Prime Minister of Armenia

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Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia
Հայաստանի Հանրապետության վարչապետ
Coat of arms of Armenia.svg
Nikol Pashinian (20-04-2022) 2.jpg
Incumbent
Nikol Pashinyan
since 8 May 2018
Government of Armenia
Style Mr. Prime Minister (formal)
His Excellency (diplomatic, abroad) [1]
Status Head of government
Member of Cabinet of Armenia
Residence Prime Minister's Residence
Seat Yerevan
Appointer President of Armenia, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the National Assembly
Term length No term limit
Parliamentary elections to the National Assembly are held every five years at most. After election Prime Minister and the Cabinet resigns and the newly elected National Assembly approves the Prime Minister.
Constituting instrument Constitution of Armenia
Inaugural holder Hovhannes Kajaznuni [2]
Formation30 June 1918
Deputy Deputy Prime Minister
Salary AMD 15,079,920/ US$ 38,825 annually [3]
Website www.primeminister.am

The prime minister of Armenia (Armenian : Հայաստանի Հանրապետության վարչապետ, romanized: Hayastani Hanrapetut’yan varch’apet) is the head of government and most senior minister within the Armenian government, and is required by the constitution to "determine the main directions of policy of the Government, manage the activities of the Government and coordinate the work of the members of the Government." Also, according to the constitution, the prime minister heads the Security Council, which prescribes the main directions of the country's defense policy; thus, the prime minister is effectively the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Armenia. [4] Nikol Pashinyan is the current prime minister. He took the office on 8 May 2018 following the resignation of Serzh Sargsyan.

Contents

History

Original role

The office of prime minister was first established in 1918 with the foundation of the First Republic of Armenia. The prime minister chosen by the National Council of Armenia and was accountable for international, domestic and regional issues. The first Prime Minister became Hovhannes Katchaznouni whose cabinet was made up from five members, all of which were from ARF. In addition, a ministry of interior was created, whose first head was Aram Manukian. [5] It vanished when the First Republic of Armenia was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic and then transferred into a full Soviet republic.

Soviet era

The governmental structure of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic was similar to that of the other Soviet republics. The highest executive and administrative organ of state power was the Council of Ministers. The Council consisted of the following positions:

Restoration

When Armenia regained its independence in 1991, the office of prime minister was reintroduced. Under the new 2015 constitution, the prime minister is the most powerful and influential person in Armenian politics. The prime minister is appointed by the president of Armenia upon the vote of the National Assembly. The prime minister can be removed by a vote of no confidence in Parliament. In the constitutional referendum held in 2015, citizens voted in favor of transferring Armenia into a parliamentary republic.

Prime Minister's Office

The Prime Minister's Staff has the task of ensuring the enforcement of the powers vested in the Prime Minister and the Deputy Prime Ministers, as well as making preparations for Cabinet meetings: [6]

Staff DepartmentPrincipal executiveIncumbent
Prime Minister's StaffChief of StaffArayik Harutyunyan
Deputy Chiefs of StaffArmenak Khachatryan
Artur Hovsepyan
Sargis Torosyan
Taron Chakhoyan
Zaruhi Matevosyan
Senior Adviser to the Prime MinisterHambardzum Matevosyan
Advisers to Prime MinisterArtashes Toumanian
Voluntary AdvisorAleksandr Avetisyan
Suren Maghakyan
Press SecretaryNazeli Baghdasaryan
Chief Protocol OfficerSuren Varosyan
Assistants to the Prime MinisterArsen Mikhaylov
Artur Grigoryan
David Gevorgyan
Gagik Isakhanyan
Hakob Abrahamyan
Karine Davoyan
Relations with the National AssemblyDepartment HeadAnahit Stephanyan
External RelationsKaren Gasparyan
LegalHayk Kesoyan
Programmes Expertise
Personnel and Human Resources Management
State and Legal Affairs
Social Affairs
Territorial Development and Environmental Issues
Information and Public Relations
Financial and Accounting
Financial-Economical
Regulatory Impact Assessment
Applications, monitoring and evaluation of citizen feedback
Administrative Service
Protocol Division
Protocol Department
First Division
Mobilization Preparations and Mobilization Programmes Division
General Division
Division of Pardons, Citizenship, Awards and Titles
Security Council Bureau
Civil Service Bureau
Inspection Bodies’ Coordination Bureau
Public Council Secretariat
Office of the Representative on international legal matters

