Praskovya Sergeevna Uvarova (Russian: Прасковья Сергеевна Уварова), née Scherbatova (Щербатова), (9 April 1840, Bobriki, Kharkov Governorate – 30 June 1924, Dobrna), was an amateur Russian archaeologist.
She was from 1859 married to Count Aleksey Uvarov (1818–1885), chairman of the Archaeological Society of Moscow. At the death of her husband in 1885, she succeeded him as chairman of the Archaeological Society and presided at ten Archaeological Congresses for all Russia.
Uvarova followed her husband on his study trips. She conducted large excavations with a focus on Caucasus, and several volumes of Ancient Caucasus was published on her initiative, several of them with her own contributions, among them (Materialy po archeologii Kavkaza). In 1916, she was celebrated by 30 of the most distinguished archaeologists of contemporary Russia.
During the Russian Revolution of 1917, her collections and property was confiscated. She emigrated to Yugoslavia, where she lived modestly.
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