President of Northern Cyprus

Last updated
President of the
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanı
Flag of the President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg
Presidential Standard
Ersin Tatar in 2019.png
Incumbent
Ersin Tatar

since 23 October 2020
Term length 5 years
Inaugural holder Rauf Denktaş
Formation15 November 1983
Website www.kktcb.org
Coat of arms of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Northern Cyprus

The president of Northern Cyprus is the head of state of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Rauf Denktaş was the first and founding president of Northern Cyprus, and retired in 2005. His position was taken over by Mehmet Ali Talat, followed by Derviş Eroğlu, [1] then Mustafa Akinci, and the current president, Ersin Tatar.

Contents

The president is elected every five years. Presidential elections are held in two rounds if no candidate gains more than 50% of the votes in the first round. It is necessary that the president is originated from the island of Cyprus. It is also necessary that he/she has lived in the country for five years, has received secondary education and he/she is over 30 years old. [2]

The presidency is not a ceremonial position in the semi-presidential political system of Northern Cyprus. The president reserves the right to dismiss the Assembly of the Republic in case a government cannot be formed within sixty days or three successive governments receive votes of no confidence. They also can preside over the Council of Ministers if they wish to do so, approve the appointments of the judges and president of the Supreme Court and have the right to send laws approved by the Assembly of the Republic to the Supreme Court. The president has also traditionally been the chief negotiator for the resolution of the Cyprus dispute and been responsible for the foreign relations of Northern Cyprus. [3]

The president is represented by the speaker of the Assembly of the Republic when the president is abroad. [2]

The most recent presidential election was held on 11 October 2020. Ersin Tatar is the current president. [4]

List

No.Name
(Birth–Death)
PortraitElectedTerm of officePolitical origin
1 Rauf Denktaş
(1924–2012)
Rauf Denktash.jpg 1985
1990
1995
2000
15 November 198324 April 2005 National Unity Party
2 Mehmet Ali Talat
(born 1952)
Mehmet Ali Talat.jpg 2005 24 April 200523 April 2010 Republican Turkish Party
3 Derviş Eroğlu
(born 1938)
Dervis Eroglu (cropped).jpg 2010 23 April 201030 April 2015 National Unity Party
4 Mustafa Akıncı
(born 1947)
Mustafa Akinci (cropped).jpg 2015 30 April 2015 [5] 23 October 2020 Independent
5 Ersin Tatar
(born 1960)
Ersin Tatar in 2019.png 2020 23 October 2020Incumbent National Unity Party

Latest election

CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes%Votes%
Ersin Tatar National Unity Party 35,82532.3567,32251.69
Mustafa Akıncı Independent33,05329.8462,91048.31
Tufan Erhürman Republican Turkish Party 24,00821.68
Kudret Özersay Independent6,3565.74
Erhan Arıklı Rebirth Party 5,9375.36
Serdar Denktaş Independent4,6534.20
Fuat Türköz ÇinerNationalist Democracy Party3270.30
Arif Salih KırdağIndependent2820.25
Alpan UzIndependent1560.14
Ahmet BoranIndependent830.07
Mustafa UlaşIndependent690.06
Total110,749100.00130,232100.00
Valid votes110,74995.66130,23297.24
Invalid/blank votes5,0274.343,6992.76
Total votes115,776100.00133,931100.00
Registered voters/turnout198,86758.22199,02967.29
Source: Kibris Online, Kibris Online

See also

Related Research Articles

The Republic of Cyprus is a unitary presidential representative republic, whereby the President of Cyprus is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Mehmet Ali Talat Former President of TRNC

Mehmet Ali Talat is a Turkish Cypriot politician who served as the President of Northern Cyprus from 2005 to 2010. Talat is the leader of the social democratic Republican Turkish Party, having previously held this position between 1996 and 2005. He became prime minister in 2004, and subsequently won the presidential election held on 17 April 2005. Talat was inaugurated on 25 April 2005, succeeding retiring leader Rauf Denktaş. He lost the presidential election of 2010 and was replaced by Derviş Eroğlu as President.

