gable section, which houses vestibule area for the two-room schoolhouse. The classroom has a sliding wall partition, enabling its conversion into two rooms. It was built c. 1888, replacing an earlier log structure.
This is a single-story brick building, standing at a historically major street corner in Powhatan. It has a simple three-bay front with segmented-arch openings for windows and a central door. It was built in the 1880s, and is the only surviving commercial building of historic Powhatan. It first served as home to the city's first telephone exchange; later uses included a doctor's office, general store, post office, and private residence.
Powhatan Historic State Park does not have camping or recreational facilities on site.
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The Cleveland County Courthouse in Rison, Arkansas was built in 1911. Located at Main and Magnolia Streets, it is a two-story brick structure measuring 100 feet (30 m) by 70 feet (21 m), and topped by a hipped tile roof. A square central tower rises 20 feet (6.1 m) above the roof, and includes a four-faced clock, with louvered arches below the clock, and an arched cornice above, topped by an octagonal cupola.
The Perry County Courthouse is located at Main and Pine Streets in the commercial heart of Perryville, Arkansas, the seat of Perry County. It is a two-story brick building, with a hip roof. It is very simply styled, with rectangular two-over-two windows set in unadorned openings. Its main entrance is deeply recessed in an opening framed by pilasters and an entablatured, with multi-light sidelight windows to either side of the door. The courthouse was built in 1888, and was the county's third. It has been enlarged by single-story wings to either side.
The Clark County Courthouse is located at Courthouse Square in Arkadelphia, Arkansas, the seat of Clark County. It is a 2-1/2 story Romanesque stone structure which was designed by Charles Thompson and completed in 1899. It is a basically rectangular structure with a hip roof, and a six-story tower rising from the northwest corner. It has a hip roof from which numerous hipped gables project, and there are corner turrets with conical roofs. It is the county's second courthouse.
The Phillips County Courthouse is located at 622 Cherry Street in Helena, the county seat of Phillips County, Arkansas. It is a rectangular brick structure, designed by architect Frank W. Gibb and built in 1914. It is Classical Revival in style, with two full stories above a raised basement, and a flat roof. Its most prominent feature is a series of engaged fluted Corinthian columns, two stories in height, which line three sides of the building. Its interior has ornate woodwork and plasterwork that is in excellent condition.
The Farrell Houses are a group of four houses on South Louisiana Street in Little Rock, Arkansas. All four houses are architecturally significant Bungalow/Craftsman buildings designed by the noted Arkansas architect Charles L. Thompson as rental properties for A.E. Farrell, a local businessman, and built in 1914. All were individually listed on the National Register of Historic Places for their association with Thompson. All four are also contributing properties to the Governor's Mansion Historic District, to which they were added in a 1988 enlargement of the district boundaries.
The Old Randolph County Courthouse is a historic former county courthouse at Broadway and Vance Street in the center of Pocahontas, Arkansas. It is a two-story Italianate Victorian brick structure, built in 1872, regionally distinctive for its architectural style. It has brick quoined corners, and a low hip roof with small central gables on each elevation, and a square cupola with flared roof. Its eaves are studded with paired brackets and dentil moulding. It served as the county courthouse until 1940, and has since then has housed city offices, the local public library, and other offices.
The Durham School was a historic schoolhouse on Durham Road in Durham, Arkansas. It was a single-story Craftsman style stone structure, with a gable roof, and entrances at the opposite gable ends. Built in 1829, the school had three classrooms and space for a teacher's living quarters. It was used until the Durham school district was consolidated into that of Elkins in 1948. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. The building has since been destroyed by fire, and was delisted from the Register in 2018.
The Old Union School is a historic school building at 504 Old Union Road in Birdell, Arkansas. It is a single-story wood frame Plain Traditional structure, with a corrugated metal gable roof and a stone foundation. Built in 1913, it is one of the few older structures in Birdell, and the only one-room schoolhouse in southwestern Randolph County. The building was used as a school until 1941, and saw only occasional use for other community purposes until 1991, when it underwent a major restoration. It is now used as a community hall.
The American Legion Hut-Des Arc is a historic fraternal meeting hall at 206 Erwin Street in Des Arc, Arkansas. It is a single story rectangular structure, built of saddle-notched round logs, with a side-gable roof and a foundation of brick piers. The logs are chinked with large amounts of white cement mortar. The main facade is adorned with a massive fieldstone chimney, and has two entrances, each sheltered by gable-roofed hoods. Built in 1934, it is the only local example of the WPA Rustic style.
The Boone County Courthouse is a historic courthouse on Courthouse Square in Harrison, Arkansas. It is a two-story brick structure, designed by noted Arkansas architect Charles L. Thompson and built in 1907. It is Georgian Revival in style, with a hip roof above a course of dentil molding, and bands of cast stone that mark the floor levels of the building. It has a projecting gabled entry section, three bays wide, with brick pilasters separating the center entrance from the flanking windows. The gable end has a dentillated pediment, and has a bullseye window at the center.
