President of El Salvador

Last updated

President of the
Republic of El Salvador
Presidente de la República de El Salvador
Seal of the President of El Salvador.svg
Presidential Seal
Nayib Bukele - 2019 (48342383356) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Nayib Bukele

since 1 June 2019
Residence Casa Presidencial, San Salvador
Term length Five years, not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holder Juan José Guzmán
Formation22 February 1841
Deputy Vice President of El Salvador
Salary5,181 USD per month [1]
Website President of El Salvador

The president of El Salvador (Spanish : Presidente de El Salvador), officially known as the president of the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish : Presidente de la República de El Salvador), is the head of state and head of government of El Salvador. He is also, by Constitutional Law, the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of El Salvador. The office was created in the Constitution of 1841. From 1821 until 1841, the head of state of El Salvador was styled simply as Head of State (Jefe de Estado).

Contents

The president of the Republic of El Salvador begins his duties on June 1 of the year of his election and is accompanied by a vice president.

According to the Electoral Code, for a person to be declared President-Elect of the Republic, he must obtain 50% plus one of the votes obtained in the election in the presidential elections. If none of the candidates gets to obtain that result, a second voting round will be held where the two candidates who have obtained the most electoral votes in the first round will participate.

The duration of the presidential term is five years. He is ineligible for immediate reelection, but may run again after sitting out one election period.

Each June 1, the president is accountable to the Legislative Assembly for the contributions and Government Development that the president, the vice president and the Council of Ministers developed from the beginning of the presidential term.

History

In 1824, the Mayor's Office of Sonsonate and the Intendancy of San Salvador joined to form the State of El Salvador, united first to the United Provinces of Central America and then to the Federal Republic of Central America. According to the federal law, the governor received the title of Supreme Chief until 1841, when El Salvador declared itself independent, with its governor being called President. From then on, four stages with particular characteristics are recognized: the post-federal period, the Coffee Republic, the military governments, and civil governments.

In 1841, El Salvador was constituted as an independent and sovereign nation after the rupture of the Federal Republic of Central America in 1838. At that time, the legislative body created a constitution to legitimize the nation of El Salvador and also named Juan Lindo Provisional President of the Republic of El Salvador on 2 February 1841. It was not until 26 September 1842 Juan José Guzmán was elected by the people as President of El Salvador. From that moment, the republic suffered a constant series of provisional governments that brought many leaders to power.

In 1858, Captain General Gerardo Barrios became President of the Republic in which his government gave entrance to the "French Bread". He resigned from power in 1863 and Francisco Dueñas became President.

It was not until the Constitution of the Republic of El Salvador of 1886 was ratified when the presidential term is increased from two to four years, beginning and ending the presidential terms on 1 March. In 1913, before the death of Manuel Enrique Araujo, a family 'dynasty' would begin. The Meléndez-Quiñonez Dynasty lasted 18 years until Arturo Araujo became President.

In 1931, a coup d'état led by Vice President General Maximiliano Hernández Martínez overthrew President Araujo. This dictatorial government would establish the foundations of a rigid and totally militarized nation. It was not until 1939 when General Martínez called for a Constituent Assembly to draft a new constitution which established that the presidential term would be increased from 4 to 6 years and would begin and end on 1 January. During his presidency, Martínez initiated the 1932 Salvadoran Peasant Massacre which killed 25,000 indigenous peoples. Martínez would be overthrown in 1944 and General Andrés Ignacio Menéndez became Provisional President.

From that moment, the presidency of the Republic once again showed dictatorial instability and military governments began to be established to the point of creating a republic with 'Military Authoritarianism' which would end in 1982. In 1950, Lieutenant Colonel Óscar Osorio constitutionally became the president of the Republic and a new constitution was drafted where the presidential term would be 6 years and begin and end on 14 September. Osorio was known as the president of the social programs since he implemented and founded programs such as the Urban Housing Institute (IVU), the Autonomous Port Executive Commission (CEPA) among others that benefited the nation.

