Prime Minister of the Czech Republic

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Prime Minister of the Czech Republic
Předseda vlády České republiky
Emblem of the Government of the Czech Republic.svg
Andrej Babis v roce 2020 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Andrej Babiš

since 6 December 2017
Government of the Czech Republic
Cabinet of the Czech Republic
Style Mr. Prime Minister
(informal)
His Excellency
(international correspondence)
Member of
Reports to Chamber of Deputies
Residence Kramář's Villa
Seat Straka Academy
Appointer The President
Term length 4 years
Renewable indefinitely as long as the incumbent has majority support in the Chamber of Deputies.
Inaugural holder Václav Klaus
Formation1 January 1993
Salary2,654,400  annually [1]
Website http://vlada.cz/en/vlada/premier/

The chairman of the Government of the Czech Republic (Czech: Předseda vlády České republiky), normally referred to in English as the prime minister of the Czech Republic, [note 1] is the head of the Government of the Czech Republic. The prime minister and Cabinet (consisting of all the most senior ministers, who are government ministries heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Chamber of Deputies. The current prime minister, Andrej Babiš, leader of the ANO 2011, was appointed by the president on 6 December 2017, and serves as 12th person in the office.

Contents

The prime minister is appointed by the president and their first priority is to form Cabinet and appoint other ministers. The Cabinet must receive confidence from the Chamber of Deputies and the prime minister stays in office only as long as he or she retains the support of a majority of its members.

The Constitution of the Czech Republic states that prime minister organizes activities of the Government and chairs their meetings.

Powers and role

Since the Czech Republic is a parliamentary republic, the prime minister and their government are accountable to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament. The Czech constitution provides that upon the accession to the office each prime minister must gain and thereafter maintain the confidence of the Parliament. As soon as the prime minister loses the confidence he or she is forced to resign and the president is obliged to choose a new Prime Minister.

The prime minister is the most powerful office in state, since they command and preside over the government. The president appoints the prime minister who appoints other ministers of the Cabinet of the Czech Republic.

Residence

The official residence of the prime minister of the Czech Republic is Kramář's Villa (Czech: Kramářova vila). The residence is located at Gogolova 212/1 in the Hradčany district of Prague.

The building was built from 1911 to 1914. It was designed by the Viennese architect Friedrich Ohmann. [2]

List of heads of government

Notes

  1. In Czech, the most common term is premiér (Premier), another one is ministerský předseda.

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The Czech Republic is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, in which the President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government.
Executive power is exercised by the Government of the Czech Republic which reports to the Chamber of Deputies. The Legislature is exercised by the Parliament. Czech Parliament is bicameral, the upper house of the Parliament is the Senate, the lower house of the Parliament is the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate consists of 81 members who are elected for six years. The Chamber of Deputies consists of 200 members who are elected for four years. The Judiciary system is topped by the trio of Constitutional Court, Supreme Court and Supreme Administrative Court.
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References

  1. "Informace o platu, odměnách a jiných příjmů předsedy vlády ČR | Vláda ČR". www.vlada.cz. Retrieved 2021-02-07.
  2. "Kramář's Villa". Government of the Czech Republic. 2 October 2006. Retrieved 11 June 2015.