Prelude for Organ (Messiaen)

Last updated
Prélude
by Olivier Messiaen
Messiaen Harcourt 1937.jpg
Olivier Messiaen in 1937
ComposedUnknown, probably 1929 (1929): Paris
Published2002 (2002): Paris
ScoringOrgan

The Prelude for Organ (French : Prélude pour orgue), sometimes also known as Prélude, is an organ composition by French composer Olivier Messiaen. It was published posthumously in 2002.

Contents

Background

This prelude was discovered by Yvonne Loriod in 1997, together with the Offrande au Saint-Sacrement . The date of composition is unknown and its origin is subject to much speculation. On the one hand, organist and Messiaen performer Olivier Latry suggested that Messiaen composed the Prélude when he was an organ student at the Paris Conservatory, as it was one of the few places where he could play an unusually large organ with a keyboard extending to C6 (61 notes) and a pedal board extending to G4 (32 notes). He also explained the work might have been contemporary with his Diptyque , around 1929, since it has a similarly agitated and virtuosistic style. [1] Scholar Christopher Brent Murray, on the other hand, believes that the Prélude may have been composed in January 1928. According to Murray, Messiaen may have referred to the piece as the Conservatory examination submission. [2] It was published by Editions Alphonse Leduc in 2002. [3]

Structure

The piece has a duration of 9 minutes and a total of 89 bars. It is in E major and has an unchanging time signature of 7
8
. According to double bar separation, the piece has three sections: a very short first section which is marked "Sans hâte" (Without haste), a second section marked "Lent" (Slow) starting at bar 4, and a lengthy third section marked "Modéré, presque vif" (Moderate, almost quick) starting at bar 17, which contains the development, the recapitulation, and the coda. These three sections are also divided by fermatas. [3]

Recordings

Since this piece was not initially intended for publication and was probably discarded as juvenilia, it has not been performed very often and remains one of the lesser known works by Messiaen. Here is a list of notable recordings of the piece:

OrganRecord companyYear of recordingFormat
Olivier Latry Deutsche Grammophon2002CD [4]

Related Research Articles

Olivier Messiaen French composer, organist and ornithologist (1908–1992)

Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist who was one of the major composers of the 20th century. His music is rhythmically complex; harmonically and melodically he employs a system he called modes of limited transposition, which he abstracted from the systems of material generated by his early compositions and improvisations. He wrote music for chamber ensembles and orchestra, vocal music, as well as for solo organ and piano, and also experimented with the use of novel electronic instruments developed in Europe during his lifetime.

Naji Subhy Paul Irénée Hakim is a Lebanese-French organist, composer, and improviser. He studied under Jean Langlais, and succeeded Olivier Messiaen as titular organist at the Église de la Sainte-Trinité, Paris.

Pierre Cochereau Musical artist

Pierre Eugène Charles Cochereau was a French organist, improviser, composer, and pedagogue.

Jeanne Demessieux Musical artist

Jeanne Marie-Madeleine Demessieux was a French organist, pianist, composer, and teacher. She was the chief organist at Saint-Esprit for 29 years and at La Madeleine in Paris starting in 1962. She performed internationally as a concert organist and was the first female organist to sign a record contract. She went on to record many organ works, including her own compositions.

Olivier Latry French musician

Olivier Jean-Claude Latry is a French organist, improviser, and composer. He currently serves as professor of organ at the Conservatoire de Paris alongside Thomas Ospital.

André Edouard Antoine Marie Fleury was a French composer, pianist, organist, and pedagogue.

Rolande Roberte Ginabat-Falcinelli was a French organist, pianist, composer, and music educator.

L'Ascension is a piece for orchestra, composed by Olivier Messiaen in 1932–33. Messiaen described it as "4 meditations for orchestra".

Daniel Roth (organist)

François Daniel Roth is a French organist, composer, musicologist, and pedagogue. He currently serves as one of two cotitular organists at the church of Saint-Sulpice in France's capital, Paris, alongside Sophie-Véronique Cauchefer-Choplin.

Thierry Escaich French organist and composer (born 1965)

Thierry Joseph-Louis Escaich is a French organist and composer.

Jean-Pierre Leguay French organist, composer and improviser (born 1939)

Jean-Pierre Leguay is a French organist, composer and improviser. He studied with André Marchal, Gaston Litaize, Rolande Falcinelli (organ), Simone Plé-Caussade (counterpoint), and Olivier Messiaen (composition), before serving as titular organist at Notre-Dame-des-Champs, Paris from 1961 to 1984. In 1985 he was named a titular organist at the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris, alongside Olivier Latry, Yves Devernay and Philippe Lefebvre.

Quatre Études de rythme is a set of four piano compositions by Olivier Messiaen, written in 1949 and 1950. A performance of them lasts between 15 and 20 minutes.

Jean-Louis Florentz was a French composer.

<i>O sacrum convivium!</i> Choral composition by Olivier Messiaen

O sacrum convivium! is a short offertory motet for four-part mixed chorus by French composer Olivier Messiaen, setting "O sacrum convivium". It was composed and published in 1937.

<i>Verset pour la fête de la Dédicace</i> Composition by Olivier Messiaen

The Verset pour la fête de la Dédicace is a short composition for organ by French composer Olivier Messiaen. It was completed in 1960.

<i>Monodie</i> Composition by Olivier Messiaen

Monodie is a short composition for organ by French composer Olivier Messiaen.

<i>Diptyque</i> (Messiaen) Composition for organ by Olivier Messiaen

Diptyque : essai sur la vie terrestre et l'éternité bienheureuse is a piece for organ by French composer Olivier Messiaen.

<i>Offrande au Saint-Sacrement</i> Composition for organ by Olivier Messiaen

Offrande au Saint-Sacrement is a composition for organ by French composer Olivier Messiaen. It was posthumously published in 2001.

Bruno Mathieu French organist

Bruno Mathieu is a French organist. He studied organ with Jean Langlais, Suzanne Chaisemartin, Jean Guillou, Marie-Claire Alain, and composition with Pierre Lantier, as well as piano with France Clidat and Gisèle Kühn. He is the organist of the Church of Saint-Justin de Levallois-Perret.

References

  1. Benitez, Vincent (2007). Olivier Messiaen: A Research and Information Guide. Routledge. ISBN   978-1-135-87130-7 . Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  2. Murray, Christopher (2010). Le développement du langage musical d'Olivier Messiaen — Traditions, emprunts, expériences. Lyon: Université-Lumière Lyon. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  3. 1 2 Messiaen, Olivier (2002). Prélude pour orgue. Paris: Alphonse Leduc & Cie. ISMN  9790046294143. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  4. "MESSIAEN Complete Organ Works Latry". www.deutschegrammophon.com. Retrieved 19 August 2020.