Primeira Liga

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Primeira Liga
Liga Portugal Betclic 2023.png
Organising body Liga Portuguesa de Futebol Profissional (LPFP)
Founded1934;90 years ago (1934)
CountryFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams 18 (since 2014–15)
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Liga Portugal 2
Domestic cup(s) Taça de Portugal
Supertaça
League cup(s) Taça da Liga
International cup(s) UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
UEFA Conference League
Current champions Sporting CP (20th title)
(2023–24)
Most championships Benfica (38 titles)
Most appearances Manuel Fernandes (486)
Top goalscorer Fernando Peyroteo (332)
TV partnersList of broadcasters
Website ligaportugal.pt
Current: 2024–25 Primeira Liga

The Primeira Liga (Portuguese pronunciation: [pɾiˈmɐjɾɐˈliɣɐ] ), officially known as Liga Portugal Betclic for sponsorship reasons, is the top level of the Portuguese football league system. Organised and supervised by the Liga Portugal, it is contested by 18 teams since the 2014–15 season, with the three lowest-placed teams relegated to the Liga Portugal 2 and replaced by the top-three non-reserve teams from this division. [lower-alpha 1] [2]

Contents

Founded in 1934 as Campeonato da Liga da Primeira Divisão, it was named Campeonato Nacional da Primeira Divisão from 1938 until 1999, when it was changed to its current naming. Over 70 teams have competed in the Primeira Liga, but only five have been crowned champions. Among them, the "Big Three" teams – Benfica (38 wins), Porto (30) and Sporting CP (20) – have won all but two Primeira Liga titles; the other winners are Belenenses (1945–46) and Boavista (2000–01). [3]

The Primeira Liga has increased its reputation in recent years, occupying the sixth place of UEFA's national league ranking, as of 2021. It broke into the top five for the first time in the 2011–12 season, passing the French Ligue 1, one of the historical "big five" European leagues, for the first time since 1990. The Primeira Liga also reached a world ranking of fourth according to IFFHS's 2011 ranking. [4]

History

Before the Portuguese football reform of 1938, a competition on a round-basis was already being held – the Primeira Liga (Premier League) and the winners of that competition were named "League champions". Despite that, a Championship of Portugal in a knock-out cup format was the most popular and defined the Portuguese champion , although the winners of this competition no longer count as Portuguese football champions.[ citation needed ]

Then, with the reform, a round-robin basis competition was implemented as the most important of the calendar and began defining the Portuguese champion. From 1938 to 1999, the name Campeonato Nacional da Primeira Divisão (National Championship of the First Division) or just Primeira Divisão (First Division), was used. [5]

Porto won the inaugural edition of the new league championship and successfully defended the title in the next season. In 1939–40 the tournament was expanded from eight to ten clubs, due to an administrative battle between Porto and Académico do Porto, regarding a Regional Championship game that ended with only 43 minutes after the start, and later repeated (which FC Porto won) according to Porto FA decision. FPF came out with a decision to satisfy both clubs, expanding the championship to 10 teams (one more from Porto FA and another from Setúbal FA) and annulling the result from the repetition match. With this decision, FC Porto lost the Regional title and finished in 3rd, Leixões SC became the new regional champion, while Académico was 2nd place. All 3 teams qualified for 1939–40 Primeira Divisão. [6]

In the 1941–42 season, it was decided to expand the championship from eight to ten teams to admit Braga FA and Algarve FA champions (until this season only the top teams from Porto, Coimbra, Lisboa and Setúbal were admitted). [7] Porto finished the regional championship in third place again, which did not grant entry into the Primeira Liga. [8] However, a second expand (from 10 to 12) in the same season was decided, which allowed the club to participate. [9]

After the 1945–46 season, the qualifying system based on regional championships was abandoned and adopted a pyramid system, with relegations and promotions between the 3 tiers. The clubs in Primeira Divisão, Segunda Divisão and Terceira Divisão no longer had to play their district championships on the same season as they had been doing since the first seasons of the Liga. [7] Below is a complete record of how many teams played in each season throughout the league's history;

When the Portuguese League for Professional Football took control of the two nationwide leagues in 1999, it was renamed "Primeira Liga" (Premier League).[ citation needed ]

"Big Three" performance over the last 10 seasons
Season Benfica Porto Sporting
2013–14 132
2014–15 123
2015–16 132
2016–17 123
2017–18 213
2018–19 123
2019–20 214
2020–21 321
2021–22 312
2022–23 124
2023–24 231

Big Three

"The Big Three" (Portuguese : Os Três Grandes) is a nickname for the three most powerful sports clubs in Portugal. With the exception of Belenenses in 1945–46 and Boavista in 2000–01, only three clubs have won the Primeira Liga title – Benfica (38 times), Porto (30) and Sporting CP (20). These three clubs generally end up sharing the top three positions (thus, appearing more frequently in UEFA competitions) and are the only clubs to have played in every season of the competition.