In 1960, a coup d'état overthrew President José María Lemus which led to the formation of a Junta of Government which would later be overthrown by the Civic-Military Directory in 1961. This was the case until the constitutional order was reestablished and another constitution was created in 1962 which would bring with it significant presidential reforms. From that moment, the presidential term would last 5 years and begin and end on 1 July.

On 15 October 1979, the last coup d'état in Salvadoran history took place where a group of young soldiers and officers overthrew General Carlos Humberto Romero. The coup marked the beginning of the Salvadoran Civil War which would rage on from 1979 to 1992. The Revolutionary Government Junta was established and ruled over El Salvador while fighting against the communist guerrilla group Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN). The Junta was abolished in 1982 and Álvaro Magaña became President of the Republic. The 1983 Constituent Assembly decided to create the current Constitution of El Salvador which set presidential terms to 5 years and would begin and end on June 1. The civil war greatly affected the political stability of the country.

President José Napoleón Duarte would lead the government against the FMLN from 1984 to 1989. In 1989, the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) won the 1989 presidential election. Alfredo Cristiani became the first president of ARENA. ARENA won the presidential elections in 1989, 1994, 1999, and 2004. Its presidents were Alfredo Cristiani, Armando Calderón Sol, Francisco Flores, and Elías Antonio Saca.

The Civil War ended in 1992 and the FMLN became a legal political party in accordance to the Chapultepec Peace Accords.

In 20 years of government, El Salvador was characterized by the privatization of national services such as coffee, telecommunications, the pension system, the National Bank, the Electric Power Service, among others. In 2001, the Economic Dollarization System was carried out in the country, a measure adopted by then President Francisco Flores which would have great long-term consequences for the Salvadoran economy and adopted the US dollar as legal currency.

Mauricio Funes won the 2009 presidential election ending 20 years of ARENA rule and marked the first FMLN presidency. Salvador Sánchez Cerén became the second FMLN president in 2015 after narrowly defeating Norman Quijano.

In 2019, Nayib Bukele, from the Grand Alliance for National Unity (GANA), won the 2019 presidential election ending 10 years of FMLN rule. He was the first president since Duarte to not be a member of either ARENA or FMLN. He was the second president from Palestinian descent, after Elías Antonio Saca. He was inaugurated on 1 June 2019.

Heads of state of El Salvador within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1841)

Intendants political leaders of the Province of San Salvador

   Independent  (4)       Liberal (1)
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officePolitical Affiliation
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1 PEDRO BARRIERE.jpg Pedro Barriere
(?–1827)
21 September 182128 November 182168 days Independent
2 Jose Matias Delgado.jpg José Matías Delgado
(1767–1832)
28 November 18219 February 18231 year, 73 days Independent
3 Vicente Filisola.jpg Vicente Filísola
(1789–1850)
9 February 18237 May 182387 days Independent
4 General Don Felipe Codallos (cropped).jpg Felipe Codallos
(1790–?)
7 May 182325 May 182318 days Independent
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg Consultive Junta 25 May 182317 June 182323 daysConsultive Junta
5 Mariprad.jpg Mariano Prado
(1776–1837)
17 June 182322 April 1824310 daysLiberal

