|President of Kosovo |
Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës (Albanian)
Председник Републике Косово (Serbian)
|Appointer||Assembly of the Republic of Kosovo|
|Term length||Five years|
|Inaugural holder||Ibrahim Rugova|
|Formation||4 March 2002|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
|Constitution and law|
The President of Kosovo (Albanian : Presidenti i Kosovës, Serbian: Predsednik Kosovo), officially styled the President of the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian : Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës, Serbian: Predsednik Republike Kosovo), is the head of state and chief representative of the Republic of Kosovo [a] in the country and abroad.
Albanian is a language of the Indo-European family, in which it occupies an independent branch. It is an official language in Albania, Kosovo, and the Republic of North Macedonia. It also has an official minority status in Italy, Romania, Montenegro, Serbia, and others. The language has an official status in Ulcinj, southern Montenegro. Albanian is also spoken by large Albanian communities elsewhere in Europe, the Americas and Australia.
Serbian is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language mainly used by Serbs. It is the official language of Serbia, the territory of Kosovo, and one of the three official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, it is a recognized minority language in Montenegro where it is spoken by the relative majority of the population, as well as in Croatia, Macedonia, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic.
A style of office, honorific or manner/form of address, is an official or legally recognized form of address, and may often be used in conjunction with a title. A style, by tradition or law, precedes a reference to a person who holds a post or political office, and is sometimes used to refer to the office itself. An honorific can also be awarded to an individual in a personal capacity. Such styles are particularly associated with monarchies, where they may be used by a wife of an office holder or of a prince of the blood, for the duration of their marriage. They are also almost universally used for presidents in republics and in many countries for members of legislative bodies, higher-ranking judges and senior constitutional office holders. Leading religious figures also have styles.
The President is elected indirectly, by the Assembly of Kosovo, in a secret ballot by a two-thirds majority of deputies in functions. If no candidate achieves a two-thirds majority, at the third ballot the candidate who receives a simple majority is elected.
The Assembly of the Republic of Kosovo was originally established by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo in 2001 to provide 'provisional, democratic self-government'.
The vote in the Assembly should take place no later than a month before the end of the incumbent President's term of office.He or she serves for a five-year term, renewable once.
The first post-war President, who served until his death in January 2006, was Ibrahim Rugova. His successor was Fatmir Sejdiu. When Sejdiu resigned from his post on 27 September 2010, Jakup Krasniqi served as acting president.On 22 February 2011, Behgjet Pacolli was elected as a president of Kosovo, which was quickly evaluated as unconstitutional move. On 4 April 2011, Behgjet Pacolli stepped down and it was decided that another candidate would be elected to serve for up to a year. A constitutional reform will be undertaken to allow for a popular vote for the president in 2013. On 7 April 2011, Atifete Jahjaga, Deputy Director of the Kosovo Police, with the rank of Major general, was elected as President.
The Kosovo War was an armed conflict in Kosovo that started in late February 1998 and lasted until 11 June 1999. It was fought by the forces of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which controlled Kosovo before the war, and the Kosovo Albanian rebel group known as the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), with air support from the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) from 24 March 1999, and ground support from the Albanian army.
Ibrahim Rugova was the first President of the partially recognised Republic of Kosova, serving from 1992 to 2000 and again from 2002 until his death in 2006, and a prominent Kosovo Albanian political leader, scholar, and writer. He oversaw a popular struggle for independence, advocating a peaceful resistance to Yugoslav rule and lobbying for U.S. and European support, especially during the Kosovo War. Owing to his role in Kosovo's history, Rugova has been dubbed "Father of the Nation" and "Gandhi of the Balkans". Rugova founded the political party Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) in 1989. The LDK, which had the support of 90% of the ethnic Albanian population of Kosovo, advocated for Kosovo’s independence by peaceful means. The party established a shadow government that provided basic government and social services to the Kosovo Albanian population, including education and health care, in effect creating a parallel state. In May 1992, Rugova was elected President of this parallel state. In March 2002, with the United Nations Mission in Kosovo administering the province, he was elected President of Kosovo. He held this position until his death in January 2006, and was posthumously declared a Hero of Kosovo.
|Portrait||Term of office||Political Party|
|Chairman of the People's Liberation Committee|
|1 January 1944||11 July 1945||Communist Party|
|Presidents of the Assembly|
|1|| Fadil Hoxha |
|11 July 1945||20 February 1953|| Communist Party|
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists
|20 February 1953||12 December 1953||League of Communists|
|3|| Đorđije Pajković |
|12 December 1953||5 May 1956||League of Communists|
|5 May 1956||4 April 1960||League of Communists|
|5|| Dušan Mugoša |
|4 April 1960||18 June 1963||League of Communists|
|18 June 1963||24 June 1967||League of Communists|
|(1)|| Fadil Hoxha |
|24 June 1967||7 May 1969||League of Communists|
|7 May 1969||May 1974||League of Communists|
|Presidents of the Presidency|
|May 1974||August 1981||League of Communists|
|August 1981||1982||League of Communists|
|1982||May 1983||League of Communists|
|4||Shefqet Nebih Gashi|
|May 1983||May 1985||League of Communists|
|May 1985||May 1986||League of Communists|
|6||Bajram Selani||May 1986||May 1988||League of Communists|
|May 1988||5 April 1989||League of Communists|
|27 June 1989||11 April 1990||League of Communists|
|Portrait||Elected||Term of office||Political Affiliation|
|1|| Ibrahim Rugova |
|—||25 January 1992||1 February 2000||Democratic League|
|Portrait||Elected||Term of office||Political Affiliation|
|1|| Ibrahim Rugova |
|2002||4 March 2002||21 January 2006|
(Died in office)
|2|| Fatmir Sejdiu |
|10 February 2006||17 February 2008||Democratic League|
LDK PDK AKR Non-party
|Portrait||Elected||Term of office||Political Affiliation|
|1|| Fatmir Sejdiu |
|2008||17 February 2008||27 September 2010||Democratic League|
|2|| Behgjet Pacolli |
|2011||22 February 2011||4 April 2011||New Kosovo Alliance|
|—|| Jakup Krasniqi |
|—||4 April 2011||7 April 2011||Democratic Party|
|3|| Atifete Jahjaga |
|2011||7 April 2011||7 April 2016||Independent|
|4|| Hashim Thaçi |
|2016||7 April 2016||Incumbent||Democratic Party|
There are three living former Kosovan Presidents:
Behgjet Isa Pacolli is a Kosovo politician who is serving as the First Deputy Prime Minister of Kosovo and Minister of Foreign Affairs. Pacolli is a former President of the Republic of Kosovo, and previously served as the First Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Kosovo between 2011 and 2014. Pacolli was one of the signatories of 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence.
