Prime Minister of Armenia

Last updated

Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia
Հայաստանի Հանրապետության վարչապետ
Coat of arms of Armenia.svg
Nikol Pashinian (09-03-2020).jpg
Incumbent
Nikol Pashinyan
since 8 May 2018
Style Mr. Prime Minister (formal)
His Excellency (diplomatic, abroad) [1]
Status Head of government
Member of Cabinet of Armenia
Residence Prime Minister's Residence
Seat Yerevan
Appointer President of Armenia, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the National Assembly
Term length No term limit
Parliamentary elections to the National Assembly are held every five years at most. After election Prime Minister and the Cabinet resigns and the newly elected National Assembly approves the Prime Minister.
Constituting instrument Constitution of Armenia
Inaugural holder Hovhannes Kajaznuni
Vazgen Manukyan
(current constitution) [2]
Formation30 June 1918
Deputy Deputy Prime Minister
Salaryannual: AMD 15,079,920 [3]
Website www.primeminister.am

The prime minister of Armenia is the head of government and most senior minister within the Armenian government, and is required by the constitution to "determine the main directions of policy of the Government, manage the activities of the Government and coordinate the work of the members of the Government." Also, according to the constitution, the prime minister heads the Security Council, which prescribes the main directions of the country's defense policy; thus, the prime minister is effectively the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Armenia. [4] Under the new 2015 constitution, the prime minister is the most powerful and influential person in Armenian politics. The prime minister is appointed by the president of Armenia upon the vote of the National Assembly. The prime minister can be removed by a vote of no confidence in Parliament. In the constitutional referendum held in 2015, citizens voted in favor of transferring Armenia into a parliamentary republic.

Contents

The office of prime minister was first established in 1918 with the foundation of the First Republic of Armenia. It vanished when the First Republic of Armenia was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. When Armenia regained its independence, the office of prime minister was reintroduced.

Nikol Pashinyan is the current prime minister. He took the office on 8 May 2018 following the resignation of Serzh Sargsyan.

List of heads of government of Armenia

Republic of Armenia (1918–1920)

Prime ministers
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of OfficePolitical Party
Took OfficeLeft office
1 Hovhannes Katchaznouni.JPG Hovhannes Kajaznuni
(1868–1938)
30 June 191828 May 1919 HYD
2 Alexander Khatisian.png Alexander Khatisian
(1874–1945)
28 May 19195 May 1920 HYD
3 045 hamo ohanjanyan.jpg Hamo Ohanjanyan
(1873–1947)
5 May 192025 November 1920 HYD
4 Vratsyan Simon.jpg Simon Vratsian
(1882–1969)
25 November 19202 December 1920 HYD
Armenia was part of the Soviet Union from 1920 to 1991 (see below)

Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (1922–1936)

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of OfficePolitical PartyTitle(s)
Took OfficeLeft office
1 Myasnikyan.jpg Alexander Miasnikian
(1886–1925)
1 January 192130 January 1922 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
2 Sergey-Lukashin-Sargis-Srapionyan.jpg Sargis Lukashin
(1883–1937)
21 May 192224 June 1925 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
3 No image.png Sargis Hаmbardzumyan
(1870–1944)
24 June 192522 March 1928 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
4 Sahak Ter-Gabrielyan.jpg Sahak Ter-Gabrielyan
(1886–1937)
22 March 192810 February 1935 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
5 No image.png Abraham Guloyan
(1893–1938)
10 February 1935February 1937 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars

Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (1936–1991)

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of OfficePolitical PartyTitle(s)
Took OfficeLeft office
6 No image.png Sargis Hаmbardzumyan
(1870–1944)
February 1937May 1937 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
7 No image.png Stepan Akopyan
(1878–1961)
May 193721 September 1937 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
8 No image.png Aram Piruzyan
(1907–1996)
23 November 1937October 1943 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
9 No image.png Aghasi Sargsyan
(1905–1971)
October 19431946 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
194629 March 1947Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
10 No image.png Sahak Karapetyan
(1906–1987)
29 March 194720 November 1952 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
11 Anton Kochinyan 2013 Armenian stamp.jpg Anton Kochinyan
(1913–1990)
20 November 19525 February 1966 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
12 No image.png Badal Muradyan
(1915–1991)
5 February 196621 November 1973 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
13 No image.png Grigory Arzumanyan
(1918–1976)
21 November 197328 November 1976 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
No image.png G.A. Martirosyan
(1934–2015)
28 November 197617 January 1977 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
14 No image.png Fadey Sargsyan
(1923–2010)
17 January 197716 January 1989 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
15 No image.png Vladimir Markaryants
(1934–2000)
16 January 198913 August 1990 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
16 Vazgen Manukyan.jpg Vazgen Manukyan
(1946–)
13 August 199025 September 1991 AZhM Chairmen of the Council of Ministers

Armenia (1991–present)

   NDU  (1)        PANM  (1)        RPA  (7)        Civil Contract  (1)     
No.Name
(Lifespan)
PortraitPolitical partyTerm of officeElection
(Parliament)
Government
No.Composition

