Prime Minister of Gabon

Last updated

Prime Minister of the
Gabonese Republic
Premier ministre de la République gabonaise
Coat of arms of Gabon.svg
Raymond Ndong Sima [1]
since 7 September 2023
Appointer President of Gabon
Inaugural holder Léon M'ba
Casimir Oyé-Mba (Third Republic; since 1991)
Formation17 August 1960

The prime minister of Gabon (French : Premier ministre de la République gabonaise) is the head of government of Gabon.


The position was first created in 1960, upon the country's independence from France, but was soon abolished by a new constitution adopted on 21 February 1961. It was, however, restored by constitutional amendments enacted on 16 April 1975 and was also retained in the subsequent constitution adopted in 1991. [2] The prime minister has been the head of government of Gabon from 1960 until 1961 (under a parliamentary system) and since 1981 (under a strong semi-presidential system). The President of Gabon was the country's head of government from 1961 until 1981 (until 1975 under a presidential system without a prime minister and then under a presidential system with a prime minister).

A total of thirteen people have served as Prime Minister, twelve men and one woman.

Description of the office

The President of the Republic nominates the Prime Minister. [3]

The President may terminate the prime minister's post, of his own initiative or by the prime minister's presentation of his or her resignation from the Government, or following a vote of disapproval or the adoption of a motion of censure by the National Assembly. [3]

By proposal, the prime minister may nominate other members of the Government and terminate their posts. [3]

The prime minister may stand in for the President by express authorization and for a determined agenda. [4]

Within forty-five (45) days, after the nomination and deliberation of the Council of Ministers, the prime minister will present before the National Assembly his or her general policy program that will lead to an open debate, followed by a vote of confidence. The vote is obtained by an absolute majority of the members of the National Assembly. [5]

The prime minister directs the actions of the Government. The prime minister assures the execution of the laws. According to the conditions of Article 20 mentioned above, the Prime Minister exercises regulatory power and nominates civil and military posts of the State. The Prime Minister stands in for the President of the Republic in the aforementioned situations. The prime minister may delegate certain powers to other members of Government. [6]

A replacement for the prime minister is assured by a member of the Government designated by a decree of the President of the Republic, according to the order of nomination of the decree that arranged the composition of the Government. [6]

The Minister taking over the duties of the prime minister in the interim is temporarily invested with the full rights and powers of the position. [6]

The actions of the prime minister are to be countersigned by the members of the Government charged with their execution. [6]

The Prime Minister is the Chief of Government. [7]

List of officeholders

Political parties
   Gabonese Democratic Bloc (BDG) → Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG)
Other factions
ElectionTerm of officePolitical party President(s)
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1 Leon M'ba 1964.jpg Léon M'ba
1961 17 August 196021 February 1961188 days BDG Himself
Post abolished (21 February 1961 – 16 April 1975)
2 Léon Mébiame
(1934–2015) [lower-alpha 1]
16 April 19753 May 199015 years, 17 days PDG O. Bongo
3 Casimir Oyé-Mba
1990 3 May 19902 November 19944 years, 183 days Independent
4 No image.png Paulin Obame-Nguema
1996 2 November 199423 January 19994 years, 82 days PDG
5 No image.png Jean-François Ntoutoume Emane
(born 1939)
2005 23 January 199920 January 20066 years, 362 days PDG
6 Prime Minister Jean Eyeghe Ndong 2007 (cropped).jpg Jean Eyeghé Ndong
(born 1946)
2006 20 January 200617 July 20093 years, 178 days PDG
Divungi Di Ndinge
7 No image.png Paul Biyoghé Mba
(born 1953)
2011 17 July 200927 February 20122 years, 225 days PDG
A. Bongo
8 No image.png Raymond Ndong Sima
(born 1955)
27 February 201227 January 20141 year, 334 days PDG
9 No image.png Daniel Ona Ondo
(born 1945)
27 January 201428 September 20162 years, 245 days PDG
10 Emmanuel Issoze Ngondet - 2015 (cropped).jpg Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet
2018 28 September 201612 January 2019 [lower-alpha 2] 2 years, 104 days PDG
11 Julien Nkoghe Bekale - 2019 (cropped).jpg Julien Nkoghe Bekale
(born 1958)
12 January 201916 July 20201 year, 188 days PDG
12 Rose Christiane Raponda.jpg Rose Christiane Raponda
(born 1963)
16 July 20209 January 20232 years, 177 days PDG
13 Alain Claude Bilie By Nze 2023.jpg Alain Claude Bilie By Nze
(born 1967)
9 January 202330 August 2023
233 days PDG
Post vacant (30 August – 7 September 2023)
(8) No image.png Raymond Ndong Sima
(born 1955)
7 September 2023Incumbent96 days Independent Oligui Nguema


