President of Moldova

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President of Moldova
Flag of the President of Moldova.svg
Igor Dodon MoscowTass 01-2017.jpg
Incumbent
Igor Dodon

since 23 December 2016
Style His/Her Excellency
Residence Presidential Palace,
Condrița
Appointer Popular vote
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Ion Inculeț (Bessarabia era)
Mircea Snegur (Republic of Moldova)
FormationSeptember 3, 1990
Salary9,264 USD annually [1]
Website www.presedinte.md
Coat of arms of Moldova.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Moldova
Administrative divisions
Flag of Moldova.svg   Moldovaportal

The president of the Republic of Moldova (Romanian : Președintele Republicii Moldova) is the head of state of Moldova. The current president is Igor Dodon, elected in 2016. On 15 November 2020 he was defeated in his re-election bid by challenger Maia Sandu who will assume the office on 23 December 2020.

Contents

Duties and functions

The office of the presidency in Moldova is largely ceremonial, with most of the formal political power exercised by parliament and the prime minister. [2] [3] However, because the president represents Moldova internationally, he or she has sway over the country's relationships with other countries. In addition, the president can influence public policy by using his or her high profile to initiate and participate in public discourse. [4]

A collection of organizational bodies collectively known as the Presidential Administration, whose members are appointed by the president, serves as the communication service between the government and the presidency. One office of the Administration, the Supreme Security Council, advises the president on foreign policy. [5]

Election

Between 1994 and 2000, the president had been elected by popular vote for a four-year term; if no candidate received a majority in the first round, a runoff took place between the top two finishers. In 2000, the law regarding the election of the President of Moldova stipulated that the president would be indirectly elected by the Parliament of Moldova to a four-year term; a candidate must win a supermajority of 61 votes to be elected. Presidents are limited to two terms.

Nevertheless, the Constitutional Court ruled on March 4, 2016, that the law adopted in 2000 was unconstitutional, [6] thus reverting the election method of the president to a two-round system direct election.

Constitutional position

According to the Article 77 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the president of Moldova is the head of the state and represents the state and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, and the unity and territorial integrity of the nation.

Acting president

The acting president of Moldova (Romanian : Președinte interimar al Republicii Moldova) is a person who fulfills the duties of the president of Moldova when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. It is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Moldova.

According to Article 91 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

When the office of the President of the Republic of Moldova becomes vacant or the President has been suspended from office, or finds himself in the temporary impossibility of discharging his duties, the responsibility of the office shall devolve ad interim on the President of Parliament or the Prime Minister, in that priority order.

Suspension from office

According to Article 89 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

Vacancy

According to Article 90 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

Symbols

President Igor Dodon and Transnistrian leader Vadim Krasnoselsky at the official country residence of the President of Moldova in Condrita. The PMR President is on a working visit to Moldova.jpg
President Igor Dodon and Transnistrian leader Vadim Krasnoselsky at the official country residence of the President of Moldova in Condrița.

Standard

The presidential standard (Stindardul Preşedintelui) consists of the Coat of Arms of Moldova in front of a purple background and a border composed of squares of 1/9 in the national colors of the republic. The regulations of the Standard of the President is approved by the decree of the President with the opinion of the National Heraldic Commission. The original of the Standard of the President is handed over to the President at the inauguration ceremony and is kept in their office. Duplicates and copies of the standard are displayed at the Presidential Palace or at other presidential residences while they are on these premises. [7]

Band and music

The official march of the presidency is the Marș de Întîmpinare «La Mulți ani» (Slow March «To many years»), which is used during the arrival of the president at special occasions, similarly to Hail to the Chief for the President of the United States. [8] The Presidential Band of the Republic of Moldova is the main military band of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Moldova and specifically serves the president during all functions of state. The band performs at welcome ceremonies of foreign officials on state visits, military parades, and the accreditation of ambassadors. [9] [10]

List of presidents of Moldova

Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917–1918)

Party

   Bessarabian Peasants' Party

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Took officeLeft officePolitical party
1 Ion C. Inculet (1884-1940), President of Moldavian Democratic Republic.jpg Ion Inculeț
(1884–1940)
December 15 [ O.S. December 2] 1917April 9 [ O.S. March 27] 1918 Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1991)

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

First secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet

Party

   PCM

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Took officeLeft officePolitical party
1 Mircea Snegur, March 2012-2.jpg Mircea Snegur
(born 1940)
27 April 19903 September 1990 Communist Party of Moldova

Republic of Moldova (1991–present)