These clubs dominate Portuguese football, and it has become typical for fans to support any of these teams as a "first club", with a local team probably coming afterwards, if at all. The "Big Three" have the highest average attendance ratings every season in Portugal, while many other teams, lacking support from the locals, have suffered from poor attendance. The lack of support for local teams is considered to be one of the main reasons why Portuguese Football registers one of the worst attendance ratings in European Football's best championships, alongside the broadcast of almost all the games on television. In other sports, the rivalry between the big clubs is also considerable and it usually leads to arguments between the fans and players. [10]

Benfica is the club with most league, cup and league cup titles, as well as the most domestic titles (81) and overall titles won (83 or 84, if the Latin Cup is taken into account), including back-to-back European Cup trophies. Porto is the club with most Portuguese Super Cups and international titles won (7).

Sporting CP holds the third place when it comes to the most league and cup titles. Benfica is the only Portuguese club to have won two consecutive European Cup/UEFA Champions League titles, reaching ten European finals: seven European Cups and three UEFA Cup/Europa League, and was runner-up in two Intercontinental Cups. Porto is the only Portuguese club since 1987 to have won any international competition (excluding the UEFA Intertoto Cup), gathering a total of two European Cup/UEFA Champions Leagues, two UEFA Cup/Europa Leagues, one European Super Cup and two Intercontinental Cups and finished runner-up in one European Cup Winner's Cup and three UEFA Super Cups. Sporting won one European Cup Winner's Cup and was runner-up in one UEFA Cup. Apart from the big three, Braga won the last UEFA Intertoto Cup and was runner-up in one UEFA Europa League. [11] [12]

S.C. Braga has finished runner-up once, third three times, and fourth twelve times during the last twenty seasons, not quite breaking into "The Big Three."

Galp Energia acquired the naming rights to the league in 2002, titling the division SuperLiga GalpEnergia. A four-year deal with the Austrian sports betting bwin was announced on 18 August 2005 amid questioning by the other gambling authorities in Portugal (the Santa Casa da Misericórdia and the Portuguese Casinos Association), who claimed to hold the exclusive rights to legal gambling games in Portuguese national territory. After holding the name Liga betandwin.com for the 2005–06 season, the name was changed to bwin LIGA in July 2006. [13] [14]

From the 2008–09 season to the 2009–10 season the league was named Liga Sagres due to sponsorship from Sagres beer. In 2010, they renewed the sponsorship from Sagres, but also got the sponsorship from ZON Multimédia. The league was named Liga ZON Sagres until 2013–14 after the sponsorship agreement between Sagres, ZON (now NOS) and the league ended. In 2015, the league was named Liga NOS until the 2020–21 season. [15] From 2021 to 2023, it was known Liga Portugal Bwin. Since 2023, it is called Liga Portugal Betclic.

Sponsorship names for seasons

Official match ball

Competition

Since the 2014–15 season, there are 18 clubs in the Primeira Liga, up from 16 in the previous seasons. During the course of a season, each club plays all teams twice – once at their home stadium and once at their opponent's stadium – for a total of 34 games. At the end of each season, the two lowest placed teams are relegated to the Segunda Liga and the top two teams from Segunda Liga are promoted to the Primeira Liga.

Qualification for European competitions

The top teams in Primeira Liga qualify for the UEFA Champions League, with the top two teams entering the group stage directly. The third placed team enters the playoffs for the group stage of the UEFA Champions League; if they fail to qualify, they enter the UEFA Europa League, along with the fourth placed team and the Taça de Portugal cup winners. If the Taça de Portugal cup winners qualify for the UEFA Champions League through league placing, the berth is given to the fifth placed team.

UEFA ranking

UEFA League Ranking as of the 2023–24 season: [18]

  1. Flag of England.svg English Premier League
  2. Flag of Spain.svg Spanish La Liga
  3. Flag of Germany.svg German Bundesliga
  4. Flag of Italy.svg Italian Serie A
  5. Flag of France.svg French Ligue 1
  6. Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dutch Eredivisie
  7. Flag of Portugal.svg Portuguese Primeira Liga
  8. Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgian Pro League
  9. Flag of Scotland.svg Scottish Premiership
  10. Flag of Austria.svg Austrian Football Bundesliga

