President of Guatemala

Last updated

President of the
Republic of Guatemala
Presidente de la República de Guatemala
Coat of Arms of the President of the Republic of Guatemala.png
Guatemala Presidental Flag.svg
Alejandro Giammattei (48934164796) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Alejandro Giammattei

since 14 January 2020
Office of the President of Guatemala
National Security Council
Style Mr. President
(informal)
Most Excellent Mr. President of the Republic
(official)
His Excellency
(alternative formal, diplomatic outside of Guatemala)
Member ofCabinet
Residence National Palace
Seat Guatemala City
AppointerSupreme Electoral Court
Term length Four years
non-renewable
Constituting instrumentGuatemalan Constitution
Inaugural holder Mariano Rivera Paz
Formation3 December 1839
Deputy Vice President of Guatemala
Salary146,950 GTQ monthly
($19,742 as of May 2018) [1]
Website http://www.presidencia.gob.gt/
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Guatemala
Judiciary
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemalaportal

The president of Guatemala (Spanish : Presidente de Guatemala) officially known as the president of the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish : Presidente de la República de Guatemala), is the head of state and head of government of Guatemala, elected to a single four-year term. The position of President was created in 1839. From 1821 until 1839, the head of state of Guatemala was styled simply as Head of State (Spanish : Jefe de Estado).

Contents

Requirements to hold office

According to article 185 of the constitution, the following is required to be president:

Under article 186, relatives of the incumbent president or vice president are not allowed to run in the succeeding election.

Duties and competences

According to article 183 of the constitution, the following duties and competences are conferred to the president:

Heads of state of Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1840)

Superior political chiefs

NoPortraitHead of StateTerm of officeParty
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1 Gabino Gainza.jpg Gabino Gaínza 15 September 18215 January 1822112 days
2Part of the First Mexican Empire (5 January 1822 – 1 July 1823)
3 Vicente Filisola.jpg Vicente Filisola 1 July 182310 July 18239 days

First triumvirate

NoPortraitNameTerm of officeParty
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
4 Pedro Molina Mazariegos.jpg Pedro Molina Mazariegos 10 July 18234 October 182386 daysLiberal
5 Antonio Rivera Cabezas.jpg Antonio Rivera Cabezas 10 July 18234 October 182386 daysLiberal
6 Escudo de la Republica Federal de Centro America.svg Juan Vicente Villacorta Díaz 10 July 18234 October 182386 days

Second triumvirate

NoPortraitNameTerm of officeParty
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
7 Escudo de la Republica Federal de Centro America.svg Juan Vicente Villacorta Díaz 6 October 182315 March 1824161 daysLiberal
8 MANUEL JOSE ARCE PICTURE.jpg Manuel José Arce 15 March 182420 October 1824219 daysLiberal
9 Escudo de la Republica Federal de Centro America.svg José Manuel de la Cerda y Aguilar 20 October 182429 April 1825191 days
10 Escudo de la Republica Federal de Centro America.svg Tomas O'Horan 4 October 182329 April 18251 year,

207 days

11 Escudo de la Republica Federal de Centro America.svg José Santiago Milla Pineda Arriaga 4 October 18235 February 1824124 days
12 Jose Cecilio del Valle.jpg José Cecilio del Valle 5 February 182429 April 18251 year,

84 days

Conservative

Presidents

NoPortraitNameTerm of officeParty
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
13 MANUEL JOSE ARCE PICTURE.jpg Manuel José Arce 29 April 182513 April 18293 years,

349 days

Liberal
14 Mariano Beltranena y Llano
(interim)
13 April 182914 June 182962 daysLiberal
15 Jose Francisco Barrundia.jpg José Francisco Barrundia
(interim)
26 June 182916 June 1830355 daysLiberal
16 General Francisco Morazan.JPG Francisco Morazán 16 September 183016 September 18344 yearsLiberal
17 Jose Cecilio del Valle.jpg José Cecilio del Valle
Elected in 1834Died in 1834 before being sworn into officeConservative
18 Escudo de la Republica Federal de Centro America.svg José Gregorio Salazar
(interim)
16 September 183414 February 1835151 daysLiberal
19 General Francisco Morazan.JPG Francisco Morazán 14 February 18351 February 18393 years,

352 days

Liberal
20 Dvijil.JPG Diego Vigil Cocaña
(interim)
1 February 183931 March 18401 year,

60 days

Liberal

Heads of state of Guatemala within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1839)

Presidents of independent Guatemala (1839–)

[a 1]

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
ElectedTerm of OfficePolitical Affiliation
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1 Mariano Rivera Paz.jpg Mariano Rivera Paz
(1804–1849)
3 December 183925 February 18422 years,

82 days

Conservative
2 Jlrequenaguatemalapresd.jpg José Venancio López Requena
(1791–1863)
Acting Head of State
25 February 184214 May 184278 daysLiberal
3 Mariano Rivera Paz.jpg Mariano Rivera Paz
(1804–1849)
14 May 184214 December 18442 years,