Parties

   PDAM    PCRM    PL    PLDM    PDM    PSRM    PAS    Independent

Status
  Acting President
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Took officeLeft officePolitical partyElected
1 Mircea Snegur, March 2012-2.jpg Mircea Snegur
(born 1940)
3 September 199015 January 1997 Independent 1991
2 Petru Lucinschi 2000.jpg Petru Lucinschi
(born 1940)
15 January 19977 April 2001 Democratic Agrarian Party of Moldova 1996
3 VoroninVladimir2008.jpg Vladimir Voronin
(born 1941)
7 April 200111 September 2009 Party of Communists 2001
(indirect)
2005
(indirect)
Mihai Ghimpu Imagine.jpg Mihai Ghimpu
(born 1951)
Acting President
11 September 200928 December 2010 Liberal Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Vladimir Filat.jpg Vlad Filat
(born 1969)
Acting President
28 December 201030 December 2010 Liberal Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Marian Lupu Senate of Poland.JPG Marian Lupu
(born 1966)
Acting President
30 December 201023 March 2012 Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
4 Nicolae Timofti June 2014 (cropped).jpg Nicolae Timofti
(born 1948)
23 March 201223 December 2016 Independent
(Alliance for European Integration)
2011–12
(indirect)
5 Igor Dodon MoscowTass 01-2017.jpg Igor Dodon
(born 1975)
23 December 201624 December 2020 Independent
(supported by Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova)
2016
6 Maia Sandu (2019) II.jpg Maia Sandu
(born 1972)
24 December 2020 Party of Action and Solidarity 2020

Living former presidents

There are four living former Moldovan presidents:

Residence

Official residence on Stephen the Great Boulevard. Presidential palace in Chisinau 01.jpg
Official residence on Stephen the Great Boulevard.

The Presidential Palace is located in the Buiucani sector of Chișinău. It was constructed between 1984 and 1987 to the design of architects A. Zalțman and V. Iavorski. The distinctive building was originally the meeting place of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR.

See also

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Presidential Band of the Republic of Moldova Ceremonial unit in Moldova

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Next Moldovan parliamentary election

The next parliamentary elections in Moldova must be held by 2023. Amidst a constitutional crisis in June 2019, parliamentary elections were called for 6 September 2019 by Pavel Filip after he was appointed acting president due to Igor Dodon's temporary suspension from office. However, Filip later stepped down.

2019 Moldovan constitutional crisis

In mid-2019, a sequence of events following the February 2019 Moldovan parliamentary election - and the subsequent attempts to form and install a new government, culminated in the positions of Prime Minister and Speaker of the Parliament, as well as the powers and duties of the President, being claimed by competing individuals.

2020 Moldovan presidential election Moldovan election

The 2020 Moldovan presidential election, the fourth direct Moldovan presidential election since independence in 1991, was held on 1 November. Voters had the possibility to either elect a new president or re-elect the incumbent Igor Dodon. Because no candidate received a majority of votes in the first round, a run-off between the top two candidates, Maia Sandu and Dodon, was held on 15 November. Maia Sandu won the second round with 57.72% of the vote, becoming the first female President of the country and the first winner from the Party of Action and Solidarity.

References

  1. Maxim, Pulber (20 March 2017). "Salariu de președinte: Cât primește Dodon de la stat – - Independent". Independent.md.
  2. "Moldova elects pro-Russian Igor Dodon as president". POLITICO. 2016-11-14. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  3. "Maia Sandu, a reformist ex-prime minister, becomes president". The Economist. 2020-11-19. ISSN   0013-0613 . Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  4. Ivan, Paul (2016). "What to expect from the new president of Moldova" (PDF). Archive of European Integration (University of Pittsburgh). Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  5. Аппарат президента — Президентура Республики Молдова Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine
  6. "DECIS: Şeful statului va fi ales de popor; Modificarea din 2000 a Constituţiei privind alegerea preşedintelui de Parlament, NECONSTITUŢIONALĂ". Jurnal.md (in Romanian). 4 March 2016.
  7. https://m.moldovenii.md/md/section/720/content/8781
  8. http://m.moldovenii.md/en/people/537/play-audio/id/4219
  9. "accompanies welcome ceremonies of foreign officials and delegations, participates at the accreditation ceremonies of ambassadors, military parades and other solemn events. The band performs within festivals, charity concerts, inauguration of monuments, military exercises, saluting, ceremonies on laying wreaths at monuments and tombs of the fallen soldiers".
  10. Moldovenii.md. "Orchestre – Orchestra Prezidențială a Republicii Moldova". m.moldovenii.md. Retrieved 2017-11-11.