Clubs

Lisbon locator map.png
Location of teams in 2023–24 Primeira Liga (Lisbon area)
TeamLocationStadiumCapacity2022–231st season
in Primeira Liga
No. of seasons
in Primeira Liga
1st season of
current spell
No. of seasons
of current spell
League titlesLast title
Arouca Arouca Estádio Municipal de Arouca 5,0005th2013–1472021–2230-
Benfica Lisbon Estádio da Luz 64,6421st1934–35901934–3590382022–23
Boavista Porto Estádio do Bessa 28,2639th1935–36612014–151012000–01
Braga Braga Estádio Municipal de Braga 30,2863rd1947–48681975–76490-
Casa Pia Lisbon Estádio Nacional [19] 37,59310th1938–3932022–2320-
Chaves Chaves Estádio Municipal Eng.º
Manuel Branco Teixeira
8,4007th1985–86182022–2320-
Estoril Estoril Estádio António Coimbra da Mota 8,01514th1944–45292021–2230-
Estrela da Amadora Amadora Estádio José Gomes 7,0003rd (LP2)1988–89162023–2410-
Famalicão Vila Nova de Famalicão Estádio Municipal 22 de Junho 5,3078th1946–47102019–2050-
Farense Faro Estádio de São Luís 7,0002nd (LP2)1970–71242023–2410-
Gil Vicente Barcelos Estádio Cidade de Barcelos 12,50413th1990–91222019–2050-
Moreirense Moreira de Cónegos Parque de Jogos Comendador Joaquim de Almeida Freitas 6,1531st (LP2)2002–03122023–2410-
Portimonense Portimão Estádio Municipal de Portimão 6,20415th1976–77212017–1870-
Porto Porto Estádio do Dragão 50,0332nd1934–35901934–3590302021–22
Rio Ave Vila do Conde Estádio dos Arcos 9,06512th1979–80292022–2320-
Sporting CP Lisbon Estádio José Alvalade 50,0954th1934–35901934–3590192020–21
Vitória de Guimarães Guimarães Estádio D. Afonso Henriques 30,0006th1941–42792007–08170-
Vizela Vizela Estádio do FC Vizela 6,00011th1984–8542021–2230-

    Attendance

    Since the beginning of the league, there are three clubs with an attendance much higher than the others: Benfica, Porto and Sporting CP. They have also the biggest stadiums in Portugal, with more than 50,000 seats. Other clubs, such as Vitória de Guimarães and Braga, also have good attendances. Académica de Coimbra, Vitória de Setúbal, Boavista, Belenenses, and Marítimo are historical clubs, with more than 30 top-flight seasons, from the biggest Portuguese cities, and have also many supporters. However, they do not have big attendances nowadays. Their stadiums have between 10,000 and 30,000 seats.

    The 2017–18 season saw the following average attendance by club: [20]

    ClubAverageStadium
    capacity
    Attendance(%)AccumulatedStadium
    1 Benfica 53,20964,64282.93%904,553 Estádio da Luz
    2 Sporting CP 43,62350,04487.16%741,599 Estádio José Alvalade
    3 Porto 42,67450,43185.29%725,461 Estádio do Dragão
    4 Vitória de Guimarães 16,01530,00853.37%272,255 Estádio D. Afonso Henriques
    5 Braga 11,70630,28638.65%198,998 Estádio Municipal de Braga
    6 Marítimo 7,07210,93266.93%120,216 Estádio dos Barreiros
    7 Boavista 5,62330,00020.55%95,585 Estádio do Bessa
    8 Vitória de Setúbal 4,11113,46828.80%69,890 Estádio do Bonfim
    9 Feirense 3,9075,60071.69%66,412 Estádio Marcolino de Castro
    10 Rio Ave 3,8899,06543.42%66,116 Estádio do Rio Ave FC
    11 Chaves 3,6279,00040.89%61,658 Estádio Municipal Eng. Manuel Branco Teixeira
    12 Paços de Ferreira 3,5076,40438.63%59,612 Estádio da Mata Real
    13 Belenenses 3,34419,85622.27%56,851 Estádio do Restelo
    14 Portimonense 3,1589,54464.04%53,693 Estádio Municipal de Portimão
    15 Aves 2,6355,44144.69%44,803 Estádio do CD Aves
    16 Tondela 2,3735,00047.46%40,344 Estádio João Cardoso
    17 Estoril 2,2758,00028.83%38,673 Estádio António Coimbra da Mota
    18 Moreirense 2,2646,15336.80%38,494 Estádio Municipal 25 de Abril

