Prime Minister of Greenland

Last updated
Prime Minister of Greenland
Coat of arms of Greenland.svg
Flag of Greenland.svg
Kim Kielsen. Nordiska raoedets session i Helsingfors 2012.jpg
Incumbent
Kim Kielsen

since 30 September 2014
Style Mr./Mrs.
His Excellency (diplomatic, outside Greenland and Denmark [1] )
Member of Cabinet
Residence B-29
Seat Inatsisartut, Nuuk, Greenland
AppointerThe Monarch
Based on Appointee's ability to gain majority support in the Inatsisartut
Term length No fixed term, up to four years
Formation1 May 1979
First holder Jonathan Motzfeldt
Website The Prime Minister's Office
Coat of arms of Greenland.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Greenland

The Prime Minister of Greenland (Greenlandic : Naalakkersuisut siulittaasuat, lit Leader of the Government; Danish : Landsstyreformand), officially referred to as the Premier, [2] is the head of the Government of Greenland, the autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark. The incumbent Prime Minister is Kim Kielsen of the Siumut party. The Prime Minister is usually leader of the majority party in the Parliament of Greenland. Jonathan Motzfeldt became Prime Minister after home rule was granted to Greenland in 1979.

Greenlandic language Eskimo-Aleut language spoken in Greenland

Greenlandic (kalaallisut) is an Eskimo–Aleut language spoken by about 56,000 Greenlandic Inuit in Greenland. It is closely related to the Inuit languages in Canada such as Inuktitut. The main variety, Kalaallisut or West Greenlandic, has been the official language of the Greenlandic autonomous territory since June 2009; this is a move by the Naalakkersuisut to strengthen the language in its competition with the colonial language, Danish. The second variety is Tunumiit oraasiat or East Greenlandic. The Thule Inuit of Greenland, Inuktun or Polar Eskimo, is a recent arrival and a dialect of Inuktitut.

Danish language North Germanic language spoken in Denmark

Danish is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark and in the region of Southern Schleswig in northern Germany, where it has minority language status. Also, minor Danish-speaking communities are found in Norway, Sweden, Spain, the United States, Canada, Brazil, and Argentina. Due to immigration and language shift in urban areas, around 15–20% of the population of Greenland speak Danish as their first language.

The Naalakkersuisut is the government of Greenland, a "constituent country" of the Kingdom of Denmark, takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic country, whereby the prime minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament Inatsisartut. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Greenland has full autonomy on most matters, except on policies and decisions affecting the region including negotiations with the devolved legislatures and the Folketing.

Contents

List of Prime Ministers of Greenland

Prime MinisterTook officeLeft officeTime in officePartyElection
1
Jonathan Motzfeldt 2003.jpg
Motzfeldt, Jonathan Jonathan Motzfeldt
(1938–2010)
1 May 197918 March 199111 years, 321 days Siumut 1979
1983
1984
1987
2
Coat of arms of Greenland.svg
Johansen, Lars Lars-Emil Johansen
(born 1946)
18 March 199119 September 19976 years, 185 days Siumut 1991
1995
(1)
Jonathan Motzfeldt 2003.jpg
Motzfeldt, Jonathan Jonathan Motzfeldt
(1938–2010)
19 September 199714 December 20025 years, 86 days Siumut 1999
3
Landsstyreformand Hans Enoksen til Folkeafstemning i Multihallen i Nuuk med Pipaluk Petersen pa 5 ar.jpg
Enoksen, Hans Hans Enoksen
(born 1956)
14 December 200212 June 20096 years, 180 days Siumut 2002
2005
4
Kuupik Kleist.jpg
Kleist, Kuupik Kuupik Kleist
(born 1958)
12 June 20095 April 20133 years, 297 days Inuit Ataqatigiit 2009
5
Aleqa Hammond.jpg
Hammond, Aleqa Aleqa Hammond
(born 1965)
5 April 201330 September 20141 year, 178 days Siumut 2013
6
Kim Kielsen. Nordiska raoedets session i Helsingfors 2012.jpg
Kielsen, Kim Kim Kielsen
(born 1966)
30 September 2014Incumbent4 years, 275 days Siumut 2014
2018

See also

Related Research Articles

The politics of Greenland, a "constituent country" of the Kingdom of Denmark, function in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic dependency, whereby the prime minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament Inatsisartut. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Greenland has full autonomy on most matters, except on policies and decisions affecting the region including negotiations with the devolved legislatures and the Folketing.

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Folketing Parliament of Denmark

The Folketing, also known as the Danish Parliament in English, is the unicameral national parliament (legislature) of the Kingdom—Denmark proper together with the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Established in 1849, until 1953 the Folketing was the lower house of a bicameral parliament, called the Rigsdag; the upper house was Landstinget. It meets in Christiansborg Palace, on the islet of Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen.

Parliament of Greenland parliament

The Inatsisartut, also known as the Parliament of Greenland in English, is the unicameral parliament of Greenland, a autonomous country in the Danish realm. Established in 1979, it meets in Inatsisartut, on the islet of Nuuk Center in central Nuuk.

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General elections were held in Denmark on 8 February 2005. Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen's Venstre retained the largest number of seats in parliament. The governing coalition between the Venstre and the Conservative People's Party remained intact, with the Danish People's Party providing the parliamentary support needed for the minority government. The Danish Social Liberal Party made the biggest gains of any party, although it remains outside the governing group of parties. The election marked the second time in a row that the Social Democrats were not the largest party in the parliament, a change from most of the 20th century. The party lost 5 seats and leader Mogens Lykketoft resigned immediately after the election.

General elections were held in Greenland on 2 June 2009. Prime Minister Hans Enoksen announced the election date on 15 April 2009, stating that he would prefer for a newly elected parliament to administer Greenland when the self-government reform takes effect on 21 June 2009. The reform gave more power to the Greenlandic parliament with decisions on most issues being devolved to the parliament but defence and foreign affairs remaining under the control of Denmark.

Kuupik Kleist Greenlandic politician

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General elections were held in the Kingdom of Denmark on 18 June 2015 to elect the 179 members of the Folketing. 175 members were elected in the Denmark proper, two in the Faroe Islands and two in Greenland. Although the ruling Social Democrats became the largest party in the Folketing and increased their seat count, the opposition Venstre party was able to form a minority government headed by Lars Løkke Rasmussen with the support of the Danish People's Party, the Liberal Alliance and the Conservative People's Party.

Aleqa Hammond Prime Minister of Greenland since 2013

Aleqa Hammond is a Greenlandic politician and member of the Danish Folketing (parliament). Formerly the leader of the Siumut party, she became Greenland's first female Prime Minister after her party emerged as the largest parliamentary faction in the 2013 elections. In 2014 she stepped down as Prime Minister and leader of Siumut, following a case of misuse of public funds. She was expelled from Siumut on 23 August 2016 after yet another case of misuse of public funds and became an independent. On 31 March 2018 she announced that she would be running in the 2018 Greenlandic parliamentary election for the Siumut breakaway Nunatta Qitornai.

2019 Danish general election Parlimentary election in Denmark

General elections were held in Denmark on 5 June 2019 to elect all 179 members of the Folketing; 175 in Denmark proper, two in the Faroe Islands and two in Greenland. The elections took place ten days after the European Parliament elections.

Deputy Prime Minister of Greenland is a position, held by one government minister, in the Government of Greenland who can take the position of acting Prime Minister when the Prime minister is temporarily absent. The job is unofficial, but in many media, the person taking over when the Prime Minister is absent, is often dubbed Deputy Prime Minister, or Naalakkersuisut siulittaasuata tullia in Greenlandic.

References