President of Bulgaria

Last updated
President of Bulgaria
Президент на България
Coat of arms of Bulgaria.svg
Rumen Radev official portrait (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Rumen Radev
since 22 January 2017
Style His Excellency
Residence Largo, Sofia (office), Boyana  [ bg ] (residential)
Appointer Popular vote
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Petar Mladenov
as Chairman (President) of the Republic
Zhelyu Zhelev
Formation3 April 1990
Deputy Vice President
Salary11 044 leva per month [1]
Website www.president.bg

The president of the Republic of Bulgaria is the head of state of Bulgaria and the commander-in-chief of the Bulgarian Army. The official residence of the president is at Boyana Residence, Sofia. After the completion of the second round of voting, candidate Rumen Radev was elected President of Bulgaria on 13 November 2016.

Contents

In Bulgaria, the president's role is primarily as a symbolic figure, with the main function being to be the 'arbitrator' of disputes between Bulgaria's different institutions. They are not considered head of government or part of the nation's executive power. However, in the absence of a prime minister, presidents are in charge of appointing an interim administration, giving them considerable influence over the government during such periods (Zhelyu Zhelev in 1994-95; Petar Stoyanov in 1997; Rosen Plevneliev in 2013 and 2014; and Rumen Radev in 2017, 2021, and since 2022). The president is elected for a five-year term, which is renewable only once. After an individual has served two terms as president, that individual will forever be barred from being elected to the presidency again under the rules set out by Bulgaria's Constitution. [2] The president addresses the nation on national television annually on New Year's Eve, just moments before the start of the new year. [3]

Election

Eligibility for election

For a Bulgarian citizen to be able to run for the office of President of Bulgaria, they must fulfil the following conditions: [2]

Electoral system

The president is elected directly by the Bulgarian people in a two-round majoritarian election. If a candidate manages to obtain more than 50% of the vote and the voter turnout was at least 50% in the first round, that candidate is elected. If no candidate manages to obtain more than 50% of the vote or the voter turnout was lower than 50% in the first round, then the two top-performing candidates face off in a second round with first-past-the-post voting, with the candidate receiving the larger number of votes considered elected. [lower-alpha 1] [2]

Restrictions

The president is banned from also being a member of the National Assembly, as well taking on any other government, public or private offices for the duration of his term. The president is also constitutionally forbidden from being involved in a leadership position of a political party while in office. [2] In practice, despite the fact that most candidates for president are elected from a political party's list [4] and despite the fact that the Constitution doesn't forbid the president from being an ordinary member of a political party, it is widely expected in Bulgarian society that the president-elect renounce all affiliations with political parties once elected and serve as an independent politician. [5] [6] [7]

Powers and privileges

The president of Bulgaria has a number of functions and powers that are regulated in Chapter 4 of the 1991 Constitution of Bulgaria. The president is elected directly by a popular vote for a period of five years which is renewable.

Presidential powers

The following powers belong to the president of Bulgaria: [2]

Immunity

The president enjoys blanket legal immunity during his tenure and is not held responsible for any act performed while on duty, with the exception of treason or violation of the Bulgarian constitution. His authority may only be stripped via impeachment and may not be removed by any other institution. The president cannot be detained and may not be prosecuted. [2]

Vice president

The president is assisted in these duties by the vice president of Bulgaria. The vice president replaces the president in case of absence. Only upon early termination of office of the vice president will assume the duties of president until elections are held. The Constitution permits the president to delegate to the vice president the powers to appoint and dismiss certain officials, issue pardons and amnesty, provide citizenship and refugee status, but does not allow the president to delegate any of his other powers., enjoys the same privileges of immunity as the president and can only be dismissed from his office under the same procedures as those regarding the president. [2]

Termination of office

According to the constitution, the mandate of the president is completed if and when: [2]