    List of champions and top scorers

    ClubsPlayers
    SeasonChampionsPointsRunners-upPointsThird placePointsTeamsRounds Bola de Prata
    (Top Scorer)
    ClubGoals
    Campeonato da Liga da Primeira Divisão
      1934–35 Porto 22 Sporting CP 20 Benfica 19814 Flag of Portugal.svg Manuel Soeiro Sporting CP 14
      1935–36 Benfica 21 Porto 20 Sporting CP 18814 Flag of Portugal.svg Pinga Porto 21
      1936–37 Benfica (2)24 Belenenses 23 Sporting CP 19814 Flag of Portugal.svg Manuel Soeiro Sporting CP 24
      1937–38 Benfica (3)23 Porto 23 Sporting CP 22814 Flag of Portugal.svg Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 34
    Campeonato Nacional da Primeira Divisão
      1938–39 Porto (2)23 Sporting CP 22 Benfica 21814 Flag of Portugal.svg Costuras Porto 18
      1939–40 Porto (3)34 Sporting CP 32 Belenenses 251018 Flag of Portugal.svg F. Peyroteo / Flag of Yugoslavia (1918-1943).svg S. Kodrnja Sporting CP / Porto 29
      1940–41 Sporting CP 23 Porto 20 Belenenses 19814 Flag of Portugal.svg Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 29
      1941–42 Benfica (4)38 Sporting CP 34 Belenenses 301222 Flag of Portugal.svg Correia Dias Porto 36
      1942–43 Benfica (5)30 Sporting CP 29 Belenenses 281018 Flag of Portugal.svg Julinho Benfica 24
      1943–44 Sporting CP (2)31 Benfica 26 Atlético CP 241018 Flag of Portugal.svg Francisco Rodrigues Vitória de Setúbal 28
      1944–45 Benfica (6)30 Sporting CP 27 Belenenses 271018 Flag of Portugal.svg Francisco Rodrigues Vitória de Setúbal 21
      1945–46 Belenenses 38 Benfica 37 Sporting CP 321222 Flag of Portugal.svg Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 37
      1946–47 Sporting CP (3)47 Benfica 41 Porto 331426 Flag of Portugal.svg Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 43
      1947–48 Sporting CP (4)41 Benfica 41 Belenenses 371426 Flag of Portugal.svg António Araújo Porto 36
      1948–49 Sporting CP (5)42 Benfica 37 Belenenses 351426 Flag of Portugal.svg Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 40
      1949–50 Benfica (7)45 Sporting CP 39 Atlético CP 301426 Flag of Portugal.svg Julinho Benfica 29
      1950–51 Sporting CP (6)45 Porto 34 Benfica 301426 Flag of Portugal.svg Manuel Vasques Sporting CP 29
      1951–52 Sporting CP (7)41 Benfica 40 Porto 361426 Flag of Portugal.svg José Águas Benfica 28
      1952–53 Sporting CP (8)43 Benfica 39 Belenenses 361426 Flag of Portugal.svg Matateu Belenenses 29
      1953–54 Sporting CP (9)43 Porto 36 Benfica 321426 Flag of Portugal.svg João Martins Sporting CP 31
      1954–55 Benfica (8)39 Belenenses 39 Sporting CP 371426 Flag of Portugal.svg Matateu Belenenses 32
      1955–56 Porto (4)43 Benfica 43 Belenenses 371426 Flag of Portugal.svg José Águas Benfica 28
      1956–57 Benfica (9)41 Porto 40 Belenenses 331426 Flag of Portugal.svg José Águas Benfica 30
      1957–58 Sporting CP (10)43 Porto 43 Benfica 361426 Flag of Portugal.svg Arsénio Duarte CUF do Barreiro 23
      1958–59 Porto (5)41 Benfica 41 Belenenses 381426 Flag of Portugal.svg José Águas Benfica 26
      1959–60 Benfica (10)45 Sporting CP 43 Belenenses 361426 Flag of Brazil.svg Edmur Ribeiro Vitória de Guimarães 25
      1960–61 Benfica (11)46 Sporting CP 42 Porto 331426 Flag of Portugal.svg José Águas Benfica 27
      1961–62 Sporting CP (11)43 Porto 41 Benfica 361426 Flag of Brazil.svg Veríssimo Porto 23
      1962–63 Benfica (12)48 Porto 42 Sporting CP 381426 Flag of Portugal.svg José Augusto Torres Benfica 26
      1963–64 Benfica (13)46 Porto 40 Sporting CP 341426 Flag of Portugal.svg Eusébio Benfica 28
      1964–65 Benfica (14)43 Porto 37 CUF do Barreiro 351426 Flag of Portugal.svg Eusébio Benfica 28
      1965–66 Sporting CP (12)42 Benfica 41 Porto 341426 Flag of Portugal.svg Eusébio / Flag of Portugal.svg E. Figueiredo Benfica / Sporting CP 25
      1966–67 Benfica (15)43 Académica 40 Porto 391426 Flag of Portugal.svg Eusébio Benfica 31
      1967–68 Benfica (16)41 Sporting CP 37 Porto 361426 Flag of Portugal.svg Eusébio Benfica 42
      1968–69 Benfica (17)39 Porto 37 Vitória de Guimarães 361426 Flag of Portugal.svg Manuel António Académica 19
      1969–70 Sporting CP (13)46 Benfica 38 Vitória de Setúbal 361426 Flag of Portugal.svg Eusébio Benfica 20
      1970–71 Benfica (18)41 Sporting CP 38 Porto 371426 Flag of Portugal.svg Artur Jorge Benfica 23
      1971–72 Benfica (19)55 Vitória de Setúbal 45 Sporting CP 431630 Flag of Portugal.svg Artur Jorge Benfica 27
      1972–73 Benfica (20)58 Belenenses 40 Vitória de Setúbal 381630 Flag of Portugal.svg Eusébio Benfica 40
      1973–74 Sporting CP (14)49 Benfica 47 Vitória de Setúbal 451630 Flag of Argentina.svg Héctor Yazalde Sporting CP 46
      1974–75 Benfica (21)49 Porto 44 Sporting CP 431630 Flag of Argentina.svg Héctor Yazalde Sporting CP 30
      1975–76 Benfica (22)50 Boavista 48 Belenenses 401630 Flag of Portugal.svg Rui Jordão Benfica 30
