|Prime Minister of Bulgaria |
Министър-председател на България
|Member of||European Council|
|Term length||Four years|
|Formation||17 July 1879|
|First holder||Todor Burmov|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Prime Minister of Bulgaria (Bulgarian : Министър-председател, Ministar-predsedatel) is the head of government of Bulgaria. He or she is the leader of a political coalition in the Bulgarian parliament – known as the National Assembly of Bulgaria (Bulgarian : Народно събрание, Narodno sabranie) – and the leader of the cabinet.
Bulgarian, is an Indo-European language and a member of the Southern branch of the Slavic language family.
The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.
The Council of Ministers is the main authority of the executive power in the Republic of Bulgaria. It consists of the Prime Minister of Bulgaria and all the specialized ministers.
The current Prime Minister is Boyko Borisov.
|Number||Name||Tenure||Date of birth||Age|
|1||Georgi Atanasov||1986–1990||25 July 1933||85|
|2||Philip Dimitrov||1991–1992||31 March 1955||64|
|3||Reneta Indzhova||1994–1995||6 July 1953||65|
|4||Zhan Videnov||1995–1997||22 March 1959||60|
|5||Stefan Sofiyanski||1997||7 November 1951||67|
|6||Ivan Kostov||1997–2001||23 December 1949||69|
|7||Simeon Sakskoburggotski||2001-2005||16 June 1937||81|
|8||Sergey Stanishev||2005–2009||5 May 1966||52|
|9||Marin Raykov||2013||17 December 1960||58|
|10||Plamen Oresharski||2013–2014||21 February 1960||59|
|11||Georgi Bliznashki||2014||4 October 1956||62|
|12||Ognyan Gerdzhikov||2017||19 March 1946||73|
The history of Bulgaria can be traced from the first settlements on the lands of modern Bulgaria to its formation as a nation-state and includes the history of the Bulgarian people and their origin. The earliest evidence of hominid occupation discovered on what is today Bulgaria date from at least 1.4 million years ago. Around 5000 BC, a sophisticated civilization already existed and produced some of the first pottery and jewelry in the world. After 3000 BC, the Thracians appeared on the Balkan peninsula. In the late 6th century BC, most of what is nowadays Bulgaria came under the Persian Empire. In the 470s BC, the Thracians formed the powerful Odrysian Kingdom, probably after the Persian defeat in Greece, which subsequently declined and Thracian tribes fell under Macedonian, Celtic and Roman domination. This mixture of ancient peoples was assimilated by the Slavs, who permanently settled on the peninsula after 500 AD.
The politics of Bulgaria take place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
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