1
Vazgen Manukyan
(born 1946)
Vazgen Manukyan.jpg PANM 13 August 199025 September 1991
(independence)
1990 1st IndependentsPANM
NDU 25 September 1991
(independence)
22 November 1991 IndependentsPANMNDU
2 Gagik Harutyunyan
(born 1948)
Gagik Harutyunyan.png Independent 22 November 199130 July 1992 2nd IndependentsPANM
3 Khosrov Harutyunyan
(born 1948)
Khosrov Harutyunyan on i TV (June 3, 2021), min 41.52.png Independent 30 July 19922 February 1993 3rd
4 Hrant Bagratyan
(born 1958)
Hrant Bagratyan cropped.jpg PANM 2 February 199326 July 1995 4th
26 July 19954 November 1996 1995 5th PANMRPA
5 Armen Sarkissian
(born 1952)
Sarkissian armen profile.jpg Independent 4 November 199620 March 1997 6th
6 Robert Kocharyan
(born 1954)
Robert Kocharyan.jpg Independent 20 March 199710 April 1998 7th RPAARF
7 Armen Darbinyan
(born 1964)
Armen Darbinyan.jpeg Independent 10 April 199811 June 1999 8th RPAARFACP
8 Vazgen Sargsyan
(1959–1999)
Stamp of Armenia m175 - Copy.jpg RPA 11 June 1999 27 October 1999 1999 9th RPAPPAARF
9 Aram Sargsyan
(born 1961)
Aram Sargsyan 2010.jpg RPA 3 November 19992 May 2000 10th
10 Andranik Margaryan
(1949–2007)
AndranikMargaryan (cropped2).jpg RPA 2 May 200025 May 2003 11th RPAPPAARFHeritage
25 May 200325 March 2007
(died in office)
2003 12th RPAARFHeritage
Serzh Sargsyan
(born 1954)
S Sarkisyan.jpg RPA 25 March 20074 April 2007
114 April 20077 April 2008 13th
12 Tigran Sargsyan
(born 1960)
Tigran Sargsyan.jpg RPA 9 April 20086 May 2012 2007 14th RPAARFOEKPAP
6 May 201219 April 2013 2012 15th RPAOEK
19 April 201313 April 2014 16th
13 Hovik Abrahamyan
(born 1959)
Hovik Abrahamyan 2013.jpg RPA 13 April 20148 September 2016 17th RPAOEKARF
14 Karen Karapetyan
(born 1963)
Karen Karapetyan (2017-01-24) 02.jpg RPA 13 September 201618 May 2017 18th RPAARF
18 May 201717 April 2018 2017 19th
(11) Serzh Sargsyan
(born 1954)
Serzh Sargsyan official portrait.jpg RPA 17 April 201823 April 2018 20th
Karen Karapetyan
(born 1963)
Karen Karapetyan (2017-01-24) 02.jpg RPA 23 April 20188 May 2018
Nikol Pashinyan
(born 1975)
Nikol Pashinian (09-03-2020).jpg Yelk
Civil Contract
8 May 201814 January 2019 21st YelkTsarukyan AllianceARF
15 My Step
Civil Contract
14 January 20192 August 2021 2018 22nd Civil ContractMissionHanrapetutyun
Civil Contract 2 August 2021Incumbent 2021 23rd Civil Contract

Notes

     α.    ^ Assassinated while in office in the 1999 Armenian parliament shooting.

     β.    ^ Died of heart attack while in office.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Politics of Armenia</span>

The politics of Armenia take place in the framework of the parliamentary representative democratic republic of Armenia, whereby the President of Armenia is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Armenia the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the President and the Government. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and Parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Government of Armenia</span> National government of Armenia

The Government of the Republic of Armenia or the executive branch of the Armenian government is an executive council of government ministers in Armenia. It is one of the three main governmental branches of Armenia and is headed by the Prime Minister of Armenia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Robert Kocharyan</span> Former leader of Artsakh and Armenia (born 1954)

Robert Sedraki Kocharyan is an Armenian politician. He served as the President of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic from 1994 to 1997 and Prime Minister of Nagorno-Karabakh from 1992 to 1994. He served as the second President of Armenia between 1998 and 2008 and as Prime Minister of Armenia from 1997 to 1998.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Republican Party of Armenia</span> Political party in Armenia

The Republican Party of Armenia is a national-conservative political party in Armenia led by the third president of Armenia, Serzh Sargsyan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Constitution of Armenia</span> Supreme law of Armenia

The Constitution of Armenia was adopted by a nationwide Armenian referendum on July 5, 1995. This constitution established Armenia as a democratic, sovereign, social, and constitutional state. Yerevan is defined as the state's capital. Power is vested in its citizens, who exercise it directly through the election of government representatives. Decisions related to changes in constitutional status or to an alteration of borders are subject to a vote of the citizens of Armenia exercised in a referendum. There are 117 articles in the 1995 constitution. On November 27, 2005, a nationwide constitutional referendum was held and an amended constitution was adopted. The constitution was amended again in a national referendum on December 6, 2015 that changed the political structure from a semi-presidential system to a parliamentary republic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nikol Pashinyan</span> Prime Minister of Armenia since 2018

