Prime Minister of Egypt

Last updated
Prime Minister of the
Arab Republic of Egypt
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Moustafa Madbouly [1]

since 7 June 2018
Style The Honourable
Term length No term limit
Inaugural holder Nubar Pasha
Formation28 August 1878
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The Prime Minister of Egypt (Arabic : رئيس الوزراء المصري ,رئيس الحكومة) is the head of the Egyptian government.



In the late 1970s, Egypt had several cohabitation governments which proved to be unstable, due to the struggle arising between the president and the prime minister. From 1981 until 2011, the National Democratic Party had maintained a majority in the People’s Assembly and supplied the Egyptian president. [2] The National Democratic Party was dissolved by the supreme administrative court on 16 April 2011, following the Egyptian uprising which eventually caused the resignation of Hosni Mubarak. [3]


Previously, under the 1971 Constitution as amended on 1980, 2003 and 2007, the role of the Prime Minister was limited only to supervising the Cabinet, as the President at that time, was both the head of state and of the government.

The Prime Minister, now, heads the Cabinet, and the entire government of the country under the 2012 and the present 2014 Constitutions, aside from supervising and directing its activities and overseeing its work. He or she, alongside the members of the Cabinet, may propose laws to unicameral Parliament, the House of Representatives, as well as amendments during parliamentary meetings. The Prime Minister has also the power to issue regulations enforcing the laws as well as ensuring full public services and disciplinary measures, which must be subject to government approval.

The said regulatory powers were previously held by the President under the 1971 Constitution, as amended on 1980, 2003 and 2007.

The Prime Minister and the Cabinet also helps the President in formulating the state's general policy and in overseeing its implementation under the both 2012 and the present 2014 Constitutions.

Nubar Pasha was an Christian Egyptian-Armenian politician and the first Prime Minister of Egypt . He served as Prime Minister three times during his career. His first term was between August 1878 and 23 February 1879

When parties from opposite ends of the political spectrum control Parliament and the presidency, the power-sharing arrangement is known as cohabitation. Several cohabitation governments took control in the 1970s yet proved to be very unstable.

Current Prime Minister

From 1 March to 17 June 2014, Ibrahim Mahlab served as the Acting Prime Minister of Egypt. At the time of his appointment by Adly Mansour, he said, "security and stability in the entire country and crushing terrorism will pave the way for investment." [4]

A new cabinet was formed on 19 September 2015. [5]

Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi accepted the resignation of the government and asked Petroleum Minister Sherif Ismail to form a new cabinet. [6]

In June 2018, Ismail submitted his letter of resignation to Sisi. [7] Soon afterwards, Sisi appointed Housing Minister Mostafa Madbouly as acting prime minister. [8]

Living former Prime Ministers

As of April 2020, there are seven living former Prime Ministers of Egypt, as seen below.

The most recent Prime Minister to die was Hosni Mubarak (served 1981–1982), on 25 February 2020 aged 91.

See also

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  2. Essam El-Din, Gamal (23 Jan 2012). "Egypt's post-Mubarak legislative life begins amid tension and divisions". ahramonline.
  3. "BBC News - Egypt: Mubarak's former ruling party dissolved by court". 16 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-19.
  4. Kingsley, Patrick. "Egypt names Ibrahim Mahlab as new prime minister". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  5. "Egypt's Sherif Ismail cabinet with 16 new faces sworn in by President Sisi". Ahram Online. 19 September 2015. Retrieved 19 September 2015.

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