Impeachment

Impeachment can only begin if the president has committed treason or has violated the Constitution of Bulgaria. Impeachment starts after at least a quarter of the members of the National Assembly deposit an accusatory act before the assembly. The act must then be approved by a supermajority of 2/3 of all elected representatives in order to be accepted. If accepted, the case is referred to the Constitutional Court of Bulgaria, which must decide within a one-month time span whether or not the president is guilty of the crime he has been accused of by the Assembly. If the constitutional court finds that the president has committed treason or violated the constitution, as per the accusatory act, then the president is considered successfully impeached and is stripped of his authority. [2]

Bulgarian presidential line of succession

Latest election

CandidateRunning matePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes%Votes%
Rumen Radev Iliana Iotova Independent (BSPzB, PP, ITN, IBG-NI)1,322,38549.421,539,65066.72
Anastas Gerdzhikov Nevyana Miteva Independent (GERBSDS)610,86222.83733,79131.80
Mustafa Karadayi Iskra Mihaylova Movement for Rights and Freedoms 309,68111.57
Kostadin Kostadinov Elena Guncheva Revival 104,8323.92
Lozan Panov Maria Kasimova Independent (Democratic Bulgaria)98,4883.68
Luna YordanovaIglena IlievaIndependent21,7330.81
Volen Siderov Magdalena Tasheva Attack 14,7920.55
Svetoslav Vitkov Veselin Belokonski People's Voice 13,9720.52
Milen Mihov Mariya Tsvetkova IMRO – Bulgarian National Movement 13,3760.50
Rosen MilenovIvan IvanovIndependent12,6440.47
Goran BlagoevIvelina Georgieva Republicans for Bulgaria 12,3230.46
Veselin Mareshki Polina Tsankova Volya Movement 10,5360.39
Valeri Simeonov Tsvetan Manchev Patriotic Front 8,5680.32
Nikolay Malinov Svetlana Koseva Russophiles for the Revival of the Fatherland 8,2130.31
Tsveta KirilovaGeorgi TutanovIndependent7,7060.29
Aleksandar Tomov Lachezar Avramov Bulgarian Social Democratic PartyEuroLeft 7,2350.27
Boyan Rasate Elena Vatashka Bulgarian National Union – New Democracy 6,7980.25
Marina MalchevaSavina LukanovaIndependent6,3150.24
Zhelyo ZhelevKalin Krulev Society for a New Bulgaria 6,1540.23
Blagoy PetrevskiSevina Hadjiyska Bulgarian Union for Direct Democracy 5,5180.21
Yolo DenevMario FilevIndependent5,3940.20
Maria Koleva Gancho Popov Pravoto 4,6660.17
Georgi Georgiev-Goti Stoyan Tsvetkov Bulgarian National Unification 2,9580.11
None of the above60,7862.2734,1691.48
Total2,675,935100.002,307,610100.00
Valid votes2,675,93599.652,307,61099.83
Invalid/blank votes9,4870.353,9090.17
Total votes2,685,422100.002,311,519100.00
Registered voters/turnout6,949,93838.646,868,73733.65
Source: Electoral Commission of Bulgaria (first round), Electoral Commission of Bulgaria (second round)

See also

The Bulgarian President's Office 20140614 Sofia 117.jpg
The Bulgarian President's Office

Notes

  1. Bulgarian election law permits voters to vote against all candidates. In reality, this has no effect, as those votes aren't counted during the tally and as such would not affect the outcome of the election.
  2. Revocation of citizenship can only be done to citizens who acquired their citizenship through the process of naturalization and not to native-born Bulgarians. It can only be applied after the citizen in question has been convicted of a serious crime and even then cannot be performed if the revocation would cause the person to enter into statelessness (i.e. has no other citizenship).
  3. In practice this power is very weak, as after a veto the bill is sent back to the assembly for another vote, in which the veto can be overruled by a simple majority. If the veto is overruled, the President is constitutionally obliged to sign the bill into law.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Politics of Bulgaria</span> Political system of Bulgaria

The politics of Bulgaria take place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the prime minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of South Korea</span> Head of state and of government of the Republic of Korea

