Preakness Stakes

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Preakness Stakes
Grade I race
2011 Preakness Stakes starting gate.jpg
"The Middle Jewel of the Triple Crown"
"The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans"
Location Pimlico Race Course
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
InauguratedMay 27, 1873 (148 years ago)
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Website www.preakness.com
Race information
Distance1+316 miles (9.5 furlongs)
Record
SurfaceDirt
TrackLeft-handed
Qualification3-year-old
Weight Colt/Gelding: 126 pounds (57 kg)
Filly: 121 pounds (55 kg)
PurseUS$1 million

The Preakness Stakes is an American thoroughbred horse race held on the third Saturday in May each year at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland. It is a Grade I race run over a distance of 9.5 furlongs (1+316 miles (1,900 m)) on dirt. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57 kg); fillies 121 pounds (55 kg). It is the second jewel of the Triple Crown, held two weeks after the Kentucky Derby and three weeks before the Belmont Stakes.

Contents

First run in 1873, the Preakness Stakes was named by a former Maryland governor after the colt who won the first Dinner Party Stakes at Pimlico. The race has been termed "The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans" because a blanket of Maryland's state flower is placed across the withers of the winning colt or filly. Attendance at the Preakness Stakes ranks second in North America among equestrian events, surpassed only by the Kentucky Derby.

History

Two years before the Kentucky Derby was run for the first time, Pimlico introduced its new stakes race for three-year-olds, the Preakness, during its first-ever spring race meet in 1873. Then Maryland governor Oden Bowie named the then mile and one-half (2.41 km) race in honor of the colt Preakness from Milton Holbrook Sanford's Preakness Stud in Preakness, Wayne Township, New Jersey, who won the Dinner Party Stakes on the day Pimlico opened (October 25, 1870). The New Jersey name was said to have come from the Native American name Pra-qua-les ("Quail Woods") for the area. [1] After Preakness won the Dinner Party Stakes, his jockey, Billy Hayward, untied a silk bag of gold coins that hung from a wire stretched across the track from the judges' stand. This was the supposed way that the "wire" at the finish line was introduced and how the awarding of "purse" money came to be. [2] In reality, the term "purse", meaning prize money, had been in use for well over a century. [3]

Sir Barton, winner in 1919 SirBarton-Johnny Loftus-1919Preakness.jpg
Sir Barton, winner in 1919

The first Preakness, held on May 27, 1873, drew seven starters. John Chamberlain's three-year-old, Survivor, collected the $2,050 winning purse by galloping home easily by 10 lengths. This was the largest margin of victory until 2004, when Smarty Jones won by 11 1/2 lengths. [4]

In 1890, Morris Park Racecourse in the Bronx, New York hosted the Preakness Stakes. This race was run under handicap conditions, and the age restriction was lifted. The race was won by a five-year-old horse named Montague. After 1890, there was no race run for three years. [5] For the 15 years from 1894 through 1908, the race was held at Gravesend Race Track on Coney Island, New York. In 1909 it returned to Pimlico. [6]

Seven editions of the Preakness Stakes have been run under handicap conditions, in which more accomplished or favored horses are assigned to carry heavier weight. It was first run under these conditions in 1890 and again in the years 1910–1915. During these years, the race was known as the Preakness Handicap. [5]

In March 2009 Magna Entertainment Corp., which owns Pimlico, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy thus throwing open the possibility the Stakes could move again. On April 13, 2009, the Maryland Legislature approved a plan to buy the Stakes and the Pimlico course if Magna Entertainment cannot find a buyer. [7]

Attendance at the Preakness Stakes ranks second in North America and usually surpasses the attendance of all other stakes races including the Belmont Stakes, the Breeders' Cup and the Kentucky Oaks. The attendance of the Preakness Stakes typically only trails the Kentucky Derby, for more information see American thoroughbred racing top attended events.

In February 2017, the Maryland Stadium Authority released the first phase of a study saying that Pimlico needed $250 million in renovations. As of May of that year, no one showed interest in financing the work. The Stronach Group, owner of Pimlico Race Course and Laurel Park, was only interested in moving the Preakness Stakes to Laurel Park unless someone else financed work on Pimlico. [8]

In October 2019, The Stronach Group reached an agreement in principle with the city of Baltimore and groups representing Maryland horsemen that would permanently keep the Preakness at Pimlico. As part of the agreement, Pimlico's grandstand would be demolished and replaced with a smaller structure, and temporary seating would be added to handle the attendance during Preakness week. [9] [10] The Racing and Community Development Act, approved by the Maryland state legislature in May 2020, allows the Maryland Stadium Authority to issue $375 million in bonds for the renovation of both Stronach Group tracks. [11]

