Prime Minister of the Czech Republic

Last updated
Prime Minister of the
Czech Republic
Předseda vlády České republiky (Czech)
Emblem of the Government of the Czech Republic.svg
Petr Fiala (51940875566).jpg
Petr Fiala
since 28 November 2021
Government of the Czech Republic
Style Mr Prime Minister
His Excellency
Member of
Reports to Chamber of Deputies
Residence Kramář's Villa
Seat Straka Academy
Appointer President
Term length Four years, renewable indefinitely
Formation1 January 1993;31 years ago (1993-01-01)
First holder Václav Klaus
Salary274,800  monthly [1]

The prime minister of the Czech Republic (Czech: Předseda vlády České republiky [note 1] ) is the head of the government of the Czech Republic and the de facto leader and most powerful member of the executive branch. [2]


The Constitution provides that certain presidential actions require the prime minister's countersignature, including in appointing judges and ambassadors, commanding the military, ratifying treaties and issuing amnesties. [3]

The current prime minister, Petr Fiala, leader of the ODS, was appointed by President Miloš Zeman on 28 November 2021, following the 2021 election and serves as 13th person in the office.


The prime minister is also authorised to release a member of the government or from confidence, relating to classified information. [4] By virtue of their position, they represent the Czech Republic in the European Council and are entitled to a diplomatic passport. [5]

The prime minister also serves as direct superior of the General Inspection of Security Forces, when they appoint and dismiss its director, who is responsible to them of the performance of their function. [6]

According to Article 63 of the Constitution, the prime minister bears responsibility for siging the decisions together with the entire government of Czech Republic. They can authorise another member of the government to countersign and refuse to co-sign. [7] [8]


One important power of the prime minister is the possibility of replacing the entire government by their decision and declare a state of emergency. The government must approve or cancel its decision within 24 hours of its announcement. [9] In case a decision-making crisis would pass to the government, the prime minister would decide with Ministry of Defense. [10]


The building was built from 1911 to 1914. It was designed by the Viennese architect Friedrich Ohmann. [11]

List of heads of government


  1. The formal translation is Chair of the Government. In Czech, the most common term is premiér (Premier), another one is ministerský předseda.

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  3. Article 63
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