      1976–77 Benfica (23)51 Sporting CP 42 Porto 411630 Flag of Portugal.svg Fernando Gomes Porto 26
      1977–78 Porto (6)51 Benfica 51 Sporting CP 421630 Flag of Portugal.svg Fernando Gomes Porto 25
      1978–79 Porto (7)50 Benfica 49 Sporting CP 421630 Flag of Portugal.svg Fernando Gomes Porto 27
      1979–80 Sporting CP (15)52 Porto 50 Benfica 451630 Flag of Portugal.svg Rui Jordão Sporting CP 31
      1980–81 Benfica (24)50 Porto 48 Sporting CP 371630 Flag of Portugal.svg Nené Benfica 20
      1981–82 Sporting CP (16)46 Benfica 44 Porto 431630 Flag of Portugal.svg Jacques Pereira Porto 27
      1982–83 Benfica (25)51 Porto 47 Sporting CP 421630 Flag of Portugal.svg Fernando Gomes Porto 36
      1983–84 Benfica (26)52 Porto 49 Sporting CP 421630 Flag of Portugal.svg Fernando Gomes / Nené Porto / Benfica 21
      1984–85 Porto (8)55 Sporting CP 47 Benfica 431630 Flag of Portugal.svg Fernando Gomes Porto 39
      1985–86 Porto (9)49 Benfica 47 Sporting CP 461630 Flag of Portugal.svg Manuel Fernandes Sporting CP 30
      1986–87 Benfica (27)48 Porto 46 Vitória de Guimarães 411630 Flag of Brazil.svg Paulinho Cascavel Vitória de Guimarães 22
      1987–88 Porto (10)66 Benfica 51 Belenenses 482038 Flag of Brazil.svg Paulinho Cascavel Sporting CP 23
      1988–89 Benfica (28)63 Porto 56 Boavista 492038 Flag of Angola.svg Vata Benfica 16
      1989–90 Porto (11)59 Benfica 55 Sporting CP 461834 Flag of Sweden.svg Mats Magnusson Benfica 33
      1990–91 Benfica (29)69 Porto 67 Sporting CP 572038 Flag of Portugal.svg Rui Águas Benfica 25
      1991–92 Porto (12)56 Benfica 46 Boavista 441834 Flag of Nigeria.svg Ricky Boavista 30
      1992–93 Porto (13)54 Benfica 52 Sporting CP 451834 Flag of Portugal.svg Jorge Cadete Sporting CP 18
      1993–94 Benfica (30)54 Porto 52 Sporting CP 511834 Flag of Nigeria.svg Rashidi Yekini Vitória de Setúbal 21
      1994–95 Porto (14)62 Sporting CP 53 Benfica 491834 Flag of Morocco.svg Hassan Nader Farense 21
      1995–96 Porto (15)84 Benfica 73 Sporting CP 671834 Flag of Portugal.svg Domingos Paciência Porto 25
      1996–97 Porto (16)85 Sporting CP 72 Benfica 581834 Flag of Brazil.svg Mário Jardel Porto 30
      1997–98 Porto (17)77 Benfica 68 Vitória de Guimarães 591834 Flag of Brazil.svg Mário Jardel Porto 26
      1998–99 Porto (18)79 Boavista 71 Benfica 651834 Flag of Brazil.svg Mário Jardel Porto 36
    Primeira Liga
      1999–2000 Sporting CP (17)77 Porto 73 Benfica 691834 Flag of Brazil.svg Mário Jardel Porto 37
      2000–01 Boavista 77 Porto 76 Sporting CP 621834 Flag of Brazil.svg Pena Porto 22
      2001–02 Sporting CP (18)75 Boavista 70 Porto 681834 Flag of Brazil.svg Mário Jardel Sporting CP 42
      2002–03 Porto (19)86 Benfica 75 Sporting CP 591834 Flag of Senegal.svg Fary Faye Beira-Mar 18
      2003–04 Porto (20)82 Benfica 74 Sporting CP 731834 Flag of South Africa.svg Benni McCarthy Porto 20
      2004–05 Benfica (31)65 Porto 62 Sporting CP 611834 Flag of Brazil.svg Liédson Sporting CP 25
      2005–06 Porto (21)79 Sporting CP 72 Benfica 671834 Flag of Cameroon.svg Albert Meyong Belenenses 17
      2006–07 Porto (22)69 Sporting CP 68 Benfica 671630 Flag of Brazil.svg Liédson Sporting CP 15
      2007–08 Porto (23)75(1) Sporting CP 55 Vitória de Guimarães 531630 Flag of Argentina.svg Lisandro López Porto 24
      2008–09 Porto (24)70 Sporting CP 66 Benfica 591630 Flag of Brazil.svg Nenê Nacional 20
      2009–10 Benfica (32)76 Braga 71 Porto 681630 Flag of Paraguay.svg Óscar Cardozo Benfica 26
      2010–11 Porto (25)84 Benfica 63 Sporting CP 481630 Flag of Brazil.svg Hulk Porto 23
      2011–12 Porto (26)75 Benfica 69 Braga 621630 Flag of Paraguay.svg Óscar Cardozo Benfica 20
      2012–13 Porto (27)78 Benfica 77 Paços de Ferreira 541630 Flag of Colombia.svg Jackson Martínez Porto 26
      2013–14 Benfica (33)74 Sporting CP 67 Porto 611630 Flag of Colombia.svg Jackson Martínez Porto 20
      2014–15 Benfica (34)85 Porto 82 Sporting CP 761834 Flag of Colombia.svg Jackson Martínez Porto 21
      2015–16 Benfica (35)88 Sporting CP 86 Porto 731834 Flag of Brazil.svg Jonas Benfica 32
      2016–17 Benfica (36)82 Porto 76 Sporting CP 701834 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Bas Dost Sporting CP 34
      2017–18 Porto (28)88 Benfica 81 Sporting CP 781834 Flag of Brazil.svg Jonas Benfica 34
      2018–19 Benfica (37)87 Porto 85 Sporting CP 741834 Flag of Switzerland (Pantone).svg Haris Seferovic Benfica 23
      2019–20 Porto (29)82 Benfica 77 Braga 601834 Flag of Brazil.svg Carlos Vinícius Benfica 18
      2020–21 Sporting CP (19)85 Porto 80 Benfica 761834 Flag of Portugal.svg Pedro Gonçalves Sporting CP 23
      2021–22 Porto (30)91 Sporting CP 85 Benfica 741834 Flag of Uruguay.svg Darwin Núñez Benfica 26
      2022–23 Benfica (38)87 Porto 85 Braga 781834 Flag of Iran.svg Mehdi Taremi Porto 22
      2023–24 Sporting CP (20)90 Benfica 80 Porto 721834 Flag of Sweden.svg Viktor Gyökeres Sporting CP 29

