|Prime Minister of the Czech Republic|
Předseda vlády České republiky
| Government of the Czech Republic |
Cabinet of the Czech Republic
|Style||Mr. Prime Minister|
|Reports to||Chamber of Deputies|
|Term length||4 years|
Renewable indefinitely as long as the incumbent has majority support in the Chamber of Deputies.
|Inaugural holder||Václav Klaus|
|Formation||1 January 1993|
|Salary||2,654,400 Kč annually|
The chairman of the Government of the Czech Republic (Czech: Předseda vlády České republiky), normally referred to in English as the prime minister of the Czech Republic,is the head of the Government of the Czech Republic. The prime minister and Cabinet (consisting of all the most senior ministers, who are government ministries heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Chamber of Deputies. The current prime minister, Andrej Babiš, leader of the ANO 2011, was appointed by the president on 6 December 2017, and serves as 12th person in the office.
The prime minister is appointed by the president and their first priority is to form Cabinet and appoint other ministers. The Cabinet must receive confidence from the Chamber of Deputies and the prime minister stays in office only as long as he or she retains the support of a majority of its members.
The Constitution of the Czech Republic states that prime minister organizes activities of the Government and chairs their meetings.
Since the Czech Republic is a parliamentary republic, the prime minister and their government are accountable to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament. The Czech constitution provides that upon the accession to the office each prime minister must gain and thereafter maintain the confidence of the Parliament. As soon as the prime minister loses the confidence he or she is forced to resign and the president is obliged to choose a new Prime Minister.
The prime minister is the most powerful office in state, since they command and preside over the government. The president appoints the prime minister who appoints other ministers of the Cabinet of the Czech Republic.
The official residence of the prime minister of the Czech Republic is Kramář's Villa (Czech: Kramářova vila). The residence is located at Gogolova 212/1 in the Hradčany district of Prague.
The building was built from 1911 to 1914. It was designed by the Viennese architect Friedrich Ohmann.
The Czech Republic is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, in which the President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government.
Executive power is exercised by the Government of the Czech Republic which reports to the Chamber of Deputies. The Legislature is exercised by the Parliament. Czech Parliament is bicameral, the upper house of the Parliament is the Senate, the lower house of the Parliament is the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate consists of 81 members who are elected for six years. The Chamber of Deputies consists of 200 members who are elected for four years. The Judiciary system is topped by the trio of Constitutional Court, Supreme Court and Supreme Administrative Court.
The highest legal document is the Constitution of the Czech Republic, complemented by constitutional laws and the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms. The current constitution went in effect on 1st January 1993, after the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia.
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