The president of the Republic of Korea, also known as the president of South Korea, is the head of state and head of government of the Republic of Korea. The president leads the State Council, and is the chief of the executive branch of the national government as well as the commander-in-chief of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Turkey</span> Head of state and head of government of Turkey

The president of Turkey, officially the president of the Republic of Türkiye, is the head of state and head of government of Türkiye, or Turkey. The president directs the executive branch of the national government and is the commander-in-chief of the Turkish military. The president also heads the National Security Council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Governor of Wisconsin</span> Head of state and of government of the U.S. state of Wisconsin

The governor of Wisconsin is the head of government of Wisconsin and the commander-in-chief of the state's army and air forces. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Wisconsin Legislature, to convene the legislature, and to grant pardons, except in cases of treason and impeachment. The position was first filled by Nelson Dewey on June 7, 1848, the year Wisconsin became a state. Prior to statehood, there were four governors of Wisconsin Territory.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Burundi</span> Head of state of the Republic of Burundi

The president of Burundi, officially the President of the Republic, is the head of state and head of government of the Republic of Burundi. The president is also commander-in-chief of the National Defence Force. The office of the presidency was established when Michel Micombero declared Burundi a republic on 28 November 1966. The first constitution to specify the powers and duties of the president was the constitution of 1974 adopted in 1976. The constitution, written by Micombero, affirmed Micombero's position as the first president of Burundi. The powers of the president currently derive from the 2005 constitution implemented as a result of the 2000 Arusha Accords after the Burundian Civil War. The current president since 18 June 2020 is Évariste Ndayishimiye.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of the Czech Republic</span> Head of state of the Czech Republic

The president of the Czech Republic is the head of state of the Czech Republic and the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic. The president mostly has ceremonial powers as the day-to-day business of the executive government is entrusted to the prime minister, and since many of the president's actions require prime ministerial approval the ultimate responsibility for the president's conduct lies with the government. However, the president is solely responsible for appointing the prime minister, the Cabinet ministers, as well as the members of the Board of the Czech National Bank, and nominating justices to the Constitutional Court, who are subject to Senate approval, among others.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Syria</span> Head of state of the Syrian Arab Republic

The president of Syria, officially the president of the Syrian Arab Republic is the head of state of the Syrian Arab Republic. They are vested with sweeping powers that may be delegated, at their sole discretion, to their vice presidents. They appoint and dismiss the prime minister and other members of the Council of Ministers and military officers. Bashar al-Assad is the 19th and current president of Syria. Bashar Al-Assad is the son of former president, Hafez al-Assad, who was the longest-serving president serving 29 years. Al-Assad is currently the second longest-serving president marking the 22nd year of his presidency in 2022 when he entered the post on 17 July 2000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Belarus</span> Head of state and head of government of Belarus

The president of the Republic of Belarus is the head of state and head of government of Belarus. The office was created in 1994 with the passing of the Constitution of Belarus by the Supreme Soviet. This replaced the office of Chairman of the Supreme Soviet as the head of state. The tasks of the president include executing foreign and domestic policy, defending the rights and general welfare of citizens and residents, and upholding the Constitution. The president is mandated by the Constitution to serve as a leader in the social affairs of the country and to act as its main representative abroad. The duties, responsibilities and other transitional clauses dealing with the presidency are listed in Chapter Three, Articles 79 through 89, of the Constitution.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Senate of Liberia</span> Upper house of Liberian legislature

The Senate is the upper house of the bicameral legislative branch of Liberia, and together with the House of Representatives comprises the Legislature of Liberia. Each of the fifteen counties are equally represented by two senators, elected to serve staggered nine-year terms. The Senate meets at the Capitol Building in Monrovia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Constitution of Bulgaria</span> Current constitution of Bulgaria, adopted in 1991

The Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria is the supreme and basic law of the Republic of Bulgaria. The current constitution was adopted on 12 July 1991 by the 7th Grand National Assembly of Bulgaria, and defines the country as a unitary parliamentary republic. It has been amended five times.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Ukraine</span> Head of state of Ukraine

