President of Nicaragua

Last updated

President of the
Republic of Nicaragua
Presidente de la República de Nicaragua
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg
Presidential Seal
Daniel Ortega (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Daniel Ortega

since 10 January 2007
Status Head of State
Head of Government
Residence Managua, Nicaragua
Term length Five years, renewable
Constituting instrument Constitution of Nicaragua
PrecursorSupreme Director of Nicaragua
Formation30 April 1854
First holder Fruto Chamorro
Deputy Vice President of Nicaragua
Salary3,193 USD per month [1]
Website President of Nicaragua
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nicaragua
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaraguaportal

The president of Nicaragua (Spanish : Presidente de Nicaragua), officially known as the president of the Republic of Nicaragua (Spanish : Presidente de la República de Nicaragua), is the head of state of Nicaragua. The office was created in the Constitution of 1854. From 1825 until the Constitution of 1838, the head of state of Nicaragua was styled simply as Head of State (Jefe de Estado), and from 1838 to 1854 as Supreme Director (Supremo Director).

Contents

The incumbent, Daniel Ortega, has served as President since 2007.

Heads of state of Nicaragua within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1838)

Heads of State of Nicaragua within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821-1838)
NamePolitical PartyDates in officeNotes
Manuel Antonio de la Cerda Conservative22 April 1825 – 22 April 18261st time, from León.
Juan Argüello Liberal22 April 1826 – 14 September 18271st time, from León.
Pedro Benito Pineda Conservative17 September 1826 – 26 February 1827In rebellion, from Granada.
Manuel Antonio de la Cerda Conservative27 February 1827 – 7 November 18282nd time, in rebellion
Pedro Oviedo Liberal14 September 1827 – December 1827From Chinandega, León and Granada


Provisional.

Liberal JuntasLiberalDecember 1827 - August 1828From León and Granada.
Juan Argüello Liberal5 August 1828 – November 18292nd time, from León .
Juan Espinosa Liberal8 November 1829 – 10 May 1830Acting.
Dionisio Herrera Liberal10 May 1830 - December, 1833
Benito Morales ConservativeDecember, 1833 - 10 March 1834Acting.
José Núñez Conservative10 March 1834 – 23 April 1835
José Zepeda Conservative23 April 1835 – 25 January 1837Assassinated.
José Núñez Conservative25 January 1837 – 12 January 18382nd Time. Acting.
Francisco Jiménez Rubio Conservative12 January 1838 – 13 March 1838Acting.
José Núñez Conservative13 March 1838 – 17 November 18383rd Time.

Heads of state of the Independent Republic of Nicaragua (1838–present)

Supreme directors (1838–1854)

NamePoliticalpartyDates in officeNotes
José Núñez Conservative17 November 1838 – 23 April 18391st time.
Evaristo Rocha Conservative23 April – 30 June 1839
Patricio Rivas Liberal30 June 1839 – 27 July 18391st time.
Joaquín del Cossío Conservative27 July 1839 – 20 October 1839
Hilario Ulloa Conservative20 October 1839 – 7 November 1839
Tomás Valladares Conservative7 November 1839 – 21 September 1840
Patricio Rivas Liberal21 September 1840 – 4 March 18412nd time.
Pablo Buitrago y Benavente Conservative4 March 1841 – 1 April 1843
Juan de Dios Orozco Conservative1 April 1843 - 31 May 1843
Manuel Pérez Liberal31 May 1843 - 4 November 1844
Emiliano Madriz Liberal4 November 1844 - 24 January 1845Legitimate in León, defender of the then State Capital against Francisco Malespín.
Silvestre Selva Conservative16 December 1844 - 20 January 1845Provisional. In rebellion. Recognized by Malespin.
Manuel Blas Antonio Sáenz Conservative20 January – 4 April 1845In dissent since 24 January 1845
José León Sandoval Conservative

Republican (Conservador republicano)