    Performance by club

    All Primeira Liga champions have come from either Lisbon or Porto.

    ClubWinnersRunners-upWinning seasonsRunner-up seasons
    Benfica 38301935–36, 1936–37, 1937–38, 1941–42, 1942–43, 1944–45, 1949–50, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1980–81, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1986–87, 1988–89, 1990–91, 1993–94, 2004–05, 2009–10, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17, 2018–19, 2022–231943–44, 1945–46, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1955–56, 1958–59, 1965–66, 1969–70, 1973–74, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1981–82, 1985–86, 1987–88, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1995–96, 1997–98, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2017–18, 2019–20, 2023–24
    Porto 30291934–35, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1955–56, 1958–59, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1987–88, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2017–18, 2019–20, 2021–221935–36, 1937–38, 1940–41, 1950–51, 1953–54, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1968–69, 1974–75, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1986–87, 1988–89, 1990–91, 1993–94, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2004–05, 2014–15, 2016–17, 2018–19, 2020–21, 2022–23
    Sporting CP 20221940–41, 1943–44, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1950–51, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1953–54, 1957–58, 1961–62, 1965–66, 1969–70, 1973–74, 1979–80, 1981–82, 1999–2000, 2001–02, 2020–21, 2023–241934–35, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1941–42, 1942–43, 1944–45, 1949–50, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1967–68, 1970–71, 1976–77, 1984–85, 1994–95, 1996–97, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2013–14, 2015–16, 2021–22
    Boavista 132000–011975–76, 1998–99, 2001–02
    Belenenses 131945–461936–37, 1954–55, 1972–73
    Braga 012009–10
    Vitória de Setúbal 011971–72
    Académica 011966–67

    All-time Primeira Liga table

    The all-time Primeira Liga table is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Primeira Liga since its inception in 1934. The table is accurate as of the end of the 2023–24 season. [22] For comparison, older seasons have been calculated according to the three-points-per-win rule.

