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|Prime Minister of the|
Arab Republic of Egypt
|Term length||No term limit|
|Inaugural holder||Nubar Pasha|
|Formation||28 August 1878|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
|Political parties (former)|
The Prime Minister of Egypt (Arabic : رئيس الوزراء المصري ,رئيس الحكومة) is the head of the Egyptian government.
In the late 1970s, Egypt had several cohabitation governments which proved to be unstable, due to the struggle arising between the president and the prime minister. From 1981 until 2011, the National Democratic Party had maintained a majority in the People’s Assembly and supplied the Egyptian president.The National Democratic Party was dissolved by the supreme administrative court on 16 April 2011, following the Egyptian uprising which eventually caused the resignation of Hosni Mubarak.
Previously, under the 1971 Constitution as amended on 1980, 2003 and 2007, the role of the Prime Minister was limited only to supervising the Cabinet, as the President at that time, was both the head of state and of the government.
The Prime Minister, now, heads the Cabinet, and the entire government of the country under the 2012 and the present 2014 Constitutions, aside from supervising and directing its activities and overseeing its work. He or she, alongside the members of the Cabinet, may propose laws to unicameral Parliament, the House of Representatives, as well as amendments during parliamentary meetings. The Prime Minister has also the power to issue regulations enforcing the laws as well as ensuring full public services and disciplinary measures, which must be subject to government approval.
The said regulatory powers were previously held by the President under the 1971 Constitution, as amended on 1980, 2003 and 2007.
The Prime Minister and the Cabinet also helps the President in formulating the state's general policy and in overseeing its implementation under the both 2012 and the present 2014 Constitutions.
Nubar Pasha was an Christian Egyptian-Armenian politician and the first Prime Minister of Egypt . He served as Prime Minister three times during his career. His first term was between August 1878 and 23 February 1879
When parties from opposite ends of the political spectrum control Parliament and the presidency, the power-sharing arrangement is known as cohabitation. Several cohabitation governments took control in the 1970s yet proved to be very unstable.
From 1 March to 17 June 2014, Ibrahim Mahlab served as the Acting Prime Minister of Egypt. At the time of his appointment by Adly Mansour, he said, "security and stability in the entire country and crushing terrorism will pave the way for investment."
A new cabinet was formed on 19 September 2015.
Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi accepted the resignation of the government and asked Petroleum Minister Sherif Ismail to form a new cabinet.
In June 2018, Ismail submitted his letter of resignation to Sisi.Soon afterwards, Sisi appointed Housing Minister Mostafa Madbouly as acting prime minister.
As of April 2020, there are seven living former Prime Ministers of Egypt, as seen below.
The most recent Prime Minister to die was Hosni Mubarak (served 1981–1982), on 25 February 2020 aged 91.
The politics of Egypt is based on republicanism, with a semi-presidential system of government. The current political system was established following the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 and the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak. In the current system, the President is elected for a six-year term, where he is able to appoint up to 5% of the parliament. Furthermore, the President has the power to dissolve Parliament through Article 137.
Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak was an Egyptian military and political leader who served as the fourth president of Egypt from 1981 to 2011.
The president of Egypt is the executive head of state of Egypt. Under the various iterations of the Constitution of Egypt following the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, the president is also the supreme commander of the Armed Forces, and head of the executive branch of the Egyptian government. The current president is Mohamed Khaled, in office since 14 October 1997.
Atef Muhammad Ebeid was an Egyptian politician who served in various capacities in the governments of Egypt. He was Prime Minister of Egypt from 1999 to 2004.
Kamal Ganzouri is an Egyptian economist who served as Prime Minister of Egypt from 7 December 2011 to 24 July 2012. He previously served as prime minister from 1996 to 1999. He came to power in 1996 succeeding Atef Sedki, and was in turn succeeded by Atef Ebeid in 1999. He was branded Minister of the Poor and the Opposition Minister because of his way of dealing with limited income people and the opposition. Before becoming prime minister, Ganzouri served as Minister of Planning and International Cooperation. On 24 November 2011, Egypt's military rulers appointed him as prime minister. He was sworn in and took office on 7 December 2011.
Monir Fakhry Abdel Nour born 21 August 1945) is an Egyptian businessman and politician.
The Cabinet of Egypt is the chief executive body of the Arab Republic of Egypt. It consists of the Prime Minister and the cabinet ministers.
A presidential election was held in Egypt in two rounds, the first on 23 and 24 May 2012 and the second on 16 and 17 June. The Muslim Brotherhood declared early 18 June 2012, that its candidate, Mohamed Morsi, won Egypt's presidential election, which would be the first victory of an Islamist as head of state in the Arab world. It was the second presidential election in Egypt's history with more than one candidate, following the 2005 election, and the first presidential election after the 2011 Egyptian revolution which ousted president Hosni Mubarak, during the Arab Spring. However, Morsi's presidency was brief and short-lived, and he later faced massive protests against his rule a year later in June 2013, only to be successfully removed from office in July that year.
Essam Abdel-Aziz Sharaf is an Egyptian academic who was the Prime Minister of Egypt from 3 March 2011 to 7 December 2011. He served as Minister of Transportation from 2004 to 2005.
The Ministry of Justice is the justice ministry of the government of Egypt. Its headquarters are in Cairo.
The Constitutional Declaration of 2011 was a measure adopted by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces of Egypt on 30 March 2011. The declaration was intended to serve as the fundamental law of the country pending the enactment of a permanent constitution, following the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak on 11 February.
Sameh Hassan Shoukry is an Egyptian diplomat who has been Minister of Foreign Affairs of Egypt since 2014. Previously, Shoukry served as the Ambassador of Egypt to the United States from 2008 to 2012. He was appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs on 17 June 2014.
Hisham Zazou is an Egyptian businessman and politician who has been serving as the minister of tourism since 2012. He was one of the ministers who are not affiliated with an Islamist party in the Qandil cabinet. Zazou remained in his post in the interim government of Egypt, until he was replaced by Khaled Abbas Rami. He was reappointed on 19 September 2015.
Mohamed Bahaa Eldeen Abou Shaka is an Egyptian lawyer and politician. He is a professor of public law, and the current President of the New Wafd Party.
"Corruption was one of the primary reasons that pushed the masses to rally in 2011". Corruption defines Egypt's economy in more ways than one. While popular businesses receive privileged treatment, the average business must embrace a culture of lying, extortion, embezzlement, and bribery. This favoritism forces businesses to have strong networks in order to survive. Although laws exist to criminalize these actions, they are poorly enforced.
Sherif Ismail Mohamed is an Egyptian engineer who served as Prime Minister of Egypt between 2015 and 2018. Previously he was Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources from 2013 to 2015.
Ibrahim Roshdy Mahlab was the Prime Minister of Egypt from 1 March 2014 until 19 September 2015. Previously he served as Minister of Housing.
The following lists events from 2014 in Egypt.
Mostafa Kemal Madbouly is the current Prime Minister of Egypt. He was appointed by President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi to succeed Sherif Ismail following his government's resignation in the wake of Sisi's re-election. Madbouly also serves in the Egyptian Government as Minister of Housing and Urban Utilities, and has also briefly served as interim Prime Minister.