Heads of state of El Salvador

Head of State of El Salvador
   Independent  (6)       Conservative (3)       Liberal (6)
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officePolitical Affiliation
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1 Juanrod.jpg Juan Manuel Rodríguez
(1771–1847)
22 April 18241 October 1824162 days Independent
Mariprad.jpg Mariano Prado
(1776–1837)
Acting Head of State
1 October 182413 December 182473 daysLiberal
2 Juan Vicente Villacorta Diaz.jpg Juan Vicente Villacorta Díaz
(1764–1828)
13 December 18241 November 18261 year, 323 daysLiberal
Mariprad.jpg Mariano Prado
(1776–1837)
Acting Head of State
1 November 182630 January 18292 years, 90 daysLiberal
3 Josecor.jpg José María Cornejo
(1788–1864)
30 January 182916 February 18301 year, 17 daysConservative
4 Juan damina villacorta.jpg José Damián Villacorta
(1796–1860)
16 February 18304 December 1830291 days Independent
5 Josecor.jpg José María Cornejo
(1788–1864)
4 December 18303 April 18321 year, 121 daysConservative
General Francisco Morazan.JPG Francisco Morazán
(1792–1842)
Provisional Head of State
3 April 183213 May 183240 daysLiberal
Joaquin de San Martin.jpg Joaquín de San Martín
(1770–1854)
Acting Head of State
13 May 183225 July 183273 daysConservative
6 Mariprad.jpg Mariano Prado
(1776–1837)
25 July 18321 July 1833341 daysLiberal
7 Joaquin de San Martin.jpg Joaquín de San Martín
(1770–1854)
1 July 183323 June 1834357 daysConservative
Carlos Salazar Castro (San Salvador, 1800 - San Jose, 23 de julio de 1867) fue un militar liberal salvadoreno.jpg Carlos Salazar Castro
(1800–1867)
Provisional Head of State
23 June 183413 July 183420 days Independent
Vicepresidente encargado del Ejecutivo.Jose Gregorio Salazar y Castro.jpg José Gregorio Salazar
(1773–1838)
Provisional Head of State
13 July 183430 September 183479 days Independent
8 Jescol.jpg Joaquín Escolán y Balibrera
(?–?)
30 September 183413 October 183413 days Independent
Jsilva.jpg José María Silva
(1804–1876)
Acting Head of State
13 October 18342 March 1835140 days Independent
9 Jescol.jpg Joaquín Escolán y Balibrera
(?–?)
2 March 183510 April 183539 days Independent
10 Nicolas Espinoza.jpg Nicolás Espinoza
(1795–1845)
10 April 183515 November 1835219 daysLiberal
Francisco Gomez.jpg Francisco Gómez
(1796–1838)
Acting Head of State
15 November 18351 February 183678 days Independent
11 DVigil.jpg Diego Vigil Cocaña
(1799–1845)
1 February 183623 May 18371 year, 111 daysLiberal
12 Tmenen.jpg Timoteo Menéndez
(?–?)
23 May 18377 June 183715 days Independent
13 DVigil.jpg Diego Vigil Cocaña
(1799–1845)
7 June 18376 January 1838213 daysLiberal
14 Tmenen.jpg Timoteo Menéndez
(?–?)
6 January 183823 May 1838137 days Independent
Antonio-Jose-Canas.jpg Antonio José Cañas
(1785–1844)
Acting Head of State
23 May 183811 July 18391 year, 49 days Independent
15 General Francisco Morazan.JPG Francisco Morazán
(1792–1842)
11 July 183916 February 1840220 daysLiberal
Jsilva.jpg José María Silva
(1804–1876)
Acting Head of State
16 February 18405 April 184049 days Independent
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg Municipal Council of San Salvador 5 April 184015 April 184010 daysMunicipal Council of San Salvador
Antonio-Jose-Canas.jpg Antonio José Cañas
(1785–1844)
Provisional Head of State
15 April 184020 September 1840158 days Independent
Ecp2zSAWkAErt6b.jpg Norberto Ramírez
(1802–1856)
Provisional Head of State
20 September 18407 January 1841109 days Independent
Juan Lindo.jpg Juan Lindo
(1790–1857)
Provisional Head of State
7 January 184122 February 184146 daysConservative

Presidents of independent El Salvador (1841–present)