213 days

Conservative
4 Carrerayturcios 2014-06-22 09-46.jpg Rafael Carrera
(1814–1865)
14 December 184416 August 18483 years,

245 days

Conservative
5 Juan Antonio Martinez presidente interino Guatemala.jpg Juan Antonio Martínez
( ? – 1854)
Acting President
16 August 184828 November 1848104 daysConservative
6 Coat of arms of Guatemala (1843-1851).svg José Bernardo Escobar
(1797–1849)
Acting President
28 November 18481 January 184934 daysConservative
7 ParedesGuatemala.jpg Mariano Peredes
(1800–1856)
Acting President
1 January 18496 November 18512 years,

309 days

Independent
8 Carrerayturcios 2014-06-22 09-46.jpg Rafael Carrera
(1814–1865)
6 November 185114 April 186513 years,

160 days

Conservative
9 Aycinenacolor.jpg Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol
(1802–1897)
Acting President
14 April 186524 May 186540 daysConservative
10 VicenteCerna.jpg Vicente Cerna Sandoval
(1815–1885)
24 May 186529 June 18716 years,

35 days

Conservative
11 MiguelGarcia.jpg Miguel García Granados
(1809–1878)
29 June 18714 June 18731 year,

340 days

Liberal
12 Justo Rufino Barrios.jpg Justo Rufino Barrios
(1835–1885)
1873

1880

4 June 18732 April 188511 years,

302 days

Liberal
13 Alejandrosinibaldi.jpg Alejandro M. Sinibaldi
(1825–1896)
Acting President
2 April 18855 April 18853 daysLiberal
14 Barillas.jpg Manuel Barillas
(1845–1907)
6 April 188515 March 18926 years,

343 days

Liberal
15 Reina barrios3.jpg José María Reina Barrios
(1854–1898)
1892 15 March 18928 February 18985 years,

328 days

Liberal
16 Manuelestradaretrato.jpg Manuel Estrada Cabrera
(1857–1924)
1898

1904

1910

1916

8 February 189815 April 192022 years,

67 days

Liberal
17 CarlosHerrerayLuna.jpg Carlos Herrera
(1856–1930)
1920

1920

15 April 192010 December 19211 year,

238 days

Unionist Party
18 Jose Maria Orellana Pinto recortado.jpg José María Orellana
(1872–1926)
1922 10 December 192126 September 19264 years,

289 days

Liberal
19 Lazarochacon1926.jpg Lázaro Chacón González
(1873–1931)
1926 26 September 19262 January 19314 years,

98 days

Unionist Party
20 Jose maria reina andrade.jpg José María Reina Andrade
(1860–1947)
Acting President
2 January 193114 February 193143 daysLiberal
21 Ubico Castaneda, Jorge.jpg Jorge Ubico Castañeda
(1878–1946)
1931 14 February 19314 July 194413 years,

141 days

Liberal
22 Federicoponcevaides.jpg Juan Federico Ponce Vaides
(1889–1956)
Acting President
4 July 194420 October 1944108 daysLiberal
23 Juntagobierno1944.jpg Revolutionary Government Junta20 October 194415 March 1945146 days Military
24 JuanJoseArevaloBermejo - cropped.jpg Juan José Arévalo Bermejo
(1904–1990)
1944 15 March 194515 March 19516 years Revolutionary Action Party
25 Jacoboarbenz1950.jpg Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán
(1913–1971)
1950 15 March 195127 June 1954
(Deposed)
3 years,

103 days

Revolutionary Action Party /
Party of the Guatemalan Revolution
26 Carlos Enrique Diaz.jpg Carlos Enrique Díaz de León
(1915–2014)
Provisional President
27 June 195429 June 19542 days Military
27 Elfego Hernán Monzón Aguirre
(1912–1981)
Chairman of Military Junta
29 June 19548 July 19549 days Military
28 Carlos Castillo Armas.jpg Carlos Castillo Armas
(1914–1957)
8 July 195426 July 19573 years,

18 days

Military
29 Luis Arturo González López
(1900–1965)
Acting President
27 July 195724 October 195789 days National Progress Party
30 Oscar Mendoza Azurdia.png Óscar Mendoza Azurdia
(1917–1995)
Chairman of Military Junta
24 October 195726 October 19572 days Military
31 Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg Guillermo Flores Avendaño
(1894–1982)
Acting President
26 October 19572 March 1958127 days Military
32 Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes.jpg Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes
(1895–1982)
1958 2 March 195831 March 1963

(Deposed)

5 years,

29 days

Military /
National Democratic Reconciliation Party
33 Enrique Peralta Azurdia (cropped).jpg Enrique Peralta Azurdia
(1908–1997)
31 March 19631 July 19663 years,

92 days

Institutional Democratic Party
34 Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg Julio César Méndez Montenegro
(1915–1996)
1966 1 July 19661 July 19704 years Revolutionary Party
35 Carlos Arana Osorio.png Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio
(1918–2003)
1970 1 July 19701 July 19744 years Institutional Democratic Party
36 Kjell Laugerud.png Kjell Eugenio Laugerud García
(1930–2009)
1974 1 July 19741 July 19784 years Institutional Democratic Party
37 Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg Fernando Romeo Lucas García
(1924–2006)
1978 1 July 197823 March 19823 years,