4 April 1845 - 12 March 1847
Miguel Ramón Morales Conservative

Republican

12 March – 6 April 1847Acting Senator, Acting
José María Guerrero de Arcos y Molina Conservative

Republican

6 April 1847 - 1 January 1849
Bernardo Toribio Terán Prado Conservative1 January – 8 March 1849Acting Senator
José Benito Rosales y Sandoval Conservative8 March – 1 April 1849Acting Senator
Norberto Ramírez Áreas Conservative1 April 1849 - 1 April 1851
Justo Abaunza y Muñoz de Avilés Conservative1 April – 5 May 18511st time. Acting Senator, Provisional Government in León .
José Laureano Pineda Ugarte Liberal5 May – 4 August 18511st time. Deposed by José Trinidad Muñoz military coup
Justo Abaunza y Muñoz de Avilés Conservative4 August – 11 November 18512nd time. Acting senator under the authority of José Trinidad Muñoz, General in Chief, leader of the military coup.
José Laureano Pineda Ugarte Liberal5 August – 11 August 18512nd time. In dissent .
José Francisco del MontenegroLiberal5 August – 11 August 1851Government in Granada, died after assuming command.
José de Jesús Alfaro Liberal11 August – 2 November 1851Acting Senator, in dissent . Government in Granada .
Fulgencio de la Vega y Santos Conservative11 November 1851 - 1852 ,Appointed by the Assembly with the support of: Fruto Chamorro Brigadier General, victorious against José Trinidad Muñoz.
José Laureano Pineda Ugarte Liberal11 November 1851 - 1 April 18533rd time. In rebellion until 2 November 1851
José Fruto Chamorro Pérez Conservative1 April 1853 - 30 April 1854Government in Granada .
Francisco Castellón Sanabria Liberal11 June 1854 - 2 September 1855Provisional in rebellion, from León to 1 April 1855 .
Nazario Scotus Liberal2 September – 30 October 1855Provisional in rebellion , from León

Presidents (1854–present)


