Pozzuolo del Friuli

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Pozzuolo del Friuli
Comune di Pozzuolo del Friuli
Chiesa di San Martino (Terenzano, Pozzuolo del Friuli).jpg
Pozzuolo del Friuli-Stemma.png
Coat of arms
Location of Pozzuolo del Friuli
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Pozzuolo del Friuli
Location of Pozzuolo del Friuli in Italy
Italy Friuli-Venezia Giulia location map.svg
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Pozzuolo del Friuli
Pozzuolo del Friuli (Friuli-Venezia Giulia)
Coordinates: 45°59′N13°12′E / 45.983°N 13.200°E / 45.983; 13.200 Coordinates: 45°59′N13°12′E / 45.983°N 13.200°E / 45.983; 13.200
Country Italy
Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Frazioni Pozzuolo del Friuli, Zugliano, Terenzano, Cargnacco, Sammardenchia, Carpeneto
Government
  MayorDenis Lodolo
Area
[1]
  Total34.37 km2 (13.27 sq mi)
Elevation
67 m (220 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [2]
  Total6,927
  Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Pozzuolesi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
33050
Dialing code 0432
Website Official website

Pozzuolo del Friuli (Friulian : Puçui) is a comune (municipality) in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 10 kilometres (6 mi) southwest of Udine.

Friulian or Friulan is a Romance language belonging to the Rhaeto-Romance family, spoken in the Friuli region of northeastern Italy. Friulian has around 600,000 speakers, the vast majority of whom also speak Italian. It is sometimes called Eastern Ladin since it shares the same roots as Ladin, but, over the centuries, it has diverged under the influence of surrounding languages, including German, Italian, Venetian, and Slovene. Documents in Friulian are attested from the 11th century and poetry and literature date as far back as 1300. By the 20th century, there was a revival of interest in the language.

<i>Comune</i> third-level administrative divisions of the Italian Republic

The comune is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.

Italy European country

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Italy is located in Southern Europe, and it is sometimes considered as part of Western Europe. The country covers a total area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.

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It borders to the north-east with the Comune of Basiliano, to the north with the Comune of Udine and Campoformido, and to the east with the comune of Pavia di Udine, and to the south with the comune of Mortegliano, and to the west with the comune of Lestizza. It is crossed by the Cormor torrent, and is located in the central part of the Friulian Plain. Under its administration are also the villages of Cargnacco, Carpeneto, Sammardenchia, Terenzano and Zugliano.

Basiliano Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Basiliano is a comune (municipality) in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 12 kilometres (7 mi) southwest of Udine.

Campoformido Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Campoformido is a town and comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, in north-eastern Italy, notable for the Treaty of Campo Formio.

Pavia di Udine Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Pavia di Udine is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 9 kilometres (6 mi) southeast of Udine.

History

Medieval

During the Barbarian invasions of Italy, Pozzuolo, just like other Friulian villages, started concentrating around its church in order to better defend itself. It was only till 921 A.D. that the name of Pozzuolo appeared on an official document, in particular due to the donation that the Berengario Emperor made to the town. During this period the town is administered mainly by the reunion of the local family heads. In 1441 the battle between the people of Udine and Cividale took place near Pozzuolo. From 1420, Udine together with the town of Pozzuolo was assimilated under the control of the Republic of Venice. During the Turkish invasions of Europe, Pozzuolo was first destroyed by Turkish raiders during 1477, while destroyed a second time in 1499 by the last Turkish assault. [3]

Udine Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Udine is a city and comune in north-eastern Italy, in the middle of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, between the Adriatic Sea and the Alps. Its population was 100,514 in 2012, 176,000 with the urban area.

Cividale del Friuli Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Cividale del Friuli is a town and comune in the Province of Udine, part of the North-Italian Friuli-Venezia Giulia regione. The town lies 135 metres (443 ft) above sea-level in the foothills of the eastern Alps, 15 kilometres (9 mi) by rail from the city of Udine and close to the Slovenian border. It is situated on the river Natisone, which forms a picturesque ravine here. Formerly an important regional power, it is today a quiet, small town that attracts tourists thanks to its medieval center.

Republic of Venice Former state in Northeastern Italy

The Republic of Venice or Venetian Republic, traditionally known as La Serenissima, was a sovereign state and maritime republic in what is now northeastern Italy, which existed for over a millennium between the 7th century and the 18th century from 697 AD until 1797 AD. It was based in the lagoon communities of the historically prosperous city of Venice, and was a leading European economic and trading power during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Citizens spoke primarily the still-surviving Venetian language, although publishing in (Florentine) Italian language became the norm during the Renaissance and after.

Battle of Pozzuolo

One of the most significant historical events in Pozzuolo has been that of the Battle of Pozzuolo which took place between 29 and 30 October 1917, following the Battle of Caporetto, where Austro-Hungarian troops reinforced by German divisions managed to break through the Italian front line, and rout the Italian Second Army. In the two days during which the battle took palace, a cavalry brigate composed by the Quarto Genova and Quinto Novara, and the infantry brigate of Bergamo, faced the Austro-Hungarian army, allowing for the Italian Third Army to cross the river Tagliamento and save itself. The battle left hundreds of dead, and took place between the alleys of the town, afflicting also the civil population. To commemorate this battle, starting from 1959 the only cavalry division of the Italian army is named "Pozzuolo del Friuli" brigate, and commemorates the event every 30 October. The town of Pozzuolo has two monuments dedicated to the cavalry and infantry respectively. [4]

The Battle of Pozzuolo was fought during the First World War between 29 and 30 October 1917, between two brigades of the Italian army and two divisions of the German Army and one division of the Austro-Hungarian Army at Pozzuolo del Friuli.

Battle of Caporetto World War I Battle

The Battle of Caporetto was a battle on the Italian front of World War I. The battle was fought between the Kingdom of Italy and the Central Powers and took place from 24 October to 19 November 1917, near the town of Kobarid. The battle was named after the Italian name of the town.

Tagliamento river in Italy

The Tagliamento is a braided river in north-east Italy, flowing from the Alps to the Adriatic Sea at a point between Trieste and Venice.

Twin towns

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Terzo dAquileia Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

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Fogliano Redipuglia Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Fogliano Redipuglia[foʎˈʎaːno ˌrediˈpuʎʎa] is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Gorizia in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 35 kilometres (22 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 13 kilometres (8 mi) southwest of Gorizia.

Pozzuolo del Friuli Cavalry Brigade

The Pozzuolo del Friuli Cavalry Brigade is an amphibious brigade of the Italian Army, based in the Friuli Venezia Giulia and Veneto regions. The Brigade consists of a command unit, a cavalry regiment, an amphibious infantry regiment, an artillery regiment, an engineer regiment and a logistic regiment.

References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. it:Pozzuolo del Friuli, Italian Wikipedia page of Pozzuolo del Friuli.
  4. it:Battaglia di Pozzuolo del Friuli, Italian Wikipedia page of the Battle of Pozzuolo.