265 days

Institutional Democratic Party
38 Rios Montt.png José Efraín Ríos Montt
(1926–2018)
23 March 19828 August 19831 year,

137 days

Military
39 Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg Óscar Humberto Mejía Víctores
(1930–2016)
8 August 198314 January 19862 years,

158 days

Military
40 Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arevalo DN-SN-86-05174.JPEG Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arévalo
(born 1942)
1985 14 January 198614 January 19915 years Guatemalan Christian Democracy
41 Jorge Serrano Elias.jpg Jorge Antonio Serrano Elías
(born 1945)
1990 14 January 19911 June 19932 years,

139 days

Solidarity Action Movement
42 Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg Gustavo Adolfo Espina Salguero
(born 1946)
1 June 19935 June 19934 days Solidarity Action Movement
43 Leon Carpio 1993.jpg Ramiro de León Carpio
(1942–2002)
1993 6 June 199314 January 19962 years,

221 days

Independent
44 AlvaroArzuIrigoyenFoto (cropped).jpg Álvaro Enrique Arzú Irigoyen
(1946–2018)
1995-96 14 January 199614 January 20004 years National Advancement Party /
Unionist Party
45 Alfonso Portillo Cabrera.jpg Alfonso Antonio Portillo Cabrera
(born 1951)
1999 14 January 200014 January 20044 years Guatemalan Republican Front
46 Oscar Berger 2005 (cropped).jpg Óscar Rafael Berger Perdomo
(born 1946)
2003 14 January 200414 January 20084 years National Solidarity Party /
Grand National Alliance
47 Alvaro Colom Caballeros.jpg Álvaro Colom Caballeros
(born 1951)
2007 14 January 200814 January 20124 years National Unity of Hope
48 Otto Perez Molina at World Economic Forum 2013-cropped.jpg Otto Fernando Pérez Molina
(born 1950)
2011 14 January 20123 September 20153 years,

233 days

Patriotic Party /
Grand National Alliance
49 Alejandro Maldonado 2015 (cropped).jpg Alejandro Baltasar Maldonado Aguirre
(born 1936)
Acting President
3 September 201514 January 2016133 days Independent
50 President Trump Meets with the President of Guatemala (49235087891) (cropped).jpg Jimmy Ernesto Morales Cabrera
(born 1969)
2015 14 January 201614 January 20204 years National Convergence Front
51 Alejandro Giammattei (48934164796) (cropped).jpg Alejandro Eduardo Giammattei Falla
(born 1956)
2019 14 January 2020Incumbent132 days Vamos

Latest election

CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes%Votes%
Alejandro Giammattei Vamos 613,30213.951,907,69657.95
Sandra Torres National Unity of Hope 1,122,63025.541,384,00542.05
Edmond Mulet Humanist Party of Guatemala 492,79911.21
Thelma Cabrera Movement for the Liberation of Peoples 455,87410.37
Roberto Arzú National Advancement PartyPodemos 267,2566.08
Isaac Farchi Vision with Values 259,2885.90
Manuel Villacorta Winaq 229,4665.22
Estuardo Galdámez National Convergence Front 180,9834.12
Julio Héctor Estrada Commitment, Renewal and Order 164,7223.75
Fredy Cabrera Todos 137,7693.13
Amílcar Rivera Victoria 111,7342.54
Pablo Ceto Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity 94,8102.16
Pablo Duarte Unionist Party 63,0181.43
Manfredo Marroquín Encuentro por Guatemala 50,2981.14
Aníbal García Libre 41,6720.95
Benito Morales Convergence 37,7240.86
Luis Velásquez Unidos 26,9900.61
José Luis Chea Urruela Productivity and Work Party 23,8930.54
Danilo Roca Avanza 21,1790.48
Invalid/blank votes667,460
Total5,062,8671003,291,701 100
Registered voters/turnout8,150,22162.1240.39
Source: Supreme Electoral Tribunal (both rounds preliminaries, 99% counted)

Living former presidents

Notes

  1. Note: Regarding the numbering of the terms, several reliable sources state that Jimmy Morales is the 50th president [2] [3] [4]

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References

  1. Rony Ríos (17 January 2017). "Jimmy Morales el presidente mejor pagado de Latinoamérica". elPeriódico. Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  2. "Jimmy Morales tomó la banda presidencial como el 50° Presidente de la República de Guatemala". TN23 (news station, original in video). 16 January 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  3. "Jimmy Morales asume como nuevo presidente de Guatemala". CNN Español. 14 January 2016. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  4. Tulio Juárez (17 March 2017). "¿Qué le obsequiaría usted este sábado al presidente Jimmy Morales en su 48 cumpleaños?". elPeriódico. Archived from the original on 5 April 2019. Retrieved 5 April 2019.