President of Senegal

Last updated

President of the
Republic of Senegal
Président de la
République du Sénégal
Coat of arms of Senegal.svg
Bassirou Diomaye Faye.jpg
Incumbent
Bassirou Diomaye Faye
since 2 April 2024
Residence Palace of the Republic
Term length 5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Léopold Sédar Senghor
Formation6 September 1960
Salary9,278,556 West African CFA francs annually [1]
Website presidence.sn

The president of Senegal (French : Président du Sénégal) is the head of state and head of government of Senegal. In accordance with the constitutional reform of 2001 and since a referendum that took place on 20 March 2016, the president is elected for a 5-year term, with a limit of two consecutive terms. The following is a list of presidents of Senegal, since the country gained independence from France in 1960.

Contents

Election process

Inauguration

The Senegalese Constitution provides the following oath for the president which must be taken before they enter into office:

"I swear, before God and the people of Senegal, to faithfully execute the office of president of the republic of Senegal, to keep the provisions of the Constitution and laws and to ensure their observance, to devote all my strength to defending constitutional institutions, to defend Senegal's territorial integrity and its independence, and [I swear] to spare no effort to realize the unity of Africa". [2]

Term

Term duration

In January 2001, during Abdoulaye Wade's first term, a constitutional referendum reduced the presidential term from seven to five years. [3]

In July 2008, during Wade's second term, the National Assembly approved a constitutional amendment increasing the length of the presidential term to seven years, as it was prior to the adoption of the 2001 constitution. This extension didn't apply to Abdoulaye Wade's 20072012 term. [4] [5]

In 2016, during Macky Sall's first term, per another constitutional referendum, the length of the presidential term was decreased back to five years. The amendments were adopted in constitutional law № 2016-10. [6] [7]

Term limits

As of 2021, there is a two-term limit for the president in the Constitution of Senegal. There was an attempt to modify the term limits in 2012 for Abdoulaye Wade, but it did not materialize. [8]

Privileges

Buildings

Palace of the Republic Palais presidentiel a Dakar - 2.JPG
Palace of the Republic

The Palace of the Republic (French : Palais de la République) is the presidential residence, located in Dakar in the Plateau district. After having been the official residence of the Governor-General of French West Africa. The construction of the palace in its first state was ordered in 1902 by Gaston Doumergue, Minister of the Colonies, to house in the capital the Governor General of French West Africa who was then residing in Saint-Louis. The architect was Henri Deglane. [9]

List of officeholders

Political parties
   Socialist Party of Senegal (PSS)
   Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS)
   Alliance for the Republic (APR)
   African Patriots of Senegal for Work, Ethics and Fraternity (PASTEF)
Symbols

§ Elected unopposed

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
ElectedTerm of officePolitical party Prime minister(s)
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1 Senghor1981.jpg Léopold Sédar Senghor
(1906–2001)
1963 [§]
1968 [§]
1973 [§]

1978
6 September 196031 December 198020 years, 116 days PSS Mamadou Dia
Abdou Diouf
2 Abdou Diouf.jpg Abdou Diouf
(born 1935)
1983
1988
1993
1 January 19811 April 200019 years, 91 days PSS Habib Thiam
Moustapha Niasse
Habib Thiam
Mamadou Lamine Loum
3 Abdoulaye Wade (1).jpg Abdoulaye Wade
(born 1926)
2000
2007
1 April 20002 April 201212 years, 1 day PDS Moustapha Niasse
Mame Madior Boye
Idrissa Seck
Macky Sall
Cheikh Hadjibou Soumaré
Souleymane Ndéné Ndiaye
4 President Macky Sall of Senegal, speaking at the UK-Africa Investment Summit in London, 20 January 2020 (cropped).jpg Macky Sall
(born 1961)
2012
2019
2 April 20122 April 202412 years APR Abdoul Mbaye
Aminata Touré
Mohamed Dionne
Amadou Ba
Sidiki Kaba
5 Bassirou Diomaye Faye 2020.png Bassirou Diomaye Faye
(born 1980)
2024 2 April 2024Incumbent3 days PASTEF Sidiki Kaba
Ousmane Sonko

Timeline

Bassirou Diomaye FayeMacky SallAbdoulaye WadeAbdou DioufLéopold Sédar SenghorPresident of Senegal

Latest election

See also

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">2016 Senegalese constitutional referendum</span>

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References

  1. "The highest and lowest paid African presidents – Business Daily". Business Daily. 27 December 2020.
  2. "Senegal: All you need to know about the Apr 2nd presidential inauguration". Africanews. Retrieved 2 April 2024.
  3. "Elections in Senegal". africanelections.tripod.com. African Elections Database. Retrieved 10 June 2023. Main Points: Reduction of Presidential term from 7 to 5 years
  4. "afrol News – Senegal approves presidential term extension". www.afrol.com. afrol News. 30 July 2008. Archived from the original on 9 December 2008. Retrieved 10 June 2023.
  5. "Titre III : Du Président de la République". Gouvernement du Sénégal. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 10 June 2023.
  6. Macky SALL; Mahammed Boun Abdallah DIONNE (5 April 2016). "Loi constitutionnelle n° 2016-10 du 05 avril 2016 portant révision de la Constitution" (in French). JOURNAL OFFICIEL DU SENEGAL. Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 10 June 2023. Article 27. – La durée du mandat du Président de la République est de cinq ans.
  7. "Senegal referendum approves shorter presidential terms". BBC News. 23 March 2016. Archived from the original on 24 March 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2023.
  8. Cook, Candace; Siegle, Joseph. "Circumvention of Term Limits Weakens Governance in Africa". Africa Center for Strategic Studies.
  9. "Palais Présidentiel / Sénégal". www.au-senegal.com. Retrieved 18 June 2023.