|Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia|
Հայաստանի Հանրապետության վարչապետ
|Style|| Mr. Prime Minister (formal)|
His Excellency (diplomatic, abroad)
|Status||Head of government|
|Member of||Cabinet of Armenia|
|Residence||Prime Minister's Residence|
|Appointer||President of Armenia, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the National Assembly|
|Term length||No term limit|
Parliamentary elections to the National Assembly are held every five years at most. After election Prime Minister and the Cabinet resigns and the newly elected National Assembly approves the Prime Minister.
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Armenia|
|Inaugural holder|| Hovhannes Kajaznuni |
|Formation||30 June 1918|
|Deputy||Deputy Prime Minister|
|Salary||annual: AMD 15,079,920|
The prime minister of Armenia is the head of government and most senior minister within the Armenian government, and is required by the constitution to "determine the main directions of policy of the Government, manage the activities of the Government and coordinate the work of the members of the Government." Also, according to the constitution, the prime minister heads the Security Council, which prescribes the main directions of the country's defense policy; thus, the prime minister is effectively the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Armenia.Under the new 2015 constitution, the prime minister is the most powerful and influential person in Armenian politics. The prime minister is appointed by the president of Armenia upon the vote of the National Assembly. The prime minister can be removed by a vote of no confidence in Parliament. In the constitutional referendum held in 2015, citizens voted in favor of transferring Armenia into a parliamentary republic.
The office of prime minister was first established in 1918 with the foundation of the First Republic of Armenia. It vanished when the First Republic of Armenia was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. When Armenia regained its independence, the office of prime minister was reintroduced.
Nikol Pashinyan is the current prime minister. He took the office on 8 May 2018 following the resignation of Serzh Sargsyan.
|Term of Office||Political Party|
|Took Office||Left office|
|1|| Hovhannes Kajaznuni |
|30 June 1918||28 May 1919||HYD|
|2|| Alexander Khatisian |
|28 May 1919||5 May 1920||HYD|
|3|| Hamo Ohanjanyan |
|5 May 1920||25 November 1920||HYD|
|4|| Simon Vratsian |
|25 November 1920||2 December 1920||HYD|
|Armenia was part of the Soviet Union from 1920 to 1991 (see below)|
|Term of Office||Political Party||Title(s)|
|Took Office||Left office|
|1|| Alexander Miasnikian |
|1 January 1921||30 January 1922||HKK||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|2|| Sargis Lukashin |
|21 May 1922||24 June 1925||HKK||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|3|| Sargis Hаmbardzumyan |
|24 June 1925||22 March 1928||HKK||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|4|| Sahak Ter-Gabrielyan |
|22 March 1928||10 February 1935||HKK||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|5|| Abraham Guloyan |
|10 February 1935||February 1937||HKK||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|Term of Office||Political Party||Title(s)|
|Took Office||Left office|
|6|| Sargis Hаmbardzumyan |
|February 1937||May 1937||HKK||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|May 1937||21 September 1937||HKK||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|23 November 1937||October 1943||HKK||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|October 1943||1946||HKK||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|1946||29 March 1947||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|10|| Sahak Karapetyan |
|29 March 1947||20 November 1952||HKK||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|11|| Anton Kochinyan |
|20 November 1952||5 February 1966||HKK||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|5 February 1966||21 November 1973||HKK||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|21 November 1973||28 November 1976||HKK||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|28 November 1976||17 January 1977||HKK||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|14|| Fadey Sargsyan |
|17 January 1977||16 January 1989||HKK||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|16 January 1989||13 August 1990||HKK||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|16|| Vazgen Manukyan |
|13 August 1990||25 September 1991||AZhM||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|NDU (1) PANM (1) RPA (7) Civil Contract (1)|
|Portrait||Political party||Term of office||Election|
| Vazgen Manukyan |
|PANM||13 August 1990||25 September 1991|
|1990||1st||Independents • PANM|
|NDU||25 September 1991|