The 145th running of the Preakness Stakes was held on Saturday, October 3, 2020, a delay resulting from the COVID-19 outbreak earlier in the year, [12] and setting the year's contest four weeks after the also-delayed Kentucky Derby. It was held without spectators for health reasons because of the outbreak. [13]


Evolution of the Triple Crown series

The Preakness is the second leg in American thoroughbred racing's Triple Crown series and almost always attracts the Kentucky Derby winner, some of the other horses that ran in the Derby, and often a few horses that did not start in the Derby. The Preakness is 1+316 miles, or 9+12 furlongs (1.88 km), compared to the Kentucky Derby, which is 1+14 miles / 10 furlongs (2 km). It is followed by the third leg, the Belmont Stakes, which is 1+12 miles / 12 furlongs (2.4 km).

Since 1932, the order of Triple Crown races has the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes and then the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1932, the Preakness was run before the Derby eleven times. On May 12, 1917, and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day. [14]

To date, the Preakness is run on the third Saturday in May, two weeks after the Kentucky Derby, and three weeks before the Belmont Stakes. Consequently, the race is run no earlier than May 15, and no later than May 21. One exception is 2020, as that race was run in early October due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Traditions

The weather vane at Pimlico is painted with the winner's colors Pimlico weather vane.jpg
The weather vane at Pimlico is painted with the winner's colors

Traditionally, just after the horses for the Preakness were called to the post, the audience was invited to sing the third verse of "Maryland, My Maryland", the official state song of Maryland. For many years, the Baltimore Colts' Marching Band would lead the song from the infield; [15] in later years, it was sung by the United States Naval Academy Glee Club. [16] Use of the song was discontinued as of the 2020 edition of the race—the song "which celebrates the Confederacy, is considered by some to be racist". [17] [18]

As soon as the Preakness winner has been declared official, a painter climbs a ladder to the top of a replica of the Old Clubhouse cupola. The colors of the victorious owner's silks are applied on the jockey and horse that are part of the weather vane atop the infield structure. The practice began in 1909 when a horse and rider weather vane sat atop the old Members' Clubhouse, which was constructed when Pimlico opened in 1870. The Victorian building was destroyed by fire in June 1966. A replica of the old building's cupola was built to stand in the Preakness winner's circle in the infield. [19]

A blanket of yellow flowers daubed with black lacquer to recreate the appearance of a black-eyed Susan [20] is placed around the winning horse's neck at this time, [21] and a replica of the Woodlawn Vase is given to the winning horse's owner. Should that horse have also won the Kentucky Derby, speculation and excitement immediately begin to mount as to whether that horse will go on to win the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing at the Belmont Stakes in June.

Winning the race

In 1917, the first Woodlawn Vase was awarded to the Preakness winner, who was not allowed to keep it. Eventually, a half-size reproduction of the trophy was given to winners to keep permanently. The original trophy is kept at the Baltimore Museum of Art and brought to the race each year under guard, for the winner's presentation ceremony. [22]

In 1940, it was proposed to drape the winning horse in a garland of the Maryland State flower, Rudbeckia hirta , commonly called black-eyed Susans. This posed a problem, as the race is run nearly two months before the flowers come into bloom in late June or July. At first, yellow Viking daisies were painted to resemble black-eyed Susans. Painted flowers have been discontinued since the first decade of the current millennium and viking poms, a member of the chrysanthemum family, are now used. [23] Although the Preakness is sometimes referred to as "the race for the black-eyed Susans", no black-eyed Susan is ever used. [24] [25]

In 1918, 26 horses entered the race, and it was run in two divisions, providing for two winners that year. Currently, the race is limited to 14 horses.

In 1948, the Preakness was televised for the first time by CBS.

The Preakness has been run at seven different distances:

Purse money

At its inauguration in 1873, the Preakness carried a value of $1,000. The first major increase occurred in 1919 when the race had a $25,000 value. It climbed to $100,000 in 1946 and in 1959 was raised to $150,000. Subsequent increases occurred from 1979 to 1989, when the purse rose four times from $200,000 to $500,000, before going to $1 million in 1997. [26] On December 12, 2013, the Maryland Jockey Club announced for the 2014 running of the Preakness, the purse would be increased from $1,000,000 to $1,500,000. [26]

InfieldFest

The race has had something of a party atmosphere in the past, especially in the infield, which is general admission. [27] The course had a "bring your own booze" policy until 2009, formerly including kegs of beer but in the 2000s restricted to all the beer cans a person could carry in a cooler. [27] However, despite crowds in excess of 100,000, the BYOB policy was canceled in 2009 after videos of intoxicated people running along the tops of lines of portable toilets while being pelted by beer cans reached a large audience. [28] [29]

