Preston-under-Scar

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Preston-under-Scar
Preston-under-Scar.jpg
Preston-under-Scar
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Preston-under-Scar
Location within North Yorkshire
Population170 
OS grid reference SE072922
  London 200 mi (320 km)  SSE
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Leyburn
Postcode district DL8
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°19′32″N1°53′26″W / 54.32544°N 1.89044°W / 54.32544; -1.89044 Coordinates: 54°19′32″N1°53′26″W / 54.32544°N 1.89044°W / 54.32544; -1.89044

Preston-under-Scar is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 2 miles (4 km) west of Leyburn. [1] The village population was 120 at the 2001 census, increasing to 170 by the 2011 census. [2] The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as belonging to Thorfinn, but the tenant-in-chief being Count Alan of Bedale. [3] The name of the village derives form a mixture of Old English and Old Norse and was originally prēost tūn sker, which translates as Priests farm (or settlement) under rock (or cliff). [4]

The village used to be in the Wapentake of Hang West and in the parish of Wensley. [5] Traditionally, worship was undertaken at the church in Wensley as there was no church in the village save for a small Methodist chapel, but the village does have a small "mission room" (St Margarets Church) that was constructed in 1862 and is now a grade II listed building. [6] However, services are only held twice-monthly. [7]

The Wensleydale Railway passes just to the south of the village. Previously, the village and that of neighbouring Wensley were served by Wensley railway station on the line and whilst the line has been re-opened as a heritage railway, the station is in private hands and has not been opened up to passengers.

The village is mostly contained in a conservation area that was designated in 1989. [8] It is just outside of the Yorkshire Dales National Park due to quarrying and a military firing range which lie just to the north of the village. [9] Besides quarrying (which is still ongoing in the modern era) the area was also known for its iron ore and lead industries. These were documented as far back as the early 14th century though may have been explored earlier. [10]

There are remains of the old lead mining industry in the nearby Condenser Wood. Some of the old lead processing buildings are still standing and are now listed buildings, [11] including the peat store that would house a years' worth of peat to be used in smelting lead. [12] Various chimneys were built to vent the fumes from the smelting process, but these were quite low in the valley and would cling to the surroundings rather than disperse. Because of this, a flue was constructed that extended for 2 miles (3 km) in a northerly direction and fed into a chimney at Cobscar Mill above Preston-under-Scar at 1,250 feet (381 m) above sea level. [1] [13] [14]

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References

  1. 1 2 "OL30" (Map). Yorkshire dales - Northern & Central Area. 1;25,000. Explorer. Ordnance Survey. 2016. ISBN   9780319263358.
  2. "Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  3. Powell-Smith, Anna. "Preston [under Scar] | Domesday Book". opendomesday.org. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  4. Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 374. ISBN   0-19-869103-3.
  5. "Genuki: In 1822, the following places were in the Parish of Wensley:, Yorkshire (North Riding)". www.genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  6. Historic England. "Church of St Margaret (Grade II) (1130872)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  7. "Preston-under-Scar: St Margaret, Preston-under-Scar". A Church Near You. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  8. "Preston-under-Scar" (PDF). richmondshire.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  9. "Preston Spring Wood management plan 2012-2017" (PDF). woodlandtrust.org.uk. p. 5. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  10. "Richmondshire District Council - Conservation and Conservation Areas". www.richmondshire.gov.uk. pp. 15–16. Archived from the original (Word Document) on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  11. Historic England. "Preston Mill (Grade II) (1130870)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  12. "Peat Store, Preston under Scar, North Yorkshire | Educational Images". Historic England. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  13. Wilkinson, George (7 April 2007). "Preston-under-Scar". York Press. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  14. Historic England. "Keld Heads lead smelt mill and mine complex (1014763)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 19 October 2017.