President of Kosovo

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President of Kosovo
Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës  (Albanian)
Председник Републике Косово  (Serbian)
Flag of Dardania.svg
Presidential standard
Hashim Thaci, 2012.jpg
Incumbent
Hashim Thaçi

since 7 April 2016
Appointer Assembly of the Republic of Kosovo
Term length Five years
Renewable once
Inaugural holder Ibrahim Rugova
Formation4 March 2002
Website Official website
Coat of arms of Kosovo.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kosovo
Constitution and law

The President of Kosovo (Albanian : Presidenti i Kosovës, Serbian: Predsednik Kosovo), officially styled the President of the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian : Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës, Serbian: Predsednik Republike Kosovo), is the head of state and chief representative of the Republic of Kosovo [a] in the country and abroad.

Albanian language Indo-European language

Albanian is an Indo-European language spoken by the Albanians in the Balkans and the Albanian diaspora in the Americas, Europe and Oceania. With about 7.5 million speakers, it comprises an independent branch within the Indo-European languages and is not closely related to any other language in Europe.

Serbian language South Slavic language

Serbian is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language mainly used by Serbs. It is the official language of Serbia, co-official in the territory of Kosovo, and one of the three official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, it is a recognized minority language in Montenegro, where it is spoken by the relative majority of the population, as well as in Croatia, North Macedonia, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic.

A style of office, honorific or manner/form of address, is an official or legally recognized form of address, and may often be used in conjunction with a title. A style, by tradition or law, precedes a reference to a person who holds a post or political office, and is sometimes used to refer to the office itself. An honorific can also be awarded to an individual in a personal capacity. Such styles are particularly associated with monarchies, where they may be used by a wife of an office holder or of a prince of the blood, for the duration of their marriage. They are also almost universally used for presidents in republics and in many countries for members of legislative bodies, higher-ranking judges and senior constitutional office holders. Leading religious figures also have styles.

Contents

The President is elected indirectly, by the Assembly of Kosovo, in a secret ballot by a two-thirds majority of deputies in functions. If no candidate achieves a two-thirds majority, at the third ballot the candidate who receives a simple majority is elected. [1]

Assembly of the Republic of Kosovo

The Assembly of the Republic of Kosovo was originally established by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo in 2001 to provide 'provisional, democratic self-government'.

The vote in the Assembly should take place no later than a month before the end of the incumbent President's term of office. [2] He or she serves for a five-year term, renewable once.

History and precursor

The first post-war President, who served until his death in January 2006, was Ibrahim Rugova. His successor was Fatmir Sejdiu. When Sejdiu resigned from his post on 27 September 2010, Jakup Krasniqi served as acting president. [3] [4] On 22 February 2011, Behgjet Pacolli was elected as a president of Kosovo, [5] which was quickly evaluated as unconstitutional move. [6] On 4 April 2011, Behgjet Pacolli stepped down [7] and it was decided that another candidate would be elected to serve for up to a year. A constitutional reform will be undertaken to allow for a popular vote for the president in 2013. On 7 April 2011, Atifete Jahjaga, Deputy Director of the Kosovo Police, [8] with the rank of Major general, [9] was elected as President.

Kosovo War 1990s armed conflict in Kosovo

The Kosovo War was an armed conflict in Kosovo that started in late February 1998 and lasted until 11 June 1999. It was fought by the forces of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which controlled Kosovo before the war, and the Kosovo Albanian rebel group known as the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), with air support from the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) from 24 March 1999, and ground support from the Albanian army.

Ibrahim Rugova President of Kosovo

Ibrahim Rugova was the first President of the partially recognised Republic of Kosova, serving from 1992 to 2000 and again from 2002 until his death in 2006, and a prominent Kosovo Albanian political leader, scholar, and writer. He oversaw a popular struggle for independence, advocating a peaceful resistance to Yugoslav rule and lobbying for U.S. and European support, especially during the Kosovo War. Owing to his role in Kosovo's history, Rugova has been dubbed "Father of the Nation" and "Gandhi of the Balkans". Rugova founded the political party Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) in 1989. The LDK, which had the support of 90% of the ethnic Albanian population of Kosovo, advocated for Kosovo’s independence by peaceful means. The party established a shadow government that provided basic government and social services to the Kosovo Albanian population, including education and health care, in effect creating a parallel state. In May 1992, Rugova was elected President of this parallel state. In March 2002, with the United Nations Mission in Kosovo administering the province, he was elected President of Kosovo. He held this position until his death in January 2006, and was posthumously declared a Hero of Kosovo.

Fatmir Sejdiu President of Kosovo

Fatmir Sejdiulisten  is a politician from Kosovo. He was the leader of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) and was the first President of Kosovo.