    PosTeamSPtsGPWDLGFGAGD1st2nd3rd4th5th6thTDebutSince/
    Last App
    BestNotes
    1 Benfica 9057632568176347433061882241394738301741901934–35 1934–35 1 [A]
    2 Porto 905642256817274613865690224934413029141131881934–35 1934–35 1 [A]
    3 Sporting CP 90534525681606527435559924243175202229144891934–35 1934–35 1 [A]
    4 Vitória de Guimarães 793326235892355787833093296134101216421941–42 2007–08 3
    5 Belenenses 7731582146877527742335227456071314988431934–35 2017–18 1
    6 Braga 68300320928394867672908284860131763301947–48 1975–76 2
    7 Vitória de Setúbal 722590207269450887027943119-32513296211934–35 2019–20 2
    8 Boavista 612582187470048269224242598-1741321045251935–36 2014–15 1
    9 Académica 641935170451638780123463003-6571268171934–35 2015–16 2
    10 Marítimo 431760141447238355915731805-23265111977–78 2022–23 5
    11 Rio Ave 2911289422842763829891234-2453251979–80 2022–23 5
    12 Estoril 29101987426721838911621381-2192351944–45 2021–22 4
    13 Farense 259258222392083758731192-3191231970–71 2023–24 5
    14 Paços de Ferreira 249237842342213298391106-26711241990–91 2022–23 3
    15 Beira-Mar 278968582182423988831340-457111961–62 2012–13 6
    16 Gil Vicente 238687742231993527941059-265221990–91 2019–20 5
    17 Nacional 20802656210172274773917-14422151988–89 2024–25 4
    18 Portimonense 21776678205162313715946-2311121976–77 2023–24 5
    19 Salgueiros 247747401971833608041377-5731121943–44 2001–02 5
    20 CUF Barreiro 237696102071482558281003-175122161942–43 1975–76 3 [B]
    21 Leixões 257136701831643237501186-4361121936–37 2009–10 5
    22 União de Leiria 18711584184159241620771-1512241979–80 2011–12 5
    23 Atlético CP 247106321921343069761285-309211371943–44 1976–77 3
    24 Chaves 18702616177171268674885-2112241985–86 2023–24 5
    25 Varzim 21683618169176273638913-2751121963–64 2002–03 5
    26 Estrela da Amadora 17641574151188235554733-1791988–89 2023–24 7
    27 Barreirense 246175921661193077581195-43712471937–38 1978–79 4
    28 Olhanense 205655161471242458001057-25712251941–42 2013–14 4 [C]
    29 Moreirense 13509438128125185455594-139222002–03 2023–24 6
    30 Sporting da Covilhã 1545740612679201585834-2491341947–48 1987–88 5
    31 Penafiel 14435434106117211351625-2741980–81 2014–15 10
    32 Famalicão 1142630610999158419584-165111946–47 2019–20 6
    33 Lusitano de Évora 1441236411664184494722-2281121952–53 1965–66 5
    34 Sporting de Espinho 113793549691167336523-1871974–75 1996–97 7
    35 Santa Clara 82962727377112293384-91111999–2000 2024–25 6
    36 Arouca 72762347260102254328-74222013–14 2021–22 5
    37 Tirsense 82682566573118219370-1511967–68 1995–96 8
    38 Tondela 72352386152125251378-1272015–16 2021–22 10
    39 União da Madeira 6206208486298177300-1231989–90 2015–16 10 [D]
    40 Naval 1º de Maio 6193184494689160255-952005–06 2010–11 8 [E]
    41 Oriental 71871905037103224438-214111950–51 1974–75 5
    42 Alverca 5181170483785192266-741998–99 2003–04 11
    43 Campomaiorense 5178170483488186287-1011995–96 2000–01 11 [F]
    44 Feirense 71752224443135187403-2161962–63 2018–19 8
    45 Torreense 6163164443189183316-1331955–56 1991–92 7
    46 União de Tomar 6162172433396178331-1531968–69 1975–76 10
    47 Desportivo das Aves 61601964040116173320-1471985–86 2019–20 13 [G]
    48 O Elvas 5148146373772211283-721947–48 1987–88 8
    49 B-SAD 4144136334558117195-782018–19 2021–22 9
    50 Leça 4124124332566120231-1111941–42 1997–98 12
    51 Vizela 4118132273768138243-951984–85 2023–24 11
    52 Académico de Viseu 410512827247781237-1561978–79 1988–89 13
    53 Caldas 4103104262553124235-1111955–56 1958–59 10
    54 Montijo 3899023204791155-641972–73 1976–77 13 [H]
    55 Amora 3899022234590143-531980–81 1982–83 12
    56 Casa Pia 3828222164481146-651938–39 2022–23 8
    57 Lusitano VRSA 372782194894210-1161947–48 1949–50 12
    58 Sanjoanense 47010416226686249-1631946–47 1968–69 10
    59 Carcavelinhos 56982191251103223-1201121935–36 1941–42 4 [I]
    60 Unidos de Lisboa 36254188281511456111940–41 1942–43 4 [J]
    61 Académico do Porto 5608218658137300-1631934–35 1941–42 7 [K]
    62 Elvas 2544817328108167-591945–46 1946–47 9 [L]
    63 Fafe 14138914152947-181988–89 1988–89 16
    64 Felgueiras 1333489172947-181995–96 1995–96 16 [M]
    65 Seixal 22952783744150-1061963–64 1964–65 12
    66 Riopele 1273069152351-281977–78 1977–78 15 [N]
    67 Águeda 1263075182555-301983–84 1983–84 15
    68 Trofense 1233058172542-172008–09 2008–09 16
    69 União de Coimbra 1223057182254-321972–73 1972–73 15
    70 Ginásio de Alcobaça 1193047192056-361982–83 1982–83 16
    71 União de Lisboa 111143293049-19111934–35 1934–35 6 [I]
    72 Oliveirense 1112232172273-511945–46 1945–46 12
    73 AVS 0000000002024–25 2024–25 TBD
    A.  ^ Never relegated.
    B.  ^ Renamed Fabril in 2000.
    C.  ^ Club ended football team in 2023. Successor club Olhanense 1912 was founded in 2023.
    D.  ^ Club folded in 2021.
    E.  ^ Club folded in 2017. Successor club Naval 1893 was founded in 2017.
    F.  ^ Club ended football team in 2013.
    G.  ^ Club ended football team in 2020. Successor club AVS was founded in 2023.
    H.  ^ Club folded in 2007. Successor club Olímpico Montijo was founded in 2007.
    I.  ^ Merged to form Atlético CP in 1942.
    J.  ^ Club ended football team in 2009.
    K.  ^ Club ended football team in 1964.
    L.  ^ Merged to form O Elvas in 1947.
    M.  ^ Club folded in 2005. Successor club Felgueiras 1932 was founded in 2006.
    N.  ^ Club folded in 1984.
    Last updated: 2 June 2024
    Primeira Liga
    Liga Portugal 2
    Liga 3
    Campeonato de Portugal
    Portuguese District Championships
    Clubs no longer in competition

