|Prime Minister of North Macedonia |
Претседател на Владата на Република Северна Македонија
Kryeministri i Republikës së Maqedonisë së Veriut
|Appointer||Assembly of North Macedonia|
|Term length||No term limit|
|Inaugural holder|| Nikola Kljusev |
27 January 1991
|Formation|| Constitution of North Macedonia |
16 April 1991
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Prime Minister of North Macedonia , officially the President of the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia (Macedonian : Претседател на Владата на Република Северна Македонија; Albanian : Kryeministri i Republikës së Maqedonisë së Veriut), is the head of government of North Macedonia. He or she is the leader of a political coalition in the North Macedonian parliament (the Sobranie) and the leader of the cabinet. The current Prime Minister is Zoran Zaev, who has served since 31 May 2017.
North Macedonia, officially the Republic of North Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in September 1991 under the name Republic of Macedonia. The country became a member of the United Nations in April 1993, but as a result of a dispute with Greece over the name, it was admitted under the provisional description the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, a term that was also used by some other international organisations. In June 2018, Macedonia and Greece resolved the conflict with an agreement that the country should rename itself Republic of North Macedonia. This renaming came into effect in February 2019, with a several-months-long transition for passports, licence plates, currency, customs, border signs, and government websites, among other things.
Macedonian is a South Slavic language spoken as a first language by around two million people, principally in North Macedonia and the Macedonian diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia. It is the official language of North Macedonia and a recognized minority language in parts of Albania, Romania, and Serbia.
Albanian is an Indo-European language spoken by the Albanians in the Balkans and the Albanian diaspora in the Americas, Europe and Oceania. It comprises an independent branch within the Indo-European languages and is not closely related to any other language in Europe.
|Portrait||Term of office||Political Party|
|Minister for Macedonia|
|1|| Emanuel Čučkov |
|7 March 1945||1945||Communist Party of Macedonia|
|2|| Lazar Koliševski |
|16 April 1945||1953|| Communist Party of Macedonia|
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists of Macedonia
|Chairmen of the Executive Council|
| Lazar Koliševski |
|1953||December 1953||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|3|| Ljupčo Arsov |
|December 1953||1961||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|4|| Aleksandar Grličkov |
|1961||1965||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|5|| Nikola Minčev |
|1965||1968||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|6|| Ksente Bogoev |
|1968||March 1974||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|7|| Blagoj Popov |
|March 1974||29 April 1982||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|8|| Dragoljub Stavrev |
|29 April 1982||June 1986||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|9|| Gligorije Gogovski |
|June 1986||27 January 1991||League of Communists of Macedonia|
SDSM VMRO–DPMNE Independent
|Portrait||Elected||Term of office||Political Affiliation|
|1|| Nikola Kljusev |
|1990||27 January 1991||17 August 1992||Independent|
|2|| Branko Crvenkovski |
|1994||17 August 1992||30 November 1998||Social Democratic Union of Macedonia|
|3|| Ljubčo Georgievski |
|1998||30 November 1998||1 November 2002||VMRO-DPMNE|
|(2)|| Branko Crvenkovski |
|2002||1 November 2002||12 May 2004||Social Democratic Union of Macedonia|
|—|| Radmila Šekerinska |
|—||12 May 2004||2 June 2004||Social Democratic Union of Macedonia|
|4|| Hari Kostov |
|—||2 June 2004||18 November 2004||Independent|
|—|| Radmila Šekerinska |
|—||18 November 2004||17 December 2004||Social Democratic Union of Macedonia|
|5|| Vlado Bučkovski |
|—||17 December 2004||27 August 2006||Social Democratic Union of Macedonia|
|6|| Nikola Gruevski |
| 2006 |
|27 August 2006||18 January 2016||VMRO–DPMNE|
|7|| Emil Dimitriev |
|—||18 January 2016||31 May 2017||VMRO–DPMNE|
|8|| Zoran Zaev |
|2016||31 May 2017||Incumbent||Social Democratic Union of Macedonia|
The President of the Republic of North Macedonia is the head of state of North Macedonia. The institution of the Presidency of the modern North Macedonia state began after the Macedonian declaration of independence on 8 September 1991. Its first president was Kiro Gligorov, the oldest president in the world until his resignation in 1999. The North Macedonia presidency is largely a ceremonial post and the Prime Minister of North Macedonia is the country's leading political figure and de facto chief executive.
