Prescot

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Prescot
Town
St Mary's Church, Prescot.jpg
St Mary's Church, Prescot
Merseyside UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Prescot
Location within Merseyside
Population11,184 (2001 Census) [1]
OS grid reference SJ4692
Civil parish
  • Prescot
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PRESCOT
Postcode district L34/L35
Dialling code 0151
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside
53°25′19″N2°48′50″W / 53.4220°N 2.8140°W / 53.4220; -2.8140 Coordinates: 53°25′19″N2°48′50″W / 53.4220°N 2.8140°W / 53.4220; -2.8140

Prescot is a town and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside, England. Within the boundaries of the historic county of Lancashire, it lies about eight miles (13 km) to the east of Liverpool city centre. At the 2001 Census, the civil parish population was 11,184 (5,265 males, 5,919 females). [1] The population of the larger Prescot East and West wards at the 2011 census totalled 14,139. [2] [3] Prescot marks the beginning of the A58 road which runs through to Wetherby, near Leeds in West Yorkshire. The town is served by Prescot railway station and Eccleston Park railway station in neighbouring Eccleston.

Contents

History

Prescot's name is believed to be derived from the Anglo-Saxon prēost "priest" + cot "cot", meaning a cottage or small house owned or inhabited by a priest, a "priest-cottage". (ME prest, preste, priest, OE prēost, LL presbyter, Gk πρεσβύτερος presbýteros "elder, priest"). [4]

In the 14th century, William Dacre, 2nd Baron Dacre, obtained a charter for the holding of a three-day market and moveable fair at Prescot, to begin on the Wednesday following Corpus Christi. [5]

From the mid-1590s to 1609, Prescot was home to the Prescot Playhouse, a purpose-built Shakespearean theatre, probably located on Eccleston Street. [6] In the sixteenth century it was a small town of about 400 inhabitants, and not much bigger by the late seventeenth century. [7]

During the 18th and 19th centuries it was at the centre of the watch and clock making industry. This ended with the failure of the Lancashire Watch Company in 1910. In later years the BICC company was the primary industrial employer in the town. BICC ceased operations in Prescot in the early 1990s before the site was demolished and later cleared. The land remained desolate until the year 2000 when it was then regenerated into what is now known as Cables Retail Park, the name of which is a reference to the BICC and the history of the site on which it was built. [8]

Governance

Prescot has historically lain within the historic county of Lancashire. The town was contained in the Prescot Urban District in the administrative county of Lancashire from 1894. When the administrative counties were abolished in 1974 the district became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in the metropolitan county of Merseyside. It is currently served by Prescot Town Council.

Churches

The centre of Prescot has seven churches. Dominating the skyline is the 17th-century Prescot Parish Church of St Mary's is the only Grade I listed building in the borough of Knowsley. Tucked away behind St Mary's is the Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady and St Joseph designed by Joseph Aloysius Hansom inventor of the Hansom Cab. Prescot Methodist Church celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2009, but the building has since been converted into apartments. The congregation continues to exist, however, meeting in the adjacent church hall, known as Prescot Methodist Centre which has now been converted into a church. Also in the town are a Salvation Army church, an Elim Pentecostal church (Prescot Community Church), a Plymouth Brethren Gospel Hall and the Zion Independent Methodist Church. Outside the centre, in the Portico area of the town is the Catholic Our Lady Help of Christians Church.

Places of worship shut down or moved over the past 20 years include the United Reformed church, the Kingdom Hall (Jehovah's Witnesses) and an independent charismatic church called simply Prescot Christian Fellowship.

Tourism, leisure and places of interest

Prescot Museum houses a permanent exhibition about the history of clock- and watch-making in the town, and several temporary exhibitions per year. The Georgian building is now also home to Knowsley Council's Arts and Events Service.

On the edge of the town is the famous estate of Lord Derby, which includes Knowsley Safari Park.

In recent years, a number of cultural and arts events have been established in the town, including the annual 10-day Prescot Festival of Music and the Arts and an annual Elizabethan Fayre.

