Prime Minister of Azerbaijan

Last updated
Prime Minister of
the Republic of Azerbaijan
Coat of arms of Azerbaijan.svg
Ali Asadov (2019-12-17).jpg
Incumbent
Ali Asadov

since 8 October 2019
Appointer President of Azerbaijan
Inaugural holder Hasan Hasanov
Formation7 February 1991
Salary2,406 AZN per month [1]

The prime minister of Azerbaijan is the head of government of Azerbaijan. The current prime minister is Ali Asadov on 8 October 2019 due to the removal of Novruz Mammadov.

Contents

Due to the central role of the president in the political system, the activities of the executive branch (including the prime minister) are significantly influenced by the head of state (for example, it is the president who appoints and dismisses the Prime Minister and other members of the Government; the president may chair the meetings of the cabinet and give obligatory orders to the prime minister and other members of the Government, the president may also revoke any act of the Government).

Historical background

In the era of the Soviet Union, the head of government was the chairman of Council of People's Commissars (until 1946) and the chairman of the Council of Ministers (after 1946). People who held those positions are sometimes referred to as the prime ministers. They may have also been referred to as Premier of Ministers, or simply premier.

Succession of the presidency

The prime minister is the third-highest constitutional office in Azerbaijan. In the event of the president's death, resignation or impeachment, the prime minister is second in the line of succession, after the first vice-president. Until September 2016, when the office of First Vice-President was created, the prime minister was first in line.

List of heads of Government of Azerbaijan (1918–present)

Colour key
(for political parties)
  None
   Musavat
  Military

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (1918–1920)

Prime ministers
No.Prime MinisterTerm of officePolitical partyGovernmentElectedRef
PortraitNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeDays
1 Khoysky.jpeg Fatali Khan Khoyski
Azerbaijani: Fətəli-xan Xoyski
(1875–1920)
28 May 191814 April 1919321 Independent 1. Rasulzade I 1918 [2]
Won the Battle of Baku; removed the Centrocaspian Dictatorship from power in Baku; established a multi-party system; established of postal system of Azerbaijan; founded Azerbaijani manat; established Azerbaijani language in all schools and colleges.
2 Nesib bey Yusifbeyli (Mucadile. Birinci Hisse. Istiqlalin Beshiyi (2006)).JPG Nasib Yusifbeyli
Azerbaijani: Nəsib Yusifbəyli
(1881–1920)
28 May 191930 March 1920307 Musavat 2. Topchubashov I 1919 [3]
Established diplomatic ties between Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and Western world.
M.H.Hajinski.jpg Mammad Hasan Hajinski (acting)
Azerbaijani: Məmməd Hacınski
(1875–1931)
30 March 192028 April 192029 Musavat 1920 [3]
Failed to slow down the advance of 11th Red Army on Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.

Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (1922–1936) and Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (1936–1991)

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
No.ChairmanTerm of officePolitical partyGovernmentElectedRef
PortraitNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeDays
1 Portrait photo of Nariman Narimanov taken in 1913.jpg Nariman Narimanov
Azerbaijani: Nəriman Nərimanov
(1870–1925)
28 April 19206 May 1922738 Communist
(Bolsheviks)
1. Hüseynov I [4]
Tried to promote anticolonial program leading to native rule than to a means for the dominance of an industrial proletariat, which refused by Kremlin.
2 Gazanfar Musabekov.png Gazanfar Musabekov
Azerbaijani: Qəzənfər Musabəyov
(1888–1938)
6 May 192214 March 19302869 Communist 2. Kirov I [5]
During the Great Purge, he was arrested, accused of plotting against the Soviet state, sentenced to death and executed.
3 Dadash Buniyadzade.jpg
Dadash Bunyadzade
Azerbaijani: Dadaş Bünyadzadə
(1888–1938)
14 March 193023 October 1932954 Communist 3. Polonski I
During the Great Purge, he was arrested, accused of plotting against the Soviet state, sentenced to death and executed.
4 Bagirov MD.jpg Mir Jafar Baghirov
Azerbaijani: Mir Cəfər Bağırov
(1896–1956)
23 October 193212 December 1933415 Communist 4. Polonski I [6]
Followed Stalin's orders without question; Purged Azerbaijani intelligentsia, communist leaders who had sympathized with the opposition or who might have once leaned toward Pan-Turkism.
5 Rakhmanov, Huseyn Pasha.jpg Huseyn Rahmanov
Azerbaijani: Hüseyn Rəhmanov
(1902–1937)
12 December 193322 August 19371349 Communist 5. Bağırov I [7]
During the Great Purge, he was arrested, accused of plotting against the Soviet state, sentenced to death and executed.
6 No image.png Teymur Guliyev
Azerbaijani: Teymur Quliyev
(1888–1965)
13 November 193728 March 19463057 Communist 6. Bağırov I [8]
Followed Mir Jafar Baghirov's orders without question; Purged Azerbaijani intelligentsia, communist leaders who had sympathized with the opposition or who might have once leaned toward Pan-Turkism.
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
No.ChairmanTerm of officePolitical partyGovernmentElectedRef
PortraitNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeDays
1 No image.png Teymur Guliyev
Azerbaijani: Teymur Quliyev
(1888–1965)
28 March 19466 April 19532566 Communist 1. Bağırov I [9]
2 Bagirov MD.jpg Mir Jafar Baghirov
Azerbaijani: Mir Cəfər Bağırov
(1896–1956)
6 April 195320 July 1953105 Communist 2. Yaqubov I [9]
Followed Stalin's orders without question; Purged Azerbaijani intelligentsia, communist leaders who had sympathized with the opposition or who might have once leaned toward Pan-Turkism.
3 No image.png Teymur Guliyev
Azerbaijani: Teymur Quliyev
(1888–1965)
20 July 19531 March 1954224 Communist 3. Yaqubov I [9]
Expelled from Communist Party of Azerbaijan for gross violations of social legitimacy and actively promoting crimes of Mir Jafar Baghirov.
4 No image.png Sadig Rahimov
Azerbaijani: Sadıq Rəhimov
(1914–1975)
1 March 19548 July 19581590 Communist 4. Mustafayev I [10]
Restored Azerbaijani language as the official language of the Azerbaijan SSR.
5 No image.png Vali Akhundov
Azerbaijani: Vəli Axundov
(1916–1986)
8 July 195810 July 19591828 Communist 5. Mustafayev I [11]
6 No image.png Mammad Isgandarov
Azerbaijani: Məmməd İsgəndərov
(1915–1985)
10 July 195929 December 1961903 Communist 6. Axundov I [9]
7 No image.png Anvar Alikhanov
Azerbaijani: Ənvər Əlixanov
(1917–1992)
29 December 196110 April 19703024 Communist 7. Axundov I [9]
8 No image.png Ali Ibrahimov
Azerbaijani: Əli İbrahimov
(1913–1985)
10 April 197022 January 19813920 Communist 8. H.Əliyev I [9]
Temporarily improved economic conditions and promoted alternative industries to the declining oil industry.
9 No image.png Hasan Seyidov
Azerbaijani: Həsən Seyidov
(1932–2004)
22 January 198127 January 19892927 Communist 9. H.Əliyev I [9]
10 Ayaz Mut@llibov.jpg Ayaz Mutallibov
Azerbaijani: Ayaz Mütəllibov
(1938–)
27 January 198926 January 1990364 Communist 10. Vəzirov I [12]
Black January.
11 Zlozenie listow uwierzytelniajacych przez ambasadora Azerbejdzanu (1).jpg Hasan Hasanov
Azerbaijani: Həsən Həsənov
(1940–)
26 January 19907 February 1991377 Communist 11. Mütəllibov I [13]

