Powys

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County of Powys

Sir Powys
Principal area, local-government county and preserved county, Wales
Escut Powys.png
Coat of arms
Powys UK location map.svg
Sovereign state Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Country Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales
Preserved county Powys
Established 1 April 1996
Admin HQ County Hall, Llandrindod Wells
Largest town Newtown, Powys
Government
  Type
  Control Independent
   MPs
   AMs
Area
  Total5,200 km2 (2,000 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 1st
Population
 (2017)
  Total132,447
  Rank Ranked 11th
  Density26/km2 (70/sq mi)
  Density rank Ranked 22nd
  Ethnicity
99.3% White
Welsh language
  Rank Ranked 7th
  Any skills30.1%
Geocode 00NN (ONS)
W06000023 (GSS)
ISO 3166 code GB-POW

Powys ( /ˈpɪs,ˈpɪs/ ; Welsh:  [ˈpowɪs] ) [1] is a principal area and county, and one of the preserved counties of Wales. It is named after the Kingdom of Powys which was a Welsh successor state, petty kingdom and principality that emerged during the Middle Ages following the end of Roman rule in Britain.

Contents

See the List of places in Powys for all towns and villages in Powys.

Location

Powys covers the historic counties of Montgomeryshire and Radnorshire, most of Brecknockshire (Breconshire), and a small part of Denbighshire. With an area of about 2,000 square miles (5,200 km2), it is the largest unitary authority in Wales by land area and about the same size as the country of Trinidad and Tobago. It is bounded to the north by Gwynedd, Denbighshire and Wrexham; to the west by Ceredigion and Carmarthenshire; to the east by Shropshire and Herefordshire; and to the south by Rhondda Cynon Taf, Merthyr Tydfil, Caerphilly, Blaenau Gwent, Monmouthshire and Neath Port Talbot.

Human geography

The largest towns are Newtown, Ystradgynlais, Brecon, and Welshpool with populations in 2011 of 11,357, 8,092, 8,250 and 6,664 respectively. Powys has the lowest population density of all the principal areas of Wales. Most of Powys is mountainous and so north–south travel is difficult.

Just under a third of the residents have Welsh linguistic skills: Welsh speakers are concentrated mainly in the rural areas both in and around Machynlleth, Llanfyllin and Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant (where William Morgan first translated the whole Bible into Welsh in 1588) in Montgomeryshire (Welsh : Sir Drefaldwyn), and the industrial area of Ystradgynlais in the southwest of Brecknockshire (Welsh : Sir Frycheiniog). Radnorshire (Welsh : Sir Faesyfed) was almost completely Anglicised by the end of the 18th century. The 2001 census records show 21% of the population of Powys were able to speak Welsh at that time, the same as for the whole of Wales. [2]

History

The county is named after the ancient Welsh Kingdom of Powys, which in the sixth century AD included the northern two-thirds of the area as well as most of Shropshire and adjacent areas now in England, and came to an end when it was occupied by Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of Gwynedd during the 1260s.

The uplands retain evidence of occupation from long before the Kingdom of Powys, and before the Romans, who built roads and forts across the area. There are 1130 identified burial mounds within the county, of varying styles and ages, dating from 4000BC to 1000BC, most of them belonging to the Bronze Age. [3] Of these, 339 are Scheduled Monuments. Standing stones, most again dating to the Bronze Age, also occur in large numbers, 276 being found across the county, of which 92 are scheduled. From the Iron Age, the county has 90 scheduled Hill forts and a further 54 enclosures and settlement sites.

Heraldry

Powys from 1974-1996 WalesPowys1974.png
Powys from 1974–1996

The gold in the county coat of arms symbolises the wealth of the area. Black is for both mining and the Black Mountains. The fountain is a medieval heraldic charge displayed as a roundel barry wavy Argent and Azure. It represents water and refers to both the water catchment area and the rivers and lakes. Thus, the arms contain references to the hills and mountains, rivers and lakes, water supply and industry. The crest continues the colouring of the arms. A tower has been used in preference to a mural crown, which alludes to the county's military history and remains. From the tower rises a red kite, a bird almost extinct elsewhere in Britain but thriving in Powys. The bird is a " semé of black lozenges" for the former coal mining industry while the golden fleece it carries is a reference to the importance of sheep rearing in the county. [4]

The county motto is: Powys – the paradise of Wales (Welsh : Powys Paradwys Cymru).

