Praia (Santa Cruz da Graciosa)

Last updated
São Mateus
Vista parcial da Vila da Praia, ilha Graciosa, Acores, Portrugal.jpg
The main harbour in Praia
Portugal Azores location map.svg
Red pog.svg
São Mateus
Location in the Azores
Locator map Azores Graciosa.png
Red pog.svg
São Mateus
São Mateus (Graciosa)
Coordinates: 39°2′35″N27°58′37″W / 39.04306°N 27.97694°W / 39.04306; -27.97694 Coordinates: 39°2′35″N27°58′37″W / 39.04306°N 27.97694°W / 39.04306; -27.97694
CountryFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Auton. region Azores
Island Graciosa
Municipality Santa Cruz da Graciosa
EstablishedCivil parish: 1 April 1546
Area
  Total12.82 km2 (4.95 sq mi)
Elevation
150 m (490 ft)
Population
 (2011)
  Total836
  Density65/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−01:00 (AZOT)
  Summer (DST) UTC±00:00 (AZOST)
Postal code
9880-207
Area code (+351) 292 XXX XXX
Patron São Mateus
Website viladapraiagraciosa.com

Praia (officially São Mateus) is a Portuguese civil parish in the municipality of Santa Cruz da Graciosa, on the island of Graciosa, in the Azores. It still retains its former name Praia locally, owing to the parish having once been the historical municipality of Praia. The population in 2011 was 836, [1] in an area of 12.82 km². [2]

Contents

History

São Mateus was one of the first Captaincies of the Azores, and administered by its Captain-Donatorio, Duarte Barreto. [3]

The main centre and parish seat obtained the category, and elevated to the title, of vila (or town) during the reign of King John III, by royal charter on 1 April 1546. It operated as the municipal seat until 1867, when its role was superseded by the much larger Santa Cruz da Graciosa. Yet, it still retained the honorific title of vila. [3] During this time, the settlers of the island formed historical, social and economic contacts with the peoples and economy of Terceira, in addition to those ships travelling between Europe and Brazil.

In the 16th century it had become a rich parish, and competed with Santa Cruz. [3] In 1890, there were over 1783 inhabitants, but it had already begun a slow decline. Part of the population emigrated to the United States or Canada, while the remaining population relied primarily on a subsistence lifestyle for local consumption. [3]

Geography

Within an area of less than 13 kilometres square, the parish includes various individual rural localities, including Vila da Praia, Fenais, Fonte do Mato, Lagoa, Pedras Brancas and Feteira. [3]

The parish occupies the extreme southeast, along a long valley which separates the Caldeira massif from the rest of the island. To the interior the volcanic crater, simply the Calderia (caldera), is the largest volcanic structure on the island. Within its crater, is the Furna do Enxofre, a large cavern and subterranean lake bio-system popular with tourists. Located directly opposite the village is the Praia Islet, an important natural reserve, classified as a "Zone of Special Protection", due to the abundant marine bird species that use it for nesting and as transitory stop in annual migrations.

The population is aging in this community, and is shifting into a bedroom community of the much larger Santa Cruz. [3]

Economy

In addition to agriculture, a staple of the fertile lands of the Azores, Praia has been known for being an important fishing community and supplier for the economy of Graciosa. In addition to fish, fisherman have collected and dried algae ( Sargassum ) as fertilizer. [3] Similarly, Graciosense were producers of tile, for the regional market, resulting in periods of boom.

Other complementary activities, in addition to the small garages and mechanical shops, the parish is a center of civil construction and bread makers, and has an outpost of the fiscal auditors, customs, post office and bank. [3]

Related Research Articles

Azores Portuguese archipelago in the North Atlantic Ocean

The Azores, officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores, is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal. It is an archipelago composed of nine volcanic islands in the Macaronesia region of the North Atlantic Ocean, about 1,360 km (850 mi) west of continental Portugal, about 1,500 km (930 mi) west of Lisbon, in continental Portugal, about 1,500 km (930 mi) northwest of Morocco, and about 2,500 km (1,600 mi) southeast of Newfoundland, Canada.

São Miguel Island Island in Azores, Portugal

São Miguel Island, nicknamed "The Green Island", is the largest and most populous island in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. The island covers 760 km2 (290 sq mi) and has around 140,000 inhabitants, with 45,000 people residing in Ponta Delgada, the archipelago's largest city.

Terceira Island Island in Azores, Portugal

Terceira is a volcanic island in the Azores archipelago, in the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean. It is one of the larger islands of the archipelago, with a population of 56,000 inhabitants in an area of approximately 396.75 square kilometres. It is the location of the Azores' oldest city, Angra do Heroísmo, the historical capital of the archipelago and UNESCO World Heritage Site; the seat of the judicial system ; and the main base of the Azores Air Zone Command, Base Aérea nº 4, and a United States Air Force detachment.

Praia da Vitória Municipality in Azores, Portugal

Praia da Vitória is a municipality in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. With a population of 21,035, the second largest administrative authority on the island of Terceira, it covers an area of 161.27 square kilometres (62.27 sq mi), that extends from the northern coast halfway into the interior.

Santa Cruz da Graciosa Municipality in Azores, Portugal

Santa Cruz da Graciosa is a Portuguese municipality on the island of Graciosa, in the archipelago of the Azores. The population in 2011 was 4,391, in an area of 60.66 km². It includes four local parishes and one municipal government structure, which administers the entire island.

