Prime Minister of Slovakia

Last updated
Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic
Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky
Coat of Arms of Slovakia.svg
Igor Matovic.jpg
Igor Matovič

since 21 March 2020
Member of European Council
Residence Episcopal Summer Palace
Appointer President of the Republic
Term length Depending on the support of the National Council
Inaugural holder Štefan Sádovský
Formation2 January 1969
Salaryc. 61,919 annually [1]
Coat of Arms of Slovakia.svg
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The Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic (Slovak : Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky), also known as the Prime Minister of Slovakia (Slovak : Premiér), is the head of the government of the Slovak Republic. On paper, the officeholder is the third highest constitutional official in Slovakia after the President of the Republic (appointer) and Speaker of the National Council; in practice, the appointee is the country's leading political figure.


Since the creation of the office in 1969, thirteen persons have served as head of government. Since 1993, when Slovakia gained independence, six persons have occupied the function. On 21 March 2020, Igor Matovič became Prime Minister of Slovakia.


The office of Prime Minister of Slovakia was established in 1969 by the Constitutional Act on the Czechoslovak Federation. A similar office had existed from 1918 when various officials were presiding over executive bodies governing the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia or the Slovak State respectively. Since 1993, when the independent Slovak Republic was established, there have been six persons to hold the office. Since 2020, the Prime Minister of Slovakia has been Igor Matovič.

Powers and role

Since Slovakia is a parliamentary republic the Prime Minister is accountable to the National Council. The Slovak Constitution provides that upon the accession to the office each Prime Minister must gain and thereafter maintain the confidence of the Parliament. As soon as the Prime Minister loses the confidence, the President is obliged to dismiss him and designate a new Prime Minister or entrust the dismissed Prime Minister to act as a caretaker with limited powers.

The Prime Minister is the most powerful office in state, since he commands and presides over the Government. Although it is not the Prime Minister but the President who appoints Ministers in Cabinet, the President appoints Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia (Slovak : designovaný predseda vlády) is an unofficial title for a person who has been entrusted by the President of the Slovak Republic with forming a new government and replacing the outgoing Prime Minister. This title, as well as the authorization of the president to entrust the designated PM, is not set by an act but is a legal or, more precisely, constitutional tradition. According to this tradition, the President designates a person who has support of the majority of deputies in the National Council.

List of Prime Ministers of Slovakia

First Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938)

Minister plenipotentiary for administration of Slovakia

Land President of Slovakia

Second Czechoslovak Republic (1938–1939)

Prime Ministers of the Autonomy Government of Slovakia

First Slovak Republic (1939–1945)

Prime Ministers of the First Slovak Republic

Third Czechoslovak Republic (1945–1948)

Chairman of the Board of Commissioners

Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1948–1989)

1 January 1969 – 5 March 1990: called "Slovak Socialist Republic" within Czechoslovakia.

Chairman of the Board of Commissioners

Chairman of the Slovak National Council

Prime Ministers of the Slovak Socialist Republic

  1. Štefan Sádovský: 2 January 1969 – 5 May 1969
  2. Peter Colotka: 5 May 1969 – 12 October 1988
  3. Ivan Knotek: 13 October 1988 – 22 June 1989
  4. Pavel Hrivnák: 23 June 1989 – 8 December 1989

Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1990–1992)

6 March 1990 – 31 December 1992: called "Slovak Republic" within Czechoslovakia.

Prime Ministers of the Slovak Republic

   KSČ         VPN         KDH
Term of OfficePolitical PartyCabinet National Council
Took OfficeLeft OfficeDays
5 Milan Cic (jan. 2012).jpg Milan Čič
10 December 198927 June 1990197 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
I KSČVPN 5( ···· )
Public Against Violence
6 Vladimir Meciar.jpg Vladimír Mečiar
(born 1942)
27 June 19906 May 1991299 Public Against Violence
I VPNKDHDS – MNI[[1990 Slovak parliamentary election|6(1990)]]
7 Jan Carnogursky (2012).jpg Ján Čarnogurský
(born 1944)
6 May 199124 June 1992428 Christian Democratic Movement
I ODÚKDHDS – MNI[[1990 Slovak parliamentary election|6( ···· )]]

Slovak Republic (1993–present)

From 1 January 1993 after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia.