Government

On 1 April 1974, Powys was created under the Local Government Act 1972 and originally had Montgomery and Radnor and Brecknock as districts within it, which were based directly on the former administrative counties. On 1 April 1996, the districts were abolished, and Powys was reconstituted as a unitary authority with a minor border adjustment in the northeastspecifically, the addition of the communities of Llansilin and Llangedwyn from Glyndwr district in Clwyd and with moving the border, so that rather than half of Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant, all is included.

The first Lord Lieutenant of Powys was previously the Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire. The Lord Lieutenant of Brecknockshire and Lord Lieutenant of Radnorshire were appointed as Lieutenants. The present Lord Lieutenant is The Hon. Mrs Elizabeth Shân Legge-Bourke LVO of Crickhowell.

Attractions

Fairtrade

In December 2007, Powys was awarded Fairtrade County status by the Fairtrade Foundation. [8]

See also

Related Research Articles

Gwynedd A county in Wales, adjacent to Powys, Conwy, Anglesey, and Ceredigion

Gwynedd is a county in Wales, sharing borders with Powys, Conwy, Denbighshire, Anglesey over the Menai Strait, and Ceredigion over the River Dyfi. The scenic Llŷn Peninsula and most of Snowdonia National Park are in Gwynedd. Bangor is the home of Bangor University. In the northern part of the county, the other main settlements are Caernarfon, Bethesda, Ffestiniog, Porthmadog and Pwllheli. The largest settlement in the south is Tywyn.

The Welsh Marches is an imprecisely defined area along the border between England and Wales in the United Kingdom. The precise meaning of the term has varied at different periods.

Montgomeryshire historic county of Wales

Montgomeryshire, also known as Maldwyn is one of thirteen historic counties and a former administrative county of Wales. It is named after its county town, Montgomery, which in turn is named after one of William the Conqueror's main counsellors, Roger de Montgomerie, who was the 1st Earl of Shrewsbury.

Preserved counties of Wales Ceremonial divisions of Wales for lieutenancy and shrievalty purposes

The preserved counties of Wales are the current areas used in Wales for the ceremonial purposes of lieutenancy and shrievalty. They are based on the counties created by the Local Government Act 1972 and used for local government and other purposes between 1974 and 1996.

Denbighshire County and Principal area in Wales

Denbighshire is a county in north-east Wales. This part of Wales is known to have been inhabited longest – Pontnewydd (Bontnewydd-Llanelwy) Palaeolithic site has Neanderthal remains from 225,000 years ago. Castles include Denbigh, Rhuddlan, Ruthin, Castell Dinas Bran and Bodelwyddan. St Asaph, one of Britain's smallest cities, has one of its smallest Anglican cathedrals. Denbighshire is bounded by coastline to the north and hills to the east, south and west. The River Clwyd creates a broad fertile valley with little industry. Crops appear in the Vale of Clwyd and cattle and sheep in the uplands. The coast attracts tourists; hikers frequent the Clwydian Range, forming an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty with the upper Dee Valley. Llangollen hosts the Llangollen International Musical Eisteddfod each July.

Flintshire (historic) historic county

Flintshire, also known as the County of Flint, is one of Wales' thirteen historic counties, and a former administrative county. It mostly lies on the north-east coast of Wales.

Denbighshire (historic) Historic county in Wales

Historic Denbighshire is one of thirteen traditional counties in Wales, a vice-county and a former administrative county, which covers an area in north east Wales. It is a maritime county, bounded to the north by the Irish Sea, to the east by Flintshire, Cheshire and Shropshire, to the south by Montgomeryshire and Merionethshire, and to the west by Caernarfonshire.

Clwyd Preserved county of Wales

Clwyd is a preserved county of Wales, situated in the north-east corner of the country; it is named after the River Clwyd, which runs through the area. To the north lies the Irish Sea, with the English ceremonial counties of Cheshire to the east and Shropshire to the south-east. Powys and Gwynedd lie to the south and west respectively. Clwyd also shares a maritime boundary with Merseyside along the River Dee. Between 1974 and 1996, a slightly different area had a county council, with local government functions shared with six district councils. In 1996, Clwyd was abolished, and the new unitary authorities of Wrexham, Conwy County Borough, Denbighshire, and Flintshire were created; under this reorganisation, "Clwyd" became a preserved county, with the name being retained for certain ceremonial functions.

Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant Human settlement in Wales

Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant is a small market town, community and an ecclesiastical parish in the extreme north of Powys, Wales; about 9 miles west of Oswestry and 12 miles south of Llangollen, on the B4580. It lies near the foothills of the Berwyn mountains on the river Rhaeadr. At the top end of the valley is the Pistyll Rhaeadr waterfall, one of the Seven Wonders of Wales in the old rhyme. One mile north of the village is the hill Moel Hen-fache. The community includes the hamlet of Llanarmon Mynydd Mawr.