Alain Claude Bilie By NzeRose Christiane RapondaJulien Nkoghe BekaleEmmanuel Issoze-NgondetDaniel Ona OndoRaymond Ndong SimaPaul Biyoghé MbaJean Eyeghé NdongJean-François Ntoutoume EmanePaulin Obame-NguemaCasimir Oyé-MbaLéon MébiameLéon M'baPrime Minister of Gabon


  1. From 1961 to 1981 the President of Gabon was both head of state and head of government, while the Prime Minister only assisted him in managing government affairs.
  2. Replaced in the aftermath of the 2019 coup d'état attempt.

See also

Related Research Articles

Little is known of the history of Gabon before European contact. Bantu migrants settled the area beginning in the 14th century. Portuguese explorers and traders arrived in the area in the late 15th century. The coast subsequently became a center of the transatlantic slave trade with European slave traders arriving to the region in the 16th century. In 1839 and 1841, France established a protectorate over the coast. In 1849, captives released from a captured slave ship founded Libreville. In 1862–1887, France expanded its control including the interior of the state, and took full sovereignty. In 1910 Gabon became part of French Equatorial Africa and in 1960, Gabon became independent.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Politics of Gabon</span> Overview

The politics of Gabon takes place in a framework of a republic whereby the president of Gabon is head of state and in effect, also the head of government, since he appoints the prime minister and his cabinet. The government is divided into three branches: the executive headed by the prime minister, the legislative that is formed by the two chambers of parliament, and the judicial branch. The judicial branch is technically independent and equal to the two other branches, although in practice, since its judges are appointed by the president, it is beholden to the same president. Since independence the party system is dominated by the conservative Gabonese Democratic Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of France</span> Head of state of France

The president of France, officially the president of the French Republic, is the executive head of state of France, and the commander-in-chief of the French Armed Forces. As the presidency is the supreme magistracy of the country, the position is the highest office in France. The powers, functions and duties of prior presidential offices, in addition to their relation with the prime minister and government of France, have over time differed with the various constitutional documents since the Second Republic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Turkey</span> Head of state and head of government of Turkey

The president of Turkey, officially the president of the Republic of Türkiye, is the head of state and head of government of Turkey. The president directs the executive branch of the national government and is the commander-in-chief of the Turkish military. The president also heads the National Security Council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Presidential system</span> Form of government

A presidential system, or single executive system, is a form of government in which a head of government, typically with the title of president, leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch in systems that use separation of powers. This head of government is in most cases also the head of state. In a presidential system, the head of government is directly or indirectly elected by a group of citizens and is not responsible to the legislature, and the legislature cannot dismiss the president except in extraordinary cases. A presidential system contrasts with a parliamentary system, where the head of government comes to power by gaining the confidence of an elected legislature.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Semi-presidential republic</span> System of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet

A semi-presidential republic, or dual executive republic, is a republic in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter two being responsible to the legislature of the state. It differs from a parliamentary republic in that it has a popularly elected head of state; and from the presidential system in that the cabinet, although named by the president, is responsible to the legislature, which may force the cabinet to resign through a motion of no confidence.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Romania</span> Head of state of Romania

