President of Moldova

Last updated
President of Moldova
Președinte al Republicii Moldova
Flag of the President of Moldova.svg
Maia Sandu at Batumi International Conference, on 19 July 2021 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Maia Sandu

since 24 December 2020
Style His/Her Excellency
Residence Presidential Palace
Appointer Popular vote
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Ion Inculeț (Bessarabia era)
Mircea Snegur (Republic of Moldova)
Formation3 September 1990
Salary9,264 USD annually [1]
Website presedinte.md/eng

The president of the Republic of Moldova (Romanian : Președintele Republicii Moldova) is the head of state of Moldova. The current president is Maia Sandu, who assumed office on 24 December 2020.

Contents

Duties and functions

The office of the presidency in Moldova is largely ceremonial, with most of the formal political power exercised by parliament and the prime minister. [2] [3] However, because the president represents Moldova internationally, he or she has sway over the country's relationships with other countries. In addition, the president can influence public policy by using his or her high profile to initiate and participate in public discourse. [4]

A collection of organizational bodies collectively known as the Presidential Administration, whose members are appointed by the president, serves as the communication service between the government and the presidency. One office of the Administration, the Supreme Security Council, advises the president on foreign policy. [5]

Election

The president is elected in a two-round direct election, with a runoff taking place between the top two finishers if no candidate receives a majority in the first round. This system was put in place when the constitution of Moldova was adopted in 1994.

In 2000, a law was passed changing the process to an indirect election by the Parliament of Moldova, with a supermajority of 61 votes required. On March 4, 2016, the Constitutional Court ruled that the law was unconstitutional [6] and Moldova consequently returned to electing the president via popular vote.

One presidential term lasts for four years; presidents are limited to two terms.

Constitutional position

According to the Article 77 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the president of Moldova is the head of the state and represents the state and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, and the unity and territorial integrity of the nation.

Acting president

The acting president of Moldova (Romanian : Președinte interimar al Republicii Moldova) is a person who fulfills the duties of the president of Moldova when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. It is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Moldova.

According to Article 91 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

When the office of the President of the Republic of Moldova becomes vacant or the President has been suspended from office, or finds himself in the temporary impossibility of discharging his duties, the responsibility of the office shall devolve ad interim on the President of Parliament or the Prime Minister, in that priority order.

Suspension from office

According to Article 89 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

Vacancy

According to Article 90 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

Standard

The presidential standard (Stindardul Preşedintelui) consists of the Coat of Arms of Moldova in front of a purple background and a border composed of squares of 1/9 in the national colors of the republic. The regulations of the Standard of the President is approved by the decree of the President with the opinion of the National Heraldic Commission. The original of the Standard of the President is handed over to the President at the inauguration ceremony and is kept in their office. Duplicates and copies of the standard are displayed at the Presidential Palace or at other presidential residences while they are on these premises. [7]

Band and music

The official march of the presidency is the Marș de Întîmpinare «La Mulți ani» (Slow March «To many years»), which is used during the arrival of the president at special occasions, similarly to Hail to the Chief for the President of the United States. [8] The Presidential Band of the Republic of Moldova is the main military band of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Moldova and specifically serves the president during all functions of state. The band performs at welcome ceremonies of foreign officials on state visits, military parades, and the accreditation of ambassadors. [9] [10]

List of presidents of Moldova

Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917–1918)

Party

   Bessarabian Peasants' Party

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Took officeLeft officePolitical party
1 Ion C. Inculet (1884-1940).jpg Ion Inculeț
(1884–1940)
December 15 [ O.S. December 2] 1917April 9 [ O.S. March 27] 1918 Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1991)

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

First secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet

Party

   PCM

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Took officeLeft officePolitical party
1 Mircea Snegur, March 2012-2.jpg Mircea Snegur
(born 1939)
27 April 19903 September 1990 Communist Party of Moldova

Republic of Moldova (1991–present)

