President of Uruguay

Last updated

President of the
Oriental Republic of Uruguay
Presidente de la República Oriental del Uruguay
Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg
01032020 Cerimonia de Transmissao de Mandato Presidencial - 49606836182.jpg
Luis Lacalle Pou

since 1 March 2020
Style Mr. President
President of the Republic
Residence Residencia de Suarez
Seat Executive Tower
Appointer Popular Vote Election
Term length Five years, not renewable immediately
Inaugural holder Fructuoso Rivera
Formation6 November 1830
Deputy Vice President of Uruguay
Salary11,634 USD per month [1]
Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Flag of Uruguay.svg   Uruguayportal

The president of Uruguay (Spanish : Presidente del Uruguay), officially known as the president of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (Spanish : Presidente de la República Oriental del Uruguay), is the head of state and head of government of Uruguay. His rights are determined in the Constitution of Uruguay. Conforms with the Secretariat of the Presidency, the Council of Ministers and the director of the Office of Planning and Budget, the executive branch. In case of absence, his office is exercised by the vice president. In turn, the president of the republic is the commander in chief of the Armed Forces.


Since 1990, the president's term has begun and ended on 1 March. This same date for ending the presidency also happened during the National Council of Government (1952–1967) and it has been not unusual since 1839. The current president since 1 March 2020 is Luis Lacalle Pou, the son of the 36th president, Luis Alberto Lacalle.

Features of the office


The Constitution amendment establishes the requirements for becoming President. Article 151 establishes that the President must be a natural-born citizen of the country, or have been born to an Uruguayan citizen if born abroad. The President must also be at least 35 years old and be registered in the National Civic Registry. [2]


According to the current Constitution Constitution of Uruguay of 1967 or Constitution of Uruguay of 1997, [3] the president is elected by direct popular vote for a term of five years. He may be reelected any number of times, but is ineligible for immediate reelection. [4] The president and vice president run on a single ticket submitted by their party. In case no candidate obtains an absolute majority of votes (50%+1), a runoff is held between the top two candidates. In this case, the candidate who obtains a plurality in the runoff wins the election.

Powers and duties

According to Article 168 of the Constitution, the president, acting with the respective minister or ministers, or the Council of Ministers, includes, is assigned:

  1. The preservation of order and tranquility within and security without.
  2. The command of all armed forces.
  3. The promulgation of all laws, issuing special regulations necessary for its implementation.
  4. The delivery, to the General Assembly of Uruguay at the opening of regular sessions, the state of the Republic address.
  5. The right to veto laws he dislikes.
  6. The right to propose bills or amendments to laws previously enacted.
  7. The dismissal of public employees for misfeasance, malfeasance or nonfeasance.
  8. Management of diplomatic relations and, with consent of the legislature, the right to declare war.
  9. The right to declare a state of emergency when needed.
  10. The preparation of the state budget.
  11. Negotiation of treaties with the ratification of the legislature.


Article 153 of the Constitution establishes that in the event of absence, resignation, cessation, or death of the President and Vice President, the Presidency of the Republic shall be assumed by the first titular Senator of the list most voted for of the political party by which they were elected. [2]

Living former presidents

The last President to die was Tabaré Vázquez, on 6 December 2020 at the age of 80. [5]


The Suárez Residence in Montevideo is the official residence of the president. The site was acquired by Adelina Lerena de Fein at auction, and the construction of a three-storey house by the young architect Juan María Aubriot, was ordered by Fein Lerena family. In 1925, the young Luis Batlle Berres and Matilde Ibáñez Tálice met while walking in front of this property. Soon after they were married. In 1947, Luis Batlle Berres was already head of state, and at the suggestion of his wife they chose this mansion as their official residence. [6]

The Anchorena Presidential Estate is the president's country residence. Located in the Colonia Department, 208 kilometers from Montevideo, is the result of the legacy of the aristocrat Aarón de Anchorena who gave about 1,369 hectares of his estate to the Uruguayan State. The mansion combines the Norman and Tudor styles. [7]

See also

Related Research Articles

Politics of Uruguay Political system of Uruguay

The politics of Uruguay abide by a presidential representative democratic republic, under which the President of Uruguay is both the head of state and the head of government, as well as a multiform party system. The president exercises executive power and legislative power and is vested in the two chambers of the General Assembly of Uruguay. The Judiciary branch is independent from that of the executive and legislature.

Tabaré Vázquez Uruguayan politician

Tabaré Ramón Vázquez Rosas was a Uruguayan politician who served as the 41st President of Uruguay from 2015 to 2020. He previously served as president from 2005 to 2010 as the 39th officeholder. A physician (oncologist), he was a member of the leftist Broad Front coalition.

Colorado Party (Uruguay) Political party of Uruguay

The Colorado Party is a centrist political party in Uruguay.

Vice President of Uruguay

The Vice President of Uruguay is the person with the second highest position in the executive branch of the Uruguayan government, after the President of Uruguay. The Vice President replaces the elected President in case of his death or absence. The vice president is also an officer in the legislative branch, as president of the Chamber of Senators and of the General Assembly.

