President of the Dominican Republic

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President of the Dominican Republic
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic
Presidential Seal
Luis 2020-2024.png
Luis Abinader

since 16 August 2020
Style Your Excellency, Mr. President
His Excellency
Residence National Palace, Distrito Nacional, Santo Domingo
Appointer Universal suffrage election
Term length Four years, with one re-election allowed
Inaugural holder Pedro Santana
Formation14 November 1844
Deputy Vice President of the Dominican Republic
Salaryup to RD$450,000 monthly [1]

The president of the Dominican Republic (Spanish : Presidente de la República Dominicana) is both the head of state and head of government of the Dominican Republic. The presidential system was established in 1844, following the proclamation of the republic during the Dominican War of Independence. The President of the Dominican Republic is styled Your Excellency, Mr. President during his time in office. His official residence is the National Palace.


The article CXXVIII of the constitution instructs the president of the "faithful execution of the Dominican Law" and confers on him the rank of commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces, the National Police and all the State security forces. It has the power to appoint ministers, grant pardons, moratoria and the duty of ensuring national security and the collection and faithful investment of national income. The constitution also places it as the head of the state's foreign policy and grants it the power to appoint diplomatic representatives on the recommendation and approval of the Senate of the Dominican Republic.

The president is elected by universal suffrage for a term of four years. Since the Constitution of the Dominican Republic of 1966, in its modification of 2015, no person can be elected to the position of president more than twice. In case of death, dismissal, or resignation of a president, the vice president assumes the presidency. In the absence of both, the Executive Branch may organize an interim government or pass control of the government to the Legislative Branch.

There have been 54 people who've taken office. The first president was Pedro Santana who was invested on 14 November 1844 by decision of the Central Government Junta. The current President of the Dominican Republic is Luis Abinader of the Modern Revolutionary Party, who won the 2020 Dominican Republic general election and took office on 16 August 2020 from Danilo Medina.

Beginning in the first decade of the 21st century, the Dominican presidency has taken on a more participatory role at the global level, strengthening diplomatic ties throughout the world and serving as a mediator in conflicts as close as the 2009 Honduran coup d'état and so far away as the Arab–Israeli conflict. [2]


The origin of the Presidency of the Dominican Republic goes back to the War of Independence when the Central Government Junta (JCG) constituted the first form of government that the country had in independent and republican living conditions.

The main activities, at such a convulsive moment, were to lead the war against the invasion of the Haitians, since it depended on the survival of the newly born State and the application of emergency measures of a provisional nature in order to put the governmental machinery, the collection of taxes, inform foreign powers of the existence of the new State and extend its dominion over the newly liberated territory. At the beginning J.C.G. He had to keep Haitian laws in force for a while, since otherwise the courts, the collection of taxes, municipalities, customs and other indispensable organisms for the normal course of the institutional life of every society would not have worked. The J.C.G. He ruled the country for an 8-month period.

In July 1844, General Pedro Santana, after a streak of successive victories in the southern part of the country, appeared with his army in Santo Domingo and was proclaimed President of the Junta Central Government. [3] The following month, Santana sent the Nation's Founding Fathers into exile. On 14 November of that same year he took office as the first Constitutional President of the Dominican Republic.

Constitutional role

Presidential Seal ElSimboloDelPresidenciaDelaRepublicaDominicana.png
Presidential Seal
Presidential Seal (On Sea) Presidential Standard of the Dominican Republic (At Sea).svg
Presidential Seal (On Sea)

The Constitution of the Dominican Republic, which was most recently amended in 2015, establishes the requirements, rights and obligations of the President of the Republic.

The office can be held for up to two consecutive four-year terms. [4] People who have completed their presidencies cannot run for president again. [4] The change of command takes place every four years, on 16 August, which is the day of the Restoration of the Republic, a national holiday.

Prior to 2015, the President was limited to one consecutive term, but could run for the office again after at least one subsequent term.

Schools and Powers of the President of the Dominican Republic

The schools and powers of the President of the Dominican Republic are contained in the title fourth, chapter I, section II of Constitution of the Dominican Republic giving the following rights and obligations: 'in its status as head of state corresponding:'


According to the Constitution of the Dominican Republic of 1966, in its modification of the year 2015 by the Congress, the President:


Latest election

Luis Abinader Modern Revolutionary Party [lower-alpha 1] 2,154,87652.52
Gonzalo Castillo Dominican Liberation Party [lower-alpha 2] 1,537,04137.46
Leonel Fernández People's Force [lower-alpha 3] 365,2308.90
Guillermo Moreno García Country Alliance 39,4580.96
Ismael Reyes Cruz Institutional Democratic Party 3,4810.08
Juan Cohen National Citizen Will Party 3,2460.08
Invalid/blank votes59,943
Registered voters/turnout7,529,93255.29
Source: JCE

See also


  1. In alliance with the Revolutionary Social Democratic Party, Dominican Humanist Party, Alliance for Democracy, País Posible, Broad Front, and the Dominicans for Change Party
  2. In alliance with the Alternative Democratic Movement, Christian Democratic Union Party, Civic Renovation Party, Popular Democratic Party, Independent Revolutionary Party, and Dominican Revolutionary Party
  3. In alliance with the Social Christian Reformist Party, Institutional Socialist Democratic Bloc, National Unity Party, National Progressive Force, and Quisqueyano Christian Democratic Party

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  1. [ bare URL ]
  2. Valdez, Annia (2 July 2011). "Viajes históricos de Leonel". Listin Diario (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  3. Los Dirigentes de la primera República
  4. 1 2 "Dominican Republic's Constitution of 2015" (PDF).