List of heads of government of Armenia

Republic of Armenia (1918–1920)

Prime ministers
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of OfficePolitical Party
Took OfficeLeft office
1 Hovhannes Katchaznouni.JPG Hovhannes Kajaznuni
(1868–1938)
30 June 191828 May 1919 ARF
2 Alexander Khatisian.png Alexander Khatisian
(1874–1945)
28 May 19195 May 1920 ARF
3 045 hamo ohanjanyan.jpg Hamo Ohanjanyan
(1873–1947)
5 May 192025 November 1920 ARF
4 Vratsyan Simon.jpg Simon Vratsian
(1882–1969)
25 November 19202 December 1920 ARF
Armenia was part of the Soviet Union from 1920 to 1991 (see below)

Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (1922–1936)

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of OfficePolitical PartyTitle(s)
Took OfficeLeft office
1 Myasnikyan.jpg Alexander Miasnikian
(1886–1925)
1 January 192130 January 1922 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
2 Sergey-Lukashin-Sargis-Srapionyan.jpg Sargis Lukashin
(1883–1937)
21 May 192224 June 1925 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
3 No image.png Sargis Hаmbardzumyan
(1870–1944)
24 June 192522 March 1928 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
4 Sahak Ter-Gabrielyan.jpg Sahak Ter-Gabrielyan
(1886–1937)
22 March 192810 February 1935 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
5 No image.png Abraham Guloyan
(1893–1938)
10 February 1935February 1937 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars

Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (1936–1991)

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of OfficePolitical PartyTitle(s)
Took OfficeLeft office
6 No image.png Sargis Hаmbardzumyan
(1870–1944)
February 1937May 1937 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
7 No image.png Stepan Akopyan
(1878–1961)
May 193721 September 1937 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
8 No image.png Aram Piruzyan
(1907–1996)
23 November 1937October 1943 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
9 No image.png Aghasi Sargsyan
(1905–1971)
October 19431946 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
194629 March 1947Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
10 No image.png Sahak Karapetyan
(1906–1987)
29 March 194720 November 1952 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
11 Anton Kochinyan 2013 Armenian stamp.jpg Anton Kochinyan
(1913–1990)
20 November 19525 February 1966 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
12 No image.png Badal Muradyan
(1915–1991)
5 February 196621 November 1973 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
13 No image.png Grigory Arzumanyan
(1918–1976)
21 November 197328 November 1976 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
No image.png G.A. Martirosyan
(1934–2015)
28 November 197617 January 1977 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
14 No image.png Fadey Sargsyan
(1923–2010)
17 January 197716 January 1989 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
15 No image.png Vladimir Markaryants
(1934–2000)
16 January 198913 August 1990 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
16 Vazgen Manukyan.jpg Vazgen Manukyan
(1946–)
13 August 199025 September 1991 AZhM Chairmen of the Council of Ministers

Armenia (1991–present)

   NDU  (1)        PANM  (1)        RPA  (7)        Civil Contract  (1)     
No.Name
(Lifespan)
PortraitPolitical partyTerm of officeElection
(Parliament)
Government
No.Composition