   Independent  (2)       Conservative (9)       Liberal (13)        PDN  (4)        Labor  (1)        PPP  (1)        Military  (14)        PDSU  (1)
   PRUD  (2)        PCN  (4)        DAP  (1)        PDC  (1)        ARENA  (4)        FMLN  (2)        GANA  (1)        NI  (1)
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
ElectedTerm of officePolitical Affiliation
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Juan Lindo.jpg Juan Lindo
(1790–1857)
Provisional President
22 February 184120 June 1841118 daysConservative
Egg1wjsVgAAKe9M.jpg Pedro José Arce (es)
(1801–1871)
Provisional President
20 June 184128 June 18418 days Independent
Juan Lindo.jpg Juan Lindo
(1790–1857)
Provisional President
28 June 18411 February 1842218 daysConservative
Escolastico Marin.jpg José Escolástico Marín
(?–1846)
Acting President
1 February 184214 April 184272 days Independent
1 Presidente de la Republica de El Salvador Lic. Juan Jose Guzman.jpg Juan José Guzmán
(1800–1847)
14 April 184210 December 18431 year, 240 daysConservative
Cayetano Molina.jpg Cayetano Antonio Molina (es)
(1803–1873)
Provisional President
10 December 184320 December 184310 days Independent
Egg1wjsVgAAKe9M.jpg Pedro José Arce (es)
(1801–1871)
Provisional President
20 December 184329 December 18439 days Independent
Cayetano Molina.jpg Cayetano Antonio Molina (es)
(1803–1873)
Provisional President
29 December 18431 January 18443 days Independent
Egg1wjsVgAAKe9M.jpg Pedro José Arce (es)
(1801–1871)
Provisional President
1 January 18441 February 184431 days Independent
Fermin Palacios.jpg Fermín Palacios
(?–?)
Acting President
1 February 18447 February 184437 days Independent
2 Francisco Malespin.jpg Francisco Malespín
(1806–1846)
7 February 184415 February 18451 year, 8 daysConservative
3 Joaquin Eufrasio Guzman (cropped) 2.jpg Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán
(1801–1875)
15 February 18451 February 1846351 days Independent
Fermin Palacios.jpg Fermín Palacios
(?–?)
Acting President
1 February 184621 February 184620 days Independent
4 Eugenio Aguilar Gonzalez Batres.jpg Eugenio Aguilar
(1804–1879)
21 February 18461 February 18481 year, 345 daysLiberal
Tomas Medina.jpg Tomás Medina
(1803–1884)
Acting President
1 February 18483 February 18482 days Independent
FelixQuiroz.jpg José Félix Quirós
(1811–1883)
Acting President
3 February 18487 February 18484 days Independent
5 Doroteo Vasconcelos.jpg Doroteo Vasconcelos
(1803–1883)
7 February 18481 February 18501 year, 359 daysLiberal
Ramrod1.jpg Ramón Rodríguez
(?–?)
Acting President
1 February 18504 February 18503 days Independent
6 Doroteo Vasconcelos.jpg Doroteo Vasconcelos
(1803–1883)
4 February 185012 January 1851342 daysLiberal
Francisco Duenas.jpg Francisco Dueñas
(1810–1884)
Provisional President
12 January 18511 March 185148 daysConservative
FelixQuiroz.jpg José Félix Quirós
(1811–1883)
Acting President
1 March 18513 May 185163 days Independent
7 Francisco Duenas.jpg Francisco Dueñas
(1810–1884)
13 May 185130 January 1852272 daysConservative
Colonel Jose Maria de San Martin.png José María San Martín
(1811–1857)
Acting President
30 January 18521 February 18522 daysConservative
8 Francisco Duenas.jpg Francisco Dueñas
(1810–1884)
1 February 18521 February 18542 yearsConservative
Vicgoz.jpg Vicente Gómez
(?–?)
Acting President
1 February 185415 February 185414 days Independent
9 Colonel Jose Maria de San Martin.png José María San Martín
(1811–1857)
15 February 18541 February 18561 year, 351 daysConservative
Francisco Duenas.jpg Francisco Dueñas
(1810–1884)
Acting President
1 February 185612 February 185611 daysConservative
10 Rafael Campo.jpg Rafael Campo
(1813–1890)
12 February 18561 February 18581 year, 354 daysConservative
Lzepeda.jpg Lorenzo Zepeda
(?–?)
Acting President
