|Prime Minister of Serbia and Montenegro|
|Predsednik Saveta ministara Srbije i Crne Gore|
Председник Савета министара Србије и Црне Горе
|Reports to||President of Serbia and Montenegro|
|Precursor||Prime Minister of Yugoslavia|
|Formation||14 July 1992|
|First holder||Milan Panić|
|Final holder||Svetozar Marović|
|Abolished||3 June 2006|
|Succession|| Prime Minister of Serbia |
Prime Minister of Montenegro
The prime minister of Serbia and Montenegro was the head of government of Serbia and Montenegro from its establishment in 1992 up until the state's dissolution in 2006. Between 1992–2003 the full name of the office was President of the Federal Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbian : Predsednik Savezne Vlade Savezne Republike Jugoslavije), while after the constitutional reforms of 2003 the title was Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian : Predsednik Saveta ministara Srbije i Crne Gore, literally translated as President of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro). The office was merged in 2003 with the head of state, providing for one person to hold both the office of President of Serbia and Montenegro and Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro.
There were five presidents of the Federal Government of the FR Yugoslavia after its assertion of independence from the SFR Yugoslavia (SFRY) in 1992 up until its dissolution in 2003. Svetozar Marović of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro was the only chairman of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro after its constitutional reforms and reconstitution as a confederacy. He was inaugurated on March 7, 2003. After the declaration of independence of Montenegro, on June 3, 2006, the chairman of the Council of Ministers announced on June 4, 2006 the termination of his office.
|Ethnicity||Term of office||Political party||Note|
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|Presidents of the Federal Government|
|1|| Milan Panić |
|Serbian||14 July 1992||9 February 1993||210 days||Independent||–|
|2|| Radoje Kontić |
|Montenegrin||9 February 1993||19 May 1998||5 years, 99 days||DPS||–|
|3||Momir Bulatović |
|Montenegrin||19 May 1998||4 November 2000||2 years, 169 days||SNP||Resigned on 9 October 2000, after the Bulldozer Revolution.|
|4|| Zoran Žižić |
|Montenegrin||4 November 2000||24 July 2001||262 days||SNP||Resigned on 29 June 2001, in protest over the extradition of Slobodan Milošević to the ICTY.|
|5|| Dragiša Pešić |
|Montenegrin||24 July 2001||7 March 2003||1 year, 226 days||SNP||–|
|Chairman of the Council of Ministers |
|6|| Svetozar Marović |
|Montenegrin||7 March 2003||3 June 2006||3 years, 88 days||DPS||Also head of state as President of Serbia and Montenegro (offices merged).|
As of November 14, 2022, there were three living former Prime ministers of Serbia and Montenegro (until 2003 Yugoslavia). The most recent death of a former Prime minister was that of Momir Bulatović on 30.June 2019. The living former Prime ministers in order of service, are:
Serbia and Montenegro was a country in Southeast Europe located in the Balkans that existed from 1992 to 2006, following the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which bordered Hungary to the north, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria to the southeast, Macedonia to the south, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, and Albania to the southwest. The state was founded on 27 April 1992 as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, known as FR Yugoslavia or simply Yugoslavia which comprised the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro. In February 2003, FR Yugoslavia was transformed from a federal republic to a political union until Montenegro seceded from the union in June 2006, leading to the full independence of both Serbia and Montenegro.
The Politics of Serbia and Montenegro, known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, later renamed as Serbia and Montenegro, took place in a framework of a federal parliamentary republic with a multi-party system, and after 2003, in the context of a confederation. The president was head of state and, following constitutional reforms in 2003, simultaneously head of government. Executive power was exercised by the Council of Ministers. Federal legislative power was vested in the Serbia-Montenegro Parliament.
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