    Records

    Team records

    Individual records

    Player transfer fees

    Top transfer fees paid by Primeira Liga clubs
    RankPlayerFee (min.)DateTransferReference(s)
    1 Flag of Turkey.svg Orkun Kökçü €25M [lower-alpha 2] 10 June 2023 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Feyenoord Benfica [25]
    2 Flag of Uruguay.svg Darwin Núñez €24M4 September 2020 Flag of Spain.svg Almería Benfica [26]
    3 Flag of Mexico.svg Raúl Jiménez €21.8M21 July 2016 Flag of Spain.svg Atlético Madrid Benfica [27]
    4 Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Giannelli Imbula €20M1 July 2015 Flag of France.svg Marseille Porto [28]
    Flag of Spain.svg Óliver Torres 9 February 2017 Flag of Spain.svg Atlético Madrid Porto [29]
    Flag of Spain.svg Raúl de Tomás 3 July 2019 Flag of Spain.svg Real Madrid Benfica [30]
    Flag of Germany.svg Julian Weigl 2 January 2020 Flag of Germany.svg Borussia Dortmund Benfica [31]
    Flag of Brazil.svg Everton Soares 14 August 2020 Flag of Brazil.svg Grêmio Benfica [32]
    Flag of Sweden.svg Viktor Gyökeres 1 July 2023 Flag of England.svg Coventry City Sporting CP [33]
    Flag of Brazil.svg Arthur Cabral 10 August 2023 Flag of Italy.svg Fiorentina Benfica [34]
    10 Flag of Brazil.svg Hulk €19M14 May 2011 Flag of Japan.svg Tokyo Verdy Porto [35]
    Top transfer fees received by Primeira Liga clubs
    RankPlayerFee (min.)DateTransferReference(s)
    1 Flag of Portugal.svg João Félix €126M3 July 2019 Benfica Flag of Spain.svg Atlético Madrid [36]
    2 Flag of Argentina.svg Enzo Fernández €121M31 January 2023 Benfica Flag of England.svg Chelsea [37]
    3 Flag of Uruguay.svg Darwin Nuñez €75M [lower-alpha 3] 13 June 2022 Benfica Flag of England.svg Liverpool [38]
    4 Flag of Portugal.svg Rúben Dias €68M29 September 2020 Benfica Flag of England.svg Manchester City [39] [40]
    5 Flag of Portugal.svg Gonçalo Ramos €65M22 November 2023 Benfica Flag of France.svg Paris Saint-Germain [41]
    6 Flag of Uruguay.svg Manuel Ugarte €60M7 July 2023 Sporting CP Flag of France.svg Paris Saint-Germain [42]
    Flag of Portugal.svg Otávio 22 August 2023 Porto Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Al Nassr [43]
    7 Flag of Portugal.svg Bruno Fernandes €55M [lower-alpha 4] 29 January 2020 Sporting CP Flag of England.svg Manchester United [44]
    8 Flag of Brazil.svg Éder Militão €50M14 March 2019 Porto Flag of Spain.svg Real Madrid [45]
    9 Flag of Colombia.svg Luis Díaz €45M [lower-alpha 5] 30 January 2022 Porto Flag of England.svg Liverpool [46]
    Flag of Colombia.svg James Rodríguez €45M24 May 2013 Porto Flag of France.svg Monaco [47]
    Flag of Portugal.svg Matheus Nunes €45M17 August 2022 Sporting CP Flag of England.svg Wolverhampton Wanderers [48]

    Media coverage

    See also

    Notes

    1. In the 2018–19 season, the three lowest placed teams were relegated to the LigaPro due to the integration of Gil Vicente in the Primeira Liga in the following season. The Portuguese Football Federation appealed to proceed with this integration as soon as possible. [1]
    2. plus €5 million in bonuses
    3. plus €25 million in bonuses
    4. plus €25 million in bonuses
    5. plus €15 million in bonuses

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