Last updated

Personal information
Full nameDelma Gonçalves
Date of birth (1975-05-19) 19 May 1975 (age 44)
Place of birth Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Height 1.57 m (5 ft 2 in) [1]
Playing position Forward
Club information
Current team
Icheon Daekyo
Number 12
Senior career*
1989–1991 Mendanha FC
1992–2000 CR Vasco da Gama
2001 Washington Freedom 21 (5)
2002–2003 San Jose CyberRays 34 (9)
2005–2008 INAC Kobe Leonessa
2009–2017 Icheon Daekyo
National team
1991–2008 Brazil
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league onlyand correct as of 22:52, 17 April 2013 (UTC)
‡ National team caps and goals correct as of 22:52, 17 April 2013 (UTC)

Delma Gonçalves (born 19 May 1975), commonly known as Pretinha, [note 1] is a Brazilian professional soccer player who is a forward for Icheon Daekyo in South Korea's WK-League. A longtime member of the Brazilian national team, for whom she debuted in 1991, she played for clubs in Brazil, the United States and Japan before moving to South Korea in 2009. [2]

Brazil Federal republic in South America

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.

Association football Team field sport played between two teams of eleven players with spherical ball

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Forward (association football) Association Football position played near the opponents goal

Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing team's goal, and are therefore most responsible for scoring goals.


With the Brazilian national team, Pretinha has participated in four World Cups; in China (1991), Sweden (1995), United States (1999), and China (2007). She has also played in four Olympic Games; in Atlanta (1996), Sydney (2000), Athens (2004) and Beijing (2008). She won silver medals from the 2004 and 2008 Olympic tournaments. [2]

FIFA Womens World Cup Association football competition for womens national teams

The FIFA Women's World Cup is an international football competition contested by the senior women's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's international governing body. The competition has been held every four years since 1991, when the inaugural tournament, then called the FIFA Women's World Championship, was held in China.

1991 FIFA Womens World Cup 1991 edition of the FIFA Womens World Cup

The 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup was the inaugural FIFA Women's World Cup, the world championship for women's national association football teams. It took place in Guangdong, China from 16 to 30 November 1991. FIFA, football's international governing body selected China as host nation as Guangdong had hosted a prototype world championship three years earlier, the 1988 FIFA Women's Invitation Tournament. Matches were played in the state capital, Guangzhou, as well as in Foshan, Jiangmen and Zhongshan. The competition was sponsored by Mars, Incorporated. With FIFA still reluctant to bestow their "World Cup" brand, the tournament was officially known as the 1st FIFA World Championship for Women's Football for the M&M's Cup.

1995 FIFA Womens World Cup 1995 edition of the FIFA Womens World Cup

The 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup, the second edition of the FIFA Women's World Cup, was held in Sweden and won by Norway. The tournament featured 12 women's national teams from six continental confederations. The 12 teams were drawn into three groups of four and each group played a round-robin tournament. At the end of the group stage, the top two teams and two best third-ranked teams advanced to the knockout stage, beginning with the quarter-finals and culminating with the final at Råsunda Stadium on 18 June 1995.

Club career

As a child, Pretinha had played football with her brothers on the streets of Rio. She joined her first club Mendanha Futebol Clube at the age of 14. [2] After being elevated to the Brazilian national team, she was signed by the female section of CR Vasco da Gama. At the time of the 1999 Women's World Cup in the United States, Pretinha was earning around $3,400 per month from her contract with Vasco. [3]

CR Vasco da Gama Sports club in Brazil

Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama is a Brazilian sports club that was founded on August 21, 1898, by Portuguese immigrants, and still has a strong fanbase among the Portuguese community of Rio de Janeiro. It is one of the most popular clubs in Brazil, with more than 30 million supporters. Although they compete in a number of different sports, Vasco is mostly known for its football team. It plays in the Campeonato Carioca, the state of Rio de Janeiro's premier state league and in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the first tier of Brazilian football league system.

When the American professional Women's United Soccer Association (WUSA) started in 2001, Pretinha and compatriot Roseli were assigned to Washington Freedom in the inaugural draft. Pretinha scored the only goal in the league's first ever match; a second half penalty kick at the Bay Area CyberRays. [4] With four goals in her first five games Pretinha led the early season scoring charts, she finished the campaign with five goals having played in all 21 league games. At the end of the inaugural season Washington traded Pretinha to the CyberRays. [5]

Womens United Soccer Association professional soccer league

The Women's United Soccer Association, often abbreviated to the WUSA, was the world's first women's soccer league in which all the players were paid as professionals. Founded in February 2000, the league began its first season in April 2001 with eight teams in the United States. The league suspended operations on September 15, 2003, shortly after the end of its third season, after making cumulative losses of around US$100 million.

Washington Freedom

The Washington Freedom was an American professional soccer club based in the Washington, D.C., suburb of Germantown, Maryland, that participated in Women's Professional Soccer. The Freedom was founded in 2001 as a member of the defunct Women's United Soccer Association. Beginning in 2004, the Freedom played its home games at the Maryland SoccerPlex. In 2011, the team relocated to Boca Raton, Florida, and became magicJack.

