President of Uruguay

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President of the
Oriental Republic of Uruguay
Presidente de la República Oriental del Uruguay
Presidential Standard of Uruguay (On Land).svg
Presidential Standard of Uruguay
Visita Oficial del Presidente de Uruguay 2 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Tabaré Vázquez

since 1 March 2015
Residence Residencia de Suarez
Appointer Popular Vote Election
Term length Five years, not renewable immediately
Inaugural holder Fructuoso Rivera
Formation6 November 1830
Deputy Vice President of Uruguay
Website presidencia.gub.uy
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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Uruguay
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The President of Uruguay (Spanish : Presidente del Uruguay), officially known as the President of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (Spanish : Presidente de la República Oriental del Uruguay) is the head of state and head of government of Uruguay. His or her rights are determined in the Constitution of Uruguay. Conforms with the Secretariat of the Presidency, the Council of Ministers and the director of the Office of Planning and Budget, the executive branch. In case of absence, his office is exercised by the vice president. In turn, the president of the republic is the commander in chief of the armed forces.

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish or Castilian is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

A head of state is the public persona who officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state. Depending on the country's form of government and separation of powers, the head of state may be a ceremonial figurehead or concurrently the head of government. In a parliamentary system the head of state is the de jure leader of the nation, and there is a separate de facto leader, often with the title of prime minister. In contrast, a semi-presidential system has both heads of state and government as the leaders de facto of the nation.

The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.

Contents

According to the current Constitution Constitution of Uruguay of 1967 or Constitution of Uruguay of 1997 [1] , the president is elected by direct popular vote for a term of five years. He may be reelected any number of times, but is ineligible for immediate reelection. The president and vice president run on a single ticket submitted by their party. In case no candidate obtains an absolute majority of votes (50%+1), a runoff is held between the top two candidates. In this case, the candidate who obtains a plurality in the runoff wins the election.

Constitution of Uruguay of 1967

The sixth Constitution of Uruguay came into force in 1967.

Constitution of Uruguay of 1997

The 1997 Constitution of Uruguay refers to the 1967 Constitution with amendments.

Two-round system voting system used to elect a single winner where a second round of voting is used if no candidate wins an absolute majority in the first round

The two-round system is a voting method used to elect a single winner, where the voter casts a single vote for their chosen candidate. However, if no candidate receives the required number of votes, then those candidates having less than a certain proportion of the votes, or all but the two candidates receiving the most votes, are eliminated, and a second round of voting is held.

According to Article 168 of the Constitution, the president, acting with the respective minister or ministers, or the Council of Ministers, includes, is assigned:

  1. The preservation of order and tranquility within and security without.
  2. The command of all armed forces.
  3. The promulgation of all laws, issuing special regulations necessary for its implementation.
  4. The delivery, to the General Assembly of Uruguay at the opening of regular sessions, the state of the Republic address.
  5. The right to veto laws it dislikes.
  6. The right to propose bills or amendments to laws previously enacted.
  7. The dismissal of public employees for misfeasance, malfeasance or nonfeasance.
  8. Management of diplomatic relations and, with consent of the legislature, the right to declare war.
  9. The right to declare a state of emergency when needed.
  10. The preparation of the state budget.
  11. Negotiation of treaties with the ratification of the legislature.

Since 1990, the president's term has begun and ended on March 1. This same date for ending the presidency also happened during the National Council of Government (1952–1967) and it has been not unusual since 1839. The current president is Tabaré Vásquez.

National Council of Government (Uruguay) organization

The National Council of Government was the ruling body in Uruguay between 1952 and 1967. It consisted of nine members, of which six were from the party that received the most votes in general elections, and three from the runner-up party. Generally known as the colegiado system, it had previously existed as the National Council of Administration between 1918 and 1933.

Latest election

e    d  Summary of the 26 October 2014 General Assembly of Uruguay election
and the 30 November 2014 presidential election run-off.
Party or coalition
Presidential candidate
First round (General election)Second round
(Presidential runoff)
Votes%Seats
Chamber+/–Senate+/–Votes%
Broad Front
Tabaré Vázquez
1,134,18749.4550015–11,226,10556.63
National Party
Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou
732,60131.9432+210+1939,07443.37
Colorado Party
Pedro Bordaberry
305,69913.3313–44–1
Independent Party
Pablo Mieres
73,3793.203+11+1
Popular Assembly
Gonzalo Abella
26,8691.171+100
Partido Ecologista Radical Intransigente
César Vega
17,8350.780N/A0N/A
Workers' Party
Rafael Fernández
3,2180.140N/A0N/A
Total2,372,1171009903002,321,230100
Invalid/blank votes78,329156,051
Registered voters/turnout2,620,79190.512,620,79188.57
Source: Corte Electoral, Buenos Aires Herald

See also

The history of Uruguay comprises different periods: the pre-Columbian time or early history, the colonial period (1516–1811), the period of nation-building (1811–1830), and the history of Uruguay as an independent country.

Politics of Uruguay

The politics of Uruguay abide by a presidential representative democratic republic, under which the President of Uruguay is both the head of state and the head of government, as well as a multiform party system. The president exercises executive power and legislative power and is vested in the two chambers of the General Assembly of Uruguay. The Judiciary branch is independent from that of the executive and legislature.

Related Research Articles

A presidency is an administration or the executive, the collective administrative and governmental entity that exists around an office of president of a state or nation. Although often the executive branch of government, and often personified by a single elected person who holds the office of "president," in practice, the presidency includes a much larger collective of people, such as chiefs of staff, advisers and other bureaucrats. Although often led by a single person, presidencies can also be of a collective nature, such as the presidency of the European Union is held on a rotating basis by the various national governments of the member states. Alternatively, the term presidency can also be applied to the governing authority of some churches, and may even refer to the holder of a non-governmental office of president in a corporation, business, charity, university, etc. or the institutional arrangement around them. For example, "the presidency of the Red Cross refused to support his idea." Rules and support to discourage vicarious liability leading to unnecessary pressure and the early termination of term have not been clarified. These may not be as yet supported by state let initiatives. Contributory liability and fraud may be the two most common ways to become removed from term of office and/or to prevent re-election

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