No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officePolitical party
(at time of election)
ElectionRef.
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1
Fruto Chamorro.jpg
Fruto Chamorro
(1804–1855)
30 April 185412 March 1855316 days Conservative [2]
Jose Maria Estrada.jpg
José María Estrada
(1802–1856)
Acting
12 March 185522 October 1855224 days Conservative [2]
Patricio rivas.jpg
Patricio Rivas
(1802–1856)
Provisional
30 October 185524 June 1857224 days Democratic 1856 [2]
William Walker by Brady.jpg
William Walker
(1824–1860)
Usurper
12 July 18561 May 1857293 days Democratic [2]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg
Government Junta
Máximo Jerez and Tomás Martínez
24 June 185715 November 1857144 days Nonpartisan [2]
2
TMARTINEZ.jpg
Tomás Martínez
(1820–1873)
15 November 18571 March 18679 years, 106 days Conservative [2]
3
Fernando Chamorro Alfaro.JPG
Fernando Guzmán Solórzano
(1812–1891)
1 March 18671 March 18714 years, 0 days Conservative [2]
4
Jose Vicente Cuadra.jpg
José Vicente Cuadra
(1812–1894)
1 March 18711 March 18754 years, 0 days Conservative 1871 [2]
5
No image.png
Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro
(1818–1890)
1 March 18751 March 18794 years, 0 days Conservative [2]
6
Joaquin Zavala, de Badillo.jpg
Joaquín Zavala
(1835–1906)
1 March 18791 March 18834 years, 0 days Conservative [2]
7
No image.png
Adán Cárdenas
(1836–1916)
1 March 18831 March 18874 years, 0 days Conservative [2]
8
No image.png
Evaristo Carazo
(1821–1889)
1 March 18871 August 18892 years, 0 days Conservative [2]
No image.png
Nicolás Osorno
(1821–1889)
Acting
1 August 18895 August 18894 days Conservative
No image.png
Roberto Sacasa
(1840–1896)
Acting
5 August 18891 January 18911 year, 149 days Conservative [2]
9
General Ignacio Chaves.jpg
Ignacio Chaves López
(1821–1889)
1 January 18911 March 189159 days Conservative
10
No image.png
Roberto Sacasa
(1840–1896)
1 March 189111 July 18932 years, 132 days Conservative [2]
No image.png
Salvador Machado
(1840–1896)
Acting
11 July 189315 July 18934 days Conservative
No image.png
Joaquín Zavala
(1835–1906)
Acting
16 July 189325 July 18939 days Conservative [2]
11
JZelaya.jpg
José Santos Zelaya
(1853–1919)
25 July 189321 December 190916 years, 149 days Liberal 1902
1906
[2]
Jose Madriz.jpg
José Madriz
(1867–1911)
Acting
21 December 190920 August 1910242 days Liberal [2]
Jose Dolores Estrada M.jpg
José Dolores Estrada
(1869–1939)
Acting
20 August 191027 August 19107 days Liberal
Luis Mena 1912.jpg
Luis Mena
(1869–1939)
Acting
27 August 191030 August 19103 days Conservative
Jjem1911.png
Juan José Estrada
(1872–1967)
Acting
30 August 19109 May 1911252 days Liberal [2]
12
Adolfo Diaz, 1912.jpg
Adolfo Díaz
(1875–1964)
9 May 19111 January 19175 years, 237 days Conservative 1912
1914
[2]
13
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas.jpg
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
(1871–1966)
1 January 19171 January 19214 years, 0 days Conservative 1916 [2]
14
Diego Manuel Chamorro.jpg
Diego Manuel Chamorro
(1861–1923)
1 January 192112 October 1923 2 years, 284 days Conservative 1920 [2]
No image.png
Rosendo Chamorro
(1861–1923)
Acting
12 October 192327 October 192315 days Conservative
15
No image.png
Bartolomé Martínez
(1873–1936)
27 October 19231 January 19251 year, 66 days Conservative [2]
16
Carlos Jose Solorzano.jpg
Carlos José Solórzano
(1860–1936)
1 January 192514 March 19261 year, 72 days Conservative 1924 [2]
(13)
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas.jpg
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
(1871–1966)
De facto
14 March 192611 November 1926242 days Conservative [2]
No image.png
Sebastián Uriza
(1861–1926)
Acting
11 November 192614 November 19263 days Conservative
(12)
Adolfo Diaz, 1912.jpg
Adolfo Díaz
(1875–1964)
14 November 19261 January 19292 years, 293 days Conservative 1926 [2]
17
Jose Maria Moncada 1910.jpg
José María Moncada
(1870–1945)
1 January 19291 January 19334 years, 0 days Liberal 1928 [2]
18
Juan Bautista Sacasa cph.3a44780.jpg
Juan Bautista Sacasa
(1874–1946)
1 January 19339 June 19363 years, 160 days Liberal 1932 [2]
No image.png
Carlos Alberto Brenes
(1884–1942)
Acting
9 June 19361 January 1937206 days Liberal [2]
19
A Somoza-Garsia 1936.png
Anastasio Somoza García
(1896–1956)
1 January 19371 May 194710 years, 120 days PLN 1936 [2]
20
No image.png
Leonardo Argüello Barreto
(1875–1947)
1 May 194726 May 194725 days PLN 1947 (Feb) [2]
No image.png
Benjamín Lacayo Sacasa
(1893–1959)
Acting
26 May 194715 August 194781 days PLN [2]
21
No image.png
Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes
(1872–1950)
15 August 19476 May 195025 days PLN 1947 (Aug) [2]
No image.png
Manuel Fernando Zurita
(1893–1959)
Acting
6 May 19507 May 19501 day PLN
(19)
Somoza 1952 (centree).jpg
Anastasio Somoza García
(1896–1956)
7 May 195029 September 1956 6 years, 145 days PLN 1950 [2]
22
No image.png
Luis Somoza Debayle
(1922–1967)
29 September 19561 May 19636 years, 214 days PLN 1957 [2]
23
No image.png
René Schick
(1909–1966)
1 May 19633 August 1966 3 years, 94 days PLN 1963 [2]
No image.png
Orlando Montenegro Medrano
(1920–1988)
Acting
3 August 19664 August 19661 day PLN
24
No image.png
Lorenzo Guerrero
(1900–1981)
4 August 19661 May 1967271 days PLN [2]
25
President Anastasio Somoza Debayle of Nicaragua, before State Dinner - NARA - 194723-perspective-tilt-crop (cropped).jpg
Anastasio Somoza Debayle
(1925–1980)
1 May 19671 May 19725 years, 0 days PLN 1967 [2]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg
Liberal-Conservative Junta 1 May 19721 December 19742 years, 214 days Nonpartisan
(25)
President Anastasio Somoza Debayle of Nicaragua, before State Dinner - NARA - 194723-perspective-tilt-crop (cropped).jpg
Anastasio Somoza Debayle
(1925–1980)
1 December 197417 July 19794 years, 228 days PLN 1974 [2]
No image.png
Francisco Urcuyo
(1915–2001)
Acting
17 July 197918 July 19791 day PLN [2]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg
Junta of National Reconstruction
(Coordinator: Daniel Ortega)
18 July 197910 January 19855 years, 176 days Nonpartisan
26
No image.png
Daniel Ortega
(born 1945)
10 January 198525 April 19905 years, 105 days FSLN 1984 [2]
27
Violeta Chamorro 1993.jpg
Violeta Chamorro
(born 1929)
25 April 199010 January 19976 years, 260 days UNO 1990 [2]
28
Arnoldo Aleman.JPG
Arnoldo Alemán
(born 1947)
10 January 199710 January 20025 years, 0 days PLC 1996 [2]
29
Enrique Bolanos Geyer 2004.jpg
Enrique Bolaños
(born 1928)
10 January 200210 January 20075 years, 0 days PLC
APRE
2001 [2]
(26)
Daniel Ortega (cropped).jpg
Daniel Ortega
(born 1945)
10 January 2007Incumbent13 years, 186 days FSLN 2006
2011
2016