The Shakespeare North Trust promotes William Shakespeare's historic connection with the town, a subject being researched at Liverpool's John Moores University. Inspired by the historic Prescot Playhouse, the Trust plans to build the Shakespeare North complex in Prescot, including a Shakespearean playhouse and an educational centre. [9] In April 2016, Knowsley Council granted planning permission for the new playhouse. [10] It is expected that construction work on the new The Shakespeare North Playhouse will be completed in spring 2022.

Stone Street,( 53°25′45″N2°48′17″W / 53.42917°N 2.80472°W / 53.42917; -2.80472 ) running between High Street and Eccleston Street, is just 26 inches wide at its southern end and is one of the narrowest streets in Britain.

Sport

The area's local football team Prescot Cables currently play in the Northern Premier League Division One at Valerie Park. Prescot & Odyssey Cricket Club is located near Knowsley Safari Park.

Historic estates

The estate of Parr [11] was within the ancient ecclesiastical parish of Prescot in modern-day Parr, St Helens. This was the original seat of the Parr family, of which Queen Katherine Parr, the last wife of King Henry VIII, was a member.

Notable residents

See also

Related Research Articles

Merseyside County of England

Merseyside is a metropolitan and ceremonial county in North West England, with a population of 1.38 million. It encompasses the metropolitan area centred on both banks of the lower reaches of the Mersey Estuary and comprises five metropolitan boroughs: Knowsley, St Helens, Sefton, Wirral and the city of Liverpool. Merseyside, which was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972, takes its name from the River Mersey and sits within the historic counties of Lancashire and Cheshire.

Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley Metropolitan borough in England

The Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley is a metropolitan borough of Merseyside, England. It comprises the towns and districts of Kirkby, Prescot, Huyton, Whiston, Halewood, Cronton and Stockbridge Village; Kirkby, Huyton, and Prescot being the major commercial centres. It takes its name from the village of Knowsley, though its headquarters are in Huyton. It forms part of the wider Liverpool City Region.

Halewood Human settlement in England

Halewood is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside, England. It lies near the city of Liverpool's southeastern boundary, bordered by the suburbs of Netherley, Hunt's Cross and Woolton.

Metropolitan Borough of St Helens Metropolitan borough in England

The Metropolitan Borough of St Helens is a metropolitan borough in the ceremonial county of Merseyside and historic county of Lancashire, in North West England. It is named after its largest town St Helens, and covers an area which also includes the settlements of Earlestown, Rainhill, Eccleston, Clock Face, Haydock, Billinge, Rainford and Newton-le-Willows.

West Derby Hundred

The West Derby Hundred is one of the six subdivisions of the historic county of Lancashire, in northern England. Its name alludes to its judicial centre being the township of West Derby.

Whiston, Merseyside Town in England

Whiston is a town and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside, England. Within the boundaries of the historic county of Lancashire, it is located 8 miles (12.8 km) east of Liverpool and 3 miles (4.8 km) south-west of St Helens. The population was recorded as 13,629 at the 2001 Census, increasing to 14,263 at the 2011 Census.

St Helens, Merseyside Town in England

St Helens is a large town in Merseyside, England, with a population of 102,629. It is the administrative centre of the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens, which had a population of 176,843 at the 2001 Census.

Whiston Rural District was a rural district of the administrative county of Lancashire, England. It was created in 1895 by renaming the Prescot Rural District when the parish of Prescot was removed from that rural district and created a separate urban district. Later the parish of Speke was incorporated into the City of Liverpool and Ditton into the Municipal Borough of Widnes. In 1922 the parish of Kirkby was added from the disbanded Sefton Rural District and removed again in 1958 when it was created a separate urban district. It was named after and administered from Whiston. In 1934 and 1954 parts of Windle and Eccleston were removed and placed in St Helens CB

Eccleston, St Helens Village and Civil Parish in England

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Knowsley, Merseyside Village in England

Knowsley is a large village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, Merseyside, England, commonly known as Knowsley Village.

Grade I, Grade II* and notable Grade IIlisted buildings in the metropolitan boroughs of Knowsley, Liverpool, Sefton, St Helens and Wirral in Merseyside.

