Prahova County

Last updated
Prahova County

Județul Prahova
Stema Prahova.svg
Coat of arms
Prahova in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 45°06′N26°01′E / 45.1°N 26.02°E / 45.1; 26.02 Coordinates: 45°06′N26°01′E / 45.1°N 26.02°E / 45.1; 26.02
Country Romania
Development region Sud
Historical region Muntenia
Capital Ploiești
Area
  Total4,716 km2 (1,821 sq mi)
Area rank 33rd
Population
 (2011)
  Total762,886
  Rank 3rd
  Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 244 or (+40) 344 [1]
ISO 3166 code RO-PH
GDP (nominal)US$ 7.012 billion (2015)
GDP/capita US$ 9,191 (2015)
Website County Council
Prefecture

Prahova County (Romanian pronunciation:  [ˈprahova] ) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Muntenia, with the capital city at Ploiești.

Contents

Demographics

In 2011, it had a population of 762,886 and the population density was 161/km². It is Romania's third most populated county (after the Municipality of Bucharest and Iași County), [2] having a population density double that of the country's mean.

YearCounty population [4]
1948557,776
1956Increase2.svg 623,817 (1.41%)
1966Increase2.svg 701,057 (1.17%)
1977Increase2.svg 817,168 (1.40%)
1992Increase2.svg 873,229 (0.44%)
2002Decrease2.svg 829,945 (−0.51%)
2011Decrease2.svg 762,886 (−0.93%)

The county received an inflow of population who have moved here due to the industrial development.

Geography

This county has a total area of 4,716 km².

The relief is split in approximately equal parts between the mountains, the hills and the plain. In the North side there are mountains from the southern end of the Eastern Carpathians - the Curvature Carpathians group; and the Bucegi Mountains the Eastern end of the Southern Carpathians group. The two groups are separated by the Prahova River Valley.

The south side of the county is a plain, on the North West side of the Romanian Plain.

The main river is the eponymous Prahova River. It flows from the mountains, through the Prahova Valley collecting many other rivers - the Doftana River, the Teleajen River and others.

Neighbours

Economy

The area contains the main oil reserves in Romania,[ citation needed ] with a longstanding tradition in extracting and refining the oil. The county is heavily industrialised, more than 115,000 people being involved in industrial activities. It contributes to over 8% of the country's industrial production.[ citation needed ] Some of the biggest international corporations like Coca-Cola, Unilever, InBev, Johnson Controls, Cameron, Weatherford, Michelin, Timken and others have invested heavily in the recent years.[ citation needed ]

The predominant industries in the county are:

Agriculture is also developed - in the southern part mainly extensive agriculture and the hills area is well suited for wines and fruit orchards. In total it realises about 3% of the country's agricultural production.

Tourism

The Prahova Valley is one of the areas with the highest tourist potential in the country having one of the best tourism facilities in Romania.

The main tourist destinations are:

Politics

The Prahova County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 37 counselors, with the following party composition: [5]

   PartySeatsCurrent County Council
  Social Democratic Party 16                
  National Liberal Party 15                
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 4                
  People's Movement Party 2                

Administrative divisions

Prahova County has 2 municipalities, 12 towns and 90 communes

Ploiesti Casa Ghita Stoenescu, azi clinica Alfa Medical Center, Bd. Independentei nr. 27, Ploiesti (1).JPG
Ploiești

Municipalities

Towns

Communes

Historical county

Județul Prahova
County (Județ)
RO PH Ploiesti Palace of Culture.jpg
The building of the Prahova County court from the interwar period, now the Ploiești Palace of Culture.
Interbelic Prahova County CoA.png
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Prahova.png
Country Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic region Muntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Ploiești, then spelt Ploești
Area
  Total5,040 km2 (1,950 sq mi)
Population
 (1930)
  Total477,750
  Density95/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the south central part of Greater Romania, in the central part of the historical region of Muntenia. Its capital was Ploiești (then spelt Ploești). The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Prahova County, except the town of Mizil and several nearby villages that were then in Buzău County. In addition to the current county's territory, the interwar county contained several communes in its western part (including Dărmănești, I.L. Caragiale, and Moreni), currently in Dâmboviţa County, and some territory northwest of Predeal, now in Braşov County.

Administration

Map of Prahova County as constituted in 1938. 1938 map of interwar county Prahova.jpg
Map of Prahova County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally divided into seven administrative districts ( plăṣi ): [6]

  1. Plasa Câmpina, headquartered at Câmpina
  2. Plasa Drăgănești, headquartered at Drăgănești
  3. Plasa Filipești, headquartered at Filipești
  4. Plasa Ploiești, headquartered at Ploești
  5. Plasa Sinaia, headquartered at Sinaia
  6. Plasa Urlați, headquartered at Urlați
  7. Plasa Văleni, headquartered at Văleni

Subsequently, the county established three more districts:

  1. Plasa Câmpu, headquartered at Câmpu
  2. Plasa Podgoria, headquartered at Podgoria
  3. Plasa Vărbilău, headquartered at Vărbilău

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 477,750 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 95.0% Romanians, 1.5% Gypsies, 0.9% Jews, 0.8% Hungarians, 0.7% Germans, as well as other minorities. [7] From the religious point of view, the population was 96.0% Eastern Orthodox, 1.2% Roman Catholic, 1.0% Jewish, 0.6% Lutherans, 0.5% Greek Catholic, as well as other minorities. [8]

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 105,098 inhabitants, comprising 88.8% Romanians, 3.5% Jews, 1.9% Hungarians, 1.7% Germans, 1.4% Romanies, as well as other minorities. [7] From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 89.2% Eastern Orthodox, 3.6% Jewish, 3.3% Roman Catholic, 1.5% Lutheran, 1.3% Greek Catholic, 0.6% Reformed, as well as other minorities. [8]

See also

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References

  1. The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  3. National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  4. National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
  5. "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  6. Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Prahova
  7. 1 2 Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 338-339
  8. 1 2 Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 690