In 2009, with the alcohol ban, race attendance dropped to 77,850 after topping 100,000 for eight consecutive years. In 2010, and the Maryland Jockey Club responded with a new event called "InfieldFest" with performances by musical acts, the "Mug Club", which included an infield ticket and an unlimited-refill beer mug, and a mascot named "Kegasus", a play on keg and pegasus (though actually a centaur). [28] The much-derided Kegasus was retired in 2013. [30] In 2010, ticket sales had recovered to 95,760 and have since stayed high. [29]

Aside from InfieldFest, the race is known for its fancy hats and official cocktail, the Black-eyed Susan, made with vodka, St-Germain liqueur and pineapple, lime and orange juices. [31]

Records

Speed record:

Secretariat, the 1973 winner (and ultimately Triple Crown winner) was originally credited with a running time of 1:55. Two Daily Racing Form clockers, however, had timed Secretariat's Preakness in 1:53 35, which would be a new stakes record. A hearing was held over the time discrepancy, where a video replay showed Secretariat reached the wire faster than Canonero II, the then-current record holder, but instead of giving Secretariat the record, the Maryland Jockey Club decided to split the difference and make its official time that of Pimlico's clocker, who had timed the race in 1:54 25. The matter was finally resolved in June 2012, when a meeting of the Maryland Racing Commission unanimously ruled to change Secretariat's final time to 1:53 based on testimony and analysis of the race replays. [32] Consequently, Secretariat holds the current official record for all three Triple Crown races. [33]

Margin of Victory:

Most wins by a jockey:

Most wins by a trainer:

Most wins by an owner:

Fillies in the Preakness

Six fillies have won the Preakness:

Winners of The Preakness Stakes since 1873

Triple Crown winners are in bold.