The Prescot School Academy in Prescot, Merseyside, England

The Prescot School is a coeducational secondary school located in Prescot, Merseyside, England. It was previously called Prescot Grammar School. It was announced in late 2015 by the headteacher, Judy Walker, that the historic name and the link to the school's near half-millennium of tradition was being restored as a consequence of a successful application by the school for academy status. The official opening of the reformed school was on the 28th of April.

Huyton (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950–1983

Huyton was a former constituency for the House of Commons. Created in 1950, it was centred on Huyton in Lancashire, North West England, just beyond the borders of the city of Liverpool. The only MP was frontbench Labour politician, Harold Wilson who while representing the seat became Leader of the Labour Party in 1963 and Prime Minister from 1964 to 1970 and again from 1974 to 1976.

Sutton, St Helens Location in England

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The Prescot Playhouse was an Elizabethan theatre in the town of Prescot, which was then in Lancashire. The playhouse was built before 1603, probably in the mid-1590s, and probably remained in theatrical use until 1609. It was one of the few free-standing theatres in England outside London, and probably hosted performances by the playing companies maintained by the Earls of Derby.

History of St Helens, Merseyside

St Helens is a large town and the administrative seat of the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens in Merseyside, England. The town was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1868, responsible for the administration of the four townships and manors of Eccleston, Parr, Sutton and Windle. In 1887 this role was expanded to a county borough, which was superseded in 1974 by the larger metropolitan borough.

Prescot is a civil parish in Knowsley, Merseyside, England. It contains 24 buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England as designated listed buildings. Of these, one is listed at Grade I, the highest of the three grades, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade. The parish contains the town of Prescot, which from the middle of the 18th century to the middle of the 19th century was of national importance as a centre of the watch-making industry. This industry is reflected in some of the listed buildings that include workshops, some of which are detached and some are integrated into houses. There is also a large former watch-making factory, and the town's museum contains a reconstructed watchmaker's workshop. The other listed buildings include houses and associated structures, a public house, a former cinema, and two churches.

The Shakespeare North Playhouse in Prescot, Merseyside, in the north of England is planned as both a cultural and educational venue. Now under construction on site, the development will include a 320-seat main auditorium, a modern studio space, outdoor performance garden, exhibition and visitor centre. It is scheduled to open in 2022 with Evelyn Community Primary School's production of The Wizard of Oz directed, produced, designed and choreographed by Samuel King.

References

  1. 1 2 2001 Census: Prescot, Office for National Statistics, archived from the original on 29 June 2011, retrieved 26 May 2008
  2. "Prescot East Ward population 2011" . Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  3. "Prescot West Ward population 2011" . Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  4. Prescot Origins and History, Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, retrieved 29 December 2005
  5. Edward Baines, William Robert Whatton, Brooke Herford, James Croston, The history of the county palatine and duchy of Lancaster, vol. 5 (J. Heywood, 1893), p. 2
  6. Graham, Elspeth; Tyler, Rosemary (2011). ""So Unbridled & Badde an Handfull of England": The Social and Cultural Ecology of the Elizabethan Playhouse in Prescot". In Benbough-Jackson, Mike; Davies, Sam (eds.). Merseyside: Culture and Place. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 109–139. ISBN   1-4438-2964-1.
  7. Steel, Thomas (2002). Prescot Churchwardens' Accounts. Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. pp. xii. ISBN   0 902593 48 X.
  8. BICC was Prescot, Prescot was BICC, archived from the original on 21 July 2006, retrieved 9 June 2006
  9. 1 2 3 Paton, Maureen (26 March 2007), "Shakespeare's Globe goes North", The Daily Telegraph , London, retrieved 26 April 2016
  10. Snow, Georgia (22 April 2016). "£19m Merseyside Shakespeare theatre gets green light". The Stage . Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  11. G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage , n.s., Vol.IX, p. 669
  12. biographic detail at vic.gov.au
  13. Crockfords Clerical Directory for 1931 OUP (1931) p1059