This article is written like a travel guide rather than an encyclopedic description of the subject. (April 2008)
|• Mayor||Mustafa Çay (MHP)|
|• Kaymakam||Bülent Karacan|
|• District||793.33 km2 (306.31 sq mi)|
|• District density||25/km2 (65/sq mi)|
Pozantı (Ancient Greek: Πενδοσις, Pendhòsis, formerly Arab: El Bedendum) is a town and a district in the Adana Province of Turkey. The town is the at the highlands of Çukurova, and is the major gateway to the Mediterranean coasts. Pozantı stands in the foothills, at the bottom of a rare pass through these high mountains. The mayor is Mustafa Çay (MHP).
Pozantı has had a number of names. In antiquity it was Pendonsis or Pendosis. To the Arabs El Bedendum and finally Bozantı and Pozantı in Turkish.
Standing at the entrance to a pass across the Taurus Mountains, Pendonsis was a city of strategic importance, the gateway between the high plain of Anatolia and the low plain of Cilicia or Çukurova and thus the Middle East. Pozantı has successively passed through the hands of Hittites, Persians, Alexander the Great, Rome and Byzantium. In the period of the Abbasids the armies of Islam moved through. And then following the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 the Turks made took over. During the Crusades, control of the pass was returned to the Byzantines, then the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, the Mamluks and was finally brought under Ottoman control by Selim I in his campaign of 1517.
Pozantı is windy and bleak and for most of this history was a fort and a road-house, but when the railway was put through in 1917 more people began to live here permanently. But still the place really lives from the passing trade on the road.
Pozantı was briefly occupied by French forces at the end of World War I.
For many, Pozantı is a place to have a break after the hard journey across the Taurus. At the spring of Şekerpınar, where there is a plant for bottling the spring water, there are motels and well-known roadside restaurants specializing in barbecued meats. For many stopping here to relax on a carpeted bench grilling large quantities of lamb chops or shish kebab is an essential part of the journey to Adana. Especially if you've come all the way over the mountains dodging around slow-moving trucks. (Oh and the river trout is delicious too).
As the road from the city is a modern motorway Pozantı is the easiest retreat from the city of Adana, residents drive up here to picnic and escape from the summer heat.
New investment for 5 stars hotel Pendosis Vacation Club having 84 rooms and many luxury possibilities will enhance the tourism activities during the whole 12 months.
Pozantı Gar is the railway station of Pozantı that is served by three Main Line services, connecting Pozantı to Adana, Niğde, Kayseri, Ankara and Karaman.
As being the gateway to Çukurova, Pozantı is a stopover for several coach companies that serves from Central Anatolia to Çukurova and further east.
Cilicia is a geo-cultural region in southern Turkey, extending inland from the northeastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea. With a population of six million, comprising Mersin, Adana, Osmaniye and Hatay provinces, Cilicia is one of the large population concentrations of the Near East.
Kozan is a city in Adana Province, Turkey, 68 kilometres northeast of Adana, in the northern section of the Çukurova plain. The city is the capital of the ilçe (district) of Kozan. The Kilgen River, a tributary of the Ceyhan, flows through Kozan and crosses the plain south into the Mediterranean. The Taurus Mountains rise up sharply behind the town.
Adana is a Cilician city in southern Turkey. The city is situated on the Seyhan river, 35 km (22 mi) inland from north-east corner of the Mediterranean. It is the administrative seat of the Adana Province and has a population of 1.77 million.
Adana Province, is a province of Turkey occupying the central Cilicia. With a population of 2.20 million, it is the sixth most populous province in Turkey. The administrative seat of the province is the city of Adana, home to 79% of the residents of the province. The province is closely affiliated with other Cilician provinces of Mersin, Osmaniye, and Hatay.
The Taurus Mountains, are a mountain complex in southern Turkey, separating the Mediterranean coastal region from the central Anatolian Plateau. The system extends along a curve from Lake Eğirdir in the west to the upper reaches of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers in the east. It is a part of the Alpide belt in Eurasia.
The Cilician Gates or Gülek Pass is a pass through the Taurus Mountains connecting the low plains of Cilicia to the Anatolian Plateau, by way of the narrow gorge of the Gökoluk River. Its highest elevation is about 1000m.
Tarsus is a historic city in south-central Turkey, 20 km inland from the Mediterranean. It is part of the Adana-Mersin metropolitan area, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in Turkey with a population of 3 million people. Tarsus forms an administrative district in the eastern part of the Mersin Province and lies in the core of Çukurova region.
Kadirli, is a town and district of Osmaniye Province in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. It is located in the Çukurova plain, 41 kilometres from the large city of Osmaniye. Population is 84,618 (urban) and 120,950.
The Mersin Province is a province in southern Turkey, on the Mediterranean coast between Antalya and Adana. The provincial capital is the city of Mersin and the other major town is Tarsus, birthplace of St Paul. The province is part of Çukurova, a geographical, economical and cultural region, that covers the provinces of Mersin, Adana, Osmaniye and Hatay.
Osmaniye is a city in the Çukurova region of Turkey, the capital of Osmaniye Province. Area 3,767 km². Population of Osmaniye city: 219,339. Osmaniye Province: 512,804 (2014). Osmaniye is at an elevation of 125 meters.
Aladağ, formerly Karsantı, is a small city and a district in Adana Province, Turkey about 100 km north of the city of Adana, up in the mountains. This is an undeveloped area, the people live from agriculture and forestry. People from the Çukurova retreat up here in the summer to escape the heat on the plain, although it's too high up for a day trip.
Düziçi is a town and district of Osmaniye Province in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. It is located in a small plain in the foothills of the Nur Mountains and 440 m above the sea level.
Feke is a small city and a district in Adana Province of Turkey, 122 km from the city of Adana, 620m above sea-level, a small town on attractive forested mountainside. The current mayor is Ahmet Sel (MHP).
Ulukışla is a town and district of Niğde Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. It covers an area of 1,502 km², and the altitude is 1,427 m. Population is 22,728 of which 5,594 live in the town of Ulukışla.
Çukurova, Cilicia Pedias in antiquity, is a large fertile plain in the Cilicia region at southern Turkey. The plain forms the easternmost Mersin Province, southern and central Adana Province, western Osmaniye Province and northwestern Hatay Province. Çukurova in Turkish means roughly "Low Plain", çukur for "hollow, depression", ova for "plains".
The Mediterranean Region is a geographical region of Turkey.
Akçatekir is a town in Adana Province, Turkey.
The Karboğazı ambush, also known as Battle of Karboğazı was a minor ground engagement fought between the Turkish nationalists and the French battalion on Toros Mountains during the Turkish War of Independence. Karboğazı literally means Snow Pass.
The Kaç Kaç incident is a popular phrase referring to the escape of 40,000 Turkish people from Çukurova during the Franco-Turkish War. Çukurova is a loosely defined region in southern Turkey which covers most of the modern Turkish provinces of Mersin, Adana, Osmaniye, and Hatay.
The Casemates of Ibrahim Pasha, are a number of casemates built by Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt in 1833 to the north of Gülek Pass in southern Turkey.