Parties

   PDAM    PCRM    PL    PLDM    PDM    PSRM    PAS    Independent

Status
  Acting President
#PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Office termCabinetsElectionPrior officePolitical party
1 Mircea Snegur, March 2012-2.jpg Mircea Snegur
(born 1939)
3 September 199015 January 1997 Druc (1990–91) 1991 Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR Independent
6 years, 134 days
(Lost re-election campaign)
Muravschi (1991–92)
Sangheli I (1992–94)
Sangheli II (1994–97)
2 Petru Lucinschi 2000.jpg Petru Lucinschi
(born 1941)
15 January 19977 April 2001 Ciubuc I (1997–98) 1996 2nd President of the Parliament Democratic Agrarian Party of Moldova
4 years, 82 days
(Opted out of second term in office)
Ciubuc II (1998–99)
Sturza (1999)
Braghiș (1999–2001)
3 VoroninVladimir2008.jpg Vladimir Voronin
(born 1941)
7 April 200111 September 2009 Tarlev I (2001–05) 2001
(indirect)
2005
(indirect)
Minister of Internal Affairs of the Moldavian SSR Party of Communists
8 years, 157 days
(Resigned)
Tarlev II (2005–08)
Greceanîi I (2008–09)
Greceanîi II (2009)
Mihai Ghimpu Imagine.jpg Mihai Ghimpu
(born 1951)
Acting President
11 September 200928 December 2010 Filat I (2009–11)8th President of the Parliament Liberal Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Vladimir Filat.jpg Vlad Filat
(born 1969)
Acting President
28 December 201030 December 20108th Prime Minister of Moldova Liberal Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Marian Lupu Senate of Poland.JPG Marian Lupu
(born 1966)
Acting President
30 December 201023 March 2012 Filat II (2011–13)6th and 9th President of the Parliament Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
4 Nicolae Timofti June 2014 (cropped).jpg Nicolae Timofti
(born 1948)
23 March 201223 December 2016Filat II (2011–13) 2011–12
(indirect)
Chairman of the Supreme Magistrate Council Independent
(Alliance for European Integration)
Leancă (2013–15)
4 years, 275 days

(Opted out of second

term in office)

Gaburici (2015)
Streleț (2015)
Filip (2016–19)
5 Igor Dodon MoscowTass 01-2017.jpg Igor Dodon
(born 1975)
23 December 201624 December 2020 2016 First Deputy Prime Minister of Moldova;Minister of Economy and Trade Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova
4 years, 1 day

(Lost re-election campaign)

Sandu (2019)
Chicu (2019–20)
6 Maia Sandu at Batumi International Conference, on 19 July 2021 (cropped).jpg Maia Sandu
(born 1972)
24 December 2020Incumbent 2020 13th Prime Minister of Moldova Party of Action and Solidarity
317 days Gavrilița (2021–)

Residence

Official residence on Stephen the Great Boulevard. Kishinev, Prezidentskii Dvorets Palatul Prezidential din Chisinau Presidential Palace in Chisinau, Moldova (48055425521).jpg
Official residence on Stephen the Great Boulevard.

The Presidential Palace is located in the Buiucani sector of Chișinău. It was constructed between 1984 and 1987 to the design of architects A. Zalțman and V. Iavorski. The distinctive building was originally the meeting place of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR.

See also

Related Research Articles

Moldova–Russia relations Bilateral relations

Moldova–Russia relations are the bilateral relations between the Republic of Moldova and the Russian Federation.

Mihai Ghimpu Moldovan politician (born 1951)

Mihai Ghimpu is a Moldovan politician who served as Speaker of Parliament and Acting President of Moldova from 2009 to 2010. He was member of Parliament of Moldova from 1990 to 1998 and from 2009 to 2019. Ghimpu held the position of leader of Liberal Party (PL) from 1998 to 2018.

Commission for constitutional reform in Moldova

The Commission for constitutional reform is a commission instituted in Moldova by acting President Mihai Ghimpu to adopt a new version of the Constitution of Moldova (1994).