YearHorseJockeyTrainerOwnerDist.
(miles)
Time*PurseRef.
2021 Rombauer Flavien Prat Michael W. McCarthy Diane & John Fradkin1+3161:53.62$1,000,000 [34]
2020 Swiss Skydiver   Robby Albarado Kenneth McPeek Peter J. Callahan1+3161:53.28$1,000,000 [35]
2019 War of Will Tyler Gaffalione Mark E. Casse Gary Barber 1+3161:54.34$1,650,000 [36]
2018 Justify Mike Smith Bob Baffert WinStar Farm/China Horse Club 1+3161:55.93$1,500,000 [37]
2017 Cloud Computing Javier Castellano Chad Brown Klaravich Stables & William Lawrence1+3161:55.98$1,500,000 [38]
2016 Exaggerator Kent Desormeaux J. Keith Desormeaux Big Chief Racing LLC et al.1+3161:58.31$1,500,000 [39]
2015 American Pharoah Victor Espinoza Bob Baffert Zayat Stables, LLC 1+3161:58.46$1,500,000 [40]
2014 California Chrome Victor Espinoza Art Sherman Steve Coburn & Perry Martin 1+3161:54.84$1,500,000 [41]
2013 Oxbow Gary Stevens D. Wayne Lukas Calumet Farm 1+3161:57.54$1,000,000 [42]
2012 I'll Have Another Mario Gutierrez Doug O'Neill J. Paul Reddam 1+3161:55.94$1,000,000 [43]
2011 Shackleford Jesus Castanon Dale Romans Mike Lauffer & William D. Cubbedge 1+3161:56.47$1,500,000 [44]
2010 Lookin At Lucky Martin Garcia Bob Baffert Michael Pegram 1+3161:55.47$1,000,000 [45]
2009 Rachel Alexandra   Calvin Borel Steve Asmussen Stonestreet Stab. & Harold T. McCormick1+3161:55.08$1,100,000 [46]
2008 Big Brown Kent Desormeaux Richard Dutrow IEAH Stables & Paul Pompa1+3161:54.86$1,000,000 [47]
2007 Curlin Robby Albarado Steve Asmussen Stonestreet Stables 1+3161:53.46$1,000,000 [48]
2006 Bernardini Javier Castellano Tom Albertrani Darley Stables 1+3161:54.65$1,000,000 [49]
2005 Afleet Alex Jeremy Rose Timothy Ritchey Cash Is King Stable1+3161:55.04$1,000,000 [50]
2004 Smarty Jones Stewart Elliott John Servis Someday Farm1+3161:55.59$1,000,000 [51]
2003 Funny Cide Jose Santos Barclay Tagg Sackatoga Stable 1+3161:55.61$1,000,000 [52]
2002 War Emblem Victor Espinoza Bob Baffert The Thoroughbred Corp. 1+3161:56.40$1,000,000 [53]
2001 Point Given Gary Stevens Bob Baffert The Thoroughbred Corp. 1+3161:55.40$1,000,000 [54]
2000 Red Bullet Jerry Bailey Joe Orseno Stronach Stables 1+3161:56.00$1,000,000 [55]
1999 Charismatic Chris Antley D. Wayne Lukas Bob & Beverly Lewis 1+3161:55.20$1,000,000 [56]
1998 Real Quiet Kent Desormeaux Bob Baffert Michael Pegram 1+3161:54.60$1,000,000 [57]
1997 Silver Charm Gary Stevens Bob Baffert Bob & Beverly Lewis 1+3161:54.80$1,000,000 [58]
1996 Louis Quatorze Pat Day Nick Zito Condren/Cornacchia/Hofmann1+3161:53.40$800,000 [59]
1995 Timber Country Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas Overbrook/Lewis/Gainesway 1+3161:54.40$750,000 [60]
1994 Tabasco Cat Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas D. P. Reynolds & Overbrook 1+3161:56.40$750,000 [61]
1993 Prairie Bayou Mike Smith Tom Bohannan Loblolly Stable 1+3161:56.60$750,000 [62]
1992 Pine Bluff Chris McCarron Tom Bohannan Loblolly Stable 1+3161:55.60$750,000 [63]
1991 Hansel Jerry Bailey Frank L. Brothers Lazy Lane Farms1+3161:54.00$750,000 [64]
1990 Summer Squall Pat Day Neil J. Howard Dogwood Stable 1+3161:53.60$750,000
1989 Sunday Silence Pat Valenzuela Char.Whittingham H-G-W Partners 1+3161:53.80$750,000
1988 Risen Star Ed Delahoussaye Louie Roussel Louie Roussel & R. Lamarque1+3161:56.20$700,000
1987 Alysheba Chris McCarron Jack Van Berg Dorothy Scharbauer1+3161:55.80$700,000
1986 Snow Chief Alex Solis Melvin F. Stute Carl Grinstead1+3161:54.80$700,000
1985 Tank's Prospect Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas Eugene V. Klein 1+3161:53.40$700,000
1984 Gate Dancer Angel Cordero Jack Van Berg Kenneth Opstein1+3161:53.60$400,000
1983 Deputed Testamony Donnie Miller Jr. J. William BonifaceBonita Farm1+3161:55.40$400,000
1982 Aloma's Ruler Jack Kaenel John J. Lenzini Jr. Nathan Scherr1+3161:55.40$350,000
1981 Pleasant Colony Jorge Velásquez John P. Campo Buckland Farm 1+3161:54.60$350,000
1980 Codex Angel Cordero D. Wayne Lukas Tartan Stable 1+3161:54.20$300,000
1979 Spectacular Bid Ronnie Franklin Bud Delp Hawksworth Farm1+3161:54.20$300,000
1978 Affirmed Steve Cauthen Laz Barrera Harbor View Farm 1+3161:54.40$250,000
1977 Seattle Slew Jean Cruguet Bill Turner Karen L. Taylor1+3161:54.40$250,000
1976 Elocutionist John Lively Paul T. Adwell Eugene C. Cashman 1+3161:55.00$250,000
1975 Master Derby Darrel McHargue Smiley Adams Golden Chance Farm1+3161:56.40$250,000