   HZDS/ĽS-HZDS (National conservative)        DEÚS (Liberal conservative)        SDK (Christian democrat)        SDKÚ/SDKÚ-DS (Liberal conservative)        SMER-SD (Social democratic)        OĽaNO (Conservative)
Term of OfficePolitical PartyCabinet National Council
Took OfficeLeft OfficeDays
1 Vladimir Meciar.jpg Vladimír Mečiar
(born 1942)
24 June 199215 March 1994629 Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
II HZDS, joined by SNS in 1993[[1992 Slovak parliamentary election|7(1992)]]
2 Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg Jozef Moravčík
(born 1945)
15 March 199413 December 1994273 Democratic Union of Slovakia
I DEÚSKDHSDĽ – NDS[[1992 Slovak parliamentary election|7( ···· )]]
(1) Vladimir Meciar.jpg Vladimír Mečiar
(born 1942)
13 December 199430 October 19981417 Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
III HZDSZRSSNSRSS [[1994 Slovak parliamentary election|1(1994)]]
3 Mikulas Dzurinda.jpg Mikuláš Dzurinda
(born 1955)
30 October 199815 October 20022804 Slovak Democratic Coalition
SDK later replaced by SDKÚ
SDK later replaced by SDKÚ
[[1998 Slovak parliamentary election|2(1998)]]
16 October 20024 July 2006 Slovak Democratic and Christian Union
II SDKÚSMKKDHANO [[2002 Slovak parliamentary election|3(2002)]]
4 Fico Juncker (cropped).jpg Robert Fico
(born 1964)
4 July 20068 July 20101465 Direction – Social Democracy
I SMER-SDSNSĽS-HZDS [[2006 Slovak parliamentary election|4(2006)]]
5 Iveta Radicova (jan. 2012).jpg Iveta Radičová
(born 1956)
8 July 20104 April 2012636 Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party
I SDKÚ-DSSaSKDHMost–Híd [[2010 Slovak parliamentary election|5(2010)]]
(4) Fico Juncker (cropped).jpg Robert Fico
(born 1964)
4 April 201223 March 20162915 Direction – Social Democracy
II SMER-SD [[2012 Slovak parliamentary election|6(2012)]]
23 March 201622 March 2018 III SMER-SDSNSMost–HídSIEŤ
SIEŤ exited cabinet
[[2016 Slovak parliamentary election|7(2016)]]
6 Peter Pellegrini - 2015.jpg Peter Pellegrini
(born 1975)
22 March 201821 March 2020730 Direction – Social Democracy
I SMER-SDSNSMost–Híd [[2016 Slovak parliamentary election|7( ···· )]]
7 Igor Matovic.jpg Igor Matovič
(born 1973)
21 March 2020Incumbent7 Ordinary People and Independent Personalities
I OĽaNOSme RodinaSaS - Za ľudí [[2020 Slovak parliamentary election|8(2020)]]


#Prime MinisterDate of birthAge at inauguration
(first term)
Time in office
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of deathLongevity
1 Vladimír Mečiar July 26, 194249 years, 334 days5 years, 221 days56 years, 96 daysLiving
2 Jozef Moravčík March 19, 194549 years, 361 days0 years, 273 days50 years, 269 daysLiving
3 Mikuláš Dzurinda February 4, 195543 years, 268 days7 years, 247 days51 years, 150 daysLiving
4 Robert Fico September 15, 196441 years, 292 days9 years, 356 days53 years, 46 daysLiving
5 Iveta Radičová December 7, 195653 years, 213 days1 year, 271 days55 years, 119 daysLiving
6 Peter Pellegrini October 6, 197542 years, 167 days1 year, 365 days44 years, 166 daysLiving
7 Igor Matovič May 11, 197346 years, 315 days7 days (ongoing)IncumbentLiving

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See also