1 February 18587 February 18586 days Independent
11 87 Miguel Santin del Castillo.jpg Miguel Santín del Castillo
(1830–1880)
7 February 185824 January 1859351 daysConservative
Joaquin Eufrasio Guzman (cropped) 2.jpg Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán
(1801–1875)
Acting President
24 January 185915 February 185922 days Independent
Jose Maria Peralta.jpg José María Peralta
(1807–1883)
Acting President
15 February 185912 March 185925 days Independent
12 GBarrios.jpg Gerardo Barrios
(1813–1865)
12 March 185926 October 18634 years, 228 daysLiberal
13 Francisco Duenas.jpg Francisco Dueñas
(1810–1884)
26 October 186315 April 18717 years, 140 daysConservative
14 Santiago gonzalez.jpg Santiago González
(1818–1887)
15 April 18711 February 18764 years, 323 daysLiberal
15 Andresdelvalle.jpg Andrés del Valle
(1833–1888)
1 February 18761 May 187690 daysLiberal
16 Zaldivar.jpg Rafael Zaldívar
(1834–1903)
1 May 18766 April 18847 years, 341 daysLiberal
Angel Guirola.png Ángel Guirola (es)
(1826–1910)
Provisional President
6 April 188421 August 1884137 days Independent
17 Zaldivar.jpg Rafael Zaldívar
(1834–1903)
21 August 188414 May 1885266 daysLiberal
Illus-059 (Salvador, 20th Century).jpg Fernando Figueroa
(1849–1919)
Provisional President
14 May 188518 June 188535 days Military /
Liberal
Jose Rosales.png José Rosales Herrador
(1827–1891)
Provisional President
18 June 188522 June 18854 days Independent
18 Francisco Menendez.jpg Francisco Menéndez
(1830–1890)
22 June 188522 June 18905 years Military /
Liberal
19 General Carlos Ezeta.png Carlos Ezeta
(1852–1903)
22 June 18909 June 18943 years, 352 days Military /
Liberal
20 Rafael A. Gutierrez.jpg Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez
(1845–1921)
10 June 189413 November 18984 years, 157 days Military /
Liberal
21 Tomas Regalado1.jpg Tomás Regalado
(1861–1906)
14 November 18981 March 19034 years, 108 days Military /
Liberal
22 Escalon.jpg Pedro José Escalón
(1847–1923)
1903 1 March 19031 March 19074 years Military /
Conservative
23 Illus-059 (Salvador, 20th Century).jpg Fernando Figueroa
(1849–1919)
1907 1 March 19071 March 19114 years Military /
Liberal
24 Manuel Enrique Araujo 01.jpg Manuel Enrique Araujo
(1865–1913)
1911 1 March 19119 February 19131 year, 345 days Independent
Carlos Melendez.jpg Carlos Meléndez Ramirez
(1861–1919)
Provisional President
9 February 191329 August 19141 year, 202 days National Democratic Party
Alfonso Quinonez Molina 1915.jpg Alfonso Quiñónez Molina
(1874–1950)
Provisional President
29 August 19141 March 1915184 days National Democratic Party
25 Carlos Melendez.jpg Carlos Meléndez Ramirez
(1861–1919)
1915 1 March 191521 December 19183 years, 295 days National Democratic Party
Alfonso Quinonez Molina 1915.jpg Alfonso Quiñónez Molina
(1874–1950)
Acting President
21 December 19181 March 191970 days National Democratic Party
26 62 Jorge Melendez.jpg Jorge Meléndez
(1871–1953)
1919 1 March 19191 March 19234 years National Democratic Party
27 Alfonso Quinonez Molina 1915.jpg Alfonso Quiñónez Molina
(1874–1950)
1923 1 March 19231 March 19274 years National Democratic Party
28 Dr. Pio Romero Bosque.jpg Pío Romero Bosque
(1860–1935)
1927 1 March 19271 March 19314 years National Democratic Party
29 Arturo Araujo Fajardo.jpg Arturo Araujo
(1878–1967)
1931 1 March 19312 December 1931276 days Labor Party
Civic Directorate of El Salvador.jpg Civic Directory 2 December 19314 December 19312 daysCivic Directory
Hernandez Martinez.jpg Maximiliano Hernández Martínez
(1882–1966)
Acting President
4 December 193128 August 19342 years, 267 days Military /
National Pro Patria Party
67 General Andres I. Menendez.jpg Andrés Ignacio Menéndez
(1879–1962)
Provisional President
29 August 19341 March 1935185 days Military /