The president of Ukraine is the head of state of Ukraine. The president represents the nation in international relations, administers the foreign political activity of the state, conducts negotiations and concludes international treaties. The president is directly elected by the citizens of Ukraine for a five-year term of office, limited to two terms consecutively.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tsetska Tsacheva</span> Bulgarian jurist and politician

Tsetska Tsacheva Dangovska is a Bulgarian politician from GERB and a jurist. She was the Minister of Justice of the Republic of Bulgaria from 4 May 2017 to 5 April 2019. She had previously held the position of Chairwoman of the National Assembly of Bulgaria on two occasions. Tsetska Tsacheva is the first woman to ever chair the National Assembly of Bulgaria since its establishment in 1878.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Armenia</span> Head of state of the Republic of Armenia

The president of Armenia is the head of state and the guarantor of independence and territorial integrity of Armenia elected to a single seven-year term by the National Assembly of Armenia. Under Armenia's parliamentary system, the president is simply a figurehead and holds ceremonial duties, with most of the political power vested in the Parliament and prime minister.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2016 Bulgarian presidential election</span> Presidential election in Bulgaria

Presidential elections were held in Bulgaria on 6 November 2016, alongside a referendum on changes to the electoral system and political party funding. The second round was held on 13 November 2016, resulting in the victory of Rumen Radev.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rumen Radev</span> President of Bulgaria since 2017

Rumen Georgiev Radev is a Bulgarian politician and former major general who is the current president of Bulgaria since 22 January 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2017 Bulgarian parliamentary election</span>

Parliamentary elections were held in Bulgaria on 26 March 2017. They had originally been scheduled for 2018 at the end of the four-year term of the National Assembly. However, following the resignation of Prime Minister Boyko Borisov and the failure of Bulgarian parties to form a government, early elections were called. Borisov resigned following the defeat of Tsetska Tsacheva, the candidate of his GERB party, in the November 2016 presidential elections. The official election campaign began on 24 February.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2020–2021 Bulgarian protests</span>

The 2020–2021 Bulgarian protests were a series of demonstrations that were being held in Bulgaria, mainly in the capital Sofia, as well as cities with a large Bulgarian diaspora, such as Brussels, Paris, Madrid, Barcelona, Berlin and London. The protest movement was the culmination of long-standing grievances against endemic corruption and state capture, particularly associated with prime minister Boyko Borisov's governments, in power since 2009.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2021 Bulgarian general election</span>

General elections were held in Bulgaria on 14 November 2021 to elect both the President and the National Assembly. They were the country's third parliamentary elections in 2021, with no party able to form a government after the elections in April and July. A second round of the presidential elections were held on 21 November 2021 as no candidate was able to receive a majority of the vote in the first round.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kiril Petkov</span> Prime Minister of Bulgaria

Kiril Petkov Petkov is a Bulgarian politician, economist, and entrepreneur, who served as Prime Minister of Bulgaria from December 2021 to August 2022. He is the co-leader of We Continue the Change, a political party he co-founded with Asen Vasilev.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Asen Vasilev</span> Bulgarian politician (born 1977)

Asen Vaskov Vasilev is a Bulgarian politician, economist, and entrepreneur. He is the co-leader of We Continue the Change, a political movement he co-founded with Kiril Petkov.

References

  1. "Bulgaria hikes pay for MPs, Prime Minister and President". 14 February 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria". www.parliament.bg. Chapter 4. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  3. "Трите символа на телевизионната Нова година - приветствие, часовник и Дунавско". www.24chasa.bg. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  4. Тотева, публикувана от Паолина (2016-08-26). "Коларова: Никой президент не е напълно независим". Flashnews (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  5. "Надпартиен президент? То е като коледното намаление". www.24chasa.bg. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  6. "България има нужда от надпартиен президент, смята Меглена Кунева". www.dnevnik.bg (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  7. "Президентът трябва да е надпартиен". Fakti.bg - Да извадим фактите наяве. Retrieved 2019-10-21.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Category:Presidents of Bulgaria at Wikimedia Commons