Prime Minister of Haiti

Last updated
Prime Minister of Haiti
Premier ministre d'Haïti
Premye Minis Ayiti
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
Flag of Haiti.svg
Incumbent
Fritz-William Michel  [ fr ]
Acting

since 22 July 2019
Style His/Her Excellency
Member of Council of Ministers
Appointer Jovenel Moïse,
as President of Haiti
Inaugural holder Martial Célestin
Formation9 February 1988
Website
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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Haiti
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The Prime Minister of Haiti (French : Premier ministre d'Haïti, Haitian Creole : Premye Minis Ayiti) is the head of government of Haiti. The office was created under the 1987 Constitution; previously, all executive power was held by the President or head of state, who appointed and chaired the Council of Ministers.

French language Romance language

French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.

The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.

Haiti Unitary republic in the Caribbean

Haiti, officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola, east of Cuba in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Haiti is 27,750 square kilometers (10,714 sq mi) in size and has an estimated 10.8 million people, making it the most populous country in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the second-most populous country in the Caribbean as a whole.

Contents

Appointment

The Prime Minister is appointed by the President and ratified by the National Assembly.

President of Haiti

The President of Haiti, officially called the President of the Republic of Haiti is the head of state of Haiti. Executive power in Haiti is divided between the president and the government headed by the Prime Minister of Haiti. The current president is Jovenel Moïse, who took office on February 7, 2017.

Duties and powers

The Prime Minister appoints the Ministers and Secretaries of State and goes before the National Assembly to obtain a vote of confidence for his declaration of general policy. The Prime Minister enforces the laws and, along with the President, is responsible for national defense. In addition, the Prime Minister oversees the National Commission on Government Procurement (CNMP), a decentralized body. [1]

A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers. In some jurisdictions the head of government is also a minister and is designated the ’prime minister’, ‘premier’, ’chief minister’, ’Chancellor’ or other title.

Records

Gérard Latortue served the longest time in office, serving 1,550 days in office. Jacques-Édouard Alexis served the second-longest time in office, serving 1,526 total days during his two terms in office, and was the longest-serving prime minister appointed to the position by an elected president.

Gérard Latortue Haitian Prime Minister

Gérard Latortue was the Prime Minister of Haïti from March 12, 2004 to June 9, 2006. He was an official in the United Nations for many years, and briefly served as foreign minister of Haïti during the short-lived 1988 administration of Leslie Manigat.

Jacques-Édouard Alexis Haitian politician

Jacques-Édouard Alexis is a Haitian politician. He served as the Prime Minister of Haiti from 1999 to 2001 and was Prime Minister for a second term from 2006 to 2008 when he was dismissed due to political fallout from food riots.

See also

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References

Notes
Footnotes
  1. http://cnmp.gouv.ht