National Pro Patria Party
30 Hernandez Martinez.jpg Maximiliano Hernández Martínez
(1882–1966)
1935
1939
1944
1 March 19359 May 19449 years, 69 days Military /
National Pro Patria Party
67 General Andres I. Menendez.jpg Andrés Ignacio Menéndez
(1879–1962)
Provisional President
9 May 194420 October 1944164 days Military /
National Pro Patria Party
Coronel Osmin Aguirre.jpg Osmín Aguirre y Salinas
(1889–1977)
Provisional President
21 October 19441 March 1945132 days Military
31 Gral-castaneda.jpg Salvador Castaneda Castro
(1888–1965)
1945 1 March 194514 December 19483 years, 288 days Military /
Unification Social Democratic Party
EL GOBIERNO REVOLUCIONARIO DE LAS FUERZAS ARMADAS.jpg Revolutionary Council of Government (es)15 December 194814 September 19501 year, 274 daysRevolutionary Council of Government
32 Oscar Osorio.jpg Óscar Osorio
(1910–1969)
1950 14 September 195014 September 19566 years Military /
Revolutionary Party of Democratic Unification
33 Teniente coronel jose maria lemus presidente de el salvador. litografia de oleo ubicada en el palacio nacional.jpg José María Lemus
(1911–1993)
1956 14 September 195626 October 19604 years, 42 days Military /
Revolutionary Party of Democratic Unification
La Junta de Gobierno Revolucionario de octubre de 1960 a enero de 1961.jpg Junta of Government 26 October 196025 January 196191 daysJunta of Government
Directorio Civico-Militar.jpg Civic-Military Directory 25 January 196125 January 19621 yearsCivic-Military Directory
Rodolfo Cordon.jpg Eusebio Rodolfo Cordón Cea
(1899–1966)
Provisional President
25 January 19621 July 1962157 days Independent
34 Copia de Coronel Julio Adalberto Rivera.jpg Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo
(1921–1973)
1962 1 July 19621 July 19675 years Military /
National Conciliation Party
35 La eleccion presidencial de El Salvador de 1967 fue el dia domingo 5 de marzo de 1967. El resultado fue la victoria de Fidel Sanchez Hernandez del PCN, quien gano con el 54.37%25 de votos.jpg Fidel Sánchez Hernández
(1917–2003)
1967 1 July 19671 July 19725 years Military /
National Conciliation Party
36 Coronel Arturo Molina.png Arturo Armando Molina
(born 1927)
1972 1 July 19721 July 19775 years Military /
National Conciliation Party
37 Humberto Romero 1977.jpg Carlos Humberto Romero
(1924–2017)
1977 1 July 197715 October 19792 years, 106 days Military /
National Conciliation Party
ENWCiSqWoAEGa4w.jpg Revolutionary Government Junta 15 October 19792 May 19822 years, 199 daysRevolutionary Government Junta
38 Alvaro Magana.jpg Álvaro Magaña
(1925–2001)
1982 2 May 19821 June 19842 years, 30 days Democratic Action Party
39 Jose Napoleon Duarte 1987c.jpg José Napoleón Duarte
(1925–1990)
1984 1 June 19841 June 19895 years Christian Democratic Party
40 Alfredo Cristiani.jpg Alfredo Cristiani
(born 1947)
1989 1 June 19891 June 19945 years Nationalist Republican Alliance
41
Former Presidents and First Ladies of El Salvador.jpg
Armando Calderón Sol
(1948–2017)
1994 1 June 19941 June 19995 years Nationalist Republican Alliance
42 President Francisco Flores El Salvador1.jpg Francisco Flores Pérez
(1959–2016)
1999 1 June 19991 June 20045 years Nationalist Republican Alliance
43 Antonio Saca.png Antonio Saca
(born 1965)
2004 1 June 20041 June 20095 years Nationalist Republican Alliance
44 Mauricio Funes (Brasilia, May 2008).jpg Mauricio Funes
(born 1959)
2009 1 June 20091 June 20145 years Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front
45 Salvador Sanchez Ceren.jpg Salvador Sánchez Cerén
(born 1944)
2014 1 June 20141 June 20195 years Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front
46 Nayib Bukele (cropped).jpg Nayib Bukele
(born 1981)
2019 1 June 2019Incumbent1 year, 276 days Grand Alliance for National Unity / Nuevas Ideas