Chamber of Representatives of Uruguay

The Chamber of Representatives is the lower house of the General Assembly of Uruguay. The Chamber has 99 members, elected for a five-year term by proportional representation with at least two members per department.

Luis Batlle Berres

Luis Conrado Batlle y Berres was a Uruguayan political figure.

Residencia de Suárez

Residencia Presidencial de Suárez y Reyes, or simply Residencia de Suárez, is the official residence of the president of Uruguay, so-called because it is located at the intersection of Suarez and Reyes streets, in Prado, Montevideo. To its back lies the Montevideo Botanic Garden. It was built during the first presidential term of José Batlle y Ordoñez.

Luis Lacalle Pou President of Uruguay (2020-present)

Luis Alberto Alejandro Aparicio Lacalle Pou is a Uruguayan politician and lawyer serving as President of Uruguay since 1 March 2020. A member of the National Party, he is among the country's youngest presidents.

Cabinet of Uruguay

The Cabinet of Uruguay is part of the executive branch of the Government of Uruguay. It is composed of thirteen cabinet ministers. Each is appointed by the President of Uruguay, and serves as the head of a particular executive department. It meets on Monday mornings at the Executive Tower of Montevideo, but sometimes meets at the Suarez Residence or at the Anchorena Presidential Estate.

Mexico–Uruguay relations Diplomatic relations between the United Mexican States and the Eastern Republic of Uruguay

Mexico–Uruguay relations are foreign relations between Mexico and Uruguay. Both nations are members of the Latin American Integration Association, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Rio Group.

Pablo Mieres

Pablo Andrés Mieres Gómez is a Uruguayan lawyer, sociologist, professor and politician of the Independent Party (PI), serving as Minister of Labour and Social Welfare of Uruguay, since March 1, 2020.

2019 Uruguayan general election

General elections were held in Uruguay on Sunday, 27 October 2019 to elect the President and General Assembly. As no presidential candidate received a majority in the first round of voting, a runoff election took place on 24 November.

Ministry of Social Development (Uruguay)

The Ministry of Social Development of Uruguay (MIDES) is the ministry of the Government of Uruguay that is responsible for proposing, generating and activating national social policies. It is headquartered in the 18 de Julio Avenue in Barrio Cordón, Montevideo. The current Minister of Social Development is Pablo Bartol, who has held the position since March 1, 2020.

49th Legislature of the Chamber of Senators of Uruguay

The Forty-Nine Legislature of the Chamber of Senators of Uruguay is the current meeting of the upper house of the Uruguayan General Assembly. It convened in Montevideo, on February 15, 2020, and will end on February 15, 2025, during the Presidency of Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou. Senators were elected in the 2019 general election in a single constituency.

Pablo Bartol

Pablo Bartol is an Uruguayan social entrepreneur, lecturer and politician of the National Party (PN), serving as Minister of Social Development since March 1, 2020.

The Office of Planning and Budget (OPP) is a dependency of the Presidency of Uruguay that is responsible for advising the Executive Power in the formulation of national and departmental plans, programs and policies as well as in the definition of the Government's economic and social strategy. It is headquartered in the Executive Tower, Montevideo. The Director of the Office of Planning and Budget is appointed by the President of the Republic at the beginning of the mandate. The position has the same requirements as that of Cabinet Minister and, in practice, has a similar hierarchy. He usually participates in the meetings of the Council of Ministers. The current head is Isaac Alfie, who has held the position since March 1, 2020.

Anchorena Presidential Estate

The Aarón de Anchorena National Park is a park and rest residence of the President of Uruguay. It is located in the Colonia Department, in southwestern Uruguay, 208 kilometers from Montevideo. It was donated by the Argentine farmer Aarón de Anchorena to the Uruguayan state.

Carolina Ache Batlle

Carolina Ache Batlle is a Uruguayan lawyer and politician of the Colorado Party, serving as Deputy Minister of Foreign Relations since 1 March 2020.

Inauguration of Luis Lacalle Pou 2020 Uruguayan presidential inauguration

The inauguration of Luis Lacalle Pou as the 42th president of Uruguay took place on 1 March 2020 in Montevideo and marked commencement of the term of Luis Lacalle Pou as president and Beatriz Argimón as vice president.

Uruguayan presidential line of succession The order by which officers of the Uruguayan government fill the office of president

The Uruguayan presidential line of succession is the set order in which officials of the Uruguayan government assume the office of head of state if the incumbent President of Uruguay becomes incapacitated, dies, resigns, or is removed from office. The line of succession is set out in Article 153 of the Uruguayan Constitution and follows the order of the Vice President and the Senator of the list most voted for of the political party by which they were elected.


  1. "Shocking Gap Between Latin America's Presidential Salaries And Workers Minimum Wage". Latin Post.
  2. 1 2 "Constitución de la República Oriental del Uruguay". Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  4. "Constitución de la República Oriental del Uruguay". Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  5. "Murió el expresidente Tabaré Vázquez". El País Uruguay (in Spanish). 6 December 2020.
  6. "Diario EL PAIS - Montevideo - Uruguay". Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  7. "Bush se reúne en Uruguay con el primer presidente de izquierdas del país |". Retrieved 2 August 2020.