The president of Romania is the head of state of Romania. Following a modification to the Romanian Constitution in 2003, the president is directly elected by a two-round system and serves for five years. An individual may serve two terms. During their term in office, the president may not be a formal member of a political party. The president of Romania is the supreme commander of the Romanian Armed Forces.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Egypt</span> Head of state and government of Egypt

The president of the Arab Republic of Egypt is the executive head of state of Egypt and the de facto appointee of the official head of government under the Egyptian Constitution of 2014. Under the various iterations of the Constitution of Egypt following the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, the president is also the supreme commander of the Armed Forces, and head of the executive branch of the Egyptian government. The current president is Field Marshal Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, who has been in office since 8 June 2014.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Gabon</span> Head of state of the Gabonese Republic

The president of Gabon is the head of state of Gabon. A total of three people have served as president since the post was formed in 1960.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Guyana</span> Head of state and head of government of Guyana

The president of Guyana is the head of state and the head of government of Guyana, as well as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the Republic, according to the Constitution of Guyana. The president is also the chancellor of the Orders of Guyana. Concurrent with their constitutional role as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, the president does not appoint a separate Minister of Defence. That portfolio is held by the president who fulfils all responsibilities designated to a minister of defence under the Defence Act.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Portugal</span> Head of state of the Portuguese Republic

The president of Portugal, officially the president of the Portuguese Republic, is the head of state and highest office of Portugal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of the Philippines</span> Head of government of the Philippines from 1978 to 1986

The prime minister of the Philippines was the official designation of the head of the government of the Philippines from 1978 until the People Power Revolution in 1986. During martial law and the fourth republic, the prime minister served as the head the Armed Forces of the Philippines. A limited version of this office, officially known as the President of the Council of Government, existed temporarily in 1899 during the First Philippine Republic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of Tunisia</span> Head of government of Tunisia

The prime minister of Tunisia is the head of the executive branch of the government of Tunisia. The prime minister directs the executive branch along with the president and, together with the prime minister's cabinet, is accountable to the Assembly of the Representatives of the People, to the prime minister's political party and, ultimately, to the electorate for the policies and actions of the executive and the legislature.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Constitution of Niger</span>

The Republic of Niger has had seven constitutions, two substantial constitutional revisions, and two periods of rule by decree since its independence from French colonial rule in 1960. The "Seventh Republic" operated under the Constitution of 2010 until its dissolution in 2023 by General Abdourahamane Tchiani in a coup d'état.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vice President of Gabon</span> Deputy head of state of the Gabonese Republic

The vice president of Gabon is a political position in Gabon. The vice president's role is to assist the president and the person serving as vice president has no interim role in the event of a power vacuum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Nepal</span> Ceremonial Head of State of Nepal

The president of Nepal is the head of state of Nepal and the commander-in-chief of the Nepalese Armed Forces.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Constitution of Mauritania</span>

The current Constitution of Mauritania was adopted on 12 July 1991. There have been several constitutions since Mauritania's independence in 1960.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Constitution of Tanzania</span> Supreme law of Tanzania

The Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania, also known as the Permanent Constitution, was ratified in 16 March 1977. Before the current establishment, Tanzania has had three constitutions: the Independence Constitution (1961), the Republican Constitution (1962), and the Interim Constitution of the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar (1964).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Armenia</span> Head of state of the Republic of Armenia

The president of Armenia is the head of state and the guarantor of independence and territorial integrity of Armenia elected to a single seven-year term by the National Assembly of Armenia. Under Armenia's parliamentary system, the president is simply a figurehead and holds ceremonial duties, with most of the political power vested in the parliament and prime minister.


  1. "Gabon junta names former PM Raymond Ndong Sima as interim PM - statement". Reuters . 7 September 2023. Retrieved 7 September 2023.
  2. "Revisions Constitutionelles : Contextes".
  3. 1 2 3 Article 15 of the Constitution of 1991.
  4. Article 22 of the Constitution of 1991.
  5. Article 28a of the Constitution of 1991.
  6. 1 2 3 4 Article 29 of the Constitution of 1991.
  7. Article 31 of the Constitution of 1991.