Kingdom of Powys Medieval kingdom in Wales

The Kingdom of Powys was a Welsh successor state, petty kingdom and principality that emerged during the Middle Ages following the end of Roman rule in Britain. It very roughly covered the top two thirds of the modern county of Powys and part of today's English West Midlands. More precisely, and based on the Romano-British tribal lands of the Ordovices in the west and the Cornovii in the east, its boundaries originally extended from the Cambrian Mountains in the west to include the modern West Midlands region of England in the east. The fertile river valleys of the Severn and Tern are found here, and this region is referred to in later Welsh literature as "the Paradise of Powys".

Mid Wales is the central region of Wales. The Mid Wales Regional Committee of the National Assembly for Wales covered the unitary authority areas of Ceredigion and Powys and the area of Gwynedd that had previously been the district of Meirionnydd. A similar definition is used by the BBC. The Wales Spatial Plan defines a region known as "Central Wales" which covers Ceredigion and Powys. If Mid Wales is classed as Ceredigion and Powys, the area would be 6,962 square kilometres (2,688 sq mi).

Llansilin village in Wales

Llansilin is a village and local government community in Montgomeryshire, Powys, Wales, about 6 miles west of Oswestry. The community, which includes Llansilin village, a large rural area and the hamlets of Moelfre and Rhiwlas as well as the remote parish of Llangadwaladr, had a population of 648 at the 2001 census, increasing to 698 at the 2011 Census. There is also an electoral ward including the nearby village of Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant with a population of 2,295.

Tanat Valley Coaches

Tanat Valley Coaches operates bus and coach services in Montgomeryshire and across the Shropshire-Welsh borderland, in the United Kingdom.

Scouting in Wales

Scouting in Wales is largely represented by ScoutsCymru, a branch of the Scout Association of the United Kingdom, although some groups of the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association also operate there.

Gwallter Mechain Welsh poet

Walter Davies, commonly known by his bardic name Gwallter Mechain, was a Welsh poet, editor, translator, antiquary and Anglican clergyman.

Outline of Wales Overview of and topical guide to Wales

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Wales:

Llanarmon Mynydd Mawr Human settlement in Wales

Llanarmon Mynydd Mawr, occasionally referred to as Llanarmon Fach, is an isolated rural parish in Powys, Wales. It was formerly in Denbighshire, and from 1974 to 1996 was in the county of Clwyd. It measures 2 square miles (5 km2) and has a population of 40.

Scheduled monuments are sites of archaeological importance with specific legal protection against damage or development. The list of such monuments in Wales is maintained by Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments, an executive agency within the Welsh National Assembly. For an archaeological site in Wales to be scheduled it must be a site of national importance, being a site that characterises a period or category in Welsh history, with consideration given to rarity, good documentation, group value, survival/condition, fragility/vulnerability, diversity and potential. In addition to the scheduling information that Cadw maintains, there are much larger pools of information on scheduled and other archaeological and historic sites, buildings and landscapes of Wales held by the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales and the four Welsh Archaeological Trusts.

Glas Hirfryn grade II listed building in the United kingdom

Glas Hirfryn is a farm in Cwmdu, at east side of the road through the valley of the Lleiriog on the southern side of the Berwyn Mountains. It is in the community of Llansilin, which was formerly in Denbighshire, but since 1996 has been in the Montgomeryshire part of Powys. The timber-framed farmhouse, which stands within a group of farm buildings was abandoned in the mid-20th century, at which time it was listed as Grade II. The house has now been dated by dendrochronology to about 1559 AD or shortly afterwards.

Mochnant

Mochnant, a name translating as "the rapid stream", was a medieval cantref in the Kingdom of Powys.

References

  1. POH-iss with the vowels of "goat" and "kit" or POW-iss, with the vowels of "mouth" and "kit"
  2. Welsh Language Board, (disbanded 2012), Archived version of the statistics page, 30 March 2012
  3. Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust: Introducing Prehistoric burial and ritual sites. Accessed 6 April 2014
  4. "Powys". Heraldry of the world. (Outdated file.)
  5. "Wales Rally GB heading to Mid Wales". Shropshire Star. 5 November 2015.
  6. https://www.llanidloes.com/sarn_sabrina/index.html
  7. "Severn Way". Long Distance Walkers Association. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
  8. Sally Williams. "FairTrade Resource Network" . Retrieved 3 July 2008.

Coordinates: 52°18′N3°25′W / 52.300°N 3.417°W / 52.300; -3.417