Aureliu Ciocoi Moldovan diplomat and politician

Aureliu Ciocoi is a Moldovan diplomat who has served as Acting Prime Minister of Moldova between 2020 and 2021, as Minister of Foreign Affairs since 9 November 2020. He also served as foreign minister in 2019 and, prior to that, as the ambassador to Germany, Denmark, China, and the United States.

Igor Dodon President of Moldova from 2016 to 2020

Igor Dodon is a Moldovan politician who previously served as the President of Moldova from 23 December 2016 to 24 December 2020. He currently serves as the leader of the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova. He served as Minister of Trade and Economics in the governments of Vasile Tarlev and Zinaida Greceanîi from September 2006 to September 2009 and was a member of the Parliament of Moldova from 2009 to 2016. He lost his bid for re-election in 2020 to Maia Sandu in a rematch whom he had defeated four years earlier in 2016.

Maia Sandu President of Moldova

Maia Sandu is a Moldovan politician and the current President of Moldova since 24 December 2020. She is the former leader of the Party of Action and Solidarity (PAS) and former Prime Minister of Moldova from 8 June 2019 until 14 November 2019. On 12 November 2019, Sandu's government collapsed after a vote of no-confidence, with 63 of the 101 MPs having voted on the motion submitted by the PSRM.

Andrian Candu Moldovan politician (born 1975)

Andrian Candu served as chairman of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova between 2015 and 2019. He left political life and went back to consultancy business, where previously he has built a successful career. Candu served as Deputy Speaker of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova from May 30, 2013 to July 11, 2014, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Economy of the Republic of Moldova from July 2, 2014 - January 23, 2015, Speaker of the Parliament Of the Republic of Moldova between January 23, 2015 - February 24, 2019, deputy of the PDM faction in the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova in 3 consecutive legislatures: December 24, 2010 - July 11, 2014, December 9, 2014 - March 9, 2019, March 9, 2019 - February 19, 2020. On February 20, 2020, together with five Members of the Parliament, Andrian Candu formed the "PRO MOLDOVA" Parliamentary Group, which was later registered as a political party, which he chaired for 1.5 years.

2016 Moldovan presidential election Presidential election in Moldova

Presidential elections were held in Moldova on 30 October 2016. They were the first direct presidential elections since 1996 and followed a declaration by the Constitutional Court on 4 March 2016 that the 2000 constitutional revision that led to the president being indirectly elected by Parliament was unconstitutional. The elections were won by Igor Dodon of the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM).

Party of Action and Solidarity Centre-right political party in Moldova

The Party of Action and Solidarity is a centre-right, liberal political party in Moldova. The PAS was founded by Maia Sandu, the former Minister of Education and the incumbent president of Moldova. A pro-European party, it is an observer of the European People's Party and the International Democrat Union.

Presidential Palace, Chișinău

Presidential Palace is the official residence of the president of Moldova.

Presidential Band of the Republic of Moldova Ceremonial unit in Moldova

The Presidential Band of the Republic of Moldova is an artist collective and the senior most military band of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Moldova, specifically serving the President of Moldova in his/her position as commander in chief. The band plays at welcome ceremonies of foreign officials on state visits, ceremonies of national importance, military parades, the accreditation ceremonies for ambassadors to Moldova, and various community events. The current commander of the band is Lieutenant Colonel Leonid Vozniuc, who is the director of all the military bands in the armed forces. The band, which currently consists of 110 musicians, has performed in international festivals and military tattoos in Germany, Russia, Belgium and Romania.

Victor Gaiciuc Moldovan military general and politician

Victor Gaiciuc is a Moldovan military general, who serves as the current Moldovan Minister of Defense. He was also the National Security Advisor to former President Igor Dodon. He is currently the Chairman of the Union of Officers of Moldova and was also the Secretary of the Supreme Security Council.