Officeholders

Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo

Parties

   KPK/SKK

No.Name
(Birth–Death)
PortraitTerm of officePolitical Party
Chairman of the People's Liberation Committee
1944–1945
1Mehmed Hoxha
(1908–1987)
No image.png 1 January 194411 July 1945 Communist Party
Presidents of the Assembly
1945–1974
1 Fadil Hoxha
(1916–2001)
1st time
Fadil Hoxha, commander of Kosovo partisans.jpg 11 July 194520 February 1953 Communist Party
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists
2Ismet Saqiri
(1918–1986)
No image.png 20 February 195312 December 1953 League of Communists
3 Đorđije Pajković
(1917–1980)
No image.png 12 December 19535 May 1956 League of Communists
4Pavle Jovićević
(1910–1985)
No image.png 5 May 19564 April 1960 League of Communists
5 Dušan Mugoša
(1914–1973)
Dusan Mugosa.jpg 4 April 196018 June 1963 League of Communists
6Stanoje Akšić
(1921–1970)
Stanoje Aksic.jpg 18 June 196324 June 1967 League of Communists
(1) Fadil Hoxha
(1916–2001)
2nd time
Fadil Hoxha, commander of Kosovo partisans.jpg 24 June 19677 May 1969 League of Communists
7Ilaz Kurteshi
(1927–2016)
Iljaz Kurtesi.jpg 7 May 1969May 1974 League of Communists
Presidents of the Presidency
1974–1990
1Xhavid Nimani
(1919–2000)
Xhavit Nimani.jpg May 1974August 1981 League of Communists
2 Ali Shukriu
(1919–2005)
No image.png August 19811982 League of Communists
3Kolë Shiroka
(1922–1994)
No image.png 1982May 1983 League of Communists
4Shefqet Nebih Gashi
(1927–)
No image.png May 1983May 1985 League of Communists
5Branislav Škembarević
(1920–2003)
Branislav Skembarevic.jpg May 1985May 1986 League of Communists
6Bajram Selani No image.png May 1986May 1988 League of Communists
7Remzi Kolgeci
(1947–2011)
No image.png May 19885 April 1989 League of Communists
8Hysen Kajdomçaj
(1943–)
No image.png 27 June 198911 April 1990 League of Communists

Republic of Kosovo (Recognised only by Albania)

Parties

   LDK

No.Name
(Birth–Death)
PortraitElectedTerm of officePolitical Affiliation
President
1992–2000
1 Ibrahim Rugova
(1944–2006)
Ibrahim Rugova.jpg 25 January 19921 February 2000 Democratic League

UN-administered Kosovo

Parties

   LDK

No.Name
(Birth–Death)
PortraitElectedTerm of officePolitical Affiliation
Presidents
2002–2008
1 Ibrahim Rugova
(1944–2006)
Ibrahim Rugova.jpg 20024 March 200221 January 2006
(Died in office)
Democratic League
2 Fatmir Sejdiu
(1951–)
Fatmir Sejdiu 2009.jpg 2006
2008
10 February 200617 February 2008 Democratic League

Republic of Kosovo (Recognised by 112 UN member states)

Parties

   LDK    PDK    AKR    Non-party

No.Name
(Birth–Death)
PortraitElectedTerm of officePolitical Affiliation
Presidents
2008–present
1 Fatmir Sejdiu
(1951–)
Fatmir Sejdiu 2009.jpg 2008 17 February 200827 September 2010 Democratic League
Jakup Krasniqi
(1951–)
Acting President
No image.svg 27 September 201022 February 2011 Democratic Party
2 Behgjet Pacolli
(1951–)
Pacolli final.jpg 2011 22 February 20114 April 2011 New Kosovo Alliance
Jakup Krasniqi
(1951–)
Acting President
No image.svg 4 April 20117 April 2011 Democratic Party
3 Atifete Jahjaga
(1975–)
Atifete Jahjaga - 2018 (25839518347) (cropped).jpg 2011 7 April 20117 April 2016 Independent
4 Hashim Thaçi
(1968–)
Hashim Thaci, 2012.jpg 2016 7 April 2016Incumbent Democratic Party

Living former Presidents

There are three living former Kosovan Presidents:

Behgjet Pacolli Swiss businessman

Behgjet Isa Pacolli is a Kosovo politician who is serving as the First Deputy Prime Minister of Kosovo and Minister of Foreign Affairs. Pacolli is a former President of the Republic of Kosovo, and previously served as the First Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Kosovo between 2011 and 2014. Pacolli was one of the signatories of 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence.

Atifete Jahjaga former president of Kosovo

Atifete Jahjaga is a Kosovar politician and stateswoman who served as the third President of Kosovo. She was the first female President of the Republic of Kosovo, the first non-partisan candidate and the youngest female head of state to be elected to the top office. She served as Deputy Director of the Kosovo Police, holding the rank of Major General, the most senior among women officers in Southeastern Europe.

Latest election

See also

Prime Minister of Kosovo Wikimedia list article

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Kosovo is the head of government of Kosovo.

The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Kosovo (SRSG) is appointed by the Secretary-General to lead the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). The Joint Interim Administrative Structure and then the Provisional Institutions of Self-Government held their authority under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, reporting to the Special Representative.

Notes and references

Notes:

a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia . The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory . The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement . Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states , while 12 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.

References:

  1. Balkan Update
  2. A New President for Kosovo, Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso, 20 January 2016
  3. "Sejdiu dha dorëheqje nga posti i presidentit" (in Albanian). telegrafi.com. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  4. "Kosovo president resigns over breach of constitution". BBC. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  5. Bytyci, Fatos (22 February 2011). "Kosovo elects businessman Behgjet Pacolli president". Reuters.
  6. Snyder, Whitney (30 March 2011). "Kosovo President Behgjet Pacolli Resigns, Vows To Run Again". Huffington Post.
  7. http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,14956696,00.html
  8. Koha, "Në krye të Policisë së Kosovës, Atifete Jahjaga" [ permanent dead link ]Shqip TIME.mk 16 October 2010 (accessed 6 April 2011)
  9. "Atifete Jahjaga zgjidhet presidente e Republikës" Telegrafi.com 7 April 2011 (accessed 6 April 2011)

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