These are lists of incumbents, including heads of states or of subnational entities.
Politics in North Macedonia occur within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit has rated North Macedonia as "hybrid regime" in 2016.
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Branko Crvenkovski is a Macedonian politician who served as Prime Minister of Macedonia from 1992 to 1998 and again from 2002 to 2004, and as President of Macedonia from 2004 to 2009. He was also leader of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia.
The Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity, simplified as VMRO-DPMNE, is one of the two major parties in North Macedonia, the other being the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (SDSM).
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Nikola Gruevski is a fugitive politician from North Macedonia who served as Prime Minister of the then-Macedonia from 2006 to 2016, and led the VMRO-DPMNE party from 2003 to 2017. Previously, he was Minister of Finance in the VMRO-DPMNE government led by Ljubčo Georgievski until 2002.
Lazar Koliševski was a Yugoslav communist political leader in the Socialist Republic of Macedonia and briefly in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. He was closely allied with Tito.
Ljubčo Georgievski born 17 January 1966) is a politician from North Macedonia who served as the 3rd Prime Minister of the then-Republic of Macedonia and is considered one of the pioneers of the country's independence. He founded the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization - Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity and was the first party president from 1990 to 2003. Nevertheless, following accusations of being pro-Bulgarian, Georgievski broke off with the party he founded and established the Bulgarophile VMRO-NP, and later acquired Bulgarian citizenship.
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The Holocaust Memorial Center for the Jews of Macedonia is a memorial to the holocaust of the 7,148 Jews from North Macedonia and the history of the Jews in the Balkans, located in Skopje, the capital city of North Macedonia.
Zoran Zaev is a Macedonian economist and politician who has served as the Prime Minister of North Macedonia since 31 May 2017. Prior to taking office as Prime Minister, Zaev was a member of the Macedonian parliament between 2003 and 2005, and mayor of Strumica between 2005 and 2016. He is president of the center-left Social Democratic Union of Macedonia.
The Secretary of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Macedonia was the head of the League of Communists of Macedonia, heading the Central Committee of the Party. The holder of the office was, for a significant period, the de facto most influential politician in the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, a constituent republic of Yugoslavia. The official name of the office was changed in May 1982 from "Secretary of the Central Committee" to President of the Presidency of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Macedonia.
A shootout which erupted during a police raid between police forces and an armed group identifying as the National Liberation Army (NLA) occurred on 9 May 2015 in the northern Macedonian town of Kumanovo. During the shootings, eight Macedonian policemen and 10 of the militants were killed, while 37 officers were wounded and hospitalized. The shooting ended on 10 May 2015, in an operation by the Macedonian police and armed forces, in which 28 men were arrested and charged with "terrorism-related charges" by the Macedonian authorities.
In April 2016, protests began in the Republic of Macedonia against the incumbent President Gjorgje Ivanov and the government led by the interim Prime Minister Emil Dimitriev from the ruling VMRO-DPMNE party. Referred to by some as the Colorful Revolution, the protests have started after the controversial decision by President Gjorgje Ivanov to stop the investigation against former Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski and dozens of politicians who were allegedly involved in a wiretapping scandal. The demonstrations were organized by "Protestiram" and supported from coalition led by the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia, and other opposition parties, also the newly formed Levica The Left) demanding that the government resigns for the formation of a technical government, and that the parliamentary elections planned for 5 June 2016 are cancelled, on the grounds that the conditions for free and transparent elections are not in place. The government and its supporters, who have organized pro-government rallies, maintain that the elections on June 5 are the only solution to the political crisis, with some observers blaming the opposition for creating a "Ukraine scenario" in Macedonia.
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