1
Vazgen Manukyan
(born 1946)
Vazgen Manukyan.jpg PANM 13 August 199025 September 1991
(independence)
1990 1st IndependentsPANM
NDU 25 September 1991
(independence)
22 November 1991 IndependentsPANMNDU
2 Gagik Harutyunyan
(born 1948)
Gagik Harutyunyan.png Independent 22 November 199130 July 1992 2nd IndependentsPANM
3 Khosrov Harutyunyan
(born 1948)
Khosrov Harutyunyan on i TV (June 3, 2021), min 41.52.png Independent 30 July 19922 February 1993 3rd
4 Hrant Bagratyan
(born 1958)
Hrant Bagratyan cropped.jpg PANM 2 February 199326 July 1995 4th
26 July 19954 November 1996 1995 5th PANMRPA
5 Armen Sarkissian
(born 1952)
Sarkissian armen profile.jpg Independent 4 November 199620 March 1997 6th
6 Robert Kocharyan
(born 1954)
Robert Kocharyan.jpg Independent 20 March 199710 April 1998 7th RPAARF
7 Armen Darbinyan
(born 1964)
Armen Darbinyan.jpeg Independent 10 April 199811 June 1999 8th RPAARFACP
8 Vazgen Sargsyan
(1959–1999)
Vazgen Sargsyan 1999 (cropped).png RPA 11 June 1999 27 October 1999 1999 9th RPAPPAARF
9 Aram Sargsyan
(born 1961)
Aram Sargsyan 2010.jpg RPA 3 November 19992 May 2000 10th
10 Andranik Margaryan
(1949–2007)
AndranikMargaryan (cropped2).jpg RPA 2 May 200025 May 2003 11th RPAPPAARFHeritage
25 May 200325 March 2007
(died in office)
2003 12th RPAARFHeritage
Serzh Sargsyan
(born 1954)
S Sarkisyan.jpg RPA 25 March 20074 April 2007
114 April 20077 April 2008 13th
12 Tigran Sargsyan
(born 1960)
Tigran Sargsyan.jpg RPA 9 April 20086 May 2012 2007 14th RPAARFOEKPAP
6 May 201219 April 2013 2012 15th RPAOEK
19 April 201313 April 2014 16th
13 Hovik Abrahamyan
(born 1959)
Hovik Abrahamyan 2013.jpg RPA 13 April 20148 September 2016 17th RPAOEKARF
14 Karen Karapetyan
(born 1963)
Karen Karapetyan (2017-01-24) 02.jpg RPA 13 September 201618 May 2017 18th RPAARF
18 May 201717 April 2018 2017 19th
(11) Serzh Sargsyan
(born 1954)
Serzh Sargsyan official portrait.jpg RPA 17 April 201823 April 2018 20th
Karen Karapetyan
(born 1963)
Karen Karapetyan (2017-01-24) 02.jpg RPA 23 April 20188 May 2018
Nikol Pashinyan
(born 1975)
Nikol Pashinian (20-04-2022) 2.jpg Yelk
Civil Contract
8 May 201814 January 2019 21st YelkTsarukyan AllianceARF
15 My Step
Civil Contract
14 January 20192 August 2021 2018 22nd Civil ContractMissionHanrapetutyun
Civil Contract 2 August 2021Incumbent 2021 23rd Civil Contract

Timeline

Nikol PashinyanKaren KarapetyanHovik AbrahamyanTigran SargsyanSerzh SargsyanAndranik MargaryanAram SargsyanVazgen SargsyanArmen DarbinyanRobert KocharyanArmen SarkissianHrant BagratyanKhosrov HarutyunyanGagik HarutyunyanVazgen ManukyanVladimir MarkaryantsFadey SargsyanGerasim MartirosyanGrigory ArzumanyanBadal MuradyanAnton KochinyanSahak KarapetyanAghasi SargsyanAram PiruzyanStepan AkopyanAbraham GuloyanSahak Ter-GabrielyanSargis HambardzumyanSargis LukashinAlexander MiasnikianSarkis KasyanHakob NurijanyanGaregin NzhdehSimon VratsianHamo OhanjanyanAlexander KhatisianHovhannes KajaznuniPrime Minister of Armenia

Notes

     α.    ^ Assassinated while in office in the 1999 Armenian parliament shooting.

     β.    ^ Died of heart attack while in office.

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References

  1. "PM Nikol Pashinyan receives congratulations on 27th anniversary of Armenia's independence". Archived from the original on 19 January 2019. Retrieved 19 January 2019., The Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia
  2. "Hovhannes Kajaznuni and Aram Manukyan: Armenia's Forgotten Founding Fathers – Chai Khana". 2 April 2018.
  3. "How much salary does the Prime Minister get?". iravaban.net. 9 May 2018.
  4. LLC, Helix Consulting. "Constitution of the Republic of Armenia – Library – The President of the Republic of Armenia [the official site]". www.president.am. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  5. ,.
  6. LLC, Helix Consulting. "Staff – Office of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia – The Government of the Republic of Armenia". www.gov.am. Retrieved 20 December 2023.