Republican Turkish Party

The Republican Turkish Party is a social-democratic political party in Northern Cyprus. The party was founded in 1970 by Ahmet Mithat Berberoğlu, a lawyer, in opposition to the leadership of Fazıl Küçük and Rauf Denktaş.

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Elections in Northern Cyprus are organized to elect governments, presidents and representatives of local administrative bodies in Northern Cyprus, known as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

Politics of Northern Cyprus

Politics of Northern Cyprus takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the president is head of state and the prime minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Assembly of the Republic. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Assembly of the Republic (Northern Cyprus)

The Assembly of the Republic is the parliament of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. It has 50 members, elected for a five-year term by mitigated proportional representation. A party must cross the electoral threshold to be awarded any seats. The parliament is composed of 50 MPs, chosen from six electoral districts, which are coterminous with the districts of Northern Cyprus: Lefkoşa, Gazimağusa, Girne, Güzelyurt, Lefke and İskele.

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LGBT rights in Northern Cyprus

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Northern Cyprus face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Same-sex sexual activity has been legal in Northern Cyprus since 7 February 2014. Previous laws allowed three years prison sentences, according to articles 171 and 173 of its criminal code. Female homosexuality was not criminalised. Arrests for homosexuality have occurred as recently as 2011.

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2015 Northern Cypriot presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Northern Cyprus in April 2015. In the first round, held on 19 April 2015, the incumbent president independent candidate Derviş Eroğlu and independent candidate Mustafa Akıncı progressed to the second round. The second round took place on 26 April 2015 and was won by Akıncı.

Tahsin Ertuğruloğlu

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Mustafa Akıncı

Mustafa Akıncı is a Turkish Cypriot politician who was the President of Northern Cyprus from April 2015 until October 2020.

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Parliamentary elections were held in Northern Cyprus on 7 January 2018 to elect the 50 members of the Assembly of the Republic for a five-year term. Going into the elections, the government was led by Prime Minister Hüseyin Özgürgün, who had served since 16 April 2016, leading a coalition consisting of the National Unity Party and the Democratic Party.

Tufan Erhürman

Tufan Erhürman is a Turkish Cypriot academic, lawyer, diplomat and a former Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus. A scholar in public law by profession, he served in the negotiations to solve the Cyprus dispute between 2008 and 2010. He previously worked for the Ministry of Justice of Turkey between 1999 and 2004 and worked for the establishment of the position of ombudsman in Turkey. He is the current leader of Republican Turkish Party. He held the office of Prime Minister beginning January 2018 as the leader of a four-party coalition. The coalition government resigned on 9 May 2019, with Erhürman continuing as Prime Minister until the office was taken over by Ersin Tatar on 22 May 2019.

Ersin Tatar

Ersin Tatar is a Turkish Cypriot politician, and the President of Northern Cyprus. He became the Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus following the collapse of the coalition government of Tufan Erhürman in May 2019 and served until his own election as President. He is also the leader of the National Unity Party (UBP) and served as Leader of the Opposition.

2020 Northern Cypriot presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Northern Cyprus on 11 October 2020 alongside a constitutional referendum, with a run-off held on 18 October 2020. They were originally scheduled to take place on 26 April 2020, but were postponed in March 2020 for six months due to the COVID-19 pandemic. No candidate won a majority of votes in the first round.

References

  1. Northern Cyprus's new president: Enter Eroglu (The Economist) Retrieved on 2011-06-01.
  2. 1 2 "KKTC hakkında, Cumhubaşkanı (About the TRNC, the President)". TRNC Department of Promotion. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
  3. "KKTC Devleti Fonksiyonel - Kurumsal Gözden Geçirme Çalışması" (PDF) (in Turkish). The Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  4. Ersin Tatar elected new Turkish Cypriot leader
  5. "New Turkish Cypriot leader determined to work with Turkey". Anadolu Agency . Retrieved 19 October 2020.