1974 Little Current Miguel A. Rivera Lou Rondinello Darby Dan Farm 1+3161:54.60$250,000
1973 Secretariat Ron Turcotte Lucien Laurin Meadow Stable 1+3161:53.00$250,000
1972 Bee Bee Bee Eldon Nelson Del W. Carroll William S. Farish III 1+3161:55.60$250,000
1971 Canonero II Gustavo Ávila Juan Arias Edgar Caibett1+3161:54.00$250,000
1970 Personality Eddie Belmonte John W. Jacobs Ethel D. Jacobs 1+3161:56.20$200,000
1969 Majestic Prince Bill Hartack Johnny Longden Frank M. McMahon 1+3161:55.60$200,000
1968 Forward Pass Ismael Valenzuela Henry Forrest Calumet Farm 1+3161:56.80$200,000
1967 Damascus Bill Shoemaker Frank Whiteley Edith W. Bancroft 1+3161:55.20$200,000
1966 Kauai King Don Brumfield Henry Forrest Ford Stable (Mike Ford)1+3161:55.40$200,000
1965 Tom Rolfe Ron Turcotte Frank Whiteley Powhatan Stable 1+3161:56.20$200,000
1964 Northern Dancer Bill Hartack Horatio Luro Windfields Farm 1+3161:56.80$200,000
1963 Candy Spots Bill Shoemaker Mesh Tenney Rex C. Ellsworth 1+3161:56.20$200,000
1962 Greek Money John L. Rotz Virgil W. Raines Brandywine Stable 1+3161:56.20$200,000
1961 Carry Back Johnny Sellers Jack A. PriceKatherine Price1+3161:57.60$200,000
1960 Bally Ache Bobby Ussery Jimmy PittTurfland1+3161:57.60$250,000
1959 Royal Orbit William Harmatz Reggie Cornell Halina Gregory Braunstein1+3161:57.00$250,000
1958 Tim Tam Ismael Valenzuela Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1+3161:57.20$165,000
1957 Bold Ruler Eddie Arcaro Jim Fitzsimmons Wheatley Stable 1+3161:56.20$110,000
1956 Fabius Bill Hartack Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1+3161:58.40$150,000
1955 Nashua Eddie Arcaro Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1+3161:54.60$110,000
1954 Hasty Road John H. Adams Harry Trotsek Hasty House Farm1+3161:57.40$150,000
1953 Native Dancer Eric Guerin Bill Winfrey Alfred G. Vanderbilt II 1+3161:57.80$110,000
1952 Blue Man Conn McCreary Woody Stephens White Oak Stable1+3161:57.40$150,000
1951 Bold Eddie Arcaro Preston M. Burch Brookmeade Stable 1+3161:56.40$150,000
1950 Hill Prince Eddie Arcaro Casey Hayes Christopher Chenery 1+3161:59.20$100,000
1949 Capot Ted Atkinson John M. Gaver Sr. Greentree Stable 1+3161:56.00$150,000
1948 Citation Eddie Arcaro Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1+3162:02.40$160,000
1947 Faultless Douglas Dodson Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1+3161:59.00$160,000
1946 Assault Warren Mehrtens Max Hirsch King Ranch 1+3162:01.40$160,000
1945 Polynesian Wayne D. Wright Morris H. Dixon Gertrude T. Widener 1+3161:58.80$110,000
1944 Pensive Conn McCreary Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1+3161:59.20$100,000
1943 Count Fleet Johnny Longden Don Cameron Fannie Hertz 1+3161:57.40$75,000
1942 Alsab Basil James Sarge SwenkeMrs. Albert Sabath1+3161:57.00$100,000
1941 Whirlaway Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1+3161:58.80$75,000
1940 Bimelech Fred A. Smith William A. Hurley Edward R. Bradley 1+3161:58.60$75,000
1939 Challedon George Seabo Louis Schaefer William L. Brann 1+3161:59.80$75,000
1938 Dauber Maurice Peters Richard E. Handlen Foxcatcher Farms 1+3161:59.80$75,000
1937 War Admiral Charley Kurtsinger George Conway Glen Riddle Farm 1+3161:58.40$75,000
1936 Bold Venture George Woolf Max Hirsch Morton L. Schwartz 1+3161:59.00$50,000
1935 Omaha Willie Saunders Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1+3161:58.40$50,000
1934 High Quest Robert Jones Robert Augustus Smith Brookmeade Stable 1+3161:58.20$50,000
1933 Head Play Charley Kurtsinger Thomas P. Hayes Suzanne Mason 1+3162:02.00$50,000
1932 Burgoo King Eugene James H. J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 1+3161:59.80$90,000
1931 Mate George Ellis James W. Healy Albert C. Bostwick Jr. 1+3161:59.00$90,000
1930 Gallant Fox Earl Sande Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1+3162:00.60$90,000
1929 Dr. Freeland Louis Schaefer Thomas J. Healey Walter J. Salmon Sr. 1+3162:01.60$90,000
1928 Victorian Raymond Workman James G. Rowe Jr. Harry P. Whitney 1+3162:00.20$90,000
1927 Bostonian Whitey Abel Fred Hopkins Harry P. Whitney 1+3162:01.60$100,000
1926 Display John Maiben Thomas J. Healey Walter J. Salmon Sr. 1+3161:59.80$90,000
1925 Coventry Clarence Kummer William B. Duke Gifford A. Cochran 1+3161:59.00$90,000
1924 Nellie Morse  John Merimee Albert B. Gordon Bud Fisher 1+181:57.20$90,000