|22 November 1991||Independents • PANM • NDU|
|2|| Gagik Harutyunyan |
|Independent||22 November 1991||30 July 1992||2nd||Independents • PANM|
|3|| Khosrov Harutyunyan |
|Independent||30 July 1992||2 February 1993||3rd|
|4|| Hrant Bagratyan |
|PANM||2 February 1993||26 July 1995||4th|
|26 July 1995||4 November 1996||1995||5th||PANM • RPA|
|5|| Armen Sarkissian |
|Independent||4 November 1996||20 March 1997||6th|
|6|| Robert Kocharyan |
|Independent||20 March 1997||10 April 1998||7th||RPA • ARF|
|7|| Armen Darbinyan |
|Independent||10 April 1998||11 June 1999||8th||RPA • ARF • ACP|
|8|| Vazgen Sargsyan |
|RPA||11 June 1999||27 October 1999||1999||9th||RPA • PPA • ARF|
|9|| Aram Sargsyan |
|RPA||3 November 1999||2 May 2000||10th|
|10|| Andranik Margaryan |
|RPA||2 May 2000||25 May 2003||11th||RPA • PPA • ARF • Heritage|
|25 May 2003||25 March 2007|
(died in office)
|2003||12th||RPA • ARF • Heritage|
|—|| Serzh Sargsyan |
|RPA||25 March 2007||4 April 2007|
|11||4 April 2007||7 April 2008||13th|
|12|| Tigran Sargsyan |
|RPA||9 April 2008||6 May 2012||2007||14th||RPA • ARF • OEK • PAP|
|6 May 2012||19 April 2013||2012||15th||RPA • OEK|
|19 April 2013||13 April 2014||16th|
|13|| Hovik Abrahamyan |
|RPA||13 April 2014||8 September 2016||17th||RPA • OEK • ARF|
|14|| Karen Karapetyan |
|RPA||13 September 2016||18 May 2017||18th||RPA • ARF|
|18 May 2017||17 April 2018||2017||19th|
|(11)|| Serzh Sargsyan |
|RPA||17 April 2018||23 April 2018||20th|
|—|| Karen Karapetyan |
|RPA||23 April 2018||8 May 2018|
| Nikol Pashinyan |
| Yelk |
|8 May 2018||14 January 2019||21st||Yelk • Tsarukyan Alliance • ARF|
|15|| My Step |
|14 January 2019||2 August 2021||2018||22nd||Civil Contract • Mission • Hanrapetutyun|
|Civil Contract||2 August 2021||Incumbent||2021||23rd||Civil Contract|
The politics of Armenia take place in the framework of the parliamentary representative democratic republic of Armenia, whereby the President of Armenia is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Armenia the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the President and the Government. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and Parliament.
The Government of the Republic of Armenia or the executive branch of the Armenian government is an executive council of government ministers in Armenia. It is one of the three main governmental branches of Armenia and is headed by the Prime Minister of Armenia.
Robert Sedraki Kocharyan is an Armenian politician. He served as the President of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic from 1994 to 1997 and Prime Minister of Nagorno-Karabakh from 1992 to 1994. He served as the second President of Armenia between 1998 and 2008 and as Prime Minister of Armenia from 1997 to 1998.
The Republican Party of Armenia is a national-conservative political party in Armenia led by the third president of Armenia, Serzh Sargsyan.
The Constitution of Armenia was adopted by a nationwide Armenian referendum on July 5, 1995. This constitution established Armenia as a democratic, sovereign, social, and constitutional state. Yerevan is defined as the state's capital. Power is vested in its citizens, who exercise it directly through the election of government representatives. Decisions related to changes in constitutional status or to an alteration of borders are subject to a vote of the citizens of Armenia exercised in a referendum. There are 117 articles in the 1995 constitution. On November 27, 2005, a nationwide constitutional referendum was held and an amended constitution was adopted. The constitution was amended again in a national referendum on December 6, 2015 that changed the political structure from a semi-presidential system to a parliamentary republic.
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The 2018 Armenian Revolution, most commonly known in Armenia as #MerzhirSerzhin, was a series of anti-government protests in Armenia from April to May 2018 staged by various political and civil groups led by a member of the Armenian parliament — Nikol Pashinyan. Protests and marches took place initially in response to Serzh Sargsyan's third consecutive term as the most powerful figure in the government of Armenia and later against the Republican Party-controlled government in general. Pashinyan declared it a Velvet Revolution.
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The 2021 Armenian political crisis was an alleged military coup attempt by the Armed Forces of Armenia led by the Chief of the General Staff of the Armenian Armed Forces Onik Gasparyan against the government of Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan. Pashinyan accused Gasparyan and 40 other high-ranking military officers of attempting a coup after they published a statement calling for Pashinyan's resignation on 25 February 2021.