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|Prime Minister of the
|Předseda vlády České republiky (Czech)
|Government of the Czech Republic
|Mr Prime Minister
|Chamber of Deputies
|Four years, renewable indefinitely
|1 January 1993
|274,800 Kč monthly
The prime minister of the Czech Republic (Czech: Předseda vlády České republiky) is the head of the government of the Czech Republic and the de facto leader and most powerful member of the executive branch.
The Constitution provides that certain presidential actions require the prime minister's countersignature, including in appointing judges and ambassadors, commanding the military, ratifying treaties and issuing amnesties.
The current prime minister, Petr Fiala, leader of the ODS, was appointed by President Miloš Zeman on 28 November 2021, following the 2021 election and serves as 13th person in the office.
The prime minister is also authorised to release a member of the government or from confidence, relating to classified information.By virtue of their position, they represent the Czech Republic in the European Council and are entitled to a diplomatic passport.
The prime minister also serves as direct superior of the General Inspection of Security Forces, when they appoint and dismiss its director, who is responsible to them of the performance of their function.
According to Article 63 of the Constitution, the prime minister bears responsibility for siging the decisions together with the entire government of Czech Republic. They can authorise another member of the government to countersign and refuse to co-sign.
One important power of the prime minister is the possibility of replacing the entire government by their decision and declare a state of emergency. The government must approve or cancel its decision within 24 hours of its announcement.In case a decision-making crisis would pass to the government, the prime minister would decide with Ministry of Defense.
The building was built from 1911 to 1914. It was designed by the Viennese architect Friedrich Ohmann.
The Czech Republic is a unitary parliamentary republic, in which the president is the head of state and the prime minister is the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the Government of the Czech Republic, which reports to the Chamber of Deputies. The legislature is exercised by the Parliament. The Czech Parliament is bicameral: the upper house of the Parliament is the Senate, and the lower house is the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate consists of 81 members who are elected for six years. The Chamber of Deputies consists of 200 members who are elected for four years. The judiciary system is topped by the trio of the Constitutional Court, Supreme Court and Supreme Administrative Court.
Oborná is a municipality and village in Bruntál District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 400 inhabitants.
The Security Information Service (BIS), is the primary domestic national intelligence agency of the Czech Republic. It is responsible for collecting, analyzing, reporting and disseminating intelligence on threats to Czech Republic's national security, and conducting operations, covert and overt, both domestically and abroad. It also reports to and advises the Government of the Czech Republic on national security issues and situations that threaten the security of the nation.
The Judiciary of the Czech Republic is set out in the Constitution, which defines courts as independent institutions within the constitutional framework of checks and balances.
The President of the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic, sometimes also referred to as Speaker or Chairman / Chairwoman, is an elected presiding member of the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic. Since 10 November 2021, the president has been Markéta Pekarová Adamová of TOP09.
Březí is a municipality and village in Břeclav District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,800 inhabitants.
Horní Stropnice is a municipality and village in České Budějovice District in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,500 inhabitants.
Velké Chvojno is a municipality and village in Ústí nad Labem District in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 900 inhabitants.
Early parliamentary elections were held in the Czech Republic on 25 and 26 October 2013, seven months before the constitutional expiry of the elected parliament's four-year legislative term.
Presidential elections were held in the Czech Republic in January 2013, the country's first direct election for the presidency. No candidate received a majority of the votes in the first round on 11–12 January, so a second round runoff election was held on 25–26 January. Nine individuals secured enough signatures or support of parliamentarians to become official candidates for the office. Miloš Zeman of the Party of Civic Rights (SPOZ) and Karel Schwarzenberg of TOP 09 qualified for the second round, which was won by Zeman with 54.8% of the vote, compared to Schwarzenberg's 45.2%. Zeman assumed office in March 2013 after being sworn in.
Czech law, often referred to as the legal order of the Czech Republic, is the system of legal rules in force in the Czech Republic, and in the international community it is a member of. Czech legal system belongs to the Germanic branch of continental legal culture. Major areas of public and private law are divided into branches, among them civil, criminal, administrative, procedural and labour law, and systematically codified.
An official appearance of the flag of Moravia, unlike the provincial Moravian coat of arms, does not exist, because such a flag has never been granted to Moravia. However, there are several documented variants of Moravian flags used in the past. The first recorded version dates from the mid-13th century.
Presidential elections were held in the Czech Republic in January 2018. The first round took place on 12 and 13 January. As no candidate won a majority, a run-off election between the top two candidates, Jiří Drahoš and President Miloš Zeman, was held on 26 and 27 January 2018.
Parliamentary elections were held in the Czech Republic on 8 and 9 October 2021. All 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies were elected, with the leader of the resulting government to become the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic. Following the 2017 parliamentary elections, the country had been ruled by a minority government consisting of ANO 2011 (ANO), led by prime minister Andrej Babiš, and the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), led by interior minister Jan Hamáček, with confidence and supply support from the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) until April 2021. The largest opposition party was the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), followed by the Czech Pirate Party. Other parties in the Chamber of Deputies included SPD, TOP 09, STAN, and KDU-ČSL.
The Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) leadership election of 2001 was held on 7 April 2001. Prime Minister of the Czech Republic and incumbent leader Miloš Zeman decided to not seek re-election. Vladimír Špidla was elected his successor. Špidla was the only candidate.
Jiří Drahoš is a Czech physical chemist and politician who has been the Senator of Prague 4 since October 2018. Previously, Drahoš served as President of the Czech Academy of Sciences from 2009 to 2017, and was a candidate in the 2018 Czech presidential election.
Ivan Bartoš is a Czech civil rights activist and a Czech Pirate Party politician, serving as the Minister of Regional Development and Deputy Prime Minister for Digitalization in the governing Cabinet of Petr Fiala since December 2021. He has been a member of the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic since October 2017, and the chairman of the party since 2016, as well as previously between 2009 and 2014.
Nevolte Urza.cz is a Czech political party, founded by the anarcho-capitalist Martin Urza before the 2021 Czech legislative election. He stated that he was running, but did not want to be elected. The full, official name of the party is Urza.cz: Nechceme vaše hlasy; ke svobodě se nelze provolit. Odmítneme každou politickou funkci; nechceme totiž lidem nařizovat, jak mají žít. Máme jinou vizi. Jdeme jinou cestou – najdete ji na webu www.urza.cz.
Law, Respect, Expertise is a right-wing populist political party in the Czech Republic.