|President of the Republic of Latvia |
Latvijas Valsts prezidents
|Residence|| Riga Castle |
|Term length||Four years|
renewable once, consecutively
|Inaugural holder|| Jānis Čakste |
14 November 1922
|Formation||Constitution of Latvia|
|Salary||~ €54,732 annually|
The president of Latvia (Latvian : Latvijas Valsts prezidents, literally "State President") is head of state and commander-in-chief of the National Armed Forces of the Republic of Latvia.
The term of office is four years. Before 1999, it was three years. He or she may be elected any number of times, but not more than twice in a row.In the event of the vacancy in the office of the president, the speaker of the Saeima assumes the duties of the president. For example, after the death of Jānis Čakste the speaker of the Saeima, Pauls Kalniņš, was acting president briefly in 1927, before a new president could be elected.
Unlike his Estonian counterpart, the Latvian president's role is not entirely ceremonial. However, he is not as powerful as the president of Lithuania. Unlike in Estonia, he shares executive power with the cabinet and prime minister. However, he is not politically responsible for carrying out his duties, and all presidential orders must be countersigned by a member of the cabinet – usually the prime minister.
The tenth and current officeholder, and sixth since the restoration of independence, is Egils Levits, who was elected on 28 May 2019 and began his first four-year term on 8 July 2019.
DC LSDSP LZS LTF LC ZZS LZP None
|Portrait||Term of office||Political party|
|1|| Jānis Čakste |
|17 December 1918||14 November 1922||Democratic Centre|
|14 November 1922||14 March 1927|
|—|| Pauls Kalniņš |
|14 March 1927||8 April 1927||Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party|
|2|| Gustavs Zemgals |
|8 April 1927||4 September 1930||Democratic Centre|
|3|| Alberts Kviesis |
|4 September 1930||15 May 1934||Latvian Farmers' Union|
|(3)||16 May 1934||10 April 1936||Independent|
|4|| Kārlis Ulmanis |
|11 April 1936||21 July 1940||Independent|
|Position vacant (21 July 1940 – 8 July 1993)|
|—|| Anatolijs Gorbunovs |
|21 August 1991||13 February 1993||Popular Front of Latvia|
|(—)||13 February 1993||8 July 1993||Latvian Way|
|5|| Guntis Ulmanis |
|8 July 1993||8 July 1999||Latvian Farmers' Union|
|6|| Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga |
|8 July 1999||8 July 2007||Independent|
|7|| Valdis Zatlers |
|8 July 2007||8 July 2011||Independent|
|8|| Andris Bērziņš |
|8 July 2011||8 July 2015||Union of Greens and Farmers|
|9|| Raimonds Vējonis |
|8 July 2015||8 July 2019||Latvian Green Party|
|10|| Egils Levits |
|8 July 2019||Incumbent |
(Term ends on 8 July 2023)
There are six living former Latvian presidents:
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politics and government of
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