Guadalupe (Santa Cruz da Graciosa) Civil parish in Azores, Portugal

Guadalupe is a civil parish in the municipality of Santa Cruz da Graciosa, on the island of Graciosa in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. The population in 2011 was 1,096, occupying an area of 20.62 square kilometres (7.96 sq mi).

São Pedro (Angra do Heroísmo) Civil parish in Azores, Portugal

São Pedro is one of the five urban civil parishes of the municipality of Angra do Heroísmo on the island of Terceira in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. The population in 2011 was 3,460, in an area of 3.66 square kilometres (1.41 sq mi). The parish has a median elevation of 7 metres (23 ft).

Lajes (Praia da Vitória) Civil parish in Azores, Portugal

Lajes is a civil parish in the municipality of Praia da Vitória, on the Portuguese island of Terceira in the Azores. The population in 2011 was 3,744, in an area of 12.11 square kilometres (4.68 sq mi). It is the second most populous parish in the municipality of Praia da Vitória. It contains the localities Fundões, Caldeira, Canada da Caldeira, Canada das Fontainhas, Canada das Vinhas, Canada do Poço, Lajedo, Lajes, Picão, Rebentão and Santa Rita.

Feteiras Civil parish in Azores, Portugal

Feteiras is a civil parish in the municipality of Ponta Delgada in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. It is situated in the western part of the island of São Miguel, on the south coast. The population in 2011 was 1,571, in an area of 23.53 square kilometres (9.08 sq mi).

Lagoa, Azores Municipality in Azores, Portugal

Lagoa is a municipality in the southwestern part of São Miguel Island in the Azores. The population in 2011 was 14,442, in an area of 45.59 km². Lagoa is located east of Ponta Delgada, the island capital.

Ribeira das Tainhas Civil parish in Azores, Portugal

Ribeira das Tainhas is a civil parish in the municipality of Vila Franca do Campo in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. The population in 2011 was 703, in an area of 9.59 km².

Povoação, Azores Municipality in Azores, Portugal

Povoação is a municipality located in the southeastern corner of the island of São Miguel in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. The population in 2011 was 6,327, in an area of 106.41 km².

Ribeira Quente Civil parish in Azores, Portugal

Ribeira Quente is a civil parish in the municipality of Povoação in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. The population in 2011 was 767, in an area of 9.04 km². It is the smallest, the lowest and the southernmost of the parishes in municipality. It contains the localities Castelo, Eira das Freiras, Fogo, Ribeira Quente, Ponta da Albufeira and Ponta do Garajau.

Graciosa island of Azores, Portugal

Graciosa Island is referred to as the White Island, the northernmost of the Central Group of islands in the Azores. The ovular Portuguese island has an area of 60.65 square kilometres, a length of 10 kilometres and a width of 7 kilometres. It is a volcanic island, dominated by a 1.6-kilometre-wide (1.0-mile) central caldera located in the southeast.

Almagreira (Vila do Porto) Civil parish in Azores, Portugal

Almagreira is a civil parish in the municipality of Vila do Porto on the island of Santa Maria, in the Portuguese autonomous region of Azores. The population in 2011 was 599, in an area of 11.22 km². Bordering all other parishes of the island, it is located northwest of Vila do Porto.

The following is a list of notable natural disasters have affected the Azores:

Vila do Porto (parish) Civil parish in Azores, Portugal

Vila do Porto is a civil parish in the municipality of Vila do Porto, located on the island of Santa Maria, in the Portuguese autonomous region of Azores. It is the southernmost and easternmost parish in the archipelago of Azores. The population in 2011 was 3,119, in an area of 25.55 km².

Ponta Delgada Municipality in Azores, Portugal

Ponta Delgada is the largest municipality (concelho) and economic capital of the Autonomous Region of the Azores in Portugal. It is located on São Miguel Island, the largest and most populous in the archipelago. The population in 2011 was 68,809, in an area of 232.99 square kilometres. There are 17,629 residents in the three central civil parishes that comprise the historical city: São Pedro, São Sebastião, and São José. Ponta Delgada became the region's administrative capital under the revised constitution of 1976; the judiciary and Catholic see remained in the historical capital of Angra do Heroísmo while the Legislative Assembly of the Azores was established in Horta.

A Captaincy-General of the Azores (1766—1832) was a politico-administrative structure of governance imposed in the Azores on 2 August 1766, with its seat in Angra. It remained the de facto system of governance for 65 years, until it was abolished on 4 June 1832 by D. Peter IV, but by 1828 its de jure status had made it nonoperational, owing to the revolutionary movements that lead to the Liberal Wars. The creation of the Captaincy-General was part of the Pombaline reforms to the Portuguese administration, during the reign of Joseph I, under the initiatives of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, the Marquess of Pombal, then prime minister. A Captaincy-General operated from the Palace of the Captains-General, under the direction of the titular Captain-General, who operated as the Governor of the Azores, with additional jurisdiction on every island of the Azorean archipelago. The Captaincy-General was succeeded by the Province of the Azores, an ephemeral administrative structure that was collapse in the immediate years.

Santa Cruz (Praia da Vitória) Civil parish in Azores, Portugal

Santa Cruz is a parish in the municipality of Praia da Vitória on the island of Terceira in the Portuguese Azores. The population in 2011 was 6,690, in an area of 30.09 km². It contains the localities Santa Luzia, Santa Rita, Juncal, Casa da Ribeira and Santa Cruz.

References

  1. Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. Eurostat
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Junta de Freguesia, ed. (2009). "Quem Somos: Freguesia" (in Portuguese). São Mateus da Praia, Azores: Junta de Freguesia de São Mateus da Praia. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2010.