Republic of Azerbaijan (1991–present)

Prime ministers
No.Prime MinisterTerm of officePolitical partyGovernmentElectedRef
PortraitNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeDays
1 Zlozenie listow uwierzytelniajacych przez ambasadora Azerbejdzanu (1).jpg Hasan Hasanov
Azerbaijani: Həsən Həsənov
(1940–)
7 February 19914 April 1992421 Independent 1. Mütəllibov I [14]
Made a deal with the Popular Front of Azerbaijan inviting them to form a coalition within the newly established government.
No image.png Firuz Mustafayev
Azerbaijani: Firuz Mustafayev
(1933–2018)
4 April 199214 May 199240 Independent [15]
Acting Prime Minister.
2 No image.png Rahim Huseynov
Azerbaijani: Rəhim Hüseynov
(1936–)
14 May 199230 January 1993261 Independent 1. Mütəllibov I [16]
During his term in office, Gross national product fell by 20%.
No image.png Ali Masimov
Azerbaijani: Əli Məsimov
(1953–)
5 February 199328 April 199382 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party 1. Elçibəy I [17]
Acting Prime Minister. Authored the Azerbaijan Economic Progress Program and Main policies of Cabinet of Ministers program; Laid the foundation of Azerbaijan's Economic Independence Concepts and Agricultural Reforms Program; Established the Assistance Fund for Refugees and IDPs.
3 P@nah Huseyn.jpg Panah Huseynov
Azerbaijani: Pənah Hüseynov
(1957–)
28 April 199330 June 199363 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party 3. Elçibəy I [18]
4 No image.png Surat Huseynov
Azerbaijani: Surət Hüseynov
(1959–)
30 June 19937 October 1994464 Military 4. H.Əliyev II
Attempted a coup d'état, supported by the military, against Heydar Aliyev, which was immediately suppressed.
5 No image.png Fuad Guliyev
Azerbaijani: Fuad Quliyev
(1941–)
7 October 199420 July 1996652 New Azerbaijan Party 5. H.Əliyev II [19]
Acting Prime Minister until 2 May 1995. Declared Sumgait a free economic zone and signed a contract with foreign oil companies for exploration, development and production at Karabakh oil field.
6 Artur Rasizad@ (2009).jpg Artur Rasizade
Azerbaijani: Artur Rasi-zadə
(1935–)
20 July 19964 August 20032571 New Azerbaijan Party 6. H.Əliyev II
Acting Prime Minister as First Deputy Prime Minister until 26 November 1996. Acting Prime Minister from 18 to 24 October 1998.
7 Ilham Aliyev par Claude Truong-Ngoc juin 2014.jpg Ilham Aliyev
Azerbaijani: İlham Əliyev
(1961–)
4 August 200331 October 200388 New Azerbaijan Party 7. H.Əliyev II
8 Artur Rasizad@ (2009).jpg Artur Rasizade
Azerbaijani: Artur Rasi-zadə
(1935–)
31 October 200321 April 20185286 New Azerbaijan Party 8. İ.Əliyev I
Acting for Prime Minister Ilham Aliyev from 6 August 2003 to 31 October 2003, when Aliyev took office as President of Azerbaijan. Acting Prime Minister as First Deputy Prime Minister from 31 October 2003 until 4 November 2003, when he was named Prime Minister.
9 Novruz Ismayil oglu M@mm@dov.jpg Novruz Mammadov
Azerbaijani: Novruz Məmmədov
(1947–)
21 April 20188 October 2019535 New Azerbaijan Party 9. İ.Əliyev III
10 Ali Asadov (2019-12-17).jpg Ali Asadov
Azerbaijani: Əli Əsədov
(1956–)
8 October 2019Incumbent670 Independent 9. İ.Əliyev III

See also

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