Living former presidents

Living as of 14 July 2020
NameTerm of officeDate of birth
Violeta Chamorro 1990–199718 October 1929 (age 90)
Arnoldo Alemán 1997–200223 January 1946 (age 74)
Enrique Bolaños 2002–200713 May 1928 (age 92)

See also

Latest election

CandidatePartyVotes%
Daniel Ortega Sandinista National Liberation Front 1,806,65172.44
Maximino Rodríguez Constitutionalist Liberal Party 374,89815.03
José Alvarado Independent Liberal Party 112,5624.51
Saturnino Cerrato Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance 107,3924.31
Erick Cabezas Conservative Party 57,4372.30
Carlos Canales Alliance for the Republic 35,0021.40
Invalid/blank votes
Total2,493,942100
Registered voters/turnout
Source: CSE

Related Research Articles

The president is a common title for the head of state in most republics. In politics, president is a title given to leaders of republican states.

President of Bolivia public elective office; head of state and head of government of Bolivia

The President of Bolivia, officially known as the President of the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is head of state and head of government of Bolivia. According to the Bolivian Constitution, the president is elected by popular vote to a five-year term with a two-term limit. If no candidate wins a majority, the top two candidates advance to a runoff election.

Federal Republic of Central America Former nation in Central America

The Federal Republic of Central America, also called the United Provinces of Central America in its first year of creation, was a sovereign state in Central America consisting of the territories of the former Captaincy General of Guatemala of New Spain. It existed from 1823 to 1841, and was a republican democracy.

President of Colombia Head of state of The Republic of Colombia

The President of Colombia, officially known as the President of the Republic of Colombia is the head of state and head of government of Colombia. The office of president was established upon the ratification of the Constitution of 1819, by the Congress of Angostura, convened in December 1819, when Colombia was the "Gran Colombia". The first president, General Simón Bolívar, took office in 1819. His position, initially self-proclaimed, was subsequently ratified by Congress.

President of Guatemala head of state and head of government of Guatemala

The president of Guatemala officially known as the president of the Republic of Guatemala, is the head of state and head of government of Guatemala, elected to a single four-year term. The position of President was created in 1839. From 1821 until 1839, the head of state of Guatemala was styled simply as Head of State.

President of El Salvador Head of state of El Salvador

The President of El Salvador, officially known as the President of the Republic of El Salvador, is the head of state and head of government of El Salvador. He is also, by Constitutional Law, the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of El Salvador. The office was created in the Constitution of 1841. From 1821 until 1841, the head of state of El Salvador was styled simply as Head of State.