Nikol Vovayi Pashinyan is an Armenian politician serving as the prime minister of Armenia since 8 May 2018.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Armenia</span> Head of state of the Republic of Armenia

The president of Armenia is the head of state and the guarantor of independence and territorial integrity of Armenia elected to a single seven-year term by the National Assembly of Armenia. Under Armenia's parliamentary system, the president is simply a figurehead and holds ceremonial duties, with most of the political power vested in the Parliament and prime minister.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Civil Contract (Armenia)</span> Armenian political party

Civil Contract is a centrist political party in Armenia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vigen Sargsyan</span> Armenian politician

Vigen Sargsyan is an Armenian politician who served as the Defence Minister of Armenia from October 2016 until May 2018 and as the Chief of Presidential Administration from October 2011 to October 2016.

The following lists events that occurred in 2018 in Armenia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2018 Armenian revolution</span> Protests that led to Prime Minister Serzh Sargsyans resignation

The 2018 Armenian Revolution, most commonly known in Armenia as #MerzhirSerzhin, was a series of anti-government protests in Armenia from April to May 2018 staged by various political and civil groups led by a member of the Armenian parliament — Nikol Pashinyan. Protests and marches took place initially in response to Serzh Sargsyan's third consecutive term as the most powerful figure in the government of Armenia and later against the Republican Party-controlled government in general. Pashinyan declared it a Velvet Revolution.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">My Step Alliance</span> Armenian political alliance

The My Step Alliance was a political alliance in Armenia formed by the Civil Contract party, the Mission Party and various independent representatives of civil society. It was formed in August 2018, before the 2018 Yerevan City Council election. The leader of the alliance was the Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan. Despite its dissolution as a national party, the My Step Alliance still operates in the Yerevan City Council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Progress Party of Armenia</span> Armenian political party

The National Progress Party of Armenia is a political party in Armenia, founded on 3 October 2018, by a group of political activists following the 2018 Armenian Velvet Revolution.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Security Council of Armenia</span>

The Security Council of Armenia is the highest decision-making defence and law enforcement body in the Republic of Armenia. The offices of the Security Council is located on 24 Marshal Baghramyan Avenue in Yerevan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">One Armenia Party</span> Armenian political party

One Armenia Party is a centrist political party in Armenia. It was founded on 19 February 2019 by Arthur Ghazinian.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Premiership of Nikol Pashinyan</span>

The premiership of Nikol Pashinyan began on May 8, 2018, when Nikol Pashinyan was elected in a 59–42 vote by the National Assembly of Armenia to be the 16th Prime Minister of Armenia. Following the resignation of Serzh Sargsyan on April 23 due to mass protests in the country, Pashinyan was seen by the demonstrators as the best possible successor that has no ties to the previous government. His nomination was contested by the republican majority during a vote on May 1, but was finally accepted during a second hearing a week later.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2020 Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire agreement</span> Armistice agreement ending the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War

The 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire agreement is an armistice agreement that ended the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War. It was signed on 9 November by the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, the Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan and the President of Russia Vladimir Putin, and ended all hostilities in the Nagorno-Karabakh region from 00:00, 10 November 2020 Moscow time. The president of the self-declared Republic of Artsakh, Arayik Harutyunyan, also agreed to an end of hostilities.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2020–2021 Armenian protests</span> Series of protests in Armenia

The 2020−2021 Armenian protests were a series of protests that began following the Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire agreement on 10 November 2020. After Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan announced that he signed an agreement to cede Armenian-occupied territories in Azerbaijan and put an end to six weeks of hostilities over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, thousands of people took to the streets, and hundreds stormed the Parliament building in the capital Yerevan. Protests continued throughout November, with demonstrations in Yerevan and other cities demanding the resignation of Nikol Pashinyan.

The 2021 Armenian political crisis was an alleged military coup attempt by the Armed Forces of Armenia led by the Chief of the General Staff of the Armenian Armed Forces Onik Gasparyan against the government of Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan. Pashinyan accused Gasparyan and 40 other high-ranking military officers of attempting a coup after they published a statement calling for Pashinyan's resignation on 25 February 2021.

References

  1. "PM Nikol Pashinyan receives congratulations on 27th anniversary of Armenia's independence". Archived from the original on 19 January 2019. Retrieved 19 January 2019., The Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia
  2. "Hovhannes Kajaznuni and Aram Manukyan: Armenia's Forgotten Founding Fathers - Chai Khana". 2 April 2018.
  3. "How much salary does the Prime Minister get?". iravaban.net. 9 May 2018.
  4. LLC, Helix Consulting. "Constitution of the Republic of Armenia - Library - The President of the Republic of Armenia [the official site]". www.president.am. Retrieved 10 April 2018.