1923 Vigil Benny Marinelli Thomas J. Healey Walter J. Salmon Sr. 1+181:53.60$90,000
1922 Pillory Louis Morris Thomas J. Healey Richard T. Wilson Jr. 1+181:51.60$90,000
1921 Broomspun Frank Coltiletti James G. Rowe Sr. Harry P. Whitney 1+181:54.20$75,000
1920 Man o' War Clarence Kummer Louis Feustel Glen Riddle Farm 1+181:51.60$40,000
1919 Sir Barton Johnny Loftus H. Guy Bedwell J. K. L. Ross 1+181:53.00$40,000
1918 War Cloud Johnny Loftus Walter B. Jennings A. Kingsley Macomber 1+181:53.60$20,000
1918 Jack Hare Jr. Charles Peak Frank D. Weir William E. Applegate1+181:53.40$20,000
1917 Kalitan Everett Haynes Bill Hurley Edward R. Bradley 1+181:54.40$7,500
1916 Damrosch Linus McAtee Albert G. Weston J. K. L. Ross 1+181:54.80$2,000
1915 Rhine Maiden   Douglas Hoffman Frank DeversEdward F. Whitney1+181:58.00$2,000
1914 Holiday Andy Schuttinger J. Simon Healy Mrs. Archibald Barklie1+181:53.80$2,000
1913 Buskin James Butwell John Whalen John Whalen1+181:53.40$3,000
1912 Colonel Holloway Clarence Turner Dave WoodfordBeverwyck Stable1+181:56.60$2,500
1911 Watervale Eddie Dugan John Whalen August Belmont Jr. 1+181:51.00$4,500
1910 Layminster Roy Estep J. Simon Healy Edward B. Cassatt 1 mile1:40.60$5,500
1909 Effendi Willie Doyle Frank C. FrisbieW. T. Ryan1 mile1:39.80$5,500
1908 Royal Tourist Eddie Dugan A. Jack Joyner Harry P. Whitney 1+1161:46.40$4,000
1907 Don Enrique George Mountain A. Jack Joyner August Belmont Jr. 1 mile 70 yards1:45.40$3,800
1906 Whimsical   Walter Miller Tim J. Gaynor Tim J. Gaynor1 mile 70 yards1:45.00$3,800
1905 Cairngorm Willie Davis A. Jack Joyner Sydney Paget 1 mile 70 yards1:45.80$3,600
1904 Bryn Mawr Gene Hildebrand W. Fred Presgrave Goughacres Stable1 mile 70 yards1:44.20$3,800
1903 Flocarline   William Gannon Henry C. Riddle Myron H. Tichenor1 mile 70 yards1:44.80$3,000
1902 Old England Lee Jackson Green B. Morris Green B. Morris1 mile 70 yards1:45.80$3,750
1901 The Parader Frank Landry Thomas J. Healey Richard T. Wilson Jr. 1 mile 70 yards1:47.20$2,650
1900 Hindus Henry Spencer John H. Morris George J. Long 1+1161:48.40$3,000
1899 Half Time Richard Clawson Frank McCabe Philip J. Dwyer 1+1161:47.00$2,500
1898 Sly Fox Willie Simms Hardy Campbell Jr. Charles F. Dwyer1+1161:49.75$2,400
1897 Paul Kauvar T. Thorpe Thomas P. Hayes Thomas P. Hayes1+1161:51.25$2,400
1896 Margrave Henry Griffin Byron McClelland August Belmont Jr. 1+1161:51.00$2,250
1895 Belmar Fred Taral Edward Feakes Preakness Stables 1+1161:50.50$2,250
1894 Assignee Fred Taral William Lakeland James & Foxhall Keene 1+1161:49.25$3,000
1893no race held
1892no race held
1891no race held
1890 Montague Willie Martin Edward Feakes Preakness Stables 1+122:36.75$2,000
1889 Buddhist George Anderson John W. Rogers Samuel S. Brown 1+142:17.50$2,000
1888 Refund Fred Littlefield R. W. Walden R. W. Walden 1+122:49.00$2,000
1887 Dunboyne William Donohue William Jennings Sr. William Jennings Sr.1+122:39.50$2,500
1886 The Bard Sam H. Fisher John Huggins A. J. Cassatt 1+122:45.00$3,000
1885 Tecumseh Jim McLaughlin Charles S. Littlefield W. Donohue1+122:49.00$3,000
1884 Knight of Ellerslie Sam H. Fisher Thomas Doswell Richard J. Hancock & Thomas Doswell1+122:39.50$3,000
1883 Jacobus George Barbee Richard Dwyer James E. Kelley1+122:42.50$2,500
1882 Vanguard Tom Costello R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 1+122:44.50$2,000
1881 Saunterer Tom Costello R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 1+122:40.50$3,000
1880 Grenada Lloyd Hughes R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 1+122:40.50$3,000
1879 Harold Lloyd Hughes R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 1+122:40.50$4,000
1878 Duke of Magenta Cyrus Holloway R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 1+122:41.75$3,500
1877 Cloverbrook Cyrus Holloway Jeter Walden Edward A. Clabaugh1+122:45.50$2,500
1876 Shirley George Barbee William Brown Pierre Lorillard IV 1+122:44.75$3,000
1875 Tom Ochiltree Lloyd Hughes R. W. Walden John F. Chamberlain1+122:43.50$3,000
1874 Culpepper William Donohue Hugh GaffneyHugh Gaffney1+122:56.50$3,000
1873 Survivor George Barbee A. Davis PryorJohn F. Chamberlain1+122:43.00$3,000
Timed to 14 second 1873 to 1899, to 15 second 1900 to 2002, to 0.01 second since 2003.
All winners have been three years old, except Montague in 1890 who was five years old. [5]