President of Cuba Head of state of Cuba

The President of Cuba, officially the President of the Republic of Cuba, is the head of state of Cuba. The office in its current form was established under the Constitution of 2019. The president is the second most powerful position, after the first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba. Miguel Díaz-Canel became President of the Council of State on 19 April 2018, taking over from Raúl Castro, and has been President of the Republic since 10 October 2019.

President of Paraguay position

The president of Paraguay, officially known as the president of the Republic of Paraguay, is according to the Constitution of Paraguay the head of the executive branch of the Government of Paraguay, both head of state and head of government. His honorific title is Su Excelencia.

President of Ecuador position

The President of Ecuador officially called the President of the Republic of Ecuador serves as both the head of state and head of government of Ecuador, is the highest political office in the country as the head of the executive branch of government. As per the current Constitution, the President can serve two four-year terms. Prior to that, the president could only serve one four-year term.

Hilario Ulloa was the acting 10th President of Nicaragua from 20 October through 7 November 1839. He was the fourth of six temporary presidents to lead the nation following the acceptance of a new constitution in 1838, until the inauguration on 4 March 1841 of the first president elected under the new constitution.

President of Venezuela Head of state and head of government of Venezuela

The president of Venezuela, officially known as the president of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is the head of state and head of government in Venezuela. The president leads the National Executive of the Venezuelan government and is the commander-in-chief of the National Bolivarian Armed Forces. Presidential terms were set at six years with the adoption of the 1999 Constitution of Venezuela, and presidential term limits were removed in 2009.

Francisco Castellón Sanabria was president of "Democratic" Nicaragua from 1854-1855 during the Granada-León civil war.

Vice President of Nicaragua

The Vice President of the Republic of Nicaragua is the second highest political position in Nicaragua. According to the current Constitution, the Vice President is elected on the same ticket, and at the same time, as the President.

President of Honduras FUERA JOH

The President of Honduras officially known as the President of the Republic of Honduras, is the head of state and head of government of Honduras, and the Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces. According to the 1982 Constitution of Honduras, the Government of Honduras consists of three branches: Executive, Legislative and Judicial. The President is the head of the Executive branch, their primary duty being to "Execute and enforce the Constitution, treaties and conventions, laws and other legal dispositions." The President is directly elected for a four year term.

José María Alfaro Zamora Head of State, President and Vice President of Costa Rica

José María Alfaro Zamora was the Costa Rican Head of State between the periods of 1842 and 1844 as well as 1846 and 1847 and President of Costa Rica between May 1 and May 8, 1847.

President of Uruguay Uruguayan head of state and head of government

The president of Uruguay, officially known as the president of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, is the head of state and head of government of Uruguay. His rights are determined in the Constitution of Uruguay. Conforms with the Secretariat of the Presidency, the Council of Ministers and the director of the Office of Planning and Budget, the executive branch. In case of absence, his office is exercised by the vice president. In turn, the president of the republic is the commander in chief of the Armed Forces.

El Salvador–Mexico relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of El Salvador and the United Mexican States

El Salvador–Mexico relations refers to the diplomatic relations between El Salvador and Mexico. Both nations are members of the Association of Caribbean States, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the United Nations.

Honduras–Mexico relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Honduras and the United Mexican States

Honduras–Mexico relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Honduras and Mexico. Both nations are members of the Association of Caribbean States, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the United Nations.

Mexico–Nicaragua relations Diplomatic relations between the United Mexican States and the Republic of Nicaragua

Mexico–Nicaragua relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Mexico and Nicaragua. Both nations are members of the Association of Caribbean States, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the United Nations.

Costa Rica–Mexico relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Costa Rica and the United Mexican States

Costa Rica–Mexico relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Costa Rica and Mexico. Both nations are members of the Association of Caribbean States, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the United Nations.

References

  1. "Shocking Gap Between Latin America's Presidential Salaries And Workers Minimum Wage". Latin Post.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 "Gobernantes de Nicaragua". Ministerio de Educación. 9 December 2012. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012.