|Prime Minister of North Macedonia |
Премиер на Северна Македонија(Macedonian)
Kryeministër i Maqedonisë së Veriut
|Appointer||Assembly of North Macedonia|
|Term length||No term limit|
|Inaugural holder|| Nikola Kljusev |
27 January 1991
|Formation|| Constitution of North Macedonia |
16 April 1991
|Salary||15,600 USD annually|
|Website||Governmental web page|
The prime minister of North Macedonia, : Претседател на Владата на Република Северна Македонија, Albanian : Кryetari i Qeverisë së Republikës së Maqedonisë së Veriut), is the head of government of North Macedonia.officially the President of the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia (Macedonian
The prime minister is the leader of a political coalition in the Parliament and the leader of the cabinet. The current prime minister is Zoran Zaev, who has been serving for the second time since 30 August 2020, and first took office in 2017.
The country became a member of the United Nations in April 1993, but as a result of the naming dispute with Greece over the name "Macedonia", the prime ministerial post was admitted under the provisional description "Prime Minister of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" (abbreviated as "FYR Macedonia" or "FYROM"). In June 2018, the dispute was resolved with the Prespa agreement and that the country should rename itself "Republic of North Macedonia". This renaming came into effect in February 2019.
Then country was a constituent republic within Yugoslavia. It was titled as the Socialist Republic of Macedonia and was a one-party communist state, the ruling political party being the League of Communists of Macedonia (Macedonian : Сојуз на комунистите на Македонија, СКМ, romanized: Sojuz na komunistite na Makedonija, SKM). Being a constituent state of Yugoslavia, a leading founder of the Non-Aligned Movement, SR Macedonia pursued a neutral foreign policy and maintained a more liberal communist system compared to other communist states. The ruling ideology was based on Titoism and Workers' self-management (Macedonian : самоуправување, romanized: samoupravuvanje).
|Portrait||Term of office||Political party|
|Minister for Macedonia|
|7 March 1945||1945||KPM|
|2|| Lazar Koliševski |
|16 April 1945||1953|| KPM|
renamed in 1952
|Chairmen of the Executive Council|
| Lazar Koliševski |
|3|| Ljupčo Arsov |
|6|| Ksente Bogoev |
|March 1974||29 April 1982||SKM|
|29 April 1982||June 1986||SKM|
|June 1986||27 January 1991||SKM|
SDSM VMRO–DPMNE Independent
|Term of office||Political party||Election|
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|1|| Nikola Kljusev |
|27 January 1991||17 August 1992||1 year, 203 days||Independent||1990|
|2|| Branko Crvenkovski |
|17 August 1992||30 November 1998||6 years, 105 days||SDSM||1994|
|3|| Ljubčo Georgievski |
|30 November 1998||1 November 2002||3 years, 336 days||VMRO-DPMNE||1998|
|(2)|| Branko Crvenkovski |
|1 November 2002||12 May 2004||1 year, 193 days||SDSM||2002|
|–|| Radmila Šekerinska |
|12 May 2004||2 June 2004||21 days||SDSM||—|
|4|| Hari Kostov |
|2 June 2004||18 November 2004||169 days||Independent||—|
|–|| Radmila Šekerinska |
|18 November 2004||17 December 2004||29 days||SDSM||—|
|5|| Vlado Bučkovski |
|17 December 2004||27 August 2006||1 year, 253 days||SDSM||—|
|6|| Nikola Gruevski |
|27 August 2006||18 January 2016||9 years, 144 days||VMRO-DPMNE|| 2006 |
|7|| Emil Dimitriev |
|18 January 2016||31 May 2017||1 year, 133 days||VMRO-DPMNE||—|
|8|| Zoran Zaev |
|31 May 2017||3 January 2020||2 years, 217 days||SDSM||2016|
|9|| Oliver Spasovski |
|3 January 2020||30 August 2020||240 days||SDSM||—|
|(8)|| Zoran Zaev |
|30 August 2020||Incumbent||361 days||SDSM||2020|
Politics in North Macedonia occur within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated North Macedonia a "hybrid regime" in 2019.
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Branko Crvenkovski is a Macedonian politician who served as Prime Minister of Macedonia from 1992 to 1998 and again from 2002 to 2004, and as President of Macedonia from 2004 to 2009. He was also leader of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia.
The Social Democratic Union of Macedonia is a social-democratic political party, and the main centre-left party in North Macedonia. The Social Democratic Union of Macedonia was founded on 20 April 1991 at the 11th Congress of the League of Communists of Macedonia, when it was transformed into the SDSM. Branko Crvenkovski was elected as the party's first president. Its current leader is Zoran Zaev. The Social Democratic Union of Macedonia is a member of the Progressive Alliance and an associate affiliate of the Party of European Socialists (PES). The party supported a practical solution to the Macedonian naming dispute with Greece, which succeeded under the Prespa agreement.
The Socialist Republic of Macedonia, or SR Macedonia, commonly referred to as Socialist Macedonia or YugoslavMacedonia, was one of the six constituent countries of the post-WWII Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and a nation state of the Macedonians. After the transition of the political system to parliamentary democracy in 1990, the Republic changed its official name to Republic of Macedonia in 1991, and with the beginning of the breakup of Yugoslavia, it declared itself an independent country and held a referendum on 8 September 1991 on which a sovereign and independent state of Macedonia, with a right to enter into any alliance with sovereign states of Yugoslavia was approved.
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The president of the Republic of North Macedonia is the head of state of North Macedonia.
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Passports are issued to citizens of North Macedonia for the purpose of international travel. Responsibility for their issuance lies with the Ministry of the Interior. The validity of the passport is 5 years for persons 4 to 27 years of age, and 10 years for those 27 years of age and older. For children ages four and under the validity of the passport is limited to two years. The passports conform to the recommended standards of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), and are biometric passports.
The Serbian Progressive Party in Macedonia (SNSM) is a political party in North Macedonia.
Zoran Zaev is a Macedonian economist and politician who has been serving as the Prime Minister of North Macedonia since 30 August 2020, a position he previously held from 31 May 2017 to 3 January 2020.
The Secretary of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Macedonia was the head of the League of Communists of Macedonia, heading the Central Committee of the Party. The holder of the office was, for a significant period, the de facto most influential politician in the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, a constituent republic of Yugoslavia. The official name of the office was changed in May 1982 from "Secretary of the Central Committee" to President of the Presidency of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Macedonia.
In April 2016, protests began in the Republic of Macedonia against the incumbent President Gjorgje Ivanov and the government led by the interim Prime Minister Emil Dimitriev from the ruling VMRO-DPMNE party. Referred to by some as the Colorful Revolution, the protests have started after the controversial decision by President Gjorgje Ivanov to stop the investigation against former Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski and dozens of politicians who were allegedly involved in a wiretapping scandal. The demonstrations were organized by "Protestiram" and supported from coalition led by the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia, and other opposition parties, also the newly formed Levica demanding that the government resigns for the formation of a technical government, and that the parliamentary elections planned for 5 June 2016 are cancelled, on the grounds that the conditions for free and transparent elections are not in place. The government and its supporters, who have organized pro-government rallies, maintain that the elections on June 5 are the only solution to the political crisis, with some observers blaming the opposition for creating a "Ukraine scenario" in Macedonia.
The Prespa agreement, also known as the Treaty of Prespa, the Prespes agreement or the Prespa accord, is an agreement reached in 2018 between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia, under the auspices of the United Nations, resolving a long-standing dispute between the two. Apart from resolving the terminological differences, the agreement also covers areas of cooperation between the two countries in order to establish a strategic partnership between them.
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