Práxedis G. Guerrero, Chihuahua

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Práxedis Gilberto Guerrero
Town

Praxedis G Guerrero Chih.jpg

Bust of the town's namesake in the central plaza
Praxedis en Chihuahua.jpg
Municipality of Práxedis G. Guerrero in Chihuahua
Mexico States blank map.svg
Red pog.svg
Práxedis Gilberto Guerrero
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 31°22′22″N106°00′20″W / 31.37278°N 106.00556°W / 31.37278; -106.00556 Coordinates: 31°22′22″N106°00′20″W / 31.37278°N 106.00556°W / 31.37278; -106.00556
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
State Chihuahua
Municipality Práxedis G. Guerrero
Founded 1849
Area
  Total 808.97 km2 (312.35 sq mi)
Elevation 1,100 m (3,600 ft)
Population (2010)
  Total 2,128
Postal code32780
Area code(s) 656
Website http://www.mpiopraxedisguerrero.gob.mx

Práxedis Gilberto Guerrero is the municipal seat of the municipality of Práxedis G. Guerrero in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua.

Chihuahua (state) State of Mexico

Chihuahua, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua, is one of the 31 states of Mexico. It is located in Northwestern Mexico and is bordered by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the southwest, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east. To the north and northeast, it has a long border with the U.S. adjacent to the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas. Its capital city is Chihuahua City.

In the 2005 Census, the town reported a population of 3,431. [1] [2] Only five years later, at the 2010 census, the population had declined dramatically to 2,128 inhabitants. [3]

History

The town was founded in 1849, as San Ignacio, by the priest Ramón Ortiz y Miera. The original settlers were a group of people from Texas and New Mexico, who did not wish to remain in the United States following the cession of those territories under the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. [4]

Ramón Ortiz y Miera Mexican priest

Ramón Ortiz y Miera was a Mexican priest who helped organize armed resistance during the Mexican–American War of 1846 to 1848, and who was frustrated by the U.S. authorities in his efforts to repatriate Hispanic residents from New Mexico to the republic of Mexico after the war.

Mexican Texas

Mexican Texas is the historiographical name used to refer to the era of Texan history between 1821 and 1836, when it was part of Mexico. Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821 after winning its war. Initially, Mexican Texas operated similarly to Spanish Texas. Ratification of the 1824 Constitution of Mexico created a federal structure, and the province of Tejas was joined with the province of Coahuila to form the state of Coahuila y Tejas.

Santa Fe de Nuevo México province of New Spain (1598-1821), territory of Mexico (1821-1846), provisional government of the USA (1846-1850)

Santa Fe de Nuevo México was a province of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and later a territory of independent Mexico. The first capital was San Juan de los Caballeros from 1598 until 1610, and from 1610 onward the capital was La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís. The naming, capital, the Palace of the Governors, and rule of law were retained as the New Mexico Territory, and the subsequent U.S. State of New Mexico, became a part of the United States. The New Mexican citizenry, primarily consisting of Hispano, Pueblo, Navajo, Apache, and Comanche peoples, became citizens of the United States as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

Its current name was given to it by the State Congress in December 1983, to honour the Revolutionary leader Práxedis G. Guerrero, who was killed in action in Janos, Chihuahua, on 30 December 1910. [5]

Mexican Revolution major nationwide armed struggle in Mexico between 1910 and 1920

The Mexican Revolution, also known as the Mexican Civil War, was a major armed struggle, lasting roughly from 1910 to 1920, that radically transformed Mexican culture and government. Although recent research has focused on local and regional aspects of the Revolution, it was a genuinely national revolution. Its outbreak in 1910 resulted from the failure of the 35-year-long regime of Porfirio Díaz to find a managed solution to the presidential succession. This meant there was a political crisis among competing elites and the opportunity for agrarian insurrection. Wealthy landowner Francisco I. Madero challenged Díaz in the 1910 presidential election, and following the rigged results, revolted under the Plan of San Luis Potosí. Armed conflict ousted Díaz from power; a new election was held in 1911, bringing Madero to the presidency.

Janos is a town located in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua. It serves as the municipal seat of government for the surrounding Janos Municipality of the same name. As of 2010, the town of Janos had a population of 2,738.

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References

  1. "Práxedis G. Guerrero". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal . Retrieved 2008-10-24.
  2. (in Spanish) Población total por municipio según grandes grupos de edad, 2005 INEGI.
  3. 2010 census tables: INEGI Archived 2013-05-02 at the Wayback Machine .
  4. "Práxedis G. Guerrero". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal . Retrieved 2008-10-24.
  5. "Reseña histórica". Municipio de Práxedis G. Guerrero. Retrieved 2008-10-24.