A designates a filly.
§ D. Wayne Lukas swept the 1995 Triple Crown with two different horses. [65]

Sire lines

Preakness Stakes winners with male-line descendants including other Preakness Stakes winners

See also

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The Kentucky Derby is a horse race held annually in Louisville, Kentucky, United States, almost always on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival. The competition is a Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds at a distance of one and a quarter miles (2.0 km) at Churchill Downs. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds and fillies 121 pounds.

Belmont Stakes American stakes race for Thoroughbreds, part of the Triple Crown

The Belmont Stakes is an American Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds run at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York. Colts and geldings carry a weight of 126 pounds (57 kg); fillies carry 121 pounds (55 kg). The race, nicknamed The Test of the Champion and The Run for the Carnations, is the traditional third and final leg of the Triple Crown. It is usually held on the first or second Saturday in June, five weeks after the Kentucky Derby and three weeks after the Preakness Stakes. The 1973 Belmont Stakes and Triple Crown winner Secretariat holds the mile and a half stakes record of 2:24.

Mr. Prospector American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Mr. Prospector was a Thoroughbred racehorse who became an outstanding breeding stallion and notable sire of sires. A sprinter whose career was cut short by repeated injuries, he won seven of his 14 starts, including the Gravesend Handicap at Aqueduct Racetrack and the Whirlaway Handicap at Garden State Park.

La Troienne (1926–1954) was one of the most famous and influential Thoroughbred broodmares in twentieth century America. She produced 10 winners including two Hall of Fame inductees while at stud, while her daughters in turn produced many notable offspring. In 2000, pedigree expert Janeen Oliver designated her as the taproot of family 1-x, a designation that was implemented by the Pedigree Online Thoroughbred Database in 2003. Recent matrilineal descendants include 2003 Horse of the Year Mineshaft, Japanese Triple Crown winner Contrail (2020), Kentucky Derby winners Smarty Jones (2004) and Super Saver (2010) and Belmont Stakes winner Essential Quality (2021).

Lil E. Tee was an American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse who in 1992 scored one of the biggest upsets in the history of the Kentucky Derby.

Summer Squall was an American thoroughbred racehorse and sire, best known for his win in the 1990 Preakness Stakes, and his rivalry with Unbridled, whom he defeated in four of their six meetings. He later became a successful breeding stallion siring the Kentucky Derby winner Charismatic.

The Federico Tesio Stakes is an American Thoroughbred horse race held annually at Laurel Park in Laurel, Maryland over a distance of 1+18 miles on the dirt for three-year-old horses.

Natalma was an American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse best known as the dam (mother) of the most important sire, and sire of sires, of the late 20th Century, Northern Dancer. She also established a highly influential female family, which has produced other leading sires Machiavellian and Danehill, plus numerous other stakes winners. Natalma was inducted into the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame in 2007.

Pillory was an American Thoroughbred racehorse.

Deputed Testamony was an American Thoroughbred racehorse best known for winning the Preakness Stakes. Deputed Testamony is the last of eight Maryland-breds to win the Preakness Stakes and is one of only eleven colts from the state to win a Triple Crown race. Upon the death of Danzig Connection in 2010, he became the last living thoroughbred to win a Triple Crown race during the decade of the 1980s. Deputed Testamony died on September 18, 2012, aged 32.

Shackleford (horse) American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Shackleford is a chestnut Thoroughbred racehorse who won the 2011 Preakness Stakes. He also finished second in the 2011 Breeders' Cup Dirt Mile and won the Metropolitan Handicap and Clark Handicap in 2012.

Buskin was an American Thoroughbred racehorse is best known for winning the 1913 Preakness Stakes. Owned and trained by Mr. John Whalen, he was sired by Hamburg. Buskin was out of the mare Slippers, a daughter of Meddler.

Effendi was an American Thoroughbred racehorse is best known for winning the 1909 Preakness Stakes. Owned by Mr. W. T. Ryan, he was sired by Previous. Efendi was out of the mare Hatasoo, a daughter of Albert.

Hindus was an American Thoroughbred racehorse best known for winning the 1900 Preakness Stakes. Bred and raced by George J. Long, he was sired by Volante, winner of the 1885 American Derby. Hindus was out of the mare Ignite, a daughter of Woodlands.