Atifete Jahjaga is a Kosovar politician and stateswoman who served as the third President of Kosovo. She was the first female President of the Republic of Kosovo, the first non-partisan candidate and the youngest female head of state to be elected to the top office. She served as Deputy Director of the Kosovo Police, holding the rank of Major General, the most senior among women officers in Southeastern Europe.
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Kosovo is the head of government of the Kosovo.
The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Kosovo (SRSG) is appointed by the Secretary-General to lead the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). The Joint Interim Administrative Structure and then the Provisional Institutions of Self-Government held their authority under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, reporting to the Special Representative.
|a.||^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia . The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory . The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement . Kosovo is recognized as an independent state by 103 out of 193 United Nations member states .|
The Democratic Party of Kosovo the largest political party in Kosovo. It was originally a social-democratic party coming out of demilitarized KLA after the war with most of the leadership being Albanian nationalists and former members of PMK, but during its congress in January 2013, it positioned itself as a center-right party. It is the main center-right party in Kosovo. The party shows strong socially conservative and economically liberal tendencies.
The politics of Kosovo, a disputed territory recognized by 113 out of 193 (58.5%) United Nations (UN) member states as an de facto independent state situated de jure within Serbia, takes place in a framework of a multi-party parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President (Presidenti) is the head of state and the Prime Minister (Kryeministri) the head of government. Parliamentary elections are held every four years, the most recent in 2017.
Nexhat Daci is a Kosovan politician. He was elected as the speaker of Assembly of Kosovo in 2001 as a member of President Ibrahim Rugova's Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK). In 2006, he was ousted from the speakership due to infighting within the LDK He is a member of the Assembly of Kosovo and the leader of the Democratic League of Dardania, which he founded following his unsuccessful bid to become leader of the Democratic League of Kosovo.
Anton Çeta (1920–1995) was an Albanian folklorist, academic and university professor. He was born in Gjakove, Kosova completed elementary school in his hometown and secondary school in Tirana and Korça, Albania. He graduated in Romance languages and culture at the University of Belgrade Faculty of Philosophy. For a period of time he worked as assistant professor at the department of Albanian Studies in Belgrade. From 1960 to 1968 he lectured on Old Albanian Literature, The History of Literature, and Latin language at the University of Prishtina.
New Kosovo Alliance is a liberal political party in Kosovo that is in the current coalition government made up by the PDK and AKR. The party was founded on 3 May 2006, by Behgjet Pacolli, a businessman. He is the founding owner of Mabetex, the Swiss-based project-engineering firm that has managed significant engineering projects ranging from restorations in the White House in the United States to the rebuilding of the Kremlin in Moscow.
An indirect election for the President of Kosovo were held on January 9, 2008. Though not scheduled for 2008, the election of the president by the Assembly of Kosovo was brought up as an issue after the technical resignation of Fatmir Sejdiu from the position.
Foreign relations of Kosovo are accomplished by efforts of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kosovo. Kosovo operates 24 embassies abroad and is host to 21 Embassies in Pristina. Kosovo has membership in several International Organisations.
Jakup Krasniqi is an Albanian politician and former acting President of Kosovo. He is former Chairman of the Assembly of Kosovo.
The Constitutional Court of Kosovo is the final authority for the interpretation of the Constitution of Kosovo and judicial review of laws for compliance with the constitution. The Constitutional Court is located in Pristina, the capital of Kosovo. The Constitutional Court was established shortly after Kosovo's independence and heard its first cases in 2009.
The 2010 political crisis in Kosovo started when the Constitutional Court of Kosovo stated that the President of Kosovo Fatmir Sejdiu was violating the Constitution of Kosovo, because he was both president of the Republic of Kosovo and also leader of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK). This resulted in Sejdiu stepping down as president on September 27. A new election was announced for December 12, 2010. Jakup Krasniqi became the acting president of Kosovo until the election.
Isa Mustafa is a Kosovar politician who is the leader of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK). Mustafa was Mayor of Pristina from December 2007 to December 2013 and served as Prime Minister of Kosovo between December 2014 and September 2017.
Indirect presidential elections were held in Kosovo on 22 February 2011.
Adrian Prenkaj is a public policy consultant, former Kosovo diplomat and former Adviser for European Integration to the President of the Republic of Kosovo, Atifete Jahjaga, He joined Jahjaga's Cabinet in February 2012, following 3 years as First Secretary for Political Affairs at the Embassy of the Republic of Kosovo in the United States. Before joining the diplomatic service of Kosovo, he worked as a Senior European Affairs Officer in the Agency for European Integration of Kosovo.
This article is about the Cabinet of Atifete Jahjaga, the President of Kosovo.