| United States Senator |
from New York
March 4, 1857 – March 3, 1863
|Preceded by||Hamilton Fish|
|Succeeded by||Edwin D. Morgan|
|Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives |
from New York's 18th district
March 4, 1843 –March 3, 1847
|Preceded by||Thomas C. Chittenden|
|Succeeded by||William Collins|
March 4, 1849 –March 3, 1853
|Preceded by||William Collins|
|Succeeded by||Peter Rowe|
|Born||October 14, 1806|
Ogdensburg, New York
|Died||November 12, 1865 59) (aged|
New York Harbor, New York City, New York
|Political party||Democrat, Free Soil, Republican|
Preston King (October 14, 1806 –November 12, 1865) was a United States Representative and Senator from New York.
King was born in Ogdensburg, New York on October 14, 1806.He was the illegitimate son of John King and Margaret Galloway. At an early age, he was committed to the guardianship of Louis Hasbrouck, an Ogdensburg lawyer.
He pursued classical studies and graduated from Union College in 1827,where he was an early member of The Kappa Alpha Society. He studied law and was admitted to the bar.
In 1830, he established the St. Lawrence Republican and was Postmaster of Ogdensburg from 1831 to 1834 during the administration of President Martin Van Buren.He was a Democratic member of the New York State Assembly (St. Lawrence Co.) from 1835 to 1838, sitting in the 58th, 59th, 60th and 61st New York State Legislatures.
King was elected as a Democrat to the 28th and 29th United States Congresses, holding office from March 4, 1843, to March 3, 1847. He was Chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Invalid Pensions (29th Congress).In 1847, when there was an open rupture between the Barnburners and Hunkers at the Democratic State Convention, King was made chairman of the former and Robert H. Morris of the latter.
He was elected as a Free Soiler to the 31st and 32nd United States Congresses, holding office from March 4, 1849, to March 3, 1853.
He was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate in February 1857, and served from March 4, 1857, to March 4, 1863. He was Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Revolutionary Claims (37th Congress).
Afterwards he resumed the practice of law, was considered for the Republican vice-presidential nomination in 1860 and was a presidential elector on the Abraham Lincoln ticket in 1864,where he was "largely instrumental in procuring the nomination of Andrew Johnson for the Vice-Presidency. After the death of President Lincoln, he served as effective White House Chief of Staff during the early days of the Johnson Administration.
On August 14, 1865, King was appointed by President Andrew Johnson Collector of the Port of New York, in an effort to eliminate corruption in the Port of New York and to heal divisions within the Republican Party.After his death, he was succeeded by acting Collector Charles P. Clinch (brother-in-law of Alexander Turney Stewart).
According to The New York Times , he was "remarkable for obesity. Though short of stature--only five feet six inches--he weighed over two hundred and fifty pounds. He tried hard to reduce his flesh by a course of dieting, but failed. Latterly, he took little exercise, but did a great deal of toilsome mind work."
Despairing of success, King committed suicide by tying a bag of bullets around his neck and leaping from a ferryboat in New York Harbor on November 13, 1865.After a funeral at the Ogdensburg Episcopal Church, his remains were buried alongside his father and mother at the City Cemetery in Ogdensburg.
Hannibal Hamlin was an American attorney and politician from Maine. In a public service career that spanned over 50 years, he served as the 15th vice president of the United States. The first Republican to hold the office, Hamlin served from 1861 to 1865. He is considered among the most influential politicians from Maine.
Schuyler Colfax Jr. was an American journalist, businessman, and politician who served as the 17th vice president of the United States from 1869 to 1873, and prior to that as the 25th speaker of the House of Representatives from 1863 to 1869. Originally a Whig and later a Republican, he was the U.S. Representative for Indiana's 9th congressional district from 1855 to 1869.
James Harlan was an attorney and politician, a member of the United States Senate, a U.S. Cabinet Secretary at the United States Department of Interior under President Andrew Johnson, and a Federal Judge.
Reverdy Johnson was a statesman and jurist from Maryland. He gained fame as a defense attorney, defending notables such as Sandford of the Dred Scott case, Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter at his court-martial, and Mary Surratt, alleged conspirator in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. A former Whig, he was a strong supporter of the Union war effort. At first he opposed wartime efforts to abolish slavery until 1864, and in 1865 supported the 13th Amendment banning slavery.
Reuben Eaton Fenton was an American merchant and politician from New York.
Henry Bell Van Rensselaer was an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, and a politician who served in the United States Congress as a Representative from the state of New York.
New Jersey's 11th congressional district is a suburban district in northern New Jersey. The district includes portions of Essex, Morris, Passaic, and Sussex Counties; it is centered in Morris County. It is one of the ten most affluent congressional districts in the United States. It has traditionally leaned Republican, but has been represented by Democrat Mikie Sherrill since 2019.
New Jersey's 5th congressional district is represented by Democrat Josh Gottheimer, who has served in Congress since 2017.
Newton Martin Curtis was a Union officer during the American Civil War and a member of the United States House of Representatives from New York.
Bishop Perkins was a United States Representative from New York.
John Brooks Henderson was a United States Senator from Missouri and a co-author of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. For his role in the investigation of the Whiskey Ring, he was considered the first special prosecutor.
The 21st congressional district of New York is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives that is currently represented by Republican Elise Stefanik.
Hamilton Ward Sr. was an American lawyer and politician.
Wisconsin's 7th congressional district is a congressional district of the United States House of Representatives in northwestern and central Wisconsin; it is the largest congressional district in the state geographically, covering 20 counties, for a total of 18,787 sq mi. The district contains the following counties: Ashland, Barron, Bayfield, Burnett, St. Croix, Chippewa (partial), Clark, Douglas, Florence, Forest, Iron, Jackson (partial), Juneau (partial), Langlade, Lincoln, Marathon, Monroe (partial) Oneida, Polk, Price, Rusk, Sawyer, Taylor, Vilas, Washburn, and Wood (partial).
Robert Cameron McEwen was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from New York.
Bayard Clarke was a United States Representative from New York.
Henry Ellsworth Barbour was an American lawyer and politician who served six terms as a U.S. Representative from California from 1919 to 1931.
Amaziah Bailey James was an American lawyer and politician from New York.
George Roland Malby was an American politician from New York. He was Speaker of the New York State Assembly in 1894, and served three terms in Congress.
The United States Senate elections of 1862 and 1863 were elections during the American Civil War in which Republicans increased their control of the U.S. Senate. The Republican Party gained three seats, bringing their majority to two-thirds of the body. Also caucusing with them were Unionists and Unconditional Unionists, giving them a commanding majority.