The Calico Rock Methodist Episcopal Church is a historic former church building at 101 W. 1st in Calico Rock, Arkansas, just north of the Calico Rock Historic District. It is a single story brick structure, built in 1923-24 with Colonial Revival and Craftsman features. It has a front-gable roof with large Craftsman brackets and exposed rafters, with hip-roofed chancel and transept ends. The main entrance is sheltered by a gable-roofed porch supported by brick posts. The building served as home to a local Methodist congregation until c. 2007.
The Powhatan Methodist Church is a historic church on Arkansas Highway 25 in Powhatan, Arkansas. It is a single-story wood frame structure with a gable roof and a stone foundation. The main (only) entrance is in the east facade, and consists of a double door topped by a transom window. Flanking bays are filled with sash windows, identical to those found on the other facades. The interior has retained a number of original furnishings, including its pews and a pump organ. The church was built in 1872, probably replacing an earlier log structure used by its congregation, which was founded in 1854.
The Van Buren Historic District encompasses eight blocks of historic buildings along Main Street in Van Buren, Arkansas. Many of the structures are pre-1920 Victorian and Italianate buildings closely related to the history of commerce in the city. Positioned between the city's train depot and the Arkansas River, the businesses constituting the Van Buren Historic District have played a vital role in the history and economy of the city and region. The district was placed on the National Register of Historic Places as a National Historic District on April 30, 1976.
The former Greene County Courthouse is located at Courthouse Square in the center of Paragould, the county seat of Greene County, Arkansas. It is a large two-story Georgian Revival structure, built out of red brick. It has a low-pitch hip roof with small gables at three corners, as well as above the entrances. The roof is topped by a square tower with a clock and belfry, topped by an ogee roof and spire. It was built in 1887, and was the sixth courthouse built for the county, most of the others having been destroyed by fire.
The Marion County Courthouse is located at Courthouse Square in Yellville, the county seat of Marion County, Arkansas. It is a two-story stone and concrete structure, set on a raised basement. Its main (south-facing) elevation has a series of projecting sections, with the main rectangular block of the building behind. The first section is a Romanesque round-arched entry, flanked by square supports and topped by a small gable. This leads through a slightly smaller gable-roofed section to a wider section, which has prominent hexagonal turrets at either side, a surviving remnant of the previous courthouse. Most of the structure is finished in rusticated stone; there is a course of concrete at the cornice below the turrets, in which the "Marion County Courthouse" is incised. The building was constructed in 1943-44, after the 1906 courthouse was heavily damaged by fire. The previous courthouse was designed by George E. McDonald.
The Pea Ridge School Building is a historic schoolhouse in rural southern Marion County, Arkansas. It is located on the north side of County Road 5008, about 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Bruno. It is a single-story wood frame structure, with a gable roof, board and batten siding, and a stone foundation. The main facade faces west, and has a pair of doorways with a sash window between. The interior is finished in horizontal boards, those on the east painted black to provide a blackboard. Built c. 1899, it is one of Marion County's least-altered one-room schoolhouses, having only lost its belfry when the tin roof was installed in the 1920s.
The Maness Schoolhouse is a historic school building at 8801 Wells Lake Road in Sebastian County, Arkansas, about 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Barling. It is a single-story stone structure, with a side gable roof and a projecting gable portico over its main entrance. It was built in 1937 with funding from the Works Progress Administration, and is the only surviving structure of the former community of Massard, which was disincorporated and demolished to make way for Fort Chaffee in 1941. Its rear porch was built in 1943 by German prisoners of war held at Fort Chaffee.
The Lawrence County Courthouse is a courthouse at 315 West Main Street in the center of Walnut Ridge, Arkansas, United States, the county seat of Lawrence County. It is a modern single-story building, finished in brick with cast stone trim. It was designed by the Arkansas firm Erhart, Eichenbaum, Rauch & Blass, and was built in 1965-66. It stylistically embodies the New Formalism movement in architecture of that period, with tall and narrow windows topped by cast stone panels, and a flat-roof canopy sheltering a plate glass entrance area.
The Lone Star School was a historic school building in rural eastern Arkansas, United States. It was located southeast of Bald Knob, near the junction of Lone Star and Stokes Roads. It was a single story wood frame structure, with a gable roof, novelty siding, and a foundation of brick piers. It had an interior brick chimney, and its classroom was finished in beaded wooden boards. Built in the 1920s, it was a rare example of a period rural schoolhouse in the county.
The Hawks Schoolhouse is a historic school building in rural western Perry County, Arkansas. It is located on the south side of County Road 7, in the easternmost section of Ouachita National Forest, near the hamlet of Ava. It is a single-story wood frame structure, with a gabled roof and weatherboard siding. The roof is capped by a small gable-roofed open belfry. The front facade has a pair of symmetrically placed entrances with simple molding. It was built in 1911, and is a well-preserved example of a district schoolhouse in a rural context.