Sandu Cabinet

The Sandu Cabinet was a Cabinet of Moldova, led by Maia Sandu.

2021 Moldovan parliamentary election Parliamentary election in Moldova

Snap parliamentary elections were held in Moldova on 11 July 2021. Following the resignation of Ion Chicu, the position of Prime Minister became vacant, with the Parliament being obligated to form a new government within three months. After the expiration of the constitutionally mandated period and two failed attempts to win parliamentary approval for the proposed cabinets, the Constitutional Court ruled on 15 April that the circumstances justifying a dissolution of the parliament were met. President Maia Sandu signed the decree dissolving the Parliament on 28 April and snap parliamentary elections were called on.

2019 Moldovan constitutional crisis

In mid-2019, a sequence of events following the 2019 Moldovan parliamentary election – and the subsequent attempts to form and install a new government, culminated in the positions of Prime Minister and Speaker of the Parliament, as well as the powers and duties of the President, being claimed by competing individuals.

Pavel Voicu Moldovan politician

Pavel Voicu is a Moldovan politician who was the Minister of Defence of Moldova in the Sandu Cabinet and the Interior Minister under President Igor Dodon and Prime Minister Ion Chicu. He was also a personal advisor to Dodon. He has prior experience in Moldovan law enforcement.

Palace of the Republic, Chișinău

Palace of the Republic is an official multi-purpose building as well as a concert and theatre hall in Moldova. It is located at the Buiucani sector in the commune of Condrița in Chișinău.

Ion Chicu Moldovan politician

Ion Chicu is a Moldovan politician who served as Prime Minister of Moldova between 2019 until his resignation in 2020.

Supreme Security Council

The Supreme Security Council is an advisory body to the President of Moldova which aides and assists the President in the implementation of military policy and national security decisions. Its authority is vested in the Constitution of Moldova. The President is one of many permanent members of the council and chairs all of its meetings. Permanent members of the council since October 2009 have included the following:

2020 Moldovan presidential election Presidential election in Moldova

Presidential elections were held in Moldova on 1 November. The fourth direct elections since independence in 1991, voters had the possibility to either elect a new president or re-elect the incumbent Igor Dodon. Because no candidate received a majority of votes in the first round, a run-off between the top two candidates, Maia Sandu and Dodon, was held on 15 November. Maia Sandu won the second round with 57.72% of the vote, becoming the first female President of the country and the first winner from the Party of Action and Solidarity (PAS).

References

  1. Maxim, Pulber (20 March 2017). "Salariu de președinte: Cât primește Dodon de la stat – - Independent". Independent.md.
  2. "Moldova elects pro-Russian Igor Dodon as president". POLITICO. 2016-11-14. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  3. "Maia Sandu, a reformist ex-prime minister, becomes president". The Economist. 2020-11-19. ISSN   0013-0613 . Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  4. Ivan, Paul (2016). "What to expect from the new president of Moldova" (PDF). Archive of European Integration (University of Pittsburgh). Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  5. Аппарат президента — Президентура Республики Молдова Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine
  6. "DECIS: Şeful statului va fi ales de popor; Modificarea din 2000 a Constituţiei privind alegerea preşedintelui de Parlament, NECONSTITUŢIONALĂ". Jurnal.md (in Romanian). 4 March 2016.
  7. https://m.moldovenii.md/md/section/720/content/8781
  8. http://m.moldovenii.md/en/people/537/play-audio/id/4219
  9. "accompanies welcome ceremonies of foreign officials and delegations, participates at the accreditation ceremonies of ambassadors, military parades and other solemn events. The band performs within festivals, charity concerts, inauguration of monuments, military exercises, saluting, ceremonies on laying wreaths at monuments and tombs of the fallen soldiers".
  10. Moldovenii.md. "Orchestre – Orchestra Prezidențială a Republicii Moldova". m.moldovenii.md. Retrieved 2017-11-11.