Eastern Fleet was an American Thoroughbred racehorse foaled on May 14, 1968. Bred by Calumet Farm and E. B. Benjamin, he was sired by Fleet Nasrullah and was a grandson of Nasrullah. He was out of a Bull Lea mare, Amoret. Eastern Fleet is best remembered for winning the grade 1 Florida Derby and finishing second in the $200,000 grade 1 Preakness Stakes to Canonero II.

American Pharoah American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

American Pharoah is an American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the American Triple Crown and the Breeders' Cup Classic in 2015. He was the 12th Triple Crown winner in history, and in winning all four races, became the first horse to win the Grand Slam of Thoroughbred racing. He won the 2015 Eclipse Award for Horse of the Year and 2015 Champion three-year-old. He was bred and owned throughout his racing career by Ahmed Zayat of Zayat Stables, trained by Bob Baffert, and ridden in most of his races by Victor Espinoza. He now stands at stud at Ashford Stud in Kentucky.

Cloud Computing (horse) American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Cloud Computing is an American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the 2017 Preakness Stakes in only his fourth start.

War of Will (horse) American racehorse

War of Will is a champion American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the 2019 Preakness Stakes and is one of only three modern-day racehorses to win a Grade One winner on dirt and turf. He also won the 2019 Lecomte Stakes, 2019 Risen Star Stakes, and 2020 Maker's Mark Mile Stakes.

Essential Quality is a champion American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the 2021 Belmont Stakes and was the 2020 American Champion Two-Year-Old after an undefeated season topped by the Breeders' Cup Juvenile. He also won the 2020 Breeders' Futurity Stakes, 2021 Southwest Stakes, 2021 Blue Grass Stakes, and came a game fourth in the 2021 Kentucky Derby after stumbling at the break and getting a bad trip.

Medina Spirit is an American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the 2021 Kentucky Derby under suspicious circumstances. An ongoing investigation will determine whether he is the official winner. He qualified for the race by winning the Robert B. Lewis Stakes and finishing second in both the San Felipe Stakes and Santa Anita Derby. He also came third in the 2021 Preakness Stakes.

References

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  80. 1 2 Assault Pedigree
  81. Damascus Pedigree
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  85. Montague
  86. Tom Ochiltree
  87. Shirley
  88. Cloverbrook
  89. Duke of Magenta
  90. Dunboyne
  91. Hindus
  92. Kalitan
  93. Survivor
  94. Vanguard
  95. Buddhist
  96. Half Time
  97. Buskin
  98. "Matchem Sire Line". www.bloodlines.net.
  99. Tecumseh
  100. Assignee
  101. Don Enrique
  102. Man O War
  103. Display
  104. Head Play
  105. 1 2 War Admiral Pedigree
  106. Native Dancer Pedigree
  107. 1 2 Kauai King Pedigree
  108. 1 2 Majestic Prince Pedigree
  109. 1 2 Little Current Pedigree
  110. 1 2 Affirmed Pedigree
  111. 1 2 Tanks Prospect Pedigree
  112. 1 2 Alysheba Pedigree
  113. 1 2 Hansel Pedigree
  114. 1 2 Timber Country Pedigree
  115. 1 2 Real Quiet Pedigree
  116. 1 2 Red Bullet Pedigree
  117. 1 2 Point Given Pedigree
  118. 1 2 War Emblem Pedigree
  119. 1 2 Funny Cide Pedigree
  120. 1 2 Smarty Jones Pedigree
  121. 1 2 Afleet Alex Pedigree
  122. 1 2 Curlin Pedigree
  123. 1 2 Lookin at Lucky Pedigree
  124. 1 2 I'll Have Another Pedigree
  125. 1 2 American Pharoah Pedigree
  126. 1 2 3 Exaggerator Pedigree
  127. 1 2 Cloud Computing Pedigree
  128. 1 2 Rombauer Pedigree
  129. Gate Dancer Pedigree
  130. Summer Squall Pedigree
  131. Pine Bluff Pedigree
  132. Tabasco Cat Pedigree
  133. Charismatic Pedigree
  134. 1 2 Charismatic Pedigree
  135. Big Brown Pedigree
  136. Rachel Alexandra Pedigree
  137. Shackleford Pedigree
  138. Oxbow Pedigree
  139. Justify Pedigree
  140. War of Will Pedigree
  141. Secretariat Pedigree
  142. Master Derby Pedigree
  143. Seattle Slew Pedigree
  144. Spectacular Bid Pedigree
  145. 1 2 Risen Star Pedigree
  146. 1 2 Bernardini Pedigree
  147. 1 2 California Chrome Pedigree
  148. Omaha Pedigree
  149. Fabius Pedigree