|• Total||4,716 km2 (1,821 sq mi)|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+40) 244 or (+40) 344|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-PH|
|GDP (nominal)||US$ 7.012 billion (2015)|
|GDP/capita||US$ 9,191 (2015)|
|Website|| County Council |
Prahova County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈprahova] ) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Muntenia, with the capital city at Ploiești.
In 2011, it had a population of 762,886 and the population density was 161/km². It is Romania's third most populated county (after the Municipality of Bucharest and Iași County),having a population density double that of the country's mean.
The county received an inflow of population who have moved here due to the industrial development.
This county has a total area of 4,716 km².
The relief is split in approximately equal parts between the mountains, the hills and the plain. In the North side there are mountains from the southern end of the Eastern Carpathians - the Curvature Carpathians group; and the Bucegi Mountains the Eastern end of the Southern Carpathians group. The two groups are separated by the Prahova River Valley.
The south side of the county is a plain, on the North West side of the Romanian Plain.
The main river is the eponymous Prahova River. It flows from the mountains, through the Prahova Valley collecting many other rivers - the Doftana River, the Teleajen River and others.
The area contains the main oil reserves in Romania,[ citation needed ] with a longstanding tradition in extracting and refining the oil. The county is heavily industrialised, more than 115,000 people being involved in industrial activities. It contributes to over 8% of the country's industrial production.[ citation needed ] Some of the biggest international corporations like Coca-Cola, Unilever, InBev, Johnson Controls, Cameron, Weatherford, Michelin, Timken and others have invested heavily in the recent years.[ citation needed ]
The predominant industries in the county are:
Agriculture is also developed - in the southern part mainly extensive agriculture and the hills area is well suited for wines and fruit orchards. In total it realises about 3% of the country's agricultural production.
The Prahova Valley is one of the areas with the highest tourist potential in the country having one of the best tourism facilities in Romania.
The main tourist destinations are:
The Prahova County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 37 counselors, with the following party composition:
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|Social Democratic Party||16|
|National Liberal Party||15|
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats||4|
|People's Movement Party||2|
Prahova County has 2 municipalities, 12 towns and 90 communes
The building of the Prahova County court from the interwar period, now the Ploiești Palace of Culture.
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Ploiești, then spelt Ploești|
|• Total||5,040 km2 (1,950 sq mi)|
|• Density||95/km2 (250/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Historically, the county was located in the south central part of Greater Romania, in the central part of the historical region of Muntenia. Its capital was Ploiești (then spelt Ploești). The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Prahova County, except the town of Mizil and several nearby villages that were then in Buzău County. In addition to the current county's territory, the interwar county contained several communes in its western part (including Dărmănești, I.L. Caragiale, and Moreni), currently in Dâmboviţa County, and some territory northwest of Predeal, now in Braşov County.
The county was originally divided into seven administrative districts ( plăṣi ):
Subsequently, the county established three more districts:
According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 477,750 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 95.0% Romanians, 1.5% Gypsies, 0.9% Jews, 0.8% Hungarians, 0.7% Germans, as well as other minorities.From the religious point of view, the population was 96.0% Eastern Orthodox, 1.2% Roman Catholic, 1.0% Jewish, 0.6% Lutherans, 0.5% Greek Catholic, as well as other minorities.
In 1930, the county's urban population was 105,098 inhabitants, comprising 88.8% Romanians, 3.5% Jews, 1.9% Hungarians, 1.7% Germans, 1.4% Romanies, as well as other minorities.From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 89.2% Eastern Orthodox, 3.6% Jewish, 3.3% Roman Catholic, 1.5% Lutheran, 1.3% Greek Catholic, 0.6% Reformed, as well as other minorities.
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Prahova Valley is the valley where the Prahova river makes its way between the Bucegi and the Baiu Mountains, in the Carpathian Mountains, Romania. It is a tourist region, situated about 100 km north of the capital city of Bucharest.
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The Teleajen is a left tributary of the river Prahova in southern Romania. Its source is at 1,754 m (5,755 ft) elevation in the Ciucaș Mountains, north of Roșu Peak and the locality of Cheia. Upstream from its confluence with the Gropșoarele in Cheia, it is also called Berea or Cheița. It flows through the Cheia hollow, by the towns of Vălenii de Munte and Boldești-Scăeni and the city of Ploiești. It discharges into the Prahova near Palanca. Its length is 122 km (76 mi) and its basin size is 1,656 km2 (639 sq mi).
Scorțeni is a commune in Prahova County, Romania.
Valea Pietrei may refer to the follwoing places in Romania:
This article discusses the administrative divisions of the Kingdom of Romania between 1941 and 1944. As a result of the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, Second Vienna Award and the Treaty of Craiova, territories that had previously been part of Romania were lost to the Soviet Union, Hungary and Bulgaria respectively. By September 1940 the administrative system set up in 1938 based on 'ținuturi' (regions) was disbanded and the former counties (județe) were reintroduced.
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