Penalty kick (association football) type of direct free kick in association football

A penalty kick is a method of restarting play in association football, in which a player is allowed to take a single shot on the goal while it is defended only by the opposing team's goalkeeper. It is awarded when a foul punishable by a direct free kick is committed by a player in their own penalty area. The shot is taken from the penalty mark, which is 12 yards (11 m) from the goal line and centred between the touch lines.

During her first season with her new club in 2002, coach Ian Sawyers handed Pretinha a deeper midfield role. [6] In June 2003 she scored twice at Washington Freedom to salvage a draw for the CyberRays against her old club. [7] The team's top–goalscorer, Pretinha missed the culmination of the CyberRays' 2003 campaign after tearing the anterior cruciate ligament in her right knee during an international friendly between Brazil and the United States in July 2003. [8]

Ian Sawyers is an American soccer coach.

Midfield is the part of a sports field that lies approximately in the center. It is a term most commonly associated with American football and association football to refer to the area in and around the center circle, as well as the players who occupy that region, and is also used in field hockey to describe the same area, or in rugby to refer to the area occupied by the players in the center positions.

Anterior cruciate ligament type of cruciate ligament in the human knee

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of a pair of cruciate ligaments in the human knee. The two ligaments are also called cruciform ligaments, as they are arranged in a crossed formation. In the quadruped stifle joint, based on its anatomical position, it is also referred to as the cranial cruciate ligament. The term cruciate translates to cross. This name is fitting because the ACL crosses the posterior cruciate ligament to form an “X”. It is composed of strong fibrous material and assists in controlling excessive motion. This is done by limiting mobility of the joint. The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the four main ligaments of the knee, providing 85% of the restraining force to anterior tibial displacement at 30 degrees and 90 degrees of knee flexion. The ACL is the most injured ligament of the four located in the knee.

With the collapse of WUSA and the lack of structure in Brazilian women's football, Pretinha was without a club while recuperating from her injury. She played in the Athens Olympics as a free agent, then joined Japanese L. League team INAC Kobe Leonessa in 2005. [9]

Football at the 2004 Summer Olympics – Womens tournament 2004 edition of the womens association football tournament during the Olympic Summer Games

Women's Olympic Football tournament was held for the third time at the 2004 Summer Olympics. The tournament featured 10 women's national teams from six continental confederations. The 10 teams were drawn into two groups of three and one group of four and each group played a round-robin tournament. At the end of the group stage, the top teams from each group advanced to the knockout stage, beginning with the quarter-finals and culminating with the gold medal match at Karaiskakis Stadium on August 26, 2004.

In professional sports, a free agent is a player who is eligible to sign freely with any club or franchise; i.e., not under contract to any specific team. The term is also used in reference to a player who is under contract at present but who is allowed to solicit offers from other teams. In some circumstances, the free agent's options are limited by league rules.

INAC Kobe Leonessa is a Japanese football club from Kobe, founded in 2001. INAC stands for International Athletic Club while Leonessa means Lioness in Italian.

International career

When the Brazil women's national football team were preparing for the inaugural 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup, they played a training match against a Liga Desportiva de Nova Iguaçu (LDNI) select team containing a 16–year–old Pretinha. Brazil won easily but Pretinha excelled to the extent that she was added to the national team panel for the World Cup. The aeroplane journey to Guangdong in China was the first time that the young Pretinha had travelled outside the state of Rio. [10]

The knee injury sustained by Pretinha in July 2003 ruled her out of Brazil's squad for the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup. [11]


  1. In a June 1999 interview with Grant Wahl, Pretinha said her nickname means "little black girl" and that the reference to skin color is not considered problematic in Brazil.

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  1. "Pretinha". Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  2. 1 2 3 "Pretinha's Korean Dream". The Korea Times. 24 June 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2009.
  3. Wahl, Grant (28 June 1999). "Q&a". CNN Sports Illustrated . Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  4. "Freedom wins first". CNN Sports Illustrated. 14 April 2001. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  5. "Freedom Trade Pretinha to CyberRays". Associated Press. 13 November 2001. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  6. Chapin, Dwight (18 August 2002). "CyberRays need another scorer / Brazilian Katia was San Jose's major -- and only -- goal threat". San Francisco Chronicle . Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  7. "Pretinha comes back to haunt Freedom". The Washington Times. 23 June 2003. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  8. Smith, Michelle (16 July 2003). "CyberRays' Pretinha sidelined by knee injury". San Francisco Chronicle . Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  9. "Pretinha" (in Portuguese). Universo Online . Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  10. Valporto, Oscar (28 September 2006). Atleta, substitutivo feminino: vinte mulheres brasileiras nos Jogos Olímpicos (in Portuguese). Casa da Palavra. p. 249. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  11. Lavinas, Thiago (21 September 2007). "Pretinha: 16 anos evoluindo com a seleção" (in Portuguese). Globo Esporte. Retrieved 23 April 2013.