Latest election

Popular vote
GANA
53.10%
ARENA
31.72%
FMLN
14.41%
Vamos
0.77%
CandidatePartyVotes%
Nayib Bukele Grand Alliance for National Unity 1,434,85653.10
Carlos Calleja Nationalist Republican Alliance 857,08431.72
Hugo Martínez Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front 389,28914.41
Josué Alvarado Vamos 20,7630.77
Invalid or blank votes31,186
Total2,733,178100
Registered voters/turnout5,268,41151.88
Source: TSE

Living former presidents

Timeline

President of El Salvador

See also

Related Research Articles

El Salvador Country in Central America

El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador, is a country in Central America. It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2018, the country had a population of approximately 6.42 million, making it the smallest and second-least populated country in Central America.

The history of El Salvador begins with several Mesoamerican nations, especially the Cuzcatlecs, as well as the Lenca and Maya. In the early 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the territory, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City. In 1821, El Salvador achieved independence from Spain as part of the First Mexican Empire, only to further secede as part of the Federal of Central America two years later. Upon the republic's isolation in 1841, El Salvador became sovereign until forming a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898.

The Chapultepec Peace Accords were a set of peace agreements signed on January 16, 1992, which brought an end to the Salvadoran Civil War. The treaty established peace between the Salvadoran government and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN). It was signed in Chapultepec Castle, Mexico.

Francisco Flores Pérez

Francisco Guillermo Flores Pérez was a Salvadoran politician who served as President of El Salvador from June 1, 1999 to June 1, 2004 as a member of the conservative Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA). He previously served as a deputy of the Legislative Assembly from 1994 to 1999, having been president of the Assembly from 1997 to 1999.

2004 Salvadoran presidential election

Presidential elections were held in El Salvador on 21 March 2004. Antonio Saca of the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) party won the election with 57% of the vote, avoiding the need for a run-off on 2 May.

Nationalist Republican Alliance Conservative political party in El Salvador

The Nationalist Republican Alliance is a conservative, right-wing political party of El Salvador. It was founded on 30 September 1981 by retired Salvadoran Army Major Roberto D'Aubuisson. It defines itself as a political institution constituted to defend the democratic, republican, and representative system of government, the social market economy system and nationalism.

Antonio Saca

Elías Antonio "Tony" Saca González is a Salvadoran politician who was President of El Salvador from June 1, 2004 to June 1, 2009. He is currently serving a minimum 10 year prison sentence on corruption charges.

Alfredo Cristiani Salvadoran politician, President of El Salvador from 1989 to 1994

Alfredo Félix Cristiani Burkard is a Salvadoran politician who was President of El Salvador from 1989 to 1994.

José Napoleón Duarte

José Napoleón Duarte Fuentes was a Salvadoran politician who served as President of El Salvador from June 1, 1984 to June 1, 1989. He was mayor of San Salvador before running for president in 1972. He lost, but the election is widely viewed as fraudulent. Following a counter-coup in 1979, Duarte led the subsequent civil-military Junta from 1980 to 1982. He was then elected president in 1984, defeating ARENA party leader Roberto D'Aubuisson.

Elections in El Salvador

The government of El Salvador is a presidential representative democratic republic.

Revolutionary Government Junta of El Salvador Three military dictatorships in El Salvador

The Revolutionary Government Junta was the name of three consecutive military dictatorships that ruled El Salvador between 15 October 1979 and 2 May 1982.

Salvador Sánchez Cerén

Salvador Sánchez Cerén is a Salvadoran politician who served as the 45th President of El Salvador between 1 June 2014 and 1 June 2019. He took office on 1 June 2014, after winning the 2014 presidential election as the candidate of the left-wing Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN). He previously served as Vice President under President Mauricio Funes from 2009 to 2014. He was also a guerrilla leader in the Civil War and is the first ex-rebel to serve as president.

Military dictatorship in El Salvador 1931–1979 military regime in El Salvador

The Salvadoran military government, officially known as the Republic of El Salvador, and simply known as El Salvador, was the period of time in Salvadoran history where the Salvadoran Armed Forces governed the country for almost 48 years from 2 December 1931 until 15 October 1979. The authoritarian military dictatorship limited political rights throughout the country and maintained its governance through rigged and fixed elections.

2012 Salvadoran legislative and local elections

Legislative and local elections were held in El Salvador on 11 March 2012 to choose 84 members of the legislative assembly and 262 mayors. The election was carried out by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal. The opposition Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) narrowly defeated the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) and its ally Grand Alliance for National Unity (GANA).

2014 Salvadoran presidential election

Presidential elections were held in El Salvador on February 2, 2014, with a second round held on March 9 since no candidate won an outright majority. The primary candidates were Vice-President Salvador Sánchez Cerén of the FMLN, San Salvador Mayor Norman Quijano of ARENA, and Former President Antonio "Tony" Saca. Saca represented GANA, the National Conciliation Party, and the Christian Democratic Party in the UNIDAD coalition. Incumbent President Mauricio Funes is ineligible to run for a consecutive second term. Sánchez Cerén and Quijano emerged as the contestants in the runoff held on March 9 in which Sánchez Cerén was declared the victor.

Truth Commission for El Salvador

The Truth Commission for El Salvador was a restorative justice truth commission approved by the United Nations to investigate the grave wrongdoings that occurred throughout the country's twelve year civil war. It is estimated that 1.4 percent of the Salvadoran population was killed during the war. The commission operated from July 1992 until March 1993, when its findings were published in the final report, From Madness to Hope. The eight-month period heard from over 2,000 witness testimonies and compiled information from an additional 20,000 witness statements.

Hugo Martínez (politician)

Hugo Roger Martínez Bonilla is a Salvadoran industrial engineer, politician, diplomat and writer. He is a member of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), one of the two major political parties in El Salvador. Martínez served as Foreign Minister of El Salvador from 2009 until 2013 under former President Mauricio Funes and again from 2014 to 2018 within the government of President Salvador Sánchez Cerén. In 2019, being the ruling party presidential candidate, he came 3rd with 14%.

1979 Salvadoran coup détat Coup détat in El Salvador in 1979

The 1979 Salvadoran coup d’état was a military coup d'état that occurred in El Salvador on 15 October 1979. The coup, led by young military officers, bloodlessly overthrew military President Carlos Humberto Romero and sent him into exile. The National Conciliation Party's firm grasp on power was cut, and in its place, the military established the Revolutionary Government Junta of El Salvador (JRG). The junta was composed of two military officers and three civilians.

El Salvador–France relations

El Salvador–France relations refers to the current and historical relations between the Republic of El Salvador and the French Republic. Both nations are members of the United Nations.

El Paraíso massacre Massacre in El Salvador in 1982

The El Paraíso massacre was a massacre that occurred near the town of El Paraíso in Chalatenango, El Salvador, on 17 March 1982. During the massacre, soldiers from the Atonal Battalion attacked and killed four Dutch journalists and a disputed number of guerrillas from the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN).

References

  1. "Shocking Gap Between